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    Branch and bound algorithms for resource constrained project scheduling problem subject to nonrenewable resources with prescheduled procurement

    , Article Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; Vol. 2014, issue , 2014 ; ISSN: 1024123X Shirzadeh Chaleshtarti, A ; Shadrokh, S ; Fathi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A lot of projects in real life are subject to some kinds of nonrenewable resources that are not exactly similar to the type defined in the project scheduling literature. The difference stems from the fact that, in those projects, contrary to the common assumption in the project scheduling literature, nonrenewable resources are not available in full amount at the beginning of the project, but they are procured along the project horizon. In this paper, we study this different type of nonrenewable resources. To that end, we extend the resource constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP) by this resource type (RCPSP-NR) and customize four basic branch and bound algorithms of RCPSP for it,... 

    Applying circular coloring to open shop scheduling

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 15, Issue 5 , 2008 , Pages 652-660 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Modarres, M ; Ghandehari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2008
    Abstract
    In this paper, a new approach to formulate a class of scheduling problems is introduced, which can be applied to many other discrete problems with complicated structures. The concept of graph circular coloring is applied to develop a model for the special case of an open shop scheduling problem. In this problem, there are some independent jobs to be processed in a shop with dedicated renewable resources. Each job consists of several tasks with no precedence restriction. Each task is processed without preemption. The processing time of the tasks is given. Processing each task requires using some multiple specified types of resource, while no more than one task can use each resource,... 

    Ranking locations for hydrogen production using hybrid wind-solar: a case study

    , Article Sustainability (Switzerland) ; Volume 13, Issue 8 , 2021 ; 20711050 (ISSN) Almutairi, K ; Mostafaeipour, A ; Jahanshahi, E ; Jooyandeh, E ; Himri, Y ; Jahangiri, M ; Issakhov, A ; Chowdhury, S ; Hosseini Dehshiri, J ; Hosseini Dehshiri, S ; Techato, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Abstract
    Observing the growing energy demand of modern societies, many countries have rec-ognized energy security as a looming problem and renewable energies as a solution to this issue. Renewable hydrogen production is an excellent method for the storage and transfer of energy generated by intermittent renewable sources such as wind and solar so that they can be used at a place and time of our choosing. In this study, the suitability of 15 cities in Fars province, Iran, for renewable hydrogen production was investigated and compared by the use of multiple multi-criteria decision-making methods including ARAS, SAW, CODAS, and TOPSIS. The obtained rankings were aggregated by rank averaging, Borda... 

    An alternative approach for the prevention of deforestation using renewable energies as substitute

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 49 , March , 2013 , Pages 77-79 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Abbaspour, M ; Ghazi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The promotion of the adoption of renewable energies in deprived and remote areas can be considered as an important step towards reduction of threats to the loss of biodiversity through community mobilization. One important outcome is mitigation of the deforestation processes through firewood collection. The aim is achievement of sustainable development of the forest biodiversity, awareness raising and the capacity building for execution of similar projects. The social and economical aspects and the obstacles for execution of such project were investigated and guidelines were prepared to facilitate the promotion of renewable energy in similar small communities  

    A modified PSO algorithm for minimizing the total costs of resources in MRCPSP

    , Article Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; Volume 2012 , 2012 ; 1024123X (ISSN) Khalilzadeh, M ; Kianfar, F ; Shirzadeh Chaleshtari, A ; Shadrokh, S ; Ranjbar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    We introduce a multimode resource-constrained project scheduling problem with finish-to-start precedence relations among project activities, considering renewable and nonrenewable resource costs. We assume that renewable resources are rented and are not available in all periods of time of the project. In other words, there is a mandated ready date as well as a due date for each renewable resource type so that no resource is used before its ready date. However, the resources are permitted to be used after their due dates by paying penalty costs. The objective is to minimize the total costs of both renewable and nonrenewable resource usage. This problem is called multimode resource-constrained... 

