A smartphone-based fluorescent electronic tongue for tracing dopaminergic agents in human urine

Shahdost Fard, F ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1021/acschemneuro.1c00160
  3. Publisher: American Chemical Society , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. The importance of tracing dopaminergic agents in the progression assessment of Parkinson's disease has boosted the demand for fast, sensitive, and real-time multi-analyte detection. Herein, visual and fingerprint fluorimetric patterns have been created by an optical sensor array to simultaneously detect and discriminate among levodopa, carbidopa, benserazide, and entacapone, as important dopaminergic agents. A dual emissive nanoprobe consisting of red quantum dots and blue carbon dots with an overall pink emission has been fabricated to provide unique emission patterns in the presence of the target analytes. The sensor elements in the array come from it's differential response in the absence and presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide under alkaline conditions. A smartphone camera was used to take photos from the solutions in the wells. Distinct changes in the spectral profiles along with vivid and concentration-dependent color variations led to visual discrimination of dopaminergic agents in a broad concentration range. The results of linear discriminant analysis revealed great discrimination accuracies. Different concentrations of the target analytes were excellently recognized in human urine. The high sensitivity of the array, which is a bonus to rapid, on-site, and visual discrimination of dopaminergic agents, holds great promise for routine analysis of real-world clinical samples. © 2021 American Chemical Society
  6. Keywords:
  7. Dopamine receptor stimulating agent ; Fluorescent dye ; Quantum dot ; Electronic nose ; Human ; Dopamine Agents ; Fluorescent Dyes ; Humans ; Levodopa ; Quantum Dots ; Smartphone
  8. Source: ACS Chemical Neuroscience ; Volume 12, Issue 17 , 2021 , Pages 3157-3166 ; 19487193 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acschemneuro.1c00160