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    On the capacity of level and type modulations in Molecular communication with ligand receptors

    , Article IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory - Proceedings, 14 June 2015 through 19 June 2015 ; Volume 2015-June , 2015 , Pages 1951-1955 ; 21578095 (ISSN) ; 9781467377041 (ISBN) Aminian, G ; Mirmohseni, M ; Nasiri Kenari, M ; Fekri, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Abstract
    In this paper, we consider the bacterial point-to-point communication problem with one transmitter and one receiver by considering the ligand receptor binding process. The most commonly investigated signalling model, referred to as the Level Scenario (LS), uses one type of a molecule with different concentration levels for signaling. An alternative approach is to employ multiple types of molecules with a single concentration level, referred to as the Type Scenario (TS). We investigate the trade-offs between the two scenarios for the ligand receptor from the capacity point of view. For this purpose, we evaluate the capacity using numerical algorithms. Moreover, we derive an upper bound on the... 

    Stereoelectronic effects: A simple yet powerful tool to manipulate anion affinity

    , Article Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry ; Volume 13, Issue 7 , Dec , 2015 , Pages 2170-2176 ; 14770520 (ISSN) Samet, M ; Fattahi, A ; Kass, S.R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    Abstract
    Different strategies are employed in designing strong and selective anion receptors but stereoelectronic effects have been largely ignored. In this work, the stereo configuration of a non-interacting ether is found to have a large impact of more than two orders of magnitude on the binding of a rigid diol with tetrabutylammonium chloride in acetonitrile-d3. A favorable carbon-oxygen dipole and an intramolecular C-H⋯OH hydrogen bond in an equatorially substituted ether is found to be energetically more important than a stabilizing hydrogen bond in the corresponding axially oriented alcohol. IR spectroscopy is also used to probe the structures of the bound complexes and several binding motifs... 

    Physical layer network coding in molecular two-way relay networks

    , Article IWCIT 2016 - Iran Workshop on Communication and Information Theory, 3 May 2016 through 4 May 2016 ; 2016 ; 9781509019229 (ISBN) Farahnak Ghazani, M ; Aminian, G ; Mirmohseni, M ; Gohari, A ; Nasiri Kenari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2016
    Abstract
    In traditional wireless networks, physical layer network coding (PNC) exploits the inverse additivity property of broadcast signals in the medium, an idea which is not directly applicable to molecular networks. In this paper, to make the natural XOR operation possible at the physical layer, we exploit the reaction of different molecule types and we propose a PNC scheme in diffusion-based molecular relay networks. For comparison, we consider the straightforward network coding (SNC) scheme in molecular networks. Assuming the ligand-receptor binding process at the receivers, we investigate the error performance of both schemes. It is observed that in addition to the simplicity of the proposed... 

    Drug delivery performance of nanocarriers based on adhesion and interaction for abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 594 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, S ; Vatani, P ; Amani, A ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Targeted drug delivery using nanocarriers (NCs) is one of the novel techniques that has recently been used to improve drug delivery to the Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the surface density of NCs (SDNC) adhered via ligand-receptor binding to the inner wall of AAA. For this purpose, fluid–structure interaction (FSI) analysis was first performed for the patient-specific and ideal AAA models. Then, by injecting NCs into the aortic artery, the values of SDNC adhered to and interacted with AAA wall were obtained. Two types of NCs, liposomes, and solid particles in four different diameters, were used to investigate the effect of the diameter and... 

    Chemometrics-assisted effect-directed analysis of crude and refined oil using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry

    , Article Environmental Science and Technology ; Vol. 48, issue. 5 , 2014 , pp. 3074-3083 ; ISSN: 0013936X Radovic, J. R ; Thomas, K. V ; Parastar, H ; Diez, S ; Tauler, R ; Bayona, J. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    An effect-directed analysis (EDA) of fresh and artificially weathered (evaporated, photooxidized) samples of North Sea crude oil and residual heavy fuel oil is presented. Aliphatic, aromatic, and polar oil fractions were tested for the presence of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist and androgen receptor (AR) antagonist, demonstrating for the first time the AR antagonist effects in the aromatic and, to a lesser extent, polar fractions. An extension of the typical EDA strategy to include an N-way partial least-squares (N-PLS) model capable of relating the comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC-TOFMS) data set to the bioassay data... 

    Mining the potential of label-free biosensors for in vitro antipsychotic drug screening

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Kilic, T ; Soler, M ; Fahimi Kashani, N ; Altug, H ; Carrara, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2018
    Abstract
    The pharmaceutical industry is facing enormous challenges due to high drug attribution rates. For the past decades, novel methods have been developed for safety and efficacy testing, as well as for improving early development stages. In vitro screening methods for drug-receptor binding are considered to be good alternatives for decreasing costs in the identification of drug candidates. However, these methods require lengthy and troublesome labeling steps. Biosensors hold great promise due to the fact that label-free detection schemes can be designed in an easy and low-cost manner. In this paper, for the first time in the literature, we aimed to compare the potential of label-free optical and... 

    Margination and adhesion of micro- and nanoparticles in the coronary circulation: A step towards optimised drug carrier design

    , Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 205-221 ; 16177959 (ISSN) Forouzandehmehr, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    Obstruction of left anterior descending artery (LAD) due to the thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques is the leading cause of death worldwide. Targeted delivery of drugs through micro- and nanoparticles is a very promising approach for developing new strategies in clot-busting or treating restenosis. In this work, we modelled the blood flow characteristics in a patient-specific reconstructed LAD artery by the fluid–solid interaction method and based on physiological boundary conditions. Next, we provided a Lagrangian description of micro- and nanoparticles dynamics in the blood flow considering their Brownian motion and the particle–particle interactions. Our results state that the number of...