    Incorporating large photovoltaic farms in power generation system adequacy assessment

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Vol. 21, issue. 3 , 2014 , p. 924-934 ; 10263098 Ghaedi, A ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi-Friuzabad, M ; Parvania, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Recent advancements in photovoltaic (PV) system technologies have decreased their investment cost and enabled the construction of large PV farms for bulk power generations. The output power of PV farms is affected by both failure of composed components and solar radiation variability. These two factors cause the output power of PV farms be random and different from that of conventional units. Therefore, suitable models and methods should be developed to assess different aspects of PV farms integration into power systems, particularly from the system reliability viewpoint. In this context a reliability model has been developed for PV farms with considering both the uncertainties associated... 

    A novel integrated solar desalination system with a pulsating heat pipe

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 311 , 2013 , Pages 206-210 ; 00119164 (ISSN) Kargar Sharif Abad, H ; Ghiasi, M ; Jahangiri Mamouri, S ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The application of the solar energy in thermal desalination devices is one of the most beneficial applications of the renewable energies. In this study, a novel solar desalination system is introduced, which is benefited from the undeniable advantages of pulsating heat pipe (PHP) as a fast responding, flexible and high performance thermal conducting device. Results show a remarkable increase in the rate of desalinated water production and the maximum production reaches up to 875mL/(m2.h). However, the optimum water depth in basin and the filling ratio of the PHP are measured 1cm and 40%, respectively  

    The impact of wind farms with doubly fed induction generators on power system electromechanical oscillations

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 50 , 2013 , Pages 780-785 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Jafarian, M ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Introduction of large amounts of new wind generation can affect the small signal stability of power systems with three mechanisms: displacing synchronous generators (SGs); reducing SGs power generation; and the dynamics of wind farms (WFs) interacting with the electromechanical mode of SGs. In this paper a novel approach is developed to investigate the impact of the latter mechanism on existing power systems oscillations. In this approach, the dynamic behavior of grid connected WFs is studied independent of the dynamic behavior of system SGs. This approach helps to identify the conditions in which the dynamics of WFs may interact with the electromechanical mode of SGs. Also it helps to... 

    Optimal constrained non-renewable resource allocation in PERT networks with discrete activity times

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 19, Issue 3 , 2012 , Pages 841-848 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Hashemin, S. S ; Fatemi Ghomi, S. M. T ; Modarres, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    In this paper, we develop an approach to optimally allocate a limited nonrenewable resource among the activities of a project, represented by a PERT-Type Network (PTN). The project needs to be completed within some specified due date. The objective is to maximize the probability of project completion on time. The duration of each activity is an arbitrary discrete random variable and also depends on the amount of consumable resource allocated to it. On the basis of the structure of networks, they are categorized as either reducible or irreducible. For each network structure, an analytical algorithm is presented. Through some examples, the algorithms are illustrated  

    An appropriate multiple criteria decision making method for solving electricity planning problems, addressing sustainability issue

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 8, Issue 3 , June , 2011 , Pages 605-620 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Bagheri Moghaddam, N ; Nasiri, M ; Mousavi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In the past, decision making within the energy sector, especially in Iran, was limited to economic analysis. Lately, multiple criteria decision making has gained great popularity. However, this is not enough to make a right decision by considering sustainability. This paper deals with designing an appropriate multiple criteria decision making method to address the multifaceted nature of such problems. This task is the second precondition to make a decision which meets the sustainability criterion. This is done by revealing new facts about quantitative and qualitative data and the degree of compensation between the criteria. Moreover, this paper illustrates the capability of different methods... 

