Photoelectrochemical water-splitting using CuO-Based electrodes for hydrogen production: a review

Siavash Moakhar, R ; Sharif University of Technology | 2021

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1002/adma.202007285
  3. Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc , 2021
  4. Abstract:
  5. The cost-effective, robust, and efficient electrocatalysts for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water-splitting has been extensively studied over the past decade to address a solution for the energy crisis. The interesting physicochemical properties of CuO have introduced this promising photocathodic material among the few photocatalysts with a narrow bandgap. This photocatalyst has a high activity for the PEC hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) under simulated sunlight irradiation. Here, the recent advancements of CuO-based photoelectrodes, including undoped CuO, doped CuO, and CuO composites, in the PEC water-splitting field, are comprehensively studied. Moreover, the synthesis methods, characterization, and fundamental factors of each classification are discussed in detail. Apart from the exclusive characteristics of CuO-based photoelectrodes, the PEC properties of CuO/2D materials, as groups of the growing nanocomposites in photocurrent-generating devices, are discussed in separate sections. Regarding the particular attention paid to the CuO heterostructure photocathodes, the PEC water splitting application is reviewed and the properties of each group such as electronic structures, defects, bandgap, and hierarchical structures are critically assessed. © 2021 The Authors. Advanced Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH
  6. Keywords:
  7. Copper oxides ; Cost effectiveness ; Electrocatalysts ; Electronic assessment ; Electronic structure ; Energy gap ; Energy policy ; Field emission cathodes ; Hydrogen evolution reaction ; Photocurrents ; Photoelectrochemical cells ; Physicochemical properties ; Heterostructure photocathodes ; Hierarchical structures ; Photo-electrodes ; Photoelectrochemical water splitting ; Photoelectrochemicals ; Simulated sunlight ; Synthesis method ; Water splitting ; Hydrogen production
  8. Source: Advanced Materials ; Volume 33, Issue 33 , 2021 ; 09359648 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/adma.202007285