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    Investigation on Optical and Catalytic Properties of Noble Metallic Nanoparticles in SiO2 and TiO2 Matrix

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sangpour, Parvaneh (Author) ; Moshfegh, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Akhavan, Omid (Supervisor)
    Doping metal or semiconductor nanoparticles in transparent matrix have attracted much attention for practical application in recent years. From fundamental veiw point, limiting the charge carriers and exitons in nanometric scales resulted in new quantum phenomena. In this context, transparent films containing metal nanoparticles shows an absorption peak in visible region of spectrom. Thus, by choosing an appropriate metal and controlling the size and concentration of particles in corresponding matrix, we can provide coatings with a wide rang of colors. Furthermore, thin films containing metal or metal oxide nanoparticles had been considered as nanostructure materials in research and... 

    Joining of 304 Stainless Steel to Semi Solid A356 Aluminum Alloy and Investigation of Interfacial Bond

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pakdaman, Pourang (Author) ; Aashuri, Hossein (Supervisor)
    A method of joining dissimilar metals in the semi solid state is presented. By this method bonding of Stainless steel and semisolid aluminum alloy took place in this research. By usage of thermomechanical treatment, dendritic microstructure of cast aluminum alloy changed to globular structure. The experimental process of bonding occurred at semisolid temperature stage of aluminum alloy in a predesigned mold by using a pressure equipment. The relationship between interfacial shear strength and solid fraction of aluminum alloy, bonding pressure and time of keeping pressure were studied by method of orthogonal experiment. By the usage of Taguchi method in designing experiments, plurality of... 

    Study of Active Screen Plasma Nitriding Treatment On the Nanocrystallization Process in Finemet Alloys

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Memarzadeh Lotfabad, Elmira (Author) ; Madaah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    In this work, the effect of Active Screen Plasma Nitriding (ASPN) treatment on structural, mechanical, electrical and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Finemet-type alloys with the composition of Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1 and Fe77Si11B9Nb2.4Cu0.6 was investigated. The samples were prepared by vacuum arc melting of high purity constitution in order to obtain a nanocrystalline structure. The rapidly solidified samples on a chilling wheel, were subjected to the ASPN treatment in different temperatures ranging from 410 °C to 560 °C for 3 h and in two gas mixtures of 75% N2-25% H2 and 25% N2-75% H2 at 5 mbar atmosphere. The amorphous ribbons were then annealed under vacuum with the same... 

    Incremental Modeling of Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khajehsaeid, Hesam (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Sohrabpour, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys (MSMAs) are a category of active materials which can be excited by magnetic field. These alloys have been used in sensor and actuator applications recently. MSMAs posses special properties such as large magnetic field-induced strains (up to %10) and high actuation frequency (about 1kHz), while ordinary Shape Memory Alloys can’t act in frequencies above 5Hz due to the time involved with heat transformation. In this thesis, MSMAs are modeled by means of incremental modelling which is a useful method in analysis of nonlinear behaviour of materials. Furthermore, stress-strain curve of MSMA is approximated using an analytical expression whose parameters can simply be... 

    Spot Resistance Welding of St12 and HSLA Steels in Different Thicknesses

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farhangdoust, Sajad (Author) ; Kokabi, Amirhosein (Supervisor) ; Ekrami, Aliakbar (Supervisor)
    High-strength low alloy (HSLA) E275 developed specifically for automotive application. Also St12 Steel is used in autobodies. On the other hand the resistance spot weld of dissimilar materials is generally more challenging than that of similar materials due to differences in the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of the base metals. The influence of the primary welding parameters affecting the heat input such as; current and time on the morphology, fracture mode, microhardness, and tensile shear load bearing capacity of dissimilar welds between HSLA E275 steel and St12 steel in two different thicknesses (1,2 mm) has been investigated in this study which consisted six group. The... 

    Control of Elements Ratio in Alloy Deposition System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kishani Farahani, Esmat (Author) ; Rashidian, Bijan (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, thin film alloy deposition has much importance. These alloys are used for various opto-electronic device applications such as liquid crystal displays, flat panel displays, plasma displays, solar cells and computer memories. Exact control of elements ratio in alloy is one of the important issues in deposition of thin film alloys. In alloy deposition with electron beam gun method from its elements, uniformity improvement of each layer is a way to maintain elements ratio in different parts of sample. This uniformity has much importance especially in optical coatings such as high quality antireflection coatings, highly selective filters and low loss reflectance coatings. In this... 

    Hydroxy Apatite/Titania Nanostructure Biocoating on Ti-6Al-4V Alloy by Sol-Gel Dip-Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dabir, Fatemeh (Author) ; Faghihi Sani, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    Ceramic coatings on metallic substrates are used in many different applications. In biomaterials science, hydroxyapatite coating due to its similarity to the mineral part of bone structure is used to modification of implants surface. In this research, the HA/TiO2 double layer was coated on Ti-6Al-4V by sol- gel dip-coating method. After preparation of stable TiO2 sol, the Ti-6Al-4V substrate was dipped into the TiO2 sol. The speed of dipping was 10cm/min. After drying at 80°C, the TiO2 layer heat-treated at different temperature (350-500°C) for 1h. The HA outer layer was coated by dipping of Ti-6Al-4V substrate with TiO2 layer into HA sol, followed by heat-treatment at different temperatures... 

