Search for: automobile-engine-manifolds
Article SAE International Journal of Engines ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , April , 2015 , Pages 399-410 ; 19463936 (ISSN) ; Alasty, A ; Vossoughi, G. R ; Sharif University of Technology
SAE International 2015
This paper presents a novel model-based algorithm which is able to detect and isolate major faults assigned to the gas exchange path of a gasoline engine both in the intake and exhaust sides. The diagnostics system is developed for detection and isolation of these faults: air leakage fault between the compressor and the air throttle, exhaust manifold pressure sensor fault, wastegate stuck-closed fault and wastegate stuck-open fault. Sliding mode observers (SMOs) are the core detection algorithms utilized in this work. A first order SMO is designed to estimate the turbocharger rotational dynamics. The wastegate displacement dynamics coupled to the exhaust manifold pressure dynamics is...
Article IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics ; Volume 62, Issue 12 , June , 2015 , Pages 7795-7803 ; 02780046 (ISSN) ; Vossoughi, G ; Alasty, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2015
This paper proposes a novel method for detection and isolation of wastegate (WG) faults in a turbocharged (TC) gasoline engine. This paper starts with a fault effect analysis on the WG faults, including WG stuck open and stuck closed, which is an early step in a detection strategy design. Then, a second-order sliding-mode observer (SOSMO) is proposed to capture the exhaust manifold dynamics. The observer uses experimentally validated engine models to estimate the WG position and a virtual force. The virtual force represents the external disturbances that disrupt the WG operation and enables the proposed SOSMO to estimate the WG position robust to the faults. Using this force, a detection and...
Article International Journal of Automotive Technology ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 127-138 ; 12299138 (ISSN) ; Alasty, A ; Shahbakhti, M ; Vossoughi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
Detection and isolation of faults in the exhaust gas path of a turbocharged spark ignition (SI) engine is an essential part of the engine control unit (ECU) strategies to minimize exhaust emission and ensure safe operation of a turbocharger. This paper proposes a novel model-based strategy to detect and isolate an exhaust manifold leakage and a stuckclosed wastegate fault. The strategy is based on a globally optimal parameter estimation algorithm which detects a virtual hole area in the exhaust manifold. The estimation algorithm requires observation of the exhaust manifold’s input and output flows. The input flow is estimated by a nonlinear Luenberger observer which is analytically shown to...