Search for: amino-acids
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Total 125 records

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmani, Atefeh (Author) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Nanosized CdS coupled TiO2 nanocrystals were prepared by a microemulsion-mediated Hydrothermal method at relatively low temperatures. Modification of this nanocomposite with Tyrosine,Phenylalanine,Glysine and Glutamate ,especially Tyrosine resulted in enhanced photocatalytic degradation rate of Nitrobenzene( NB ) compared to using CdS-TiO2 under visible light irradiation. The prepared samples were characterized by BET,SEM, XRD, UV–Vis spectroscopy ,FTIR .It was found which have high surface area about 470 m2 g−1 and mesoporous character with the average pore diameter of 2.8 nm.The results showed this nanocomposite consisted of uniform anatase TiO2 with highly dispersed cubic phase CdS... 

    Expression and Purification of Amyloid Beta Recombinant Peptide and the Effecs of Ultrasmall Peptides Enriched in Branch Chain Amino Acids as Inhibitors in Amyloid Formation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaei Adariani, Soheila (Author) ; Kalhor, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    Nowdays, it has been shown that protein misfolding is involved in more than forty diseases including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases that disrupts brain function. The main cause of this illness is due to formation of extracellular amyloid plaque from a 42-amino acid-peptide called amyloid beta. Amyloidosis is caused by missfolding of peptides and proteins mainly because of physical and chemical changes in biomolecule or their environment.
    Therefore, in this dissertation, using synthetic and recombinant abeta peptide, kinetic of amyloidosis was examined. Ultrasmall peptides (three-amino acid), containing branched chain... 

    Synthesis of Amino Acids Schiff Base Complexes of Gadolinium and Study of Their Interaction with BSA

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abedi, Najmeh (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    Salicylaldehyde-amino acid Schiff base complexes are used as non-enzymatic models for the metal-pyridoxal (Vitamin B6) amino acid Schiff base systems which are key intermediates in many metabolic reactions of amino acids catalyzed by enzymes which require pyridoxal as a cofactor (transamination, decarboxylation, α and β elimination, racemization, etc.). In addition, complexes of amino acid Schiff bases are considered to constitute new kinds of potential anticancer, antitumor, antiradical and antibacterial reagents. On the other hand nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has become a powerful tool for clinical diagnostics thanks to the development of a new class of pharmaceuticals... 

    Expremental Studying and Thermodynamic Modeling of Separation of Amino Acids by Ionic Liquids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazem, Hadi (Author) ; Ghotbi, Cyrus (Supervisor) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Vosoghi, Manochehr (Supervisor)
    In this work, partitioning of amino acids such as glutamic acid, phenyl anine and tryptophan in aqueous and ionic liquid phases at 298.15 K and atmospheric pressure was measured. [C4mim][Tf2N] is used due can produce two phase with water rapidly. Studying the effect of liquid solution pH on amino acids partitioning shows that increasing of pH results in decreasing of amino acid partitioning coefficient. This phenomenon pertains to electrostatic interactions between cation of amino acid and anion of ionic liquid which reduces when pH increases. Considering the effect of pH, liquid-liquid equilibrium data of amino acids was obtained in a pH that owning maximum partioning coefficient. Chemical... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology GHasemi Toosi, Faeze (Author) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this project is the synthesis and characterization of a group of phenolic amino acidic derivatives that are studied in both solid phases as well as their solutions. For this, new phenol derivatives of serin and isoleucine amino acids were synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR , 13C NMR, IR spectroscopy as well as elemental analysis. These ligands were utilized to prepare LSF perovskite membrane. According to their XRD patterns, it was concluded that the powdered precursor prepared by serin derivative has shown better qualification and less intermediate phase in the synthesized perovskite membrane similar to the sample prepared by applying EDTA. Furthermore, in the previous... 

