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Artificial neural network for predicting the safe temporary artery occlusion time in intracranial aneurysmal surgery

Shahjouei, S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.3390/jcm10071464
  3. Publisher: MDPI , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Background. Temporary artery clipping facilitates safe cerebral aneurysm management, besides a risk for cerebral ischemia. We developed an artificial neural network (ANN) to predict the safe clipping time of temporary artery occlusion (TAO) during intracranial aneurysm surgery. Method. We devised a three-layer model to predict the safe clipping time for TAO. We considered age, the diameter of the right and left middle cerebral arteries (MCAs), the diameter of the right and left A1 segment of anterior cerebral arteries (ACAs), the diameter of the anterior communicating artery, mean velocity of flow at the right and left MCAs, and the mean velocity of flow at the right and left ACAs, as well as the Fisher grading scale of brain CT scans as the input values for the model. Results. This study included 125 patients: 105 patients from a retrospective cohort for training the model and 20 patients from a prospective cohort for validating the model. The output of the neural network yielded up to 960 s overall safe clipping time for TAO. The input values with the greatest impact on safe TAO were mean velocity of blood at left MCA and left ACA, and Fisher grading scale of brain CT scan. Conclusion. This study presents an axillary framework to improve the accuracy of the estimated safe clipping time interval of temporary artery occlusion in intracranial aneurysm surgery. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
  6. Keywords:
  7. Adult ; Age ; Aged ; Aneurysm clipping ; Aneurysm surgery ; Anterior cerebral artery ; Anterior communicating artery ; Artery blood flow ; Artery diameter ; Artery occlusion ; Artificial neural network ; Blood flow velocity ; Clinical feature ; Cohort analysis ; Computed tomographic angiography ; Craniotomy ; Feasibility study ; Female ; Human ; Intracranial aneurysm ; Major clinical study ; Male ; Middle cerebral artery ; Middle cerebral artery occlusion ; Neuroimaging ; Occlusive cerebrovascular disease ; Prediction ; Prospective study ; Retrospective study ; Safety ; Time ; Validity
  8. Source: Journal of Clinical Medicine ; Volume 10, Issue 7 , 2021 ; 20770383 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33918168