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Application of the GV-MSA model to the electrolyte solutions containing mixed salts and mixed solvents
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Application of the GV-MSA model to the electrolyte solutions containing mixed salts and mixed solvents

Salimi, H. R

Application of the GV-MSA model to the electrolyte solutions containing mixed salts and mixed solvents

Salimi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology | 2005

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.fluid.2004.12.015
  3. Publisher: 2005
  4. Abstract:
  5. In this work the Ghotbi-Vera mean spherical approximation (GV-MSA) model, coupled with two different expressions for the cation-hydrated diameters, was used in predicting the mean ionic activity coefficients (MIAC) of electrolytes for a number of the mixed-solvent and mixed-salt electrolyte solutions at 25 °C. In all cases the cation diameters in solutions changed with concentration of electrolyte while the anion diameters were considered to be constant and equal to the corresponding Pauling diameters. In application of the GV-MSA model to the electrolyte systems, two different expressions were used for concentration dependency of cation-hydrated diameters, i.e., the GV-MSA1 and GV-MSA2 models. In case of the electrolyte solutions containing the mixed-solvent of water and alcohol, the dielectric constants of the mixed solvents were obtained by simple regression of polynomial equations in terms of weight fraction of alcohol to the pertinent experimental data available in the literature. For the mixed-salt and mixed-solvent electrolyte solutions, in order to directly calculate the MIAC of electrolytes without introducing any new adjustable parameter, the values obtained in this work for the cation-hydrated diameters in the single aqueous electrolyte solutions were used. The results obtained in this work showed that the GV-MSA2 could more accurately correlate the MIAC of electrolytes in the single aqueous electrolyte solutions in comparison to those of the GV-MSA1 and Pitzer models. Also, the results showed that the GV-MSA-based models could accurately predict the MIAC of electrolytes in the mixed-solvent electrolyte solutions in comparison to those obtained from the model of Pitzer. In case of the mixed-salt electrolyte solutions the results of the two GV-MSA-based models studied in this work reasonably predict the MIAC of electrolytes in the mixed-salt electrolyte solutions without introducing any additional adjustable parameters compared to those obtained from the model of Pitzer with two adjustable parameters. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
  6. Keywords:
  7. Alcohols ; Approximation theory ; Mathematical models ; Negative ions ; Permittivity ; Polynomials ; Positive ions ; Solvents ; Electrolyte solutions ; Ionic activity coefficients ; Pitzer model ; Polynomials equation ; Electrolytes ; Electrolyte
  8. Source: Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 231, Issue 1 , 2005 , Pages 67-76 ; 03783812 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0378381204005862#!