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A catalyzed method to remove polychlorinated biphenyls from contaminated transformer oil
4 viewed

A catalyzed method to remove polychlorinated biphenyls from contaminated transformer oil

Maghami, A

A catalyzed method to remove polychlorinated biphenyls from contaminated transformer oil

Maghami, A ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

4 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-16613-4
  3. Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. The disposal of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as persistent organic pollutants from the environment has been normally performed by isolation from soil or water because of their biological activity and toxic potential. In the present investigation, catalytic hydrodehalogenation was used to detoxify PCBs-contaminated transformer oil. All reactions were directed on an oil containing 11.09 wt% of PCBs utilizing palladium supported on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (Pd/MWCNTs). The amount of hexa-chlorine homologues reduced considerably from 5.07% to less than 800 ppm utilizing HDC at the atmosphere of argon. Moreover, the amounts of long half-lives and bioaccumulative congener of PCB 153 decreased considerably from 3.2% to less than 200 ppm. Besides, the quantity of some environmental pollutants like PCB 105 as a mono-ortho-substituted congener decreased considerably. The significant effects of reaction time, reaction temperature, and catalyst concentration on the efficiency were confirmed and modeled through Box–Behnken design. The optimal reaction condition with an efficiency of 96.67% was 70°C, with catalyst loading of 8 wt% and reaction time of 3.23 h. Furthermore, the quantity of turnover frequency of Pd/MWCNTs showed that it has more activity than palladium-carbon active supported in the ambient pressure without utilizing hydrogen gas in transformer oil complex. The study of the kinetic model revealed that the required activation energy (of 12.99 kJ/mol) to remove PCBs from transformer oil utilizing the present catalyst was lower than other catalyzed hydrodechlorination methods. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
  6. Keywords:
  7. Catalyst ; Transformer oil ; PCBs ; Palladium ; MWCNTs ; Hydrodechlorination
  8. Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research ; 2021 ; 09441344 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-021-16613-4