Expression analysis of cytokine transcripts in inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

Nicknafs, F ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s11011-021-00771-y
  3. Publisher: Springer , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathies are a group of peripheral nerve system disorders in which immune reactions are dysregulated. Cytokines have noticeable roles in the regulation of these responses. We compared transcript levels of nine cytokine coding genes namely IL-1B, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17A, IFN-G, TGF-B and TNF-A in the peripheral blood of patients with acute and chronic kinds of this condition (AIDP and CIDP) and healthy persons. Expression of IL-17A was significantly lower in female AIDP cases compared with female controls (Expression Ratio = 0.02, P value = 0.02). Expression of this cytokine was higher in female CIDP cases compared with female AIDP cases (Expression ratio = 65.69, P value = 0.02). Moreover, expression of IL-6 tended to be diminished in female AIDP cases compared with normal females (Expression Ratio = 0.06, P value = 0.05). Expression of TGF-B was lower in female AIDP cases compared with female controls (Expression Ratio = 0.06, P value = 0.01). Transcript amounts of IL-1B were lower in whole CIDP cases compared with whole controls and in female AIDP cases compared with female controls (Expression Ratios = 0.09 and 0.00; P values = 0.04 and 0.01, respectively). Expression of this gene was considerably increased in female CIDP cases compared with female AIDP cases (Expression Ratio = 764.10, P value = 0.02). Finally, expression of this gene was lower in total cases compared with total controls (Expression ratio = 0.19, P value = 0.03). Diagnostic power of IL-4 was estimated to be 0.7 in differentiating between CIDP cases and controls. IL-1B had the diagnostic power of 0.72 in distinguishing between ADP cases and controls. Finally, TNF-A had the diagnostic power of 0.71 in differentiating between AIDP cases and CIDP cases. The current results suggest the possible role of these cytokines in the pathogenesis of inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathies. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
  6. Keywords:
  7. Cytokine ; Gamma interferon ; Interleukin 17 ; Interleukin 1beta ; Interleukin 2 ; Interleukin 4 ; Interleukin 6 ; Interleukin 8 ; Transforming growth factor beta ; Tumor necrosis factor ; Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy ; Adult ; Aged ; Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy ; Clinical article ; Controlled study ; Female ; Gene expression ; Genetic transcription ; Human ; Male ; Protein blood level ; Protein expression
  8. Source: Metabolic Brain Disease ; Volume 36, Issue 7 , 2021 , Pages 2111-2118 ; 08857490 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11011-021-00771-y