Search for: biosensing-techniques
Total 26 records
Graphene: Promises, facts, opportunities, and challenges in nanomedicine, Article Chemical Reviews ; Volume 113, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 3407-3424 ; 00092665 (ISSN) ; Laurent, S ; Chen, W ; Akhavan, O ; Imani, M ; Ashkarran, A. A ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Graphene, a two-dimensional (2D) sheet of sp2-hybridized carbon atoms packed into a honeycomb lattice, has led to an explosion of interest in the field of materials science, physics, chemistry, and biotechnology since the few-layers graphene (FLG) flakes were isolated from graphite in 2004. For an extended search, derivatives of nanomedicine such as biosensing, biomedical, antibacterial, diagnosis, cancer and photothermal therapy, drug delivery, stem cell, tissue engineering, imaging, protein interaction, DNA, RNA, toxicity, and so on were also added. Since carbon nanotubes are normally described as rolled-up cylinders of graphene sheets and the controllable synthesis of nanotubes is well...
Spectrophotometric determination of sulfide based on peroxidase inhibition by detection of purpurogallin formation, Article Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety ; Volume 91 , 2013 , Pages 117-121 ; 01476513 (ISSN) ; Kariminia, H. R ; Roosta Azad, R ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper presents a new method for spectrophotometirc detection of sulfide applying fungal peroxidase immobilized on sodium alginate. The sensing scheme was based on decrease of the absorbance of the orange compound, purpurogallin produced from pyrogallol and H2O2 as substrates, due to the inhibition of peroxidase by sulfide. Absorbance of purpurogallin was detected at 420nm by using a spectrophotometer. The proposed method could successfully detect the sulfide in the concentration range of 0.6-7.0μM with a detection limit of 0.4μM. The kinetic parameters of Michaelis-Menten with and without sulfide were also calculated. Possible inhibition mechanism of peroxidase by sulfide was deduced...
Cell "vision": Complementary factor of protein corona in nanotoxicology, Article Nanoscale ; Volume 4, Issue 17 , 2012 , Pages 5461-5468 ; 20403364 (ISSN) ; Saeedi-Eslami, S. N ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Azadmanesh, K ; Hassanlou, M ; Kalhor, H. R ; Burtea, C ; Rothen Rutishauser, B ; Laurent, S ; Sheibani, S ; Vali, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Engineered nanoparticles are increasingly being considered for use as biosensors, imaging agents and drug delivery vehicles. Their versatility in design and applications make them an attractive proposition for new biological and biomedical approaches. Despite the remarkable speed of development in nanoscience, relatively little is known about the interaction of nanoscale objects with living systems. In a biological fluid, proteins associate with nanoparticles, and the amount and the presentation of the proteins on their surface could lead to a different in vivo response than an uncoated particle. Here, in addition to protein adsorption, we are going to introduce concept of cell "vision",...
Fabrication of a modified electrode based on Fe3 O4 NPs/MWCNT nanocomposite: Application to simultaneous determination of guanine and adenine in DNA, Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 86 , 2012 , Pages 78-86 ; 15675394 (ISSN) ; Rastgar, S ; Amini, M. K ; Adeli, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes decorated with Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles (Fe 3O 4NPs/MWCNT) were prepared and used to construct a novel biosensor for the simultaneous detection of adenine and guanine. The direct electro-oxidation of adenine and guanine on the modified electrode were investigated by linear sweep voltammetry. The results indicate a remarkable increase in the oxidation peak currents together with negative shift in the oxidation peak potentials for both adenine and guanine, in comparison to the bare glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The surface morphology and nature of the composite film deposited on GCE were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy,...
Fabrication of sensitive glutamate biosensor based on vertically aligned CNT nanoelectrode array and investigating the effect of CNTs density on the electrode performance, Article Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 84, Issue 14 , June , 2012 , Pages 5932-5938 ; 00032700 (ISSN) ; Shahrokhian, S ; Iraji Zad, A ; Mohajerzadeh, S ; Vosoughi, M ; Darbari, S ; Koohsorkhi, J ; Mehran, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this report, the fabrication of vertically aligned carbon nanotube nanoelectrode array (VACNT-NEA) by photolithography method is presented. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as well as cyclic voltammetry was performed to characterize the arrays with respect to different diffusion regimes. The fabricated array illustrated sigmoidal cyclic voltammogram with steady state current dominated by radial diffusion. The fabricated VACNT-NEA and high density VACNTs were employed as electrochemical glutamate biosensors. Glutamate dehydrogenase is covalently attached to the tip of CNTs. The voltammetric biosensor, based on high density VACNTs, exhibits a sensitivity of 0.976 mA mM-1 cm-2 in the...
