The effect of Ag incorporation on the characteristics of the polymer derived bioactive silicate phosphate glass-ceramic scaffolds

Paryab, A ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.bsecv.2021.06.005
  3. Publisher: Sociedad Espanola de Ceramica y Vidrio , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. In the bone tissue engineering field (BTE), it is of significant importance to develop bioactive multifunctional scaffolds with enhanced osteoconductivity, osteoinductivity, and antibacterial properties required for lost bone tissue regeneration. In this work, a bioactive glass-ceramic scaffold was manufactured via a novel polymer-derived ceramics (PDC) manufacturing method. To gain antibacterial properties, the silver ions were incorporated in controlled amount along with other precursors in the PDC processing stage. Microstructural and structural properties of the fabricated silicate-phosphate glass-ceramic scaffold were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, respectively. Furthermore, bioactivity, antibacterial, and cytotoxicity evaluation of PDC scaffolds were conducted. The microstructural analysis determined that scaffolds have interconnected porous network with two different pore range size favorable for osteointegration and bone formation. The structural analysis confirmed that fabricated glass-ceramic scaffolds contain bioactive octacalcium phosphate (OCP) phase responsible for enhanced bioactivity and HCA formation during the immersing of scaffolds in simulated body fluid (SBF) for several days. Moreover, PDC scaffolds with Ag nanoparticles showed considerable antibacterial properties against Gram-negative Klebsiella pneumoniae and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus bacteria cells. This study has demonstrated that it is possible to develop a novel group of antibacterial and bioactive Ag incorporated silicate-phosphate glass-ceramic scaffolds for BTE applications, such that, it was verified in vivo. © 2021 SECV
  6. Keywords:
  7. Bacteria ; Bioactive glass ; Body fluids ; Ceramics industry ; Energy dispersive spectroscopy ; Glass ceramics ; Glass industry ; Metal ions ; Mica ; Scaffolds (biology) ; Scanning electron microscopy ; Silicates ; Silver nanoparticles ; Tissue ; X ray diffraction analysis ; Antibacterial properties ; Bone tissue engineering ; Bone tissue regeneration ; Energy dispersive spectroscopies (EDS) ; Klebsiella pneumoniae ; Microstructural analysis ; Multifunctional scaffold ; Silicate-phosphate glass ; Silver compounds
  8. Source: Boletin de la Sociedad Espanola de Ceramica y Vidrio ; 2021 ; 03663175 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.elsevier.es/en-revista-boletin-sociedad-espanola-ceramica-vidrio-26-avance-resumen-the-effect-ag-incorporation-on-S0366317521000583