Intergenerational Social Mobility In Iran

Nazari Amnie, Mojtaba | 2022

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  1. Type of Document: M.Sc. Thesis
  2. Language: Farsi
  3. Document No: 55438 (44)
  4. University: Sharif University of Technology
  5. Department: Management and Economics
  6. Advisor(s): Keshavarz Haddad, Gholamreza
  7. Abstract:
  8. This research studies intergenerational social mobility in Iran using the data from Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) from 1377 to 1399. In the absence of long-term panel data or intergenerational cross-sectional data in which there are some variables connecting people to their parents, the method used here to measure welfare mobility -as a suitable proxy of social mobility- is the synthetic panel method. To use this method, it is assumed that the samples are similar in the two selected stages and they can be related to each other with fixed characteristics such as age and gender. The output of the method is an intergenerational transition matrix that shows the probability of a person moving from each expenditure decile, as the parents' decile during his adolescence, to another expenditure decile as his adult decile. The main result is that if one's parents in Iran are in the first or tenth expenditure decile, it is 40 percent possible that she will remain in the same decile after leaving the parental household. But in the middle deciles, the intergenerational mobility is higher. Therefore, for the children of the lowest-income groups of society, there is not much opportunity for personal development, and on the other hand, being born in high-income families guarantees a great deal of future success by itself. The general shape of the result for Iran is close to the experimental results of several developing countries obtained with more appropriate data. Iran's findings show relatively lower social mobility. Previously, such an estimation using expenditure and income data has not been done for Iran, and the main advancement of the research is the use of a synthetic panel to obtain a quantitative view of the state of social mobility in Iran
  9. Keywords:
  10. Synthetic Panel Data ; Social Mobility ; Intergenerational Mobility ; Opportunities Equality ; Household Expenditure and Income ; Household Expenditure Income Survey (HEIS)

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