    Effect of Nickel and Manganese on Weld Microstructure and Mechanical Properties in Shielded Metal arc Welded HSLA-X80

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sheykh Jaberi, Fariba (Author) ; Kokabi, Amir Hossein (Supervisor) ; Maddah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    Microstructure and mechanical properties developments of X80 weld metal by addition of different amounts of alloying elements such as: Nickel and Manganese in coated electrodes were investigated. For this reason samples were welded by electrodes that Ni value has been changed between 0.8%- 3.2% in tow critical amounts of Mn: 0.7 and 1.6. The weld quality was evaluated using nondestructive testing methods (NDT), such as visual inspection and radiography. Tensile test, Charpy impact test and microhardness results indicated the suitable range of Ni and Mn for achieving acceptable mechanical properties. In addition, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were applied to link... 

    A356 Aluminum Alloy Joining By Local Semisolid Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alvani, Mohammad Javad (Author) ; Ashuri, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Semisolid joining is a relatively new method that is started since 2002. So far, Aluminum alloys semisolid joining is not studied in details. In this research, by obtaining local semisolid region in the vicinity of the joining seam, two A356 Aluminum part were welded. Hot Nitrogen gas was used to prepare local semisolid region. Since the hot gas was not capable to produce the region by itself, samples were preheated. In experimental procedure, preheating plane type, hot gas temperature, gas flow, sample dimensions, and welding speed were investigated. Effects of each parameter were determined by microstructure studies and measuring the mechanical properties of welding seam. Results showed... 

    Dissimilar Friction Stir Welding between Aluminum Alloy and Magnesium Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadeghi Alavijeh, Ali Reza (Author) ; Kokabi, Amir Hossein (Supervisor) ; Seyed Reihani, Morteza (Supervisor)
    In this project, Dissimilar Friction Stir Welding (FSW) between aluminum alloys (1100-H12 and 5083-O) and Magnesium alloy (AZ31B-O) with 3mm thickness were butt joined. Fusion welding of aluminum/magnesium alloys has failed because of forming much more intermetallic compounds. By using friction stir welded samples, effect of welding parameters such as tool travel speed, tool rotation rate, tool position respect to weld centerline, and sheet position respect to tool direction on mechanical (tensile strength, yield strength and elongation) and microstructural properties of the welds were investigated. After several tests, range of optimum parameters were obtained. In both 1100 and 5083 alloys,... 

    Investigation Hydrogen Properties of Nano Composite MgH2-Ti Cr1.2Fe0.6 Nano Crystalline Synthesized by Mechanical Alloying and Vacuum Arc Re-Melting(VAR)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahmoudi, Nafiseh (Author) ; Simchi, Abdol Reza (Supervisor)
    In this research, nano composite MgH2-TiCr1.2 Fe0.6 nano crystalline was synthesized by mechanical alloying and Vacuum arc re-melting (VAR). the effect of Milling conditions and adding nano crystalline TiCr1.2 Fe0.6 as a catalyst on the structure and hydrogen desorption properties of MgH2 were studied. MgH2 powder grain size after 4 hours milling gained to 15nm and strain network reached to 0.8%. Determined that the increasing of accumulated lattice strain because of mechanical milling combined with adding nano crystalline alloy TiCr1.2 Fe0.6 significantly improve the properties of MgH2 hydrogen desorption. After an hour mill working, high pressure phase of γ-MgH2 was appeared in... 

    AlV Alloy by Aluminothermic Reduction of Vanadium Pentoxide

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saboor Bagherzadeh, Elahe (Author) ; Halali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In the present work, aluminothermic reduction of vanadium pentoxide have been used to produce aluminium vanadium alloys. The effect of addition of lime and excess aluminium on the produced alloy was studied. The experiments were carried out in air and in argon. The alloys microstructure were analyzed bu light and scanning electron microscopy. Other methods such as XRD, XRF, ICP, AAS and titration were employed to analyzed the alloy and the slag. It was found that the addition of lime and excess aluminium increase the yield of the alloy. Vanadium recovery was not affected by the atmosphere used.

    Effect of co Addition on Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline FINEMET Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology TavaKoli, Zeinab (Author) ; Maddah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    In this work, the effect of chemical composition on structural, mechanical, electrical and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Finemet-type alloys with the composition of Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1 , Fe77Si11B9Nb2.4Cu0.6 and (〖Fe_0.5 Co_0.5)〗_77 Si_11 B_9 Nb_2.4 Cu_(0.6 )was investigated. The samples were prepared by vacuum arc melting of high purity constitution in order to obtain a nanocrystalline structure. The amorphous ribbons were then annealed under vacuum with the same conditions of temperatures and time to compare their properties. The structural and thermal properties of the samples were analyzed using various techniques such as X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Differential Scanning... 