Amperometric sulfide detection using Coprinus cinereus peroxidase immobilized on screen printed electrode in an enzyme inhibition based biosensor, Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 35, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 297-301 ; 09565663 (ISSN) ; Kariminia, H. R ; Ghadiri, M ; Roosta Azad, R ; Sharif University of Technology
In the present work, an amperometric inhibition biosensor for the determination of sulfide has been fabricated by immobilizing Coprinus cinereus peroxidase (CIP) on the surface of screen printed electrode (SPE). Chitosan/acrylamide was applied for immobilization of peroxidase on the working electrode. The amperometric measurement was performed at an applied potential of -150. mV versus Ag/AgCl with a scan rate of 100. mV in the presence of hydroquinone as electron mediator and 0.1. M phosphate buffer solution of pH 6.5. The variables influencing the performance of sensor including the amount of substrate, mediator concentration and electrolyte pH were optimized. The determination of sulfide...
Toward single-DNA electrochemical biosensing by graphene nanowalls, Article ACS Nano ; Volume 6, Issue 4 , March , 2012 , Pages 2904-2916 ; 19360851 (ISSN) ; Ghaderi, E ; Rahighi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Graphene oxide nanowalls with extremely sharp edges and preferred vertical orientation were deposited on a graphite electrode by using electrophoretic deposition in an Mg 2+-GO electrolyte. Using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), reduced graphene nanowalls (RGNWs) were applied for the first time, in developing an ultra-high-resolution electrochemical biosensor for detection of the four bases of DNA (G, A, T, and C) by monitoring the oxidation signals of the individual nucleotide bases. The extremely enhanced electrochemical reactivity of the four free bases of DNA, single-stranded DNA, and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) at the surface of the RGNW electrode was compared to electrochemical...
Mediator-less highly sensitive voltammetric detection of glutamate using glutamate dehydrogenase/vertically aligned CNTs grown on silicon substrate, Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 31, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 110-115 ; 09565663 (ISSN) ; Shahrokhian, S ; Iraji zad, A ; Mohajerzadeh, S ; Vosoughi, M ; Darbari, S ; Sanaee, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
A sensitive glutamate biosensor is prepared based on glutamate dehydrogenase/vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (GLDH, VACNTs). Vertically aligned carbon nanotubes were grown on a silicon substrate by direct current plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (DC-PECVD) method. The electrochemical behavior of the synthesized VACNTs was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic methods. Glutamate dehydrogenase covalently attached on tip of VACNTs. The electrochemical performance of the electrode for detection of glutamate was investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry. Differential pulse voltammetric determinations of glutamate are performed...
Efficient protein immobilization on polyethersolfone electrospun nanofibrous membrane via covalent binding for biosensing applications, Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 58 , 2016 , Pages 586-594 ; 09284931 (ISSN) ; Soudi, S ; Soleimani, M ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Esmaeili, E ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2016
In this paper we introduce novel strategy for antibody immobilization using high surface area electrospun nanofibrous membrane based on ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC/NHS) coupling chemistry. To present the high performance of proposed biosensors, anti-staphylococcus enterotoxin B (anti-SEB) was used as a model to demonstrate the utility of our proposed system. Polymer solution of polyethersolfone was used to fabricate fine nanofibrous membrane. Moreover, industrial polyvinylidene fluoride membrane and conventional microtiter plate were also used to compare the efficiency of antibody immobilization. Scanning electron microscopy images were taken to...
Design and fabrication of an electrochemical aptasensor using Au nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite for rapid and sensitive detection of Staphylococcus aureus, Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 123 , 2018 , Pages 70-76 ; 15675394 (ISSN) ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2018
Since that pathogenic bacteria are major threats to human health, this paper describes the fabrication of an effective and durable sensing platform based on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite (AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs) at the surface of glassy carbon electrode for sensitive and selective detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite with the high surface area, excellent conductivity, and good biocompatibility was used for self-assembled of the thiolated specific S. aureus aptamer as a sensing element. The surface morphology of AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite was characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy...
