The olfactory bulb modulates entorhinal cortex oscillations during spatial working memory

Salimi, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1186/s12576-021-00805-1
  3. Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Cognitive functions such as working memory require integrated activity among different brain regions. Notably, entorhinal cortex (EC) activity is associated with the successful working memory task. Olfactory bulb (OB) oscillations are known as rhythms that modulate rhythmic activity in widespread brain regions during cognitive tasks. Since the OB is structurally connected to the EC, we hypothesized that OB could modulate EC activity during working memory performance. Herein, we explored OB–EC functional connectivity during spatial working memory performance by simultaneous recording local field potentials when rats performed a Y-maze task. Our results showed that the coherence of delta, theta, and gamma-band oscillations between OB and EC was increased during correct trials compared to wrong trials. Cross-frequency coupling analyses revealed that the modulatory effect of OBs low-frequency phase on EC gamma power and phase was enhanced when animals correctly performed working memory task. The influx of information from OB to EC was also increased at delta and gamma bands within correct trials. These findings indicated that the modulatory influence of OB rhythms on EC oscillations might be necessary for successful working memory performance. © 2021, The Author(s)
  6. Keywords:
  7. Animal experiment ; Controlled study ; Cross coupling reaction ; Entorhinal cortex ; Functional connectivity ; Human ; Local field potential ; Male ; Nonhuman ; Olfactory bulb ; Oscillation ; Rat ; Working memory ; Y-maze test
  8. Source: Journal of Physiological Sciences ; Volume 71, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 18806546 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://jps.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12576-021-00805-1