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    Capturing Co2 of the Atmosphere by Molten Carbonates and Transforming to Carbon Nanofiber

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zarei, Mohammad Mahdi (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Capturing the atmospheric CO2 and turning it into value added products is a topic that has been extensively studied in recent years. One of the methods through which CO2 is valorized is via converting it into carbon nanofiber, CNFs. CNFs can be an important material in future human activities due to its valuable properties such as wide range of electrical conductivity, their superior flexibility and strength, But it is currently obstructed in use due to the high cost of manufacturing and the complexity of the synthesis. Furthermore, in today's world, human life is heavily influenced by greenhouse gases, and avoiding emitting gases like CO2, is almost infeasible. This thesis provides an... 

    Coupling Flow and Geochemistry for Numerical Simulation of Low Salinity/Smart Waterflooding in Carbonates

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alipour, Sina (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Supervisor) ; Mahani, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Due to the decrease in oil reserves in the world, increasing population and the growing demands for oil consumption in the world, increasing the oil recovery from oil reservoirs has become more important. Increasing the amount of oil production efficiency by using low salinity water/modified salinity water has been highly appreciated during the last two decades. Low-salt water is a new method, due to its advantages such as low cost, simplicity of operation and low environmental hazards. It is believed that low salinity water can alter the rock wettability from a more oil-wetting state to a more water-wetting state. In order to be able to predict the performance of low salinity water... 

    Controlling Amyloid Formation Using Novel Carbon Based Nanoparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yahyazadeh, Amin (Author) ; Kalhor, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    Proteins carry out most important roles in the organisms and they have a number of functions including structural, catalytically, regulatory and transportal, However for protein to have functional role they must be able to possess tridimensional structure. Several proteins due to various genetic and physico-chemical conditions have shown to alter their tridimensional structure leading to insoluble fibrilar structure. One of the properties of these insoluble fibrils is conformational change, converting to β-sheet rich structures; the entire process of converting soluble to proteins insoluble fibrils known as amyloid formation. The proteins amyloidosis have been seen as causative role in a... 

    Plant-Wide Control of an Integrated Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Davoodi, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Supervisor)
    Molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) is a kind of high operating temperature fuel cells (600-800℃), tupically used for stationary power plant. These fuel cells have high efficiency (about 50%), but expensive to produce electricity. Hence, fuel cells are integrated into gas turbine cycle to decrease cost and increase efficiency of system. In this work, an integrated pressurized molten carbonate fuel cell is selected. Then, structure of selected process is changed and two new systems have proposed. Then, steady-state and dynamic behaviors of three systems were simulated separately, and their performances were compared. Efficiency increased about 5% in two new structures. Total power of system,... 

    Molybdenum(VI) Complexes and Palladium Nanoparticles in Ionic Liquid-Liquid Biphasic and Supported Ionic Liquid phase (SILP) Catalysis, and Green Catalytic Processes using Polymeric Ionic Liquids (PILs

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ghazali-Esfahani, Saeideh (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, ionic liquids and polymeric ionic liquids were investigated as solvent and support for immobilization of molybdenum and palladium catalysts. Three newly synthesized room temperature ionic liquids containing molybdate anion, [DMIm][MoO2(NCS)4], [RPy][MoO2(NCS)4] (R = butyl or decyl), and previously reported [BMIm][MoO2(NCS)4] were used as catalysts for the reduction of sulfoxides. For facilitating the recyclability of the catalysts, the ionic liquid solvents, [RMIm][PF6] and [RPy][PF6] (RMIm=1-n-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium, RPy= 1-n-alkylpyridinium), were applied to immobilize molybdenum catalysts. These catalysts showed high catalytic activity for sulfoxide reduction in this... 

    Silver Nanowaste Reduction and Recycling by Combination of Physical and Chemical Seperation Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sabetghadam, Afzal (Author) ; Hormozi Nezhad, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Sajjadi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    The increasing utilization of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) in industrial and consumer products has raised concern to wastewater treatment utilities, due to its antimicrobial activity. In this research, recovery of silver nanoparticles from wastewater via using activated carbon and convert it into usable nanoparticles is presented. real waste of silver nanoparticles have been used and activated carbon as adsorbent has a high absorption recovery for silver. Under the optimized experimental parameters e.g. pH, temperature, time of process, and amount of activated carbon, an absorption maximum was achieved and over than 99% of silver nanoparticles can be removed from wastewater. After the... 

    Fabrication of Magnetic Halloysite-Supported Catalyst for Reduction of Organic Dyes in Water

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Latifipour, Mostafa (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Sadjadi, Samaheh (Supervisor)
    A new magnetic catalytic nanocomposite of Hal-MT-Cys-Ag/MNCD was fabricated and utilized for catalyzing reductive de-colorization of methyl orange and rhodamin B in aqueous media at room temperature. To prepare this material, Cl-functionalized halloysite nanoclay was successively reacted with melamine and 2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine to furnish multi-nitrogen containing ligand on halloysite surface. Then, magnetic carbon dots were crafted through a facile method and decorated with Ag nanoparticles and cysteine to furnish Cys-Ag/MNCD species. The final nanocomposite was obtained via incorporation of this latter species onto functionalized halloysite. This was characterized through the XRD,... 