    Synthesis and Application of Aminophenolic Ligands in Preparation of Perovskite-type Inorganic Membranes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hajibabaei Najafabadi, Hamed (Author) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    Inorganic membranes are a group of compounds which are used in gas separations such as isolating of oxygen from air and/or in petrochemical process like OCM, POM. These days, a variety of research is being conducted to synthesize these membranes from perovskite structures with formulation of ABO3. These compounds have various production procedures and various final perovskite compounds. The purpose of this project is to synthesis and identification of a group of phenolic amino acidic derivatives as new chelating agents, and their use in synthesis of perovskite membranes. For this, novel phenol derivatives of glycine, alanine, β- alanine and leucine amino acids were synthesized and... 

    Computational Design of Novel Medicines as Inhibitors in Case of Cancer and Autoimmune Disease Treatment Based on Amino Acid and Sugar

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Feghhi, Razieh (Author) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    SHP2 has been reported as a critical non-receptor phosphatase enzyme that plays crucial roles in numerous disorders like cancer. The previous studies on this enzyme showed that inhibiting the action of the enzyme comes as a way of controlling enzyme activity. SHP099 was discovered as an Allosteric inhibitor of the enzyme with the most inhibitory effect among all of the studied compounds. In this study we aimed to design novel dipeptide-and sugar-based inhibitors for the allosteric binding site of this enzyme with in-silico studies including docking, molecular dynamic simulation, and free binding energy analysis. Our novel designed drugs possess enough binding properties, low toxicity, and... 

    Preparation of Thin-Film Nanocomposite Membranes Based on Metal-Organic Frameworks (Mofs) and Study of their Performance in Forward Osmosis (Fo) Process

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Bayrami, Arshad (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    The forward osmosis (FO) process is a high potential emerging membrane process in the seawater desalination and contaminated water treatment fields. One of the main challenges facing this process is the weak separation (high reverse solute flux, low water flux, and insufficient selectivity) and antifouling performances of its membranes. Various sections of this study focus on the development of FO membranes and their performance improvement. For this purpose, thin-film composite membranes with the same combination of polyethersulfone/polyamide (PES/PA) have been used to investigate the effect of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) introduction on their performance. The support layer in all cases... 

    Design a New Sugar- amino Acid-based Drug Structure as an Alternative to Methotrexate, with the Aim of Treating Leukemia and some Autoimmune Diseases

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shapouri, Amin Mohammad (Author) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    This project aims to design a drug to fight leukemia and some autoimmune diseases having few side effects. These drugs are composed of natural sugar and amino acid structures. Among the various treatments available, drug structures as inhibitors of enzymes involved in cancer-related cellular processes is an important treatment. Methotrexate is one of the most widely used anticancer drugs in the last half-century and treats leukemia and many autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis. It is a derivative of folic acid (vitamin B9) and one of the drugs with specific properties. It is an anti-folate whose anti-metabolic effects can help kill cancer cells. One of the problems with using this drug to... 

    Synthesis and Study of the Interaction of Aza-Crwon Macrocyclic Ligands with Carboxylate Side Arms with Cd Salts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadzadeh, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    In the present study, the coordination chemistry of an amino acid azacrown macrocycle ligand bearing one carboxylic acid arm (MA1) was investigated by employing NMR spectroscopy, crystallography and computational chemistry. MA1 was synthetized by the reaction of chloroacetic acid with the parent azacrown macrocycle and its purity was confirmed with 13C and 1H NMR for the first time. A new MA1 homologue, MA3 was also successfully prepared and characterized with NMR, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis. NMR studies showed that MA1 binds to cadmium via the carboxylate arm in solution. Crystallographic studies showed that MA1 formed a one-dimensional polymer with cadmium, wherein the... 

    Design of Methods for Synthesis and Immobilization of Nitrogen Ligands Such as Pyridine onto the Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles and Design of Pharmaceutical Structures Based on Amino Acids and Carbohydrates to Inhibit Polymerase Η for the Treatment of Leukemia and their Applications In Resins and Ionic Liquids

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Kalhor, Sepideh (Author) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Supervisor) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    1- Mesoporous silica materials have been found to possess pore sizes ranging from 2 -10 nm alongside 2D-hexagonal and 3D-cubic structural features. The specific properties of nanoparticles of the mesoporous silica family, such as the collected size, porosity, morphology, and high chemical stability, make them among the best drug delivery systems and catalysts. Designing the catalysts with advanced structures that effectively locate the transition metals and create active centres onto the surfaces of mesoporous silica materials has attracted extraordinary attention. According to many studies, mesoporous silica materials without organic functional groups cannot be used as catalysts in chemical... 

