On the optimality of the genetic code, with the consideration of termination codons

Goodarzi, H ; Sharif University of Technology | 2004

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2004.05.031
  3. Publisher: 2004
  4. Abstract:
  5. The existence of nonrandom patterns in codon assignments is supported by many statistical and biochemical studies. The canonical genetic code is known to be highly efficient in minimizing the effects of mistranslation errors and point mutations. For example, it is known that when an error induces the conversion of an amino acid to another, the biochemical properties of the resulting amino acid are usually very similar to that of the original. Prior studies include many attempts at quantitative estimation of the fraction of randomly generated codes which, based upon load minimization, score higher than the canonical genetic code. In this study, we took into consideration both the relative frequencies of amino acids and nonsense mistranslations, factors which had been previously ignored. Incorporation of these parameters, resulted in a fitness function (φ) which rendered the canonical genetic code to be highly optimized with respect to load minimization. Considering termination codons, we applied a biosynthetic version of the coevolution theory, however, with low significance. We employed a revised cost for the precursor-product pairs of amino acids and showed that the significance of this approach depends on the cost measure matrix used by the researcher. Thus, we have compared the two prominent matrices, point accepted mutations 74-100 (PAM74-100) and mutation matrix in our study. © 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved
  6. Keywords:
  7. Amino acid frequency ; Evolution ; Genetic code ; Optimality
  8. Source: BioSystems ; Volume 77, Issue 1-3 , 2004 , Pages 163-173 ; 03032647 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0303264704000942