A new detection chamber design on centrifugal microfluidic platform to measure hemoglobin of whole blood

Mahmodi Arjmand, E ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1177/2472630320985456
  3. Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Undoubtedly, microfluidics has been a focal point of interdisciplinary science during the last two decades, resulting in many developments in this area. Centrifugal microfluidic platforms have good potential for use in point-of-care devices because they take advantage of some intrinsic forces, most notably centrifugal force, which obviates the need to any external driving forces. Herein, we introduce a newly designed detection chamber for use on microfluidic discs that can be employed as an absorbance readout step in cases where the final solution has a very low viscosity and surface tension. In such situations, our chamber easily eliminates the air bubbles from the final solution without any interruption. One microfluidic disc for measuring the hemoglobin concentration was designed and constructed to verify the correct functioning of this detection chamber. This disc measured the hemoglobin concentration of the blood samples via the HiCN method. Then, the hemoglobin concentration of 11 blood samples was quantified and compared with the clinic’s data using the hemoglobin measurement disc, which included four hemoglobin measurement sets, and each set contained two inlets for the blood sample and the reagent, one two-part mixing chamber, and one bubble-free detection chamber. The measured values of the disc had good linearity and conformity compared with the clinic’s data, and there were no air bubbles in the detection step. In this study, the standard deviation and the turnaround time were ± 0.51 g/dL and 68 s, respectively. © Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening 2021
  6. Keywords:
  7. Blood ; Centrifugation ; Hemoglobin ; Centrifugal Forces ; Centrifugal microfluidic platform ; Detection chambers ; External driving ; Hemoglobin concentration ; Measured values ; Measurement sets ; Standard deviation ; Microfluidics ; Poly(methyl methacrylate) ; Absorptiometry ; Analytical parameters ; Blood sampling ; Blood viscosity ; Chemical reaction kinetics ; Conformity ; Geometry ; Hemoglobin determination ; Hemolysis ; Human ; Limit of detection ; Linearity ; Microfluidic analysis ; Nanofabrication ; Point of care testing ; Quantitative analysis ; Spectrophotometry ; Surface tension ; Turnaround time
  8. Source: SLAS Technology ; Volume 26, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 392-398 ; 24726303 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2472630320985456