    Evaluation of Structure of Powder-thixoformed A390 Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mokhtarpour, Abdollah (Author) ; Ashuri, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Hypereutectic A390 alloy has some exclusive specification among aluminum alloys because of its' excellent properties such as high wear resistance and low thermal expansion. In this research powder-thixoforming method, a compilation of powder and thixoforming methods is used for production of parts. In this method gas atomized powder of pre-fabricated alloy was consolidated by hot pressing under argon atmosphere and converted to an acceptable feedstock for thixoforming stage. The feedstock is reheated to semi solid region and rapidly transferred to a injection sleeve with central runner. The semi-solid feedstock is injected in a step die by a hydraulic press of 1 m/s ram speed. According to... 

    Study of Nanocrystallization Kinetics, Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Finemet-type Soft Magnetic Materials

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Asghari Shivaee, Hossein (Author) ; Madaah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor) ; nozad, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Beitollahi, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Nanocrystallization kinetics of amorphous Finemet-type alloys was studied using Isokinetic and Isoconversional methods (Kissinger model-fitting method, Vyazovkin advance method, Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose(KSA),Flynn–Wall–Ozawa(FWO),Tang and Starink) under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. Effects of chemical composition on the nanocrystallization kinetics, microstructure and magnetic properties of Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1 and Fe77Si11B9Nb2.4Cu0.6 alloys were also investigated. Kinetic triplet (activation energy, frequency factor and reaction model) were determined by these methods and compared for the alloys. According to isoconversional methods, the activation energy is variable as a... 

    Development of Nanostructural Al-Mg-Si Alloys using ECAE and Ageing Processes

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Vaseghi, Majid (Author) ; Karimi Taheri, Ali (Supervisor)
    The manufacture of ultra high strength materials has always been a target for aerospace and transportation industries. Currently, the limitation of energy resources even makes this goal more serious. Nowadays, more than 50% of total extrusion products are made from Al alloys and around 90% of them are the 6000 series alloys. Therefore, regarding to high strength, low weight, and hardening aluminum AA6000 alloys capabilities can play a major role in fulfilling this task. Over the last decade, a number of techniques collectively referred to as severe plastic deformation (SPD), have emerged as a promising approach for the production of bulk ultrafine-grained (UFG) nano-structured materials.... 

    An Investigation on Concrete Frames Reinforced with Shape Memory Alloys in Plastic Hinge Zones

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mobini, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Khalu, Alireza (Supervisor)
    In this paper, the response of a concrete one-story frame with smart rebars under static lateral loading has been numerically studied, using Finite Element Method. The material used in this study is Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) which contains nickel and titanium elements. During lateral loading, rebars yield or concrete crushes in compression zone in some parts of the RC frames and also residual deflections are created in the structure. The SMA exhibits little residual strains under cycles of loading and unloading even after passing the yielding zone. In addition, SMAs have a good energy dissipation capacity that helps reduce damage while increasing structural capacity. In this study, SMA rebars... 

    Formation of Globular Microstructure by Electromagnetic Stirring and Rheocasting of Semi-Solid A356 Aluminum Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asadi Khanouki, Mohammad Taghi (Author) ; Ashuri, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The study on new rheoforming technologies of semi-solid alloys has recently been one main subject interesting many researchers and industrials, and so many new methods about preparing semi-solid alloy slurry and rheoforming process have been suggested. Among more than 20 proposed methods, only MHD (Magneto Hydro Dynamics) and EMS (electromagnetic stirring) methods has been industrialized. In this research, the semi-solid slurry of A356 aluminum alloy was fabricated by electromagnetic stirrer under different conditions of stirring current, stirring time and pouring temperatures. Then the semi-solid slurry prepared in optimum conditions was injected into a step-die cavity by a drop device and... 

    Evaluation of Porous NTI SMA Formation Mechanism, Pore Characteristics and Thermo-Mechanical Properties Produced by Power Metallurgy for Biomedical Application

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemi, Abbas (Author) ; Sadrnezhad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    Porous NiTi specimens were produced by elemental nickel and titanium powders and two different temporary space-holder consisting of NaCl and urea and conventional sintering method. Pore characteristic and morphology of porous NiTi specimens was investigated by optical and electron microscopy. Microstructure of specimens was probed using XRD and SEM. Suitable pore distribution and size for biomedical application was obtained using temporary space-holder method. Porosity content increases with increasing space holder powder. At 70 volume percent space-holder, best pore size and distribution with fully open pores, in size 200-500 µm, was obtained and pores are interconnected that suitable for... 

    Applying TPM Concept in an Alloy Steel Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fakhr-al-hosseini, Mehdi (Author) ; Houshmand, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    The alloy steel plant was exploited in1999; and the maintenance department starts its function and its activities according to the written PM software by Austria’s BOHLER Company. The PM program was written for the entire factory. Having worked with the PM for eight years, now it is possible to evaluate its performance. There are two main problems in the maintenance system; firstly, the existing PM System is incomplete, some important feature of the PM program is incomplete. Secondly there are lacks of a good auditing system to evaluate the PM orders. To evaluate the weakness of the current PM system and to study application of TPM, a section of the factory was...