    Application of Pd-Au Nanoparticles on Carbon Nanotubes Modified Electrode for Electrochemical Determination of Ceftazidime

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Salimian, Razieh (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    This present work is an introduction of a new electrochemical sensor toward the determination of biomolecule. A simple electrodeposition method was employed to construct a thin film modifier of palladium–gold nanoparticles (Pd–AuNPs) decorated multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Morphological characterization of the modified electrode was performed by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) techniques. This nanostructured film modified electrode effectively exhibited enhanced properties for the detection of ceftazidime (CFZ). The effects of various experimental variables such... 

    Prediction of Cooling Rate and Thermal Stresses during Cooling on Run-Out Table in Hot Sheet Rolling Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hasannasab, Malihe (Author) ; Serajzadeh, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Control of the product manufacturing and evaluating its behavior during deformation is one of the most important issues in hot deformation, especially hot rolling. One of the factors affecting on quality of hot rolled steel strips is the flatness after run-out table cooling.Distortion in a steel strip results from non-uniform temperature profile as the strip cools to room temperature. Increase in the rolling velocity and subsequently the cooling rate affect thermal stresses. In this study a mathematical model for prediction of austenite- ferrite phase transition kinetics and thermo-mechanical stresses on the run-out table after hot rolling was developed for low carbon ferrite steels.... 

    Prediction of Hydraulic Fracturing Technology in Naturally Fractured Rocks, by Considering Immiscible Two-phase Flow

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ranjbaran, Mohammad (Author) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Supervisor) ; Shad, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Ranjbaran, Abdolrasul ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    To have a deeper understanding of Hydraulic fracturing operation, in this study four important parts in this field was developed and simulated. In the first part, continuity and momentum equations for a single phase flow in a propagating penny-shaped fracture inside an impermeable matrix was revisited based on a fixed coordinate system. Its correctness was validated against experimental data and its features were compared with the well-known lubrication theory in analytical form. The new derived continuity equation caused the fracture tip to have a positive and finite pressure while, the conventional model predicted negative infinity for that. In the second part, Finite Volume method was... 

    Prediction of Minimum Miscibility Pressure of CO2 and Associate Gas with
    Iranian Offshore Crude Oils

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hasani, Ehsan (Author) ; Ghotbi, Sirous (Supervisor) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Co-Advisor)
    In this study, two approaches were applied for estimating Minimum Miscibility Pressure (MMP). An oil sample from Yadavaran Field has examined by means of Carbon Dioxide Gas, South Pars Gas, and Association Gas in experimental approach. The experimental method used for estimating MMP is Slim-Tube. This kind of method is applied in industry widely. The results indicate that the MMP of Carbon Dioxide is low which denotes that the gas is even miscible around the Bubble Point Temperature of the oil sample. Moreover, the MMP of Association Gas and South Pars Gas is 3962 and 5150 psia, respectively. In simulation approach, Cell to Cell simulation method is used to estimate the MMP of the oil sample... 

    Synthesis of Aligned Carbon Nanotubes and Their Modification with Noble Metallic Nanoparticles as Organic Analytes Biosensors

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Fayazfar, Haniyeh (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    An efficient method has been developed to synthesize well-aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on a conductive Ta substrate by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). By varying CVD parameters, aligned CNTs (A-MWCNTs) with diameter between 20-100 nm and length of some micrometers with bamboo-like shapes were produced. Free-standing MWCNTs arrays were functionalized and purified through electrochemical oxidation. Then in order to improve the performance, facile template-free electrochemical routes were developed for the shape-selective synthesis of less-common Au nanostructures, including flower, sphere, dendrite, sheet and rod on A-CNTs at room temperature. The results showed that the... 

    Monitoring of Chemical Elements and Cane Juice Impurities and the Effect on Raw Sugar Waste Agro- Industry Hakim Farbi

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadiyan Fard, Ziba (Author) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Supervisor) ; Alamolhoda, Ali Asghar (Co-Advisor)
    Cane sugar impurities cause reduse production sugar in cane sugar industry.These impurities include polysaccharide for example starch, dextran and inorganic ash constituent such as potassium, sodium calcium magnesium and silica .The amount of impurities in the cane sugar depend on many factors including variety , grooving conditions and regional climate. Removal of impurities from cane sugar juice by clarification is an essential part of process of raw sugar manufacture. This process is based on the addition of lime, phosphates and polyelectrolyte. In this study effect of the amount of lime, phosphates and poly electrolyte on removal of various impurities has been investigated.In addition... 