A novel model for predicting bioelectrochemical performance of microsized-MFCs by incorporating bacterial chemotaxis parameters and simulation of biofilm formation, Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 122 , 2018 , Pages 51-60 ; 15675394 (ISSN) ; Mardanpour, M. M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2018
Bacterial transport parameters play a fundamental role in microbial population dynamics, biofilm formation and bacteria dispersion. In this study, the novel model was extended based on the capability of microsized microbial fuel cells (MFCs) as amperometric biosensors to predict the cells' chemotactic and bioelectrochemical properties. The model prediction results coincide with the experimental data of Shewanella oneidensis and chemotaxis mutant of P. aeruginosa bdlA and pilT strains, indicating the complementary role of numerical predictions for bioscreening applications of microsized MFCs. Considering the general mechanisms for electron transfer, substrate biodegradation, microbial growth...
Direct growth of metal-organic frameworks thin film arrays on glassy carbon electrode based on rapid conversion step mediated by copper clusters and hydroxide nanotubes for fabrication of a high performance non-enzymatic glucose sensing platform, Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 112 , 2018 , Pages 100-107 ; 09565663 (ISSN) ; Khaki Sanati, E ; Hosseini, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
The direct growth of self-supported metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) thin film can be considered as an effective strategy for fabrication of the advanced modified electrodes in sensors and biosensor applications. However, most of the fabricated MOFs-based sensors suffer from some drawbacks such as time consuming for synthesis of MOF and electrode making, need of a binder or an additive layer, need of expensive equipment and use of hazardous solvents. Here, a novel free-standing MOFs-based modified electrode was fabricated by the rapid direct growth of MOFs on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode (GCE). In this method, direct growth of MOFs was occurred by the formation of vertically...
High-performance enzyme-free glucose sensor with Co-Cu nanorod arrays on Si substrates, Article Recent Patents on Biotechnology ; Volume 12, Issue 2 , 2018 , Pages 126-133 ; 18722083 (ISSN) ; Yazdanpanah, A ; Karponis, D ; Aghabarari, B ; Tahmasbi, M ; Seifalian, A ; Mozafari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Bentham Science Publishers B.V 2018
Background: Glucose sensors have been extensively researched in patent studies and manufactured a tool for clinical diabetes diagnosis. Although some kinds of electrochemical enzymatic glucose sensors have been commercially successful, there is still room for improvement, in selectivity and reliability of these sensors. Because of the intrinsic disadvantages of enzymes, such as high fabrication cost and poor stability, non-enzymatic glucose sensors have recently been promoted as next generation diagnostic tool due to their relatively low cost, high stability, prompt response, and accuracy. Objective: In this research, a novel free standing and binder free non-enzymatic electrochemical sensor...
Mining the potential of label-free biosensors for in vitro antipsychotic drug screening, Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) ; Soler, M ; Fahimi Kashani, N ; Altug, H ; Carrara, S ; Sharif University of Technology
MDPI AG 2018
The pharmaceutical industry is facing enormous challenges due to high drug attribution rates. For the past decades, novel methods have been developed for safety and efficacy testing, as well as for improving early development stages. In vitro screening methods for drug-receptor binding are considered to be good alternatives for decreasing costs in the identification of drug candidates. However, these methods require lengthy and troublesome labeling steps. Biosensors hold great promise due to the fact that label-free detection schemes can be designed in an easy and low-cost manner. In this paper, for the first time in the literature, we aimed to compare the potential of label-free optical and...
The field effect transistor DNA biosensor based on ITO nanowires in label-free hepatitis B virus detecting compatible with CMOS technology, Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 105 , 15 May , 2018 , Pages 58-64 ; 09565663 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
In this paper the field-effect transistor DNA biosensor for detecting hepatitis B virus (HBV) based on indium tin oxide nanowires (ITO NWs) in label free approach has been fabricated. Because of ITO nanowires intensive conductance and functional modified surface, the probe immobilization and target hybridization were increased strongly. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) measurement showed that ITO nanowires were crystalline and less than 50 nm in diameter. The single-stranded hepatitis B virus DNA (SS-DNA) was immobilized as probe on the Au-modified nanowires. The DNA targets were measured in a linear concentration range from 1fM to 10 µM. The detection limit of...
