The effect of nanopores geometry on desalination of single-layer graphene-based membranes: A molecular dynamics study

Sarvestani, A. B ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2021.116749
  3. Publisher: Elsevier B.V , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. The water desalination process using nanoporous single-layer graphene membranes is simulated through classical molecular dynamics. The effect of nanopores shapes on the capacity of the membrane for filtration of water is investigated. According to the results, the geometry of the nanopores considerably affects the performance of the membrane and can completely change the water flow rate and salt rejection. The results reveal that the effective area of the nanopores plays a critical role and for a better understanding of the impact of this parameter, aspect ratio and the equal diameter of noncircular pores based on different methods such as equal area, equal perimeter, and hydraulic diameter for each case are calculated. In the case of noncircular nanopores, the results indicate that aspect ratio and hydraulic diameter, as well as equal area method, can adequately capture the associated trends, while the equal perimeter method is unable to correctly predict them. © 2021 Elsevier B.V
  6. Keywords:
  7. Aspect ratio ; Desalination ; Flow of water ; Geometry ; Membranes ; Microfiltration ; Molecular dynamics ; Nanopores ; Water filtration ; Aspect-ratio ; Classical molecular dynamics ; Dynamic studies ; Hydraulic diameter ; Nano-porous ; Nanopore geometry ; Non-circular ; Performance ; Single layer ; Water desalination ; Graphene
  8. Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 339 , 2021 ; 01677322 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0167732221014732