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    The effect of hematocrit and nanoparticles diameter on hemodynamic parameters and drug delivery in abdominal aortic aneurysm with consideration of blood pulsatile flow

    , Article Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine ; Volume 195 , October , 2020 Jafarzadeh, S ; Nasiri Sadr, A ; Kaffash, E ; Goudarzi, S ; Golab, E ; Karimipour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ireland Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Background and Objective: The present article has simulated to investigate the efficient hemodynamic parameters, the drug persistence, and drug distribution on an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: Blood as a non-Newtonian fluid enters the artery acting as a real pulse waveform; its behavior is dependent on hematocrit and strain rate. In this simulation of computational fluid dynamic, magnetic nanoparticles of iron oxide which were in advance coated with the drug, are injected into the artery during a cardiac cycle. A two-phase model was applied to investigate the distribution of these carriers. Results: The results are presented for different hematocrits and the nanoparticle diameter. It... 

    Targeted drug delivery of magnetic microbubble for abdominal aortic aneurysm: an in silico study

    , Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2022 , Pages 735-753 ; 16177959 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Ebrahimi, S ; Ghorbani, G ; Alishiri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2022
    Abstract
    Targeted drug delivery (TDD) to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) using a controlled and efficient approach has recently been a significant challenge. In this study, by using magnetic microbubbles (MMBs) under a magnetic field, we investigated the MMBs performance in TDD to AAA based on the amount of surface density of MMBs (SDMM) adhered to the AAA lumen. The results showed that among the types of MMBs studied in the presence of the magnetic field, micromarkers are the best type of microbubble with a −50 % increase in SDMM adhered to the critical area of AAA. The results show that applying a magnetic field causes the amount of SDMM adhered to the whole area of AAA to increase −1.54 times... 

    Modeling of an ultrasound system in targeted drug delivery to abdominal aortic aneurysm: a patient-specificin silico study based on ligand-receptor binding

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control ; Volume 69, Issue 3 , 2022 , Pages 967-974 ; 08853010 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Boroumand, A ; Ebrahimi, S ; Kalantarnia, F ; Maleki, S ; Moradi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2022
    Abstract
    Targeted drug delivery methods have shown a significant impact on enhancing drug delivery efficiency and reducing drug side effects. While various stimuli have been used to promote the drug delivery process, applying ultrasound (US) waves to control drug particles through the human body, noninvasively, has drawn the scientist's attention. However, microcarriers delivery reaches the aneurysmal artery by US waves that exert volumetric forces on blood, and drug carriers, which can therefore affect blood flow patterns and movement pathways of drug carriers, have not yet been studied. In this study, we developed a 3-D patient-specific model of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to evaluate the... 

    Healthy and diseasedin vitromodels of vascular systems

    , Article Lab on a Chip ; Volume 21, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 641-659 ; 14730197 (ISSN) Hosseini, V ; Mallone, A ; Nasrollahi, F ; Ostrovidov, S ; Nasiri, R ; Mahmoodi, M ; Haghniaz, R ; Baidya, A ; Salek, M. M ; Darabi, M. A ; Orive, G ; Shamloo, A ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Ahadian, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2021
    Abstract
    Irregular hemodynamics affects the progression of various vascular diseases, such atherosclerosis or aneurysms. Despite the extensive hemodynamics studies on animal models, the inter-species differences between humans and animals hamper the translation of such findings. Recent advances in vascular tissue engineering and the suitability ofin vitromodels for interim analysis have increased the use ofin vitrohuman vascular tissue models. Although the effect of flow on endothelial cell (EC) pathophysiology and EC-flow interactions have been vastly studied in two-dimensional systems, they cannot be used to understand the effect of other micro- and macro-environmental parameters associated with... 

    Fluid-structure interaction simulation of blood flow and cerebral aneurysm: effect of partly blocked vessel

    , Article Journal of Vascular Research ; Volume 56, Issue 6 , 2019 , Pages 296-307 ; 10181172 (ISSN) Saeedi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Mohammadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    S. Karger AG  2019
    Abstract
    In this study, using fluid-structure interaction (FSI), 3-dimensional blood flow in an aneurysm in the circle of Willis-which is located in the middle cerebral artery (MCA)-has been simulated. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a partly blocked vessel on an aneurysm. To achieve this purpose, two cases have been investigated using the FSI method: in the first case, an ideal geometry of aneurysm in the MCA has been simulated; in the second case, modeling is performed for an ideal geometry of the aneurysm in the MCA with a partly blocked vessel. All boundary conditions, properties and modeling methods were considered the same for both cases. The only difference between the... 

    Fluid–structure interaction simulation of a cerebral aneurysm: effects of endovascular coiling treatment and aneurysm wall thickening

    , Article Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials ; Volume 74 , 2017 , Pages 72-83 ; 17516161 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Nejad, M. A ; Saeedi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In the present study, we investigate the effect of the hemodynamic factors of the blood flow on the cerebral aneurysms. To this end, a hypothetical geometry of the aneurysm in the circle of Willis, located in the bifurcation point of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and anterior communicating artery (ACoA) is modeled in a three-dimensional manner. Three cases are chosen in the current study: an untreated thin wall (first case), untreated thick wall (second case), and a treated aneurysm (third case). The effect of increasing the aneurysm wall thickness on the deformation and stress distribution of the walls are studied. The obtained results showed that in the second case, a reduction in the... 