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes with immobilised cobalt nanoparticle for modification of glassy carbon electrode: Application to sensitive voltammetric determination of thioridazine, Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 24, Issue 11 , 2009 , Pages 3235-3241 ; 09565663 (ISSN) ; Ghalkhani, M ; Adeli, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were immobilised with cobalt nanoparticles and analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. This modification procedure substantially improved colloidal dispersion of the immobilised MWCNTs in water and organic solvents, yielding uniform and stable thin films for modification of the glassy carbon electrode surface. The modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role for the electrochemical oxidation of thioridazine (TR), leading to remarkable decrease in its oxidation overpotential of approximately 100 mV and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction, which can be confirmed by increasing in the peak current and sharpness of the peak....
Novel microfluidic graphene oxide–protein amperometric biosensor for detecting sulfur compounds, Article Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry ; Volume 66, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 353-360 ; 08854513 (ISSN) ; Abdi, K ; Javadi, S ; Shehneh, M. Z ; Yazdian, F ; Omidi, M ; Rashedi, H ; Haghiralsadat, B. F ; Asayeshnaeini, O ; Sharif University of Technology
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2019
Sulfur compounds are essential for many industries and organisms; however, they cause serious respiratory problems in human beings. Therefore, determination of sulfur concentration is of paramount importance. The research approach in the field of detecting contaminants has led to smaller systems that provide faster and more effective ways for diagnosis purposes. In this study, a novel portable amperometric graphene oxide–protein biosensor platform is investigated. The main characteristic of this structure is the implementation of a microfluidic configuration. With albumin metalloprotein as the biorecognition element, graphene oxide was synthesized and characterized by transmission electron...
Early cancer detection in blood vessels using mobile nanosensors, Article IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience ; Volume 18, Issue 2 , 2019 , Pages 103-116 ; 15361241 (ISSN) ; Ahmadzadeh, A ; Wicke, W ; Jamali, V ; Schober, R ; Nasiri Kenari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2019
In this paper, we propose using mobile nanosensors (MNSs) for early stage anomaly detection. For concreteness, we focus on the detection of cancer cells located in a particular region of a blood vessel. These cancer cells produce and emit special molecules, so-called biomarkers, which are symptomatic for the presence of anomaly, into the cardiovascular system. Detection of cancer biomarkers with conventional blood tests is difficult in the early stages of a cancer due to the very low concentration of the biomarkers in the samples taken. However, close to the cancer cells, the concentration of the cancer biomarkers is high. Hence, detection is possible if a sensor with the ability to detect...
A selective chemiresistive sensor for the cancer-related volatile organic compound hexanal by using molecularly imprinted polymers and multiwalled carbon nanotubes, Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 186, Issue 3 , 2019 ; 00263672 (ISSN) ; Banan Nojavani, M ; Nikkhah, M ; Alizadeh, T ; Esfandiar, A ; Ganjali, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer-Verlag Wien 2019
A chemiresistive sensor is described for the lung cancer biomarker hexanal. A composite consisting of molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles and multiwalled carbon nanotubes was used in the sensor that is typically operated at a voltage of 4 V and is capable of selectively sensing gaseous hexanal at room temperature. It works in the 10 to 200 ppm concentration range and has a 10 ppm detection limit (at S/N = 3). The sensor signal recovers to a value close to its starting value without the need for heating even after exposure to relatively high levels of hexanal
An ultrasensitive label free human papilloma virus DNA biosensor using gold nanotubes based on nanoporous polycarbonate in electrical alignment, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1048 , 2019 , Pages 31-41 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Ghorbani, M ; Sasanpour, P ; Karimizefreh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2019
An impedimetric human papilloma virus (HPV) DNA biosensor based on gold nanotubes (AuNTs) in label free detection was materialized. The AuNTs decorated nanoporous polycarbonate (AuNTs-PC) template as biosensor electrode was fabricated by electrodeposition method. The single strand DNA (ss-DNA) probe was covalently immobilized onto the AuNTs-PC electrode. The hybridization of target sequences with the ss-DNA probe was observed by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The biosensor showed high selectivity and could differentiate between the complementary, mismatch and non-complementary DNA sequences. The EIS measurements were matched to Randle's equivalent circuit. The...