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    Preparation and Characterization of Ternary Mixed Oxide Containing IrO2,RuO2,TiO2 on Platinum Coated Titanium Anode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ali Asghari, Sepideh (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Davami, Parviz (Supervisor)
    Ruthenium based-oxide coatings on Titanium anodes are widely used as DSA (Dimensionally Stable Anode) for chlorine and chlorate production. Coatings consisting of composition of highly conductive oxide of noble metals (Ru, Ir and Pt) make them as long lasting anodes in chlor-alkali technology.In this work, a newly anode by a ternary coating of IrO2, RuO2, and TiO2 on the Pt-coated Ti was developed through thermal decomposition of iridium and titanium and ruthenium inorganic salts dissolved in n-pentane. The effect of deposition parameters such as current density, time, different condition of baking, heating, mole ratio and pulling up the samples was investigated to find out reasonable... 

    Cathodic Protection of Concrete by Zinc Sacrificial Anode in Persian Gulf Sea Water

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Cheraghali, Behrouz (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Many of the major structure over coastal waters in the Kish Island due to the aggressive condition are showing signs of reinforcement corrosion. Recent advances in the development of anodes make it practical to use zinc galvanic cathodic protection to protect this structure in this area. Five anode systems were tested on several samples as, (1) zinc metal spray applied by arc-spraying on the concrete, (2) a zinc foil with conductive adhesive backing, (3) a system of zinc mesh and grout jacket, (4) a system of zinc mesh and compression panels, and (5) a bulk zinc. These anodes are set up to comparison the effects of potential and current over the zinc galvanic cathodic protection during 4... 

    Electrochemical Behaviors of RuO2-TiO2 Mixed Metal Oxide Coated on Titanium Anodes in Chlor-Alkali Electrolysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Paryani, Kasra (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Titanium anodes activated by noble metal oxides under the trade name of dimensionally stable anodes (DSAs) are widely used in the electrolytic industry, particularly in chlor – alkali electrolysis. Over 20 years of use, the fundamental aspects of their long – lasting performance are not fully understand and the corrosion mechanisms are still the subject of many investigations. RuO2 – TiO2 coatings on titanium substrate, due to proper electrochemical characteristics and good corrosion resistance, is most applicable as an anode in chlor – alkali systems. In the present investigation, the first layer of Pt – Ir coating is applied via electrodeposition method on the pretreated titanium substrate... 

    hysical and Chemical Surface Modification of Titanium by Nanostructured Materials, and Biological Characterization for Use in Bone Tissue Implants

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Rahnamaee, Yahya (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manochehr (Supervisor) ; Samadi Kuchaksaraei, Ali (Supervisor)
    According to human needs and in line with the development of advanced technologies, different biomedical Engineering fields like hard tissue implants are growing rapidly. Despite significant biotechnology Developments in recent years, some problems to the recognition of implants related osseointegration phenomena persist. The deficient osseointegration and implant-associated infections are key issues for the long-term clinical success of titanium and titanium alloy implants, while development of multifunctional surfaces that can simultaneously overcome these problems remains highly challenging. Therefore, the ultimate goal of this paper was to improve bone cell attachment and simultaneously... 

    The Impedimetric Human Papiloma Virous DNA Biosensor Fabrication Based on Gold Nanotubes

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Shariati, Mohsen (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Sasanpour, Pezhman (Supervisor)
    An impedimetric human papilloma virus (HPV) DNA biosensor based on gold nanotubes (AuNTs) in label free detection was materialized. The AuNTs decorated nanoporous polycarbonate (AuNTs-PC) template as biosensor electrode was fabricated by electrodeposition method. The single strand DNA (ss-DNA) probe was covalently immobilized onto the AuNTs-PC electrode. The hybridization of target sequences with the ss-DNA probe was observed by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The biosensor showed high selectivity and could differentiate between the complementary, mismatch and non-complementary DNA sequences. The EIS measurements were matched to Randle's equivalent circuit. The... 

    Fabrication and Photoelectrochemical Characterization of Ordered Nanotube Arrays of TiO2 for Solar Cell Application

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohammadpour, Raheleh (Author) ; Iraji zad, Aazam (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor) ; Taghavinia, Neima (Co-Advisor)
    In this research we focus on study and fabrication of ordered nanotube arrays of titanium oxide and their applications in photoelectrochemical cell. Nanotubular films of titanium oxide have been fabricated using anodization method. Short-length nanotubes, less than one micrometer, have been synthesized in aqueous electrolyte containing deionized water, hydrofluoric acid and phosphoric acid. To get Micron-length nanotubes, we have employed organic electrolyte containing ethylene glycol, deionized water and fluoride ammonium. After fabrication, the photo-catalytic activity of nanotubular structures was evaluated by measuring the rate of degradation of in methylene blue aqueous solution. The... 