    Gold Electroless from Sulfite-thiosulfate Bath

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahanianfar, Hooman (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Gold coatings due to their unique properties, use in a wide range of applications.Decorative coatings of gold for centuries, has been considered.However, few studies have been done on the properties of this metal, this metal is shown not only in terms of decorating, but in the industry also has a wide range of applications. In this project non-cyanide electroless bath based on binary complex sulfite-thiosulfate was prepared and metal ion concentration of the complex components, temperature, time, pH and addition of amino acids, optimzed bystability, qualityand rate of coating. The main aim of optimizing bathsis optimize the thickness and appearance of the coating.It was found that by... 

    Theoretical study of the electron transport through the cysteine amino acid nanomolecular wire

    , Article International Journal of Nanoscience ; Volume 7, Issue 2-3 , 2008 , Pages 95-102 ; 0219581X (ISSN) Ganji, M. D ; Aghaie, H ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd  2008
    In this paper, we study the electrical transport and Negative Differential Resistance (NDR) in a single molecular conductor consisting of a cysteine sandwiched between two Au(111) electrodes via the Density Functional Theory-based Nonequilibrium Green's Function (DFT-NEGF) method. We show that (surprisingly, despite their apparent simplicity, these Au/cysteine/Au nanowires are shown to be a convenient NDR device) the smallest two-terminal molecular wire can exhibit NDR behavior to date. Experiments with a conventional or novel self-assembled monolayer (SAM) are proposed to test these predictions. The projected density of states (PDOSs) and transmission coefficients T(E) under various... 

    PASylation enhances the stability, potency, and plasma half-life of interferon α-2a: A molecular dynamics simulation

    , Article Biotechnology Journal ; Volume 15, Issue 8 , 2020 Shamloo, A ; Rostami, P ; Mahmoudi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2020
    In this study, the effectiveness of PASylation in enhancing the potency and plasma half-life of pharmaceutical proteins has been accredited as an alternative technique to the conventional methods such as PEGylation. Proline, alanine, and serine (PAS) chain has shown some advantages including biodegradability improvement and plasma half-life enhancement while lacking immunogenicity or toxicity. Although some experimental studies have been performed to find the mechanism behind PASylation, the detailed mechanism of PAS effects on the pharmaceutical proteins has remained obscure, especially at the molecular level. In this study, the interaction of interferon α-2a (IFN) and PAS chain is... 

    Graphene oxide-l-arginine nanogel: A pH-sensitive fluorouracil nanocarrier

    , Article Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry ; Volume 66, Issue 5 , 2019 , Pages 772-780 ; 08854513 (ISSN) Malekimusavi, H ; Ghaemi, A ; Masoudi, G ; Chogan, F ; Rashedi, H ; Yazdian, F ; Omidi, M ; Javadi, S ; Haghiralsadat, B. F ; Teimouri, M ; Faal Hamedani, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2019
    Nowadays, putting forward an accurate cancer therapy method with minimal side effects is an important topic of research. Nanostructures, for their ability in controlled and targeted drug release on specific cells, are critical materials in this field. In this study, a pH-sensitive graphene oxide-l-arginine nanogel was synthesized to carry and release 5-fluorouracil. Optimized conditions using statistical analysis, based on the maximum relative viscosity of nanogel, were evaluated: 5.489 for the concentration of l-arginine and 2.404 for pH. The prepared nanogels were characterized using scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope images and Fourier-transform infrared... 

    NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomic study of serum in sulfur mustard exposed patients with lung disease

    , Article Biomarkers ; Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 413-419 ; 1354750X (ISSN) Nobakht, B.F., M. Gh ; Arefi Oskouie, A ; Rezaei Tavirani, M ; Aliannejad, R ; Taheri, S ; Fathi, F ; Naseri, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2017
    Sulfur mustard (SM) is a vesication chemical warfare agent for which there is currently no antidote. Despite years of research, there is no common consensus about the pathophysiological basis of chronic pulmonary disease caused by this chemical warfare agent. In this study, we combined chemometric techniques with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to explore the metabolic profile of sera from SM-exposed patients. A total of 29 serum samples obtained from 17 SM-injured patients, and 12 healthy controls were analyzed by Random Forest. Increased concentrations of seven amino acids, glycerol, dimethylamine, ketone bodies, lactate, acetate, citrulline and creatine together with the... 

    NMR- and GC/MS-based metabolomics of sulfur mustard exposed individuals: a pilot study

    , Article Biomarkers ; Volume 21, Issue 6 , 2016 , Pages 479-489 ; 1354750X (ISSN) Nobakht, B. F ; Aliannejad, R ; Rezaei Tavirani, M ; Arefi Oskouie, A ; Naseri, M. T ; Parastar, H ; Aliakbarzadeh, G ; Fathi, F ; Taheri, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd 
    Sulfur Mustard (SM) is a potent alkylating agent and its effects on cells and tissues are varied and complex. Due to limitations in the diagnostics of sulfur mustard exposed individuals (SMEIs) by noninvasive approaches, there is a great necessity to develop novel techniques and biomarkers for this condition. We present here the first nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) metabolic profiling of serum from and healthy controls to identify novel biomarkers in blood serum for better diagnostics. Of note, SMEIs were exposed to SM 30 years ago and that differences between two groups could still be found. Pathways in which differences between SMEIs and... 

    Synthesis of “L-cysteine–graphene oxide” hybrid by new methods and elucidation of its uptake properties for Hg(II) ion

    , Article Separation Science and Technology (Philadelphia) ; Volume 53, Issue 6 , 2018 , Pages 843-855 ; 01496395 (ISSN) Daneshmand, M ; Outokesh, M ; Akbari, A ; Kosari, M ; Tayyebi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2018
    This study introduces two new, simple, and scalable methods for synthesis of “cysteine–graphene oxide” hybrid, namely nucleophilic and covalent methods. Produced adsorbents could uptake 500 and 600 mg Hg2+/g, respectively, which are larger than capacities of most of the commercial adsorbents. By means of different instrumental techniques, chemical structures of the obtained graphene products were disclosed, and two pertinent mechanisms for their formations were suggested. Time for attaining uptake equilibrium for nucleophilic/covalent samples was 30 min/150 min, and kinetics was controlled by liquid film resistance/chemical reaction mechanisms, respectively. High selectivity and good... 

    Effect of Cysteine Substitutions on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Fe3O4–Cysteine/RGO and Fe3O4/RGO–Cysteine Nanocomposites

    , Article Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism ; 2018 ; 15571939 (ISSN) Sahebalzamani, H ; Mehrani, K ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Zare, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2018
    We synthesized by electrostatic self-assembly route in basic solution Fe3O4–cysteine/RGO and Fe3O4/RGO–cysteine nanocomposites. In this method, electrostatic interaction was created via negatively charged surface of the reduced graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide–cysteine sheets and positively charged surface of the Fe3O4 and Fe3O4–Cys nanoparticles in aqueous solution. The structural and magnetic properties of the prepared samples were analyzed by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), respectively. The dependences of magnetization as a function of... 

    Effect of cysteine substitutions on the structural and magnetic properties of Fe3O4–Cysteine/RGO and Fe3O4/RGO–Cysteine nanocomposites

    , Article Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism ; Volume 32, Issue 5 , 2019 , Pages 1299-1306 ; 15571939 (ISSN) Sahebalzamani, H ; Mehrani, K ; Madaah Hosseini , H. R ; Zare, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2019
    We synthesized by electrostatic self-assembly route in basic solution Fe3O4–cysteine/RGO and Fe3O4/RGO–cysteine nanocomposites. In this method, electrostatic interaction was created via negatively charged surface of the reduced graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide–cysteine sheets and positively charged surface of the Fe3O4 and Fe3O4–Cys nanoparticles in aqueous solution. The structural and magnetic properties of the prepared samples were analyzed by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), respectively. The dependences of magnetization as a function of...