Allergic rhinitis impairs working memory in association with drop of hippocampal – Prefrontal coupling

Salimi, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

282 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2021.147368
  3. Publisher: Elsevier B.V , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic inflammatory disease frequently associated with a deficit in learning and memory. Working memory is an important system for decision making and guidance, which depends on interactions between the ventral hippocampus (vHipp) and the prelimbic prefrontal cortex (plPFC). It is still unclear whether AR influences the activity and coupling of these brain areas, which consequently may impair working memory. The current study aimed to examine alterations of the vHipp-plPFC circuit in a rat model of AR. Our results show decreased working memory performance in AR animals, accompanied by a reduction of theta and gamma oscillations in plPFC. Also, AR reduces coherence between vHipp and plPFC in both theta and gamma frequency bands. Cross-frequency coupling analyses confirmed a reduced interaction between hippocampal theta and plPFC gamma oscillations. Granger causality analysis revealed a reduction in the causal effects of vHipp activity on plPFC oscillations and vice versa. A significant correlation was found between working memory performance with disruption of functional connectivity in AR animals. In summary, our data show that in AR, there is a deficit of functional coupling between hippocampal and prefrontal network, and suggest that this mechanism might contribute to working memory impairment in individuals with AR. © 2021 Elsevier B.V
  6. Keywords:
  7. Ketamine ; Ovalbumin ; Sodium chloride ; Xylazine ; Adult ; Allergic rhinitis ; Animal experiment ; Animal model ; Animal tissue ; Brain region ; Causality ; Cognitive defect ; Controlled study ; Functional connectivity ; Gamma rhythm ; Hippocampus ; Local field potential ; Locomotion ; Male ; Memory disorder ; Nerve cell network ; Nonhuman ; Open field test ; Prefrontal cortex ; Priority journal ; Rat ; Theta rhythm ; Ventral hippocampus ; Working memory ; Y-maze test
  8. Source: Brain Research ; Volume 1758 , 2021 ; 00068993 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006899321000937?via%3Dihub