    Synthesis of Graphene and its Application for Adsorption of Cobalt and Strontium Ions, and as an Electrode in Electrochemical Cells (Battery)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jalilzadeh, Hassan (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Hosseinpour, Morteza (Co-Supervisor)
    Although much progress has been made in eliminating, conserving, and reducing migration and emissions of radioactive materials, the risk of radioactive material release into the environment is still one of the most important hazards in the use of nuclear energy. In this study, graphene compounds have been used as adsorbents for the removal of radioactive materials due to their high level, cost-effectiveness and simplicity of the synthesis process of various composites. In this regard, the removal of strontium and cobalt by graphene compounds has been investigated. Magnetite nanoparticles were anchored on the surface of graphene by sol-gel method and adsorption in batch mode was investigated.... 

    Using the Engineered Surface to Reduce the Adhesion Force of Ice to the Surface and Increase the Freezing Time of Water on the Surface

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Talebi Chavan, Reza (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Hosseini, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Ice formation upon various surfaces could lead to many industry problems and result in unpleasant accidents. For instance, the formation of ice on wind turbine blades or airplanes/helicopter wings could cause catastrophic disasters. The methods used to address this problem usually require exogenous energy consumption or anti-ice ingredients. The energy or anti-ice ingredients usage has adverse environmental effects and should be replaced with better approaches. One of these approaches is utilizing modified anti-ice surfaces. In this method, by modifying surface features, such as physical asperities and surface energy, the icing time of the surface could be prolonged. These surfaces are... 

    Analysis of Ratcheting in Elastic-plastic Behavior of Li-ion Battery Electrodes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor)
    Among the various materials, silicon anodes have the highest lithium absorption in lithium-ion batteries. But this high lithium absorption capacity can cause 300 percent volume expansion and large stresses. Experimental observations show that charge and discharge cycles may cause plastic deformation in some parts of the electrode particle. On the other hand, there is a possibility of a ratcheting phenomenon due to changing in elastic properties of the electrode material during the charging and discharging processes. However, this phenomenon has not been reported for silicon spherical electrode particles yet.This study aims to model the elastic-plastic behavior of silicon spherical electrode... 

    Increasing Critical Heat Flux and Boiling Heat Transfer on Superhydrophilic Nano Porous Surface Using Low Conductive Spots

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Najafpour, Sahand (Author) ; Mousavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    This dissertation argues that bi-conductive textured surfaces increase both Critical Heat Flux (CHF) and Heat Transfer Coefficient (HTC) simultaneously. Surface modification is applied to stainless steel specimens by the anodizing method in an electrolyte containing Ammonium Fluoride and DI-Water and Ethylene Glycol as the based solvent. The process of oxidation was under constant DC voltage and constant temperature. The contact angle on self-aligned Nano-porous oxide layer fabricated on the substrate substantially decreases to about 5.7 degree which has a dramatic effect on CHF. Furthermore, the oxide layer augments the boiling efficiency by increasing the number of active sites and... 

    Aluminum Production by Alumina Electrolysis Method with Using Inconel 617 Inert Anode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vakil, Mohammad Mahdi (Author) ; Halali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this study, the performance of Inconel 617 anode as an inert anode in aluminum electrolysis process was studied. To carry out the research, first, an electrolyte was produced using NaF, KF, AlF3 and Al2O3 with a molar ratio of sodium and potassium fluoride to aluminum fluoride of 1.33. Next, aluminum electrolysis cell was made using Inconel 617 anode and cathode and the aforementioned electrolyte. To evaluate the Inconel 617 anode, the performance of the electrolysis cell in different conditions of temperature, anode-cathode distance, and excess potential was investigated in a period of one hour. Using anode mass measurements, cell potential and current density and scanning electron... 

    Repeatability of Lithium Adsorption and Desorption on TiO2 Nanotubes from Brines

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Safarzadeh, Amin (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Today, recycling lithium as a valuable metal from brine plays an important role in various applications such as battery manufacturing, computers, aerospace and automobiles. Among the aqueous methods available for the extraction of the lithium element in brines, ion exchange by TiO2 nanosorbents is one of the most efficient methods. In this study, first the titanium dioxide nanotubes were well synthesized by anodizing method and the nanograss created after the anodizing process were completely eliminated. Then, the effect of three cathodes of aluminum, graphite and stainless steel in order to select the best cathode and achieve a regular morphology as well as their replacement with platinum... 

    Kineticts of formation of Titania Nanotubes and Silk Fibroin on Titanium-based Metal for Investigating the Drug Release Behavior

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Goudarzi, Arghavan (Author) ; Sadrnezhad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    In recent decades, due to the significant growth of implants’ application and considering the infection of the implants as the most momentous factor in implantation failure, study on the controlled drug release and other biologically active agents in modern drug delivery systems has attracted many kinds of research throughout the world and efforts are being made to use regulated drug delivery systems for implantation which is also the purpose of this current scientific work.To achieve this, the anodizing process was used to fabricate titanium oxide nanotubes (TNTs) to increase the absorption capacity of the drug in the implants and these TNTs were formed regularly and uniformly in an organic... 

