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    Improving the Performance of the Electrostatic Precipitator Used in Cement Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sabah Kadhm Alkaabi, Dhiyaa (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor) ; Pasharavesh, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Electrostatic precipitators are widely used in cement plants to remove impurities and dust from the exhaust gases. The filtration mechanism is based on using high intensity electric fields which first ionize the particles and then absorb them toward the collecting electrodes. The corrosion effect is one of the major problems associated with electrostatic precipitators which not only can negatively affect their operation efficiency but also decreases their life-time through breakage occurrence in the corroded electrodes. One of the commonly used methods to suppress this negative effect and increase the total working hours of the device is to cut the bottom part of the first collecting plate... 

    Finite Element Formulation for Thermo-elastic Analysis of Functionally Graded Coating on Axisymmetric Shell Structures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi Kazemabadi, Abolfazl (Author) ; Hosseini Kordkheili, Ali (Supervisor) ; Zabihollah, Abolghasem (Co-Advisor)
    In this paper, a finite element formulation is presented to study the thermoelastic behavior of Functionally Graded (FG) axisymmetric coating in shell structures. The power law distribution model is assumed for the composition of the constituent materials in thickness direction. The Plasma Spray with multi steps coating method is considered for coating method. The procedure adopted to derive the finite element formulation contains the analytical through-the-thickness integration inherently. So the explicit through-the-thickness integration becomes possible after defining a two-noded, three parameters degenerated axisymmetric FG element. The nonlinear heat transfer equation is used for... 

    Smart Coating Incorporated with Inhibitor-Enclosed Nanocontainers for Corrosion Protection of Steel

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ebrahim Fathabadi, Hadi (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this thesis a smart anticorrosive pH-responsive coat was developed with layer by layer (LbL) technique in the assembly of SiO2/CTAB/PSS/HMTA/PSS/PEI/PSS. SiO2 nanoparticles were prepared from Matland Company (Iran) with average size of 24 nm. At first, the corrosion inhibition of HMTA for API 5L Grade B steel in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution was investigated. Tafel polarization technique showed the optimum concentration of HMTA was 0.08 M with 92% corrosion inhibition efficiency as the morphology of coverage and adsorption on the steel surface was confirmed by SEM and EDS. AFM results showed the roughness of the surface decreased from 241 nm to 56 nm that is attributed to HMTA adsorption on the... 

    Corrosion Protection of Aluminium by Smart Coatings Containing Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH) Nanocontainers

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Imanieh, Iman (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Smart coatings which prevent corrosion by several mechanisms recently have been carefully planned. One of these mechanisms is the use of ion exchangers like Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH) in the coating network. In this study, the LDH containing a kind of green inhibitor (sodium molybdate) was synthesized and utilized in a Poly-Vinyl Alcohol (PVA) base coating applied on the aluminium (5054 series) surface. After evaluating the LDH performance, the inhibitor release from the LDH crystals was examined by changing significant parameters like MII/MIII (the molar ratio of divalent ions into trivalent ions), pH, aging time and temperature. Considering the LDH morphology or the thickness of the... 

    Loading of Drug and Nanostructured Coating on Dental Implant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbaspour Ghomi, Somayya (Author) ; Sadrnezhaad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    The aim of this project is to load analgesic drug; Paracetamol on dental implant. The implant is titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V). There are two kinds of samples of anodized and HA coated onto anodized. They are in the shape of the sheets in this study. The electrodeposition and anodization carried out in order to treat the two samples. Nanotubes were formed during anodic oxidation of the samples in the 1M Ammonium sulfate (NH₄)₂SO4 and 5wt% Ammonium fluoride NH4F electrolyte. They are expected to play role of carrier for the model drug; paracetamol. The results showed that HA anodized Ti-6-4 has the ability to hold higher amounts of drug and also can keep the drug for a longer time than the... 

    Cathodic Protection of Underground Pipeline by Polyurethane Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rajabpour, Foroud (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Selection of appropriate coating system is the most important subject in corrosion control of buried pipelines. Corrosion control of buried pipelines is achieved by using a combination of barrier coatings and cathodic protection (CP). Applying barrier coating can decrease the protection current of CP. However, at the coating holidays the pipeline act as cathode generating hydroxyl ion and hydrogen electrochemically. Therefore the selected coating should be compatible with the alkaline condition.This research focuses on evaluating of an epoxy-tar and a urethane-tar based coating. Coatings performance has been tested by accelerated corrosion test methods (i.e. Salt spray according to ASTM... 

    Investigation and Optimization of Ni-P-Zn Electroless Alloy Coatings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kordijazi, Amir (Author) ; karam, SaeedAllah (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    An optimization condition for obtaining Ni-Zn-P electroless alloy coating has been developed. The sulphate bath with sodium hypophosphate as a reducer and sodium citrate and ammonium chloride as complexing agents were used. The effect of variation in the pH level , temperature , time of deposition and reactants concentration on stability of bath, coating composition, microstructure, microhardness and corrosion resistance of coatings was investigated. The composition of coatings was obtained by using the EDAX analysis. To investigate coating morphology, SEM images were taken and to study the corrosion behavior of coatings potentidynamic polarization, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy... 