    Ground Water Denitrification by Packed Bed Bioreactor With KMT Packing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hemmati, Azadeh (Author) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    In this study biological denitrification method by moving bed biofilm reactor is investigated. The main advantage of MBBR reactor is due to their capacity for high removal rates and low operational problems such as clogging. Two MBBRs in series with 3 liter volume each, were designed in experimental set up and used in this research. Nitrification reactor worked under aerobic conditions and denitrification reactor operated under anaerobic conditions. Methanol was used as carbon source in the reactors throughout the study. Fifty percent of each reactor volume was occupied with KMT1 packing. To finding the optimum nitrate loading rate, the concentration of ammonium and nitrate were changed from... 

    Influence of Microstructure on Mechanical Properties and Fracture Behavior of Hybrid PP/GF/CaCO3 Composites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tabatabaei Ardakani, Ramin (Author) ; Ekrami, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    Homo-polymer of Polypropylene is a commodity thermoplastic with good physical and mechanical properties along with fair recyclability and cost. However, its application is limited in some cases, especially in automotive industry, due to a lack of toughness. One of the approaches for PP toughening is the copolymerization of PP with some ethylene co-monomers. However, existence of elastomers in this kind of polymers causes a decrease in tensile properties. Besides, glass fibers improve tensile properties of homo-and co-PP and decrease toughness of co-polymers but result in an increase for homo-polymers. A rise in expenditure of energy due to increasing the processing temperature and... 

    Praparation of Nanometric Platinum Coatings on Carbon Substrate (Pt/C) for Catalytic Plates of Fuel Cells

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Behjat, Saeed (Author) ; Ghorbani , Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    With increasing pollution and decrease in global reservoirs of fossil fuels, a lot of interest has been attracted to fuel cells as efficient and clean energy sources. Polymeric (membrane) fuel cells are special type of fuel cells, which can be built in small dimensions and power. These cells use hydrogen (and oxygen or air) and produce water. In these cells, platinum is used as electrode (and electrocatalyst) both in anode and cathode, due to its low overvoltage for both hydrogen and oxygen. To increase the efficiency of these coatings, it is best to produce platinum particles with maximum area and it automatically leads to nanometric particles. In this thesis, platinum particles are... 

    Mechanics and Morphology of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Delfani, Mohammad Rasoul (Author) ; Mohammadi Shoja, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Vibration is one of the most important factors in design, operation and lifetime of drill strings. There for, investigation of vibrations in drill string, like every other rotary machine, is very important. The main goal of this research is developing a nonlinear model for a drill string system dynamics in an inclined well. Effects of drilling mud flow rate, weight on bit, angular velocity along with viscous damping, on the stability and vibration of a drill string are studied. Dynamic equation of the model is developed considering axial displacement and lateral bending geometric nonlinear coupling. The effect of drilling mud flow is modeled using Paidoussis formulations. Equation of motion... 

    Comparison of Activated Carbon from Cellulose Resources in Separating Oil Pollutants from Contaminated Water (Case Study: Benzene)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soltani, Samira (Author) ; Borgheie, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Activated carbon, as an adsorbent with a high adsorption capacity and low cost, has many applications in liquid and gas adsorption processes. Among the adsorption of liquid phase, there are examples of drinking water purification, wastewater treatment, food industry, brewery, chemical separation (acids, amines, glycerin and glycols), enzymes ... and in adsorption from the gas phase there are examples of removing toxic compounds Containing sulfur and recycling sulfur, purifying biogas, use in gas masks, etc. Various materials can be used as raw material to make activated carbon. Materials such as walnut, almonds, coconut, pine, corn, etc. In this thesis, a feasibility study on the production... 

    Seismic Behavior Comparison of RC Shear Walls Strengthened Using FRP Composites, Steel Elements, and Concrete Jacket

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Habibi, Omid (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    This paper aims at investigating the seismic behavior of strengthened reinforced concrete (RC) shear walls using a 3D finite element analysis. A series of four different configurations of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites, four different schemes of steel elements and two different schemes of concrete jacket are utilized to compare the two methods of retrofitting RC shear walls with similar dimensions and reinforcement ratios. Nonlinear simulations of the RC shear walls are conducted under the action of lateral cyclic loading in ABAQUS Explicit software. In addition, the numerical modeling for RC walls strengthened by CFRP composites as well as steel elements are validated... 

    Experimental Investigation of Heavy Oil Recovery by Liquid CO2 Huff and Puff Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ekhlasjoo, Iman (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor) ; Shadizadeh, Reza (Supervisor) ; Kharrat, Reeaz (Supervisor) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Co-Advisor)
    In recent years, carbon dioxide is used for enhanced oil recovery of heavy oil. Steam Huff and Puff is one of the enhanced oil recovery methods used for heavy oil. In this study liquid CO2 was used as an injecting fluid instead of steam. In this paper a series of experiments were performed to demonstrate the effect of carbon dioxide injection pressure on huff and puff process. The experimental data are used in lab scale model simulated with commercial simulator Eclipse 300 to investigate the effect of soaking time, injection pore volume and rate of injection on the heavy oil recovery. Result of experiments showed that huff and puff process under miscible pressure condition gives the most...