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    Control of Elements Ratio in Alloy Deposition System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kishani Farahani, Esmat (Author) ; Rashidian, Bijan (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, thin film alloy deposition has much importance. These alloys are used for various opto-electronic device applications such as liquid crystal displays, flat panel displays, plasma displays, solar cells and computer memories. Exact control of elements ratio in alloy is one of the important issues in deposition of thin film alloys. In alloy deposition with electron beam gun method from its elements, uniformity improvement of each layer is a way to maintain elements ratio in different parts of sample. This uniformity has much importance especially in optical coatings such as high quality antireflection coatings, highly selective filters and low loss reflectance coatings. In this... 

    Vibration Control of Micro-Satellite Shelves Using Shpae Memory Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hedayati Dezfuli, Farshad (Author) ; Abedian, Ali (Supervisor)
    Dynamic properties such as the natural frequency of a structure have a significant role in the design process. The importance of this consideration is because of resonance. In this case, the amplitude of the vibration is magnified to levels that may lead to a catastrophic event. While the usual design process depends on the collected experiences and statistical data, a developing trend is to implement smart technologies to develop smart structures that are capable of self-monitoring, diagnostics and repair. Smart material components such as shape memory alloys (SMAs) and piezoelectric ceramics are increasingly being used by vibration control practitioners. Shape memory alloys are applied as... 

    Linear Hardening in FCC Alloys

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hamdi, Farzad (Author) ; Asgari, Sirous (Supervisor)
    Previous observation and models on the origin of linear hardening behavior in FCC polycrystals are critically reviewed. To reveal the draw backs of the previous models, selected results of an investigation on the evolution of microstructure during simple compression testing of two FCC polycrystals, Inconel 625 superalloy and AISI 316L stainless steel are reported. It is found that while a number of FCC polycrystals show linear hardening behavior, the evolution of the underlying microstructure may be quite different. It is argued that, in contrast to the current belief, deformation twinning may not be the sole cause of linear hardening in low SFE FCC polycrystals. It is suggested that only... 

    Applying TPM Concept in an Alloy Steel Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fakhr-al-hosseini, Mehdi (Author) ; Houshmand, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    The alloy steel plant was exploited in1999; and the maintenance department starts its function and its activities according to the written PM software by Austria’s BOHLER Company. The PM program was written for the entire factory. Having worked with the PM for eight years, now it is possible to evaluate its performance. There are two main problems in the maintenance system; firstly, the existing PM System is incomplete, some important feature of the PM program is incomplete. Secondly there are lacks of a good auditing system to evaluate the PM orders. To evaluate the weakness of the current PM system and to study application of TPM, a section of the factory was... 

    Application of Dynamics Multi-scale Modeling of Dislocation in Nano-Crystalline Materials

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi, Hossein (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Dislocations are one of the most important classes of defects in crystals. They have significant effects on the physical properties of crystals. They could be primarily created during the formation of a crystal or during the loading on specimen. Dislocation’s movement due to stress is the main cause of crystal plasticity. Since dislocation is a change in perfect crystal structure it is possible to identify it in the molecular level. However, the high computational cost of the MD level, has led researchers to using the multi-scale methods. Researchers have used many various multi-scale methods to study dislocations. The method used in this paper is based on energy. Total energy of system for... 

    Application of SMA-Equipped Connections in Improving the Seismic Behavior of Steel Structures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nemati, Fariba (Author) ; Rahimzadeh Rofooie, Fayyaz (Supervisor)
    Application of Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) as a means for vibration suppression of structural systems has extensively been explored in recent years. Recovering the applied residual strain upon unloading (super-elasticity) or by heating (shape memory effect) at different temperature ranges are two inherent features of SMA materials that have gained most attention. In this work, the seismic behavior of a proposed beam-column semi-rigid end-plate connection that has been equipped with both steel and SMA studs in austenite phase is investigated. A number of 3-D steel MRF structural models with 6,9 and 12 number of stories are considered. These structural models are subjected to bi-directional... 

    Application of SMA Equipped Connection in Improving the Seismic Behaviour of Steel Structures Considering Soil-Structure Interaction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahani, Mona (Author) ; Rahimzadeh Rofouei, Fayyaz (Supervisor)
    Shape memory alloys (SMA) are materials with shape memory effect and high recentering capacity. Recently, application of SMAs in building structures and for the purpose of structure control during earthquake has been considered by many researchers. Researchers have tried to reduce the residual displacement of the structure after earthquake and also increase the dissipated energy by using this material in different forms such as wire, spring, bolt, etc.. In this research the seismic performance of steel structures equipped with SMA connection has been studied, considering the soil and structure interaction. The purpose of this research is to investigate the amount of required SMA bolts in... 

