Knowledge and awareness of the general population and healthcare providers about retinoblastoma: It is time to know the glow

Naser, A. Y ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1111/ijcp.14298
  3. Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Retinoblastoma is the most frequent primary intraocular tumour in childhood. Early detection of retinoblastoma is the key to successful management with a higher chance of survival. This study aims to assess the knowledge of the general population and healthcare providers about retinoblastoma in term of presentation, risk factors, timing for diagnosis, and complications. A cross-sectional study using an online survey was conducted in three Arab countries (Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq) between 28 August and 16 September 2020. The questionnaire tool was constructed based on an extensive literature review to explore the study's aim and objectives. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of better knowledge about retinoblastoma. A total of 3676 participants were involved in the study (Jordan = 2654, Saudi Arabia = 604, and Iraq = 418). The average retinoblastoma knowledge score for the whole study population was 6.25 (SD = 4.12) out of 21, representing 29.8% (out of the maximum possible total score). Participants aged above 50 years old, married individuals, those with a secondary education level, those who work as professionals in industry, those who have more than four children, and those who reported that they were not in direct contact with a large number of children were less likely to be knowledgeable about retinoblastoma presentation, risk factors, the timing for diagnosis, and complications (P <.05). Early detection is the cornerstone for decreasing morbidity and mortality among children with retinoblastoma. However, the awareness and knowledge about retinoblastoma are very limited in our study population. Efforts should be directed at increasing awareness of both the general population and healthcare providers regarding retinoblastoma. Policymakers are responsible for improving knowledge and awareness about retinoblastoma to facilitate early detection of the disease by conducting awareness campaigns in addition to improve screening skills of healthcare providers and providing them with proper screening and diagnostic tools. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
  6. Keywords:
  7. Adult ; Age ; Attitude to health ; Clinical feature ; Cross-sectional study ; Early diagnosis ; Educational status ; Employment status ; Family size ; Female ; Health care personnel ; Health care policy ; Health education ; Health survey ; Human ; Iraq ; Jordan ; Male ; Marriage ; Middle aged ; Normal human ; Online system ; Prediction ; Professional knowledge ; Questionnaire ; Retinoblastoma ; Risk factor ; Social status ; Young adult ; Middle East ; Retina tumor ; Aged ; Child ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice ; Health personnel ; Humans ; Retinalneoplasms ; Saudi arabia
  8. Source: International Journal of Clinical Practice ; Volume 75, Issue 8 , 2021 ; 13685031 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ijcp.14298