    Lithium Extraction with TiO2 Nanotube Synthesized by Anodizing Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taghvaei, Nastaran (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Due to the technology advancement and the large-scale application of lithium-ion batteries in recent years, the market demand for lithium is growing rapidly and the availability of land lithium resources is decreasing significantly. As such, the focus of lithium extraction technologies has shifted to water lithium resources involving salt-lake brines and sea water. The ion exchange process is a promising method for lithium extraction from brine and seawater having low concentrations of this element. Among various aqueous recovery technologies, the lithium ion-sieve (LIS) technology is considered the most promising one. This is because LISs are excellent adsorbents with high lithium uptake... 

    AC Anodizing of Pure Titanium Grade 2 with HA Nano Particle

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Chambary, Ehsan (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this study, biocompatible ceramic coating, containing hydroxyapatite particles (HA), was successfully created by AC anodizing, on the surface of commercially pure titanium grades 2. Coating process basically consisted of three methods. In Method 1, samples were anodized in a salty electrolyte containing calcium – phosphate base and in method 2 samples were anodized as initial process, following cathodic polarisation deposition of HA particles. Finally in method 3, samples were anodized in an electrolyte containing of HA particles suspension.Parameters such as current density and time of anodizing process, in first procedure, and time of cathodic deposition process in second procedure, and... 

    Surface Modification of Metallic Implants and Improvement of their Biological Properties in Presence of Bioactive Ceramic Nanoparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Riahi, Zohreh (Author) ; Sadrnezhad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    By consideration of increasing demands to use implants and efforts to get technical knowledge and localization of this implants, considerable research in this field is needed. Therefore, presentation of a coating which is able to provide parameters needed for an acceptable implant is the aim of this study. In this direction, modification of surface of metallic implants in order to achieve nanotubes of titanium oxide, with the purpose of providing biocompatibility was done. On the other hand, because chronic infection of the implant’s surrounding is one of the main important reasons in rejection of implants, 〖TiO〗_2 nanotubes as a drug carrier were used in order to solve this problem. So,... 

    Influence of Cobalt and Vanadium Dopants on the Performance of TiO2(B) Nanowires used as anode Materials in Lithium-ion Batteries

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amirsalehi, Mahmoud (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Li-ion batteries have been widely applied as power sources for portable electronic devices. Recently, Li-ion batteries are considered as the most promising energy storage technology for electric vehicle applications however, fundamental improvements are needed. TiO2 (B) is attractive candidate for anodes in rechargeable Li-ion batteries, due to their low cost, non-toxicity and favorable channel structure for fast lithium mobility. It is predicted that synthesis of doped nanostructure of this material, through reducing the diffusion pathway and formation of crystal defects, will increase the capacity of TiO2(B). In this investigation, Co and V doped TiO2(B) nanowires are synthesized by... 

    Investigation of Si3n4 Nano Particle Addition on the Hardening Behavior of Anodized Coated 1050 Aluminum Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi Dehcheshmeh, Iman (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    In the present study, it has been tried out to increase the hardness and wear resistance of anodized aluminum coating byadding Si3N4 nanoparticles to the anodizing bath and making a composite coating. In order to investigate the influence of other effective parameters on the properties of anodized coating before the compositing process, hardness and thickness were optimized in the Sulphoric/oxalic bath using design of experimental method (central composite design). The properties of these coatings are dependent on various parameters among which time, temperature and pulse current parameters (current density limit, frequency and duty cycle) were considered in the present study. Analysis of... 

    A Study on Properties of Composite Coating with Al2O3 Base Prepared by Hard Anodizing with ZrO2 Nanoparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Motamen, Ali (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    In this study anodized none composite and composite film containing ZrO2 nanoparticles were prepared on 1050 Al Alloy using hard anodizing method in sulfuric and oxalic acid mixed solution by pulse Currents. The microstructure and properties of the film were studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy with EDS analyzer and XRD diffraction and friction wear test were performed to evaluate the mechanical properties of coating . Results indicate that the composite film with ZrO2 nanoparticles have reduced friction coefficient with high micro hardness friction coefficient of composite film can be small as 0.16 which is much smaller than that 0.39 of none composite film. Micro hardness... 

    Design and Manufacture of Nanostructured Hydroxyapatite coated Foamy core@compact Shell Ti-6Al-4V Nanocomposite

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi Seyedkhani, Shahab (Author) ; Sadrnezhad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    The main purpose of this research is design and manufacture of nanostructured hydroxyapatite-coated foamy core@compact shell Ti-6Al-4V bone-like composites for utilization as substitutive implant for cortical bone having porous core. The production procedure consist of two steps; (a) fabrication of foamy core@compact shell Ti-6Al-4V alloy using powder metallurgy-space holder technique, (b) precipitation of hydroxyapatite on the Ti-6Al-4V alloy specimens via pulse electrodeposition process. The bone-like structures were designed to reduce the stress shielding which ensures long-term stabilization of implants. It is while that, the hydroxyapatite coating improve the biological response of...