Metalophthalocyanine complexes as ion-carriers in membrane-selective electrodes for detection of thiosalicylic acid

Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2004

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2004.05.037
  3. Publisher: 2004
  4. Abstract:
  5. The potentiometric response properties of several PVC-based membrane electrodes using phthalocyanine complexes of aluminum (AlPc), nickel (NiPc) and copper (CuPc) as anion carriers, toward thiosalicylic acid (TSA) were investigated. The influences of lipophilic ionic additives (cationic and anionic) and the pH of the buffered solutions were used for the interpretation of the mechanism of the potentiometric response of sensors. The sensitivity, linear range, detection limit, and potentiometric selectivity of the membrane sensors show a considerable dependence on the nature of central metal of the ionophore. The membrane electrodes based on AlPc demonstrate sub-Nernstian responses toward TSA over the range of 0.01 to 1×10-5 M. In the case of NiPc and CuPc as ionophores and in the presence of trioctylmethyl ammonium (TOMA+) as a cationic additive, a Nernstian response could be established in a range of 4 orders of magnitudes of TSA concentration (0.01 to 1×10-6 M). The results of potentiometric investigations revealed that from thermodynamic point of view, the axial coordination of thiosalicylate with the central metal of NiPc and CuPc is more efficient with respect to AlPc. This preference in response to TSA was discussed on the basis of the softness nature of NiPc and CuPc and more affinity for coordination with the thiolate group of thiosalicylate as a soft anion. These potentiometric sensors manifest prominent advantages of high selectivity for TSA over the various inorganic and organic anions, fast response times and micromolar detection limits and can be used over a wide pH range of 4.0-8.0. The prepared electrodes based on NiPc and CuPc were successfully applied in the potentiometric titration of sub-milimolar quantities of Hg2+ in aqueous solutions and very good recovery results were obtained in these measurements. The results of complexometric studies between Hg2+ and TSA using electrodes based on NiPc and CuPc as indicator electrodes were compared with conductometric measurements. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
  6. Keywords:
  7. Ion-carriers ; Ion-selective electrodes ; Phthalocyanines ; Potentiometry ; Thiosalicylic acid
  8. Source: Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 518, Issue 1-2 , 2004 , Pages 101-108 ; 00032670 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S000326700400649X