    Reshaping energy policy for sustainable development: Curbing Iran’s carbon emission monster via renewable energies

    , Article Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy ; Volume 11, Issue 9 , 2016 , Pages 830-840 ; 15567249 (ISSN) Eshraghi, H ; Maleki, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc 
    Abstract
    This paper formulates flow of energy from primary resources and import routes to different socio-economic sectors by making use of Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) model. It presents a baseline of how Iran’s future production and consumption patterns evolve. It also seeks plausible scenario for renewable energies utilization and evaluates its mitigation potential and economic aspects. Model results indicate that exploitation of a "not-too-strict" package of renewable sources featuring 10 GW of wind and 19 GW of hydro by the end of 2035 will lead to CO2 emissions to be reduced up to an amount of 190.7 million tons in the study period. By accounting for the opportunity costs... 

    Value of distribution network reconfiguration in presence of renewable energy resources

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Power Systems ; Volume 31, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 1879-1888 ; 08858950 (ISSN) Dorostkar Ghamsari, M. R ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Lehtonen, M ; Safdarian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    Abstract
    Proliferation of renewable energy resources in distribution networks has captured distribution companies' attention towards more active management tools. Thanks to the smart grid paradigm, hourly network reconfiguration, which is still among immature ideas, can bring the activeness required to handle fluctuating output of renewable resources. The aim of this study is to analyze the worthiness of the hourly reconfiguration in the presence of renewable energy resources. For doing so, a mathematical model is devised to minimize daily network losses via applying hourly reconfigurations. The model is a mixed integer second-order cone programming problem and is solved via MOSEK solver. The... 

    A hybrid scatter search for the discrete time/resource trade-off problem in project scheduling

    , Article European Journal of Operational Research ; Volume 193, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 35-48 ; 03772217 (ISSN) Ranjbar, M ; De Reyck, B ; Kianfar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    We develop a heuristic procedure for solving the discrete time/resource trade-off problem in the field of project scheduling. In this problem, a project contains activities interrelated by finish-start-type precedence constraints with a time lag of zero, which require one or more constrained renewable resources. Each activity has a specified work content and can be performed in different modes, i.e. with different durations and resource requirements, as long as the required work content is met. The objective is to schedule each activity in one of its modes in order to minimize the project makespan. We use a scatter search algorithm to tackle this problem, using path relinking methodology as... 

    Standard test systems for modern power system analysis: an overview

    , Article IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine ; Volume 13, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 86-105 ; 19324529 (ISSN) Peyghami, S ; Davari, P ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Blaabjerg, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    The reliable design, planning, and operation of power systems are of paramount importance for providing reliable services to customers. This article reviews the different aspects of power system reliability, ranging from planning to operation. Standard benchmarks employed for power system studies are reviewed according to nearly 2,500 IEEE journal papers from 1986 to early 2019. Our overview provides the pros and cons of existing test systems, implying the lack of appropriate benchmarks for future power system studies, including renewable resources and modern technologies. Furthermore, this article presents requirements for updating and modifying the benchmarks for modern power systems... 

    A robust scheduling for the multi-mode project scheduling problem with a given deadline under uncertainty of activity duration

    , Article International Journal of Production Research ; Volume 57, Issue 10 , 2019 , Pages 3138-3167 ; 00207543 (ISSN) Moradi, H ; Shadrokh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    The problem of this paper deals with the multi-mode project scheduling problem under uncertainty of activity duration where only the renewable resources are taken into account and a given deadline has to be met at the cost of recruiting additional resources. A heuristic algorithm is employed to solve this problem, and to maintain the robustness of the baseline schedule, the concept of critical chain project management (CCPM) is applied in which a new definition to resource buffer is considered. A simulation methodology is used to determine the size and location of resource buffers in the schedules in which three different buffer sizes and three different uncertainty levels are considered.... 

    Controller parameters optimization for multi-terminal DC power system using ant colony optimization

    , Article IEEE Access ; Volume 9 , 2021 , Pages 59910-59919 ; 21693536 (ISSN) Ahmad, A ; Kashif, S. A. R ; Nasir, A ; Rasool, A ; Liaquat, S ; Padmanaban, S ; Mihet Popa, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2021
    Abstract
    Voltage source converter based multi - terminal DC grids (VSC - MTDC) are widely used for integration of renewable resources. Control of these grids requires vector control method, which includes inner and outer current controllers, tuning of these controllers is very important. Conventionally used tuning methods consider approximated linear model to tune the proportional - integral (PI) parameters of voltage source converter (VSC) which fails to produce optimum disturbance rejection results. In this research an Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) technique is used to get the optimum parameters of inner and outer power control layers for multi - terminal DC system. ACO is applied simultaneously on... 

