An intelligent nuclear reactor core controller for load following operations, using recurrent neural networks and fuzzy systems

Boroushaki, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2003

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4549(02)00047-6
  3. Publisher: 2003
  4. Abstract:
  5. In the last decade, the intelligent control community has paid great attention to the topic of intelligent control systems for nuclear plants (core, steam generator). Papers mostly used approximate and simple mathematical SISO (single-input-single-output) model of nuclear plants for testing and/or tuning of the control systems. They also tried to generalize theses models to a real MIMO (multi-input-multi-output) plant, while nuclear plants are typically of complex nonlinear and multivariable nature with high interactions between their state variables and therefore, many of these proposed intelligent control systems are not appropriate for real cases. In this paper, we designed an on-line intelligent core controller for load following operations, based on a heuristic control algorithm, using a valid and updatable recurrent neural network (RNN). We have used an accurate 3-dimensional core calculation code to represent the real plant and to train the RNN. The results of simulation show that this intelligent controller can control the reactor core during load following operations, using optimum control rod groups manoeuvre and variable overlapping strategy. This methodology represents a simple and reliable procedure for controlling other complex nonlinear MIMO plants, and may improve the responses, comparing to other control systems. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved
  6. Keywords:
  7. Algorithms ; Recurrent neural networks ; Nuclear power plants ; Intelligent control ; Heuristic methods ; Fuzzy control ; Computer simulation
  8. Source: Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 30, Issue 1 , 2003 , Pages 63-80 ; 03064549 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306454902000476