    The Structure and Corrosion Behavior of Synthesized Zn-SiO2 Nano-composite Coating by Sol-Gel Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Razavizadeh, Omid (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Zinc–silicanano-composite coatings were produced by successive dip coatand sintering procedure from different sol-gel solutions. The surface and cross-sectional morphologies of Zn-SiO2 nano-particles (NPs) were examined using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Corrosion resistance evaluated by means of polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed that even thin films of Zn-SiO2 in orders of 200 nm can have corrosion rates as low as conventional hot dip galvanized steels. Multi-layers coatings have been studied and showed that 10 layers coating with the thickness of 2m has the lowest corrosion rate with the passive region in anodic branch. Corrosion... 

    The Corrosion Behavior of Zinc and SiO2 Composite Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Salehi, Farshad (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Main aim of this work was to obtain the harder zinc coating and increasing the anti corrosive properties by mean of adding SiO2 particles by electrophoretic method.
    The coating was applied on the substrate surface by mean of electro co-deposition technique in three different electrolytes ethanol, methanol and water. The morphology of the coating in each electrolyte studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM).For the Zn/SiO2 coatings achieved in ethanol solvent the polarization and EIS tests was took place and found that for the Zn/SiO2 coating contain less than 10% SiO2 the corrosion rate decreased but for the coatings contains more than 10% SiO2 the paradox occurred because of the... 

    The Comparison Between TiN and Hard Chromium Coatings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghominejad , Hanieh (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    This research focuses on finding an appropriate method for increasing wear and corrosion resistance of hard coating TiN PVD and chromium. The substrate was made up of 42CrMo4 (DIN) steel (used for marine industries) and coated by TiN Arc PVD process and hard chromium electro-deposition. The results of these two coatings are compared and the better coating which is TiN Arc PVD is suggested. To find the best method for coating, several test studies are organized such as: the mechanical and tribological properties of TiN PVD and hard chromium coatings for wear and corrosion resistance applications are organized. The potentiodynamic polarization technique was used to measure the corrosion rate... 

    Electrodeposition of Ni-Co/SiC Composite Coatings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bahadormanesh, Behrouz (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Ni-Co/SiC composite coatings with various contents of SiC nano particles were electrodeposited in a modified watt type of Ni-Co bath containing 20 nm SiC nano particles to be codeposited. The influences of the SiC concentration, current density, stirring rate of the deposition bath on the composition of the coatings were investigated and these parameters optimized for highest amount of SiC codeposition. The optimized deposition parameters were 40 g/l SiC and 480 rpm stirring rate and current density equal to 4 A/dm2. Ni-Co/SiC composite coating was deposited with the maximum particles content of 30.5 volume percent. Linear voltammetry demonstrates addition of the SiC to the Ni-Co deposition... 

    Development of Particulate Zinc-Iron/PTFE Composite and Nanocomposite Coatings Using Electrodeposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohagheghi Fard, Omid (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Electrodeposition is an old, well known and conventional science surface modification method to improve the surface characteristics, decorative and functional, of a wide variety of materials. This science is considered in nanotechnology as a bottom-up method for fabrication of one, two and three-dimensional nanomaterials. A great variety of secondary components can be added to plating baths resulting in metallic matrix composite and nanocomposite coatings production. Low amounts of iron addition for alloying zinc coatings, significantly increases the corrosion resistance of this generally used metal economically. Superhydrophobic coatings on metallic substrates have shown, during the past... 

    Investigation Ni-P-Al2O3-SiO2 Nano Composite Coating on Aluminum by Electroless

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghanbari, Amir Ali (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Electroless coating is a chemical reduction process which depends on the catalytic reduction. In this study, the influences of different concentrations, stirring rate, pH and heat treatment of Al2O3 and SiO2 Nano sized particles in the bath on deposition rate, hardness, wear resistant, surface morphology and corrosion behavior of the Ni-P-Al2O3-SiO2 composite coatings have been investigated. The microstructure was investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and among the nanoparticles SiO2 and Al2O3 have drawn attention due to their high hardness, availability, particles distribution and reduced cost. The amount of Al2O3 and SiO2 was examined by Energy Dispersive... 

    Non-Scratch, Antibacterial And Self-cleaning SiO2/TiO2 Nano Composite Coating on Surgical Tools By Sol-Gel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this study TiO2/SiO2 thin films were prepared by sol-gel method from Tetra isopropylortho Titanate(TIPT) as the principle of TiO2 material with Tera ethoxysilane(TEOS) as the principle of SiO2 material to achieve high scratch-resistant , antibacterial and self-cleaning surface area under the effect of various percentage of SiO2 . Film deposition was carried out using a dip-coating technique and heat-treatment was used at 700ºC to achieve crystalline of films with excellent adherence the of substrate.
    The surface morphology of the films has been observed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and the tribological properties of the surface were investigated by Atomic Force Microscope... 