    Application of Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) in Re-Centering the Base-Isolated Steel Structures under Near Field Earthquake Excitation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadnejhad, Mahmoud (Author) ; Rahimzadeh Rofooei, Fayaz (Supervisor) ; Jahanshahi, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Base isolation system is an efficient passive structural control approach to save the structures from the harms of earthquakes. The base isolated systems help to reduce the base shear by increasing the period of the structures, as well as dissipating the seismic input energy by its inherent damping mechanism [1]. However, the residual displacement of the base isolation systems resulted from strong ground motions would remain as a main obstacle in its regular serviceability after the main event. In that regard different isolating devices have been introduced to resolve the problem of the remaining permanent displacement. On the other hand, Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) are among the newly... 

    Prediction of Temperature and Velocity Fields in Friction Stir Welding of 7xxx AA

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaei Farkoosh, Amir (Author) ; Serajzadeh, Siamak (Supervisor)
    In this work a mathematical model has been developed to predict large deformation of work piece in friction stir welding process. Commercially finite element package; ABAQUS is used to solve the governing equations while an elasto-viscoplastic materials behavior is utilized in the model. The model is capable of considering the effects of process parameters such as welding speed and tool geometry on various aspects of the process including temperature and stress distribution within the work piece as well as tool, and velocity and strain fields with in the work piece. Experimental works have been carried out to assess the accuracy of the model and also to determine the effects of various... 

    Softening Kinetics Prediction of Cold Worked Aluminum Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Seraj, Payam (Author) ; Serajzadeh, Siamak (Supervisor)
    In this work, annealing procedure of cold-deformed AA5052-SiC composite has been simulated by using cellular automata approach and the effect of SiC second phase on softening kinetics has been studied. To do so, site saturated nucleation has been employed to establish initial microstructure. In addition, topological changing due to deformation has been implemented on the microstructure. During annealing, recovery and recrystallization phenomena occur simultaneously, and it has strong effect on the annealed microstructure. Therefore, during annealing, recrystallization and recovery has been considered simultaneously and decreasing in the stored energy, which has developed during deformation... 

    Chitosan–Bioactive Glass Composite Coating on Nd-Fe-B Magnetic Alloy Substrate by Electrophoretic Deposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehdipour, Mehrad (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    This research work deals with application of poly-saccharide to improve coating process of bioactive ceramic composite on aNd-Fe-B magnetic alloy substrate. Bioactive glass particles were synthesized through a sol-gel process and coated in the form of composite with poly-saccharide onto a magnetic substrate by electrophoretic deposition technique. Stable suspensions of 0.5 gr/lit polysaccharide polymer-ceramic were prepared using bioactive glass particles (<1µm), acetic acid 1%. The influence of added water to ethanol, pH and tri-ethanol-amine (TEA) additive on suspension stability, deposition rate and coating’s structure was investigated. It was shown that by increasing the water to ethanol... 

    Nanostructural Coating of Al2O3 on NiTi Alloy Via Electrochemical Method for Improvement of Biomedical and Surface Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahloujchi, Raziyeh (Author) ; Sadrnezhaad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    Nitinol alloy is important and increasingly used in medicine and industry due to its unique properties such as shape memory and superelasticity. Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (PEO) is a relatively new method which in electrical discharge occurrence and formation of small plasma arcs on the anode surface and the electrochemical and thermochemical reactions in plasma environment prepare ceramic coating on the substrate. This method is taken into consideration because of its simplicity and effectiveness in the preparation of oxide ceramic coatings with porous structure on the surface of certain metals and alloys to improve their corrosion and wear properties. In this study, to improve the... 

    Proper Shape, Size, Type of Alloy and Orientation of Shape Memory Alloy Wires in High Damping Rubber Bearing based on Performance Assessment

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mataranlouei, Saeed (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    In an effort to reduce the building and structural damages due to earthquakes, the researchers have created a new alternative to isolate structures from the ground movement. Base isolation (BI) as one of innovative means can provide a very effective solution to protect constructions from the hazard of earthquakes. The proposed smart isolation system combines a laminated rubber bearing with a device made of shape memory alloy (SMA). In Japan and United States, many bridges have been designed or retrofitted with seismic isolation devices in the last 20 years. In the other words, isolation bearings can substantially improve the seismic performance and consequently reduce the post-disaster cost... 

    Comparison of the Effect of Controlled Annealing on Accumulative Roll Bonded 5083 Aluminum Alloy and AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Sheets

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kalani, Amir Reza (Author) ; Akbarzadeh, Abbas (Supervisor)
    Lightweight aluminum and magnesium alloy sheets do not generally possess as much strength as steel sheets and their strength need to be increased by a suitable process such as Accumulative Roll Bonding (ARB). One of the most important limitations of ARB is the low ductility and formability of the sheets produced by this process. In the present research conducted on the 5083 aluminum and AZ31 magnesium alloy sheets efforts have beem made to overcome this limitation by heating up the sheets whether during metal forming process as hot deformation or as distinct controlled annealing process subsequent to the deformation, in order to develop the application domain of the sheets. Results... 

