Cancer cell enrichment on a centrifugal microfluidic platform using hydrodynamic and magnetophoretic techniques

Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

246 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-81661-2
  3. Publisher: Nature Research , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. Isolation of rare cancer cells is one of the important and valuable stages of cancer research. Regarding the rarity of cancer cells in blood samples, it is important to invent an efficient separation device for cell enrichment. In this study, two centrifugal microfluidic devices were designed and fabricated for the isolation of rare cancer cells. The first design (passive plan) employs a contraction–expansion array (CEA) microchannel which is connected to a bifurcation region. This device is able to isolate the target cells through inertial effects and bifurcation law. The second design (hybrid plan) also utilizes a CEA microchannel, but instead of using the bifurcation region, it is reinforced by a stack of two permanent magnets to capture the magnetically labeled target cells at the end of the microchannel. These designs were optimized by numerical simulations and tested experimentally for isolation of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells from the population of mouse fibroblast L929 cells. In order to use the hybrid design, magnetite nanoparticles were attached to the MCF-7 cells through specific Ep-CAM antibodies, and two permanent magnets of 0.34 T were utilized at the downstream of the CEA microchannel. These devices were tested at different disk rotational speeds and it was found that the passive design can isolate MCF-7 cells with a recovery rate of 76% for the rotational speed of 2100 rpm while its hybrid counterpart is able to separate the target cells with a recovery rate of 85% for the rotational speed of 1200 rpm. Although the hybrid design of separator has a better separation efficiency and higher purity, the passive one has no need for a time-consuming process of cell labeling, occupies less space on the disk, and does not impose additional costs and complexity. © 2021, The Author(s)
  6. Keywords:
  7. Magnetite nanoparticle ; Cell culture technique ; Cell separation ; Chemistry ; Female ; Genetics ; Human ; Hydrodynamics ; Lab on a chip ; Magnetism ; MCF-7 cell line ; Microfluidic analysis ; Neoplasm ; Pathology ; Procedures ; Cell Culture Techniques ; Cell Separation ; Female ; Humans ; Hydrodynamics ; Lab-On-A-Chip Devices ; Magnetics ; Magnetite Nanoparticles ; MCF-7 Cells ; Microfluidic Analytical Techniques ; Neoplasms
  8. Source: Scientific Reports ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 20452322 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-81661-2