    Controller parameters optimization for Multi-Terminal Dc power system using ant colony optimization

    , Article IEEE Access ; Volume 9 , 2021 , Pages 59910-59919 ; 21693536 (ISSN) Ahmad, A ; Kashif, S. A. R ; Nasir, A ; Rasool, A ; Liaquat, S ; Padmanaban, S ; Mihet-Popa, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2021
    Abstract
    Voltage source converter based multi - terminal DC grids (VSC - MTDC) are widely used for integration of renewable resources. Control of these grids requires vector control method, which includes inner and outer current controllers, tuning of these controllers is very important. Conventionally used tuning methods consider approximated linear model to tune the proportional - integral (PI) parameters of voltage source converter (VSC) which fails to produce optimum disturbance rejection results. In this research an Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) technique is used to get the optimum parameters of inner and outer power control layers for multi - terminal DC system. ACO is applied simultaneously on... 

    Optimal deployment of renewable electricity technologies in Iran and implications for emissions reductions

    , Article Energy ; Volume 91 , 2015 , Pages 882-893 ; 03605442 (ISSN) Aryanpur, V ; Shafiei, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    In this paper, special focus is paid to the long-term adoption of renewable electricity technologies and their implications for emissions reductions in Iran. MESSAGE, as a bottom-up energy supply optimization model, is used to assess the lowest-cost technology options. The potential impacts of transitioning to a renewable electricity supply are quantified, and the investment requirement to achieve a low-carbon generation mix is estimated. Alternative scenarios are defined to evaluate the impact of fossil fuel prices, the carbon tax and government incentives on the utilization of renewable resources, national renewable targets, and emissions reductions. The prioritization of non-hydro... 

    Dye-sensitized solar cells based on a single layer deposition of TiO 2 from a new formulation paste and their photovoltaic performance

    , Article Solar Energy ; Volume 86, Issue 9 , 2012 , Pages 2654-2664 ; 0038092X (ISSN) Mohammadi, M. R ; Louca, R. R. M ; Fray, D. J ; Welland, M. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A new strategy for enhancing the efficiency and reducing the production cost of TiO 2 solar cells by design of a new formulated TiO 2 paste with tailored crystal structure and morphology is reported. The conventional three- or four-fold layer deposition process was eliminated and replaced by a single layer deposition of TiO 2 compound. Different TiO 2 pastes with various crystal structures, morphologies and crystallite sizes were prepared by an aqueous particulate sol-gel process. Based on simultaneous differential thermal (SDT) analysis the minimum annealing temperature to obtain organic-free TiO 2 paste was determined at 400°C, being one of the lowest crystallization temperatures of TiO 2... 

    The competitiveness of wind power compared to existing methods of electricity generation in Iran

    , Article Energy Policy ; Volume 42 , 2012 , Pages 651-656 ; 03014215 (ISSN) Moslem Mousavi, S ; Bagheri Ghanbarabadi, M ; Bagheri Moghadam, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    In Iran, there are more than 15,000. MW of wind power potential, but only about 90. MW have been installed since 2009. Because fuel costs are the main part of fuel-consumed power generation costs and fossil resource costs are highly subsidized in Iran, renewable energies such as wind power have yet to be fully developed. This analysis sets out to evaluate the total generating costs of wind power and conventional power plants in Iran. A levelized cost approach was conducted that included investment costs, O&M costs, fuel costs and external costs of emissions for each type of technology. Comparison of cost assessments of power generation show that by taking into account global fuel prices and...