    Comparing Glass Formability of Cu-Zr and Ni-Zr Systems by Molecular Dynamics Simulation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghaemi, Milad (Author) ; Tavakoli, Rohollah (Supervisor)
    Metallic glasses (MG) are a group of materials that have unique properties such as high yielding strength and high elastic deformation. Because of limitation in the production of these materials, a few industrial materials of MG have been made so far. A few of binary alloys, like binary alloys made of Cu-Zr, have high Glass Forming Ability (GFA) in medium cooling rates. Between two binary systems of Cu-Zr and Ni-Zr, although constituent elements in aspect of atomic radius, electronic structure, physical properties, phase diagrams and intermetallic compounds are so similar to each other, but GFA between them are very different. For example, in Cu-Zr system there are compounds, such as... 

    Study of Microstructure Evolution During Cyclic Martensitic Transformations in Shape Memory Alloys with Molecular Dynamics Simulation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moravvej, Amin (Author) ; Nejat, Hossein (Supervisor) ; Arghavani, Jamal (Supervisor)
    Shape memory alloys (SMA) exhibit a number of features which are not easily explained by equilibrium thermodynamics, including hysteresis in the phase transformation and ‘‘reverse’’ shape memory in the high symmetry phase. Processing can change these features: repeated cycling can ‘‘train’’ the reverse shape memory effect, while changing the amount of hysteresis and other functional properties. These effects are likely to be due to formations of localised defects and these can be studied by atomistic methods. Here we present a molecular dynamics simulation study of such behaviour employing a two-dimensional, binary Lennard–Jones model. Our atomistic model exhibits a symmetry breaking,... 

    A Study on the Thermal Stability and Microstructure of Nanocrystalline Al-Ti(Ni) Alloys Synthesized by Mechanical Alloying

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Motaharinejad, Ruhollah (Author) ; Maddah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor) ; Seyyed Reihani, Morteza (Supervisor)
    In the present investigation, the mechanical alloying (MA) technique was employed to produce nanocrystalline Al-Ti Powder mixtures. Elemental Al and Ti powders were mixed with different compositions (0, 5, 10, and 20 wt.% Ti) and then, milled in a vibratory mill up to 7 hr. The variations of powder morphology and particle size, apparent and tap densities, microstructure, grain size, lattice strain, and microhardness were studied with increasing the milling time. While dissolution of Ti in the Al matrix resulted to the formation of supersaturated Al-Ti solid solution in the samples containing 5 and 10 wt.% Ti, the specimen with 20 wt.% Ti, eventually, led to nanocomposite powder with... 

    Investigation of Toughening Mechanisms in Al/Al3Ti In-Situ Hot Extruded Composites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaei, Alireza (Author) ; Madaah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    In this study in-situ Al/Al3Ti was fabricated by mechanical alloying, hot extrusion and subsequent heat treatment. First, initial pure powders of Al and Ti were mechanically alloyed with 5 weight percentages of Ti for 40 hours. The as-hot extruded samples containing 5 wt% of initial Ti particles, were exposed to heating at 600 oC for various time intervals up to 10 hours. Microstructure analysis by OM and SEM proved that in-situ Al3Ti phase was formed as a layer around Ti particles by solid reactive diffusion between Al and Ti particles. After 10 hours of heating, all the Ti particles were consumed and transformed to Al3Ti. Mechanical properties of samples were investigated by Brinell... 

    Study of Nanocrystallization Kinetics, Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Finemet-type Soft Magnetic Materials

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Asghari Shivaee, Hossein (Author) ; Madaah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor) ; nozad, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Beitollahi, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Nanocrystallization kinetics of amorphous Finemet-type alloys was studied using Isokinetic and Isoconversional methods (Kissinger model-fitting method, Vyazovkin advance method, Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose(KSA),Flynn–Wall–Ozawa(FWO),Tang and Starink) under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. Effects of chemical composition on the nanocrystallization kinetics, microstructure and magnetic properties of Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1 and Fe77Si11B9Nb2.4Cu0.6 alloys were also investigated. Kinetic triplet (activation energy, frequency factor and reaction model) were determined by these methods and compared for the alloys. According to isoconversional methods, the activation energy is variable as a... 

    High Temperature Deformation and Creep-Aging Behavior of an Aluminum Alloy 5083

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodamoradi, Zahra (Author) ; Serajzadeh, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Mechanical behavior of aluminum-magnesium alloy, AA5083, was studied at high temperatures using hot tensile testing together with uniaxial creep experiments. In the first place, the as-received AA5083 sheet was subjected to annealing heat treatment to remove the effect previous plastic straining. Then, creep experiments were conducted at temperatures in the range of 190°C to 300 ° C under constant the stress varied between 30 MPa to 100 MPa. The hot tensile testing was also carried out from room temperatures up to 400 °C under nominal constant strain rates of 0.0005, 0.005, 0.01 and, 0.05 (1/s). In addition to the mechanical testing, optical metallography and scanning electron microcopy were...