    Effects of Brownian motions and thermophoresis diffusions on the hematocrit and LDL concentration/diameter of pulsatile non-Newtonian blood in abdominal aortic aneurysm

    , Article Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics ; Volume 294 , 2021 ; 03770257 (ISSN) Abbasi, M ; Esfahani, A. N ; Golab, E ; Golestanian, O ; Ashouri, N ; Sajadi, S. M ; Ghaemi, F ; Baleanu, D ; Karimipour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    LDL concentration is believed to be responsible for plaque formation that leads to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We conducted this study to investigate the effects of hematocrits and LDL diameters on LDL concentration on the wall of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The blood flow was considered to be a pulsatile and non-Newtonian flow whose viscosity was a function of hematocrits and strain rate. Lumen, Brownian, and thermophoresis diffusions were analyzed in LDL concentration. The results demonstrated that adding thermophoresis diffusion increases LDL concentration. Moreover, among three types of LDLs, including small LDLs, intermediate LDLs, and large LDLs, small LDLs were the... 

    Effects of Brownian motions and thermophoresis diffusions on the hematocrit and LDL concentration/diameter of pulsatile non-Newtonian blood in abdominal aortic aneurysm

    , Article Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics ; Volume 294 , 2021 ; 03770257 (ISSN) Abbasi, M ; Esfahani, A. N ; Golab, E ; Golestanian, O ; Ashouri, N ; Sajadi, S. M ; Ghaemi, F ; Baleanu, D ; Karimipour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    LDL concentration is believed to be responsible for plaque formation that leads to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We conducted this study to investigate the effects of hematocrits and LDL diameters on LDL concentration on the wall of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The blood flow was considered to be a pulsatile and non-Newtonian flow whose viscosity was a function of hematocrits and strain rate. Lumen, Brownian, and thermophoresis diffusions were analyzed in LDL concentration. The results demonstrated that adding thermophoresis diffusion increases LDL concentration. Moreover, among three types of LDLs, including small LDLs, intermediate LDLs, and large LDLs, small LDLs were the... 

    Drug delivery performance of nanocarriers based on adhesion and interaction for abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 594 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, S ; Vatani, P ; Amani, A ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Targeted drug delivery using nanocarriers (NCs) is one of the novel techniques that has recently been used to improve drug delivery to the Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the surface density of NCs (SDNC) adhered via ligand-receptor binding to the inner wall of AAA. For this purpose, fluid–structure interaction (FSI) analysis was first performed for the patient-specific and ideal AAA models. Then, by injecting NCs into the aortic artery, the values of SDNC adhered to and interacted with AAA wall were obtained. Two types of NCs, liposomes, and solid particles in four different diameters, were used to investigate the effect of the diameter and... 

    Automatic segmentation, detection, and diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) using convolutional neural networks and hough circles algorithm

    , Article Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology ; Volume 10, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 490-499 ; 1869408X (ISSN) Mohammadi, S ; Mohammadi, M ; Dehlaghi, V ; Ahmadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2019
    Abstract
    Purpose: An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is known as a cardiovascular disease involving localized deformation (swelling or enlargement) of aorta occurring between the renal and iliac arteries. AAA would jeopardize patients’ lives due to its rupturing risk, so prompt recognition and diagnosis of this disorder is vital. Although computed tomography angiography (CTA) is the preferred imaging modality used by radiologist for diagnosing AAA, computed tomography (CT) images can be used too. In the recent decade, there has been several methods suggested by experts in order to find a precise automated way to diagnose AAA without human intervention base on CT and CTA images. Despite great... 

    Artificial neural network for predicting the safe temporary artery occlusion time in intracranial aneurysmal surgery

    , Article Journal of Clinical Medicine ; Volume 10, Issue 7 , 2021 ; 20770383 (ISSN) Shahjouei, S ; Ghodsi, S. M ; Zangeneh Soroush, M ; Ansari, S ; Kamali Ardakani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Abstract
    Background. Temporary artery clipping facilitates safe cerebral aneurysm management, besides a risk for cerebral ischemia. We developed an artificial neural network (ANN) to predict the safe clipping time of temporary artery occlusion (TAO) during intracranial aneurysm surgery. Method. We devised a three-layer model to predict the safe clipping time for TAO. We considered age, the diameter of the right and left middle cerebral arteries (MCAs), the diameter of the right and left A1 segment of anterior cerebral arteries (ACAs), the diameter of the anterior communicating artery, mean velocity of flow at the right and left MCAs, and the mean velocity of flow at the right and left ACAs, as well... 

    Aortic dissection is determined by specific shape and hemodynamic interactions

    , Article Annals of Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 50, Issue 12 , 2022 , Pages 1771-1786 ; 00906964 (ISSN) Williams, J. G ; Marlevi, D ; Bruse, J. L ; Nezami, F. R ; Moradi, H ; Fortunato, R. N ; Maiti, S ; Billaud, M ; Edelman, E. R ; Gleason, T. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2022
    Abstract
    The aim of this study was to determine whether specific three-dimensional aortic shape features, extracted via statistical shape analysis (SSA), correlate with the development of thoracic ascending aortic dissection (TAAD) risk and associated aortic hemodynamics. Thirty-one patients followed prospectively with ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA), who either did (12 patients) or did not (19 patients) develop TAAD, were included in the study, with aortic arch geometries extracted from computed tomographic angiography (CTA) imaging. Arch geometries were analyzed with SSA, and unsupervised and supervised (linked to dissection outcome) shape features were extracted with principal component...