    Electrophoretic Deposition of Ni/SiO2 Nanocomposite Coating: Fabrication Process and Tribological and Corrosion Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghalayani Isfahani, Arash (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Ni/SiO2 nanoparticle composite coatings were prepared by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) and their hardness, wear and corrosion resistance were examined. Additionally, the morphology of the coatings was observed. In the first phase, the feasibility of coating with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) as well as X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive Spectra (EDS) techniques was evaluated. After finding the effect of concentration of nanoparticles on coating characteristics and the results of using SEM, optimum conditions for uniform coating, acceptable adhesion at 20V and concentrations of 10 g/L for Ni, 1.2 g/L for SiO2, and choosing NiCl2 as additive with a concentration of 0.2 g/L... 

    Numerical Study on the Post-earthquake Fire Behavior of Intermediate Steel Moment Frames

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Parvizi Zadeh, Shayan (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, proper design and retrofitting of structures against natural and manmade disasters, is among the main concerns of researchers and designers in order to reduce financial and human costs. Extensive research has been carried out on the structures resistance against earthquake up to now. Although, the vast amount of research has resulted various regulations and guidelines, there is still a long way ahead to achieve the desirable results. Due to high sensitivity of the steel to temperature variations, fire exposure is more destructive for steel structures compared with the concrete ones. The performance of an intermediate three-storey steel moment frame with 4 spans was studied in this... 

    Effective Shear Modulus of Elastic Solids Reinforced by Coated Elliptic Nanofibers in the Context of Couple Stress and Micropolar Theories

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Alemi, Bita (Author) ; Mohammadi Shodja, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, by adding a small amount of a desired nanomaterial to a matrix having certain properties one may design a multifunctional nanocomposites with a remarkably improved macroscopic properties of interest. The capability of conventional continuum theories in treating the problems of embedded ultra-small inhomogeneity with any of its dimensions comparable to the characteristic lengths of the involved constituent phases is questioned, mainly, on the grounds of the accuracy and the size effect. In this work, effort is firstly directed at the prediction of the macroscopic shear modulus of composites consisting of nano-/micro-size fibers of elliptic cross-sections via couple stress theory, a... 

    hysical and Chemical Surface Modification of Titanium by Nanostructured Materials, and Biological Characterization for Use in Bone Tissue Implants

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Rahnamaee, Yahya (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manochehr (Supervisor) ; Samadi Kuchaksaraei, Ali (Supervisor)
    According to human needs and in line with the development of advanced technologies, different biomedical Engineering fields like hard tissue implants are growing rapidly. Despite significant biotechnology Developments in recent years, some problems to the recognition of implants related osseointegration phenomena persist. The deficient osseointegration and implant-associated infections are key issues for the long-term clinical success of titanium and titanium alloy implants, while development of multifunctional surfaces that can simultaneously overcome these problems remains highly challenging. Therefore, the ultimate goal of this paper was to improve bone cell attachment and simultaneously... 

    Bioactive Nanocomposite Coatings Containing Anti-Bacterial Factors with Controlled Release on the Bone Implant

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Zarghami, Vahid (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Shokrgozar, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor) ; Pooshang Bagheri, Kamran (Co-Supervisor)
    Aseptic loosening and infection are two major problems of bone implants. Aseptic loosening occurs due to poor cell growth and poor adhesion to the implant surface over time. Bone infection at the implant site occurs mainly by the staphylococcus aureus bacteria. In some cases, infection occurs in the short term and in the early times after implantation, and in some cases, infection occurs in later times. The aim of this study is to synthesize and evaluate antibacterial coatings, while having cell growth-promoting components and cell differentiation to solve bone implant problems simultaneously. Also, the issue of bacterial resistance to antibiotics and their risks in bone implants is another... 

    Fabrication of Nanostructure Cuprous Oxide Films for Photovoltaic Systems

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Shooshtari, Leyla (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor) ; Mohammadpour, Raheleh (Supervisor)
    Metal oxide semiconductors are promising materials for photovoltaic systems, because they are chemically stable, almost non-toxic and abundant. These materials are cheap and have low cost fabrication process. Cu2O is the most popular metal oxide semiconductor to absorb light in Photovoltaic (PV) applications, and photocathode in the photoelectrochemical systems.In this project, thermal oxide and electrodeposition methods, both interesting and cheap, were applied for preparing Cu2O films. As inexpensive materials results in low-minority carrier diffusion length, we report on surface engineering of bulk Cu2O photocathode thorough employing nanorods of copper oxide with the average lengths of...