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#### An identity based authentication protocol for smart grid environment using physical uncloneable function

, Article IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid ; Volume 12, Issue 5 , 2021 , Pages 4426-4434 ; 19493053 (ISSN) ; Qadri, S ; Shamshad, S ; Faizan Ayub, M ; Mahmood, K ; Kumar, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc
2021

Abstract

Smart grid plays an important role in managing demand response management in modern smart city using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). In smart grid environment, sensors are widely used for surveillance. These are deployed on the high tension power supply lines which help to share the information to control center about line breakage or any other flaw. Besides the cyber-attacks, sensors may also experience physical attacks as they are deployed on high-tension power lines in an open environment. Moreover, an attacker can also impersonate the information exchanged between sensors, gateways and control centers. Therefore, the most indispensable requirement is to prevent these...

#### Investigation of the continuum-rarefied flow and isotope separation using a hybrid CFD-DSMC simulation for UF6 in a gas centrifuge

, Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 152 , 2021 ; 03064549 (ISSN) ; Akbar Salehi, A ; Reza Keshtkar, A ; Mahdi Shadman, M ; Hossein Askari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2021

Abstract

UF6 gas flow in the total regions of a rotor with the radius of 0.1 m and the length of 1 m in axisymmetric and steady states was simulated using a new hybrid CFD-DSMC method in the OpenFOAM framework. Implicit coupled density-based scheme was performed for CFD method, and Variable Hard Sphere (VHS) and diffuse model were employed in DSMC method. Also, as an initial estimation, the local Knudsen number was applied to determine the interface location between the continuum-rarefied regions (r = 0.0855 m). Then it was modified (r = 0.084 m) to reduce the computational cost. The comparison results of pure CFD and CFD-DSMC methods illustrated that there were large differences between the flow...

#### Neutron noise simulator based on the boundary element method (BEM)

, Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 159 , 2021 ; 03064549 (ISSN) ; Mohamadbeygi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2021

Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to develop the neutron diffusion solver and neutron noise simulator based on the Boundary Element Method (BEM). The 2-D, 2-G neutron/adjoint diffusion equation and corresponding neutron/adjoint noise equation were solved using the mentioned method. The developed neutron static and noise simulator based on the finite element method gives accurate results when the more number of the elements is used. The motivation of the present research is to use the boundary element method to reduce the computational cost. The boundary element method attempts to use the given boundary conditions to fit boundary values into the integral equation, rather than values...

#### On optimal proportions of structural member cross-sections to achieve best seismic performance using value based seismic design approach

, Article Engineering Structures ; Volume 231 , 2021 ; 01410296 (ISSN) ; Estekanchi, H. E ; Sarcheshmehpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2021

Abstract

The value-based seismic design framework is a new design method that efficiently balances the construction resources and the seismic consequences, through reliable evaluation of the building performance at an affordable computational cost. This paper employs the value-based design approach to optimize the cross-section proportions of the steel wide-flange members. An optimization problem is proposed within the framework of value-based design. Construction cost and seismic consequences are selected as the value components. Moreover, the minimum code requirements are formulated as the design constraints. FEMA-P58 framework is exploited for the prediction of the seismic consequences including...

#### Seismic performance assessment of eccentrically braced steel frames with energy-absorbing links under sequential earthquakes

, Article Journal of Building Engineering ; Volume 33 , 2021 ; 23527102 (ISSN) ; Filizadeh, R ; Hajirasouliha, I ; Garcia, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2021

Abstract

Recent studies have indicated the need of considering aftershocks in the seismic design/assessment of structures. This article investigates the effect of sequential mainshock and aftershock earthquakes on eccentrically braced steel frames with vertical energy-absorbing links. To achieve this, 4, 8 and 12-storey frame buildings are modelled in Perform3D® software considering non-linear behaviour of materials and components. The frames are subjected to a set of 12 main earthquake records corresponding to the required hazard level, and then subsequent aftershocks are applied using incremental dynamic analysis (IDA). To reduce the computational cost, an alternative approach is also adopted by...

#### On the validity of peridynamic equation of motion in variable horizon domains

, Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 195 , 2021 ; 00207403 (ISSN) ; Kouchakzadeh, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2021

Abstract

Peridynamics is a nonlocal theory of solid mechanics which is suitable for modeling discontinuities and fractures without requiring external theories. In the original peridynamic equation of motion, the internal forces are integrated over the entire domain of the body. Although this equation complies perfectly with physical principles, its heavy calculations make it practically impossible to use. To avoid this difficulty, we can benefit from a special case of the peridynamic equation of motion in which the integration domain of the internal forces is limited to the family of particles. A limitation of this special equation, which is the most common equation in the peridynamic literature, is...

#### Integrity checking for aggregate queries

, Article IEEE Access ; Volume 9 , 2021 , Pages 74068-74084 ; 21693536 (ISSN) ; Amini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc
2021

Abstract

With the advent of cloud computing and Internet of Things and delegation of data collection and aggregation to third parties, the results of the computations should be verified. In distributed models, there are multiple sources. Each source creates authenticators for the values and sends them to the aggregator. The aggregator combines the authenticated values and creates a verification object for verifying the computation/aggregation results. In this paper, we propose two constructions for verifying the results of countable and window-based countable functions. These constructions are useful for aggregate functions such as median, max/min, top-k/first-k, and range queries, where the...

#### Analysis of well testing results for single phase flow in reservoirs with percolation structure

, Article Oil and Gas Science and Technology ; Volume 76 , 2021 ; 12944475 (ISSN) ; Masihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Editions Technip
2021

Abstract

Constructing an accurate geological model of the reservoir is a preliminary to make any reliable prediction of a reservoir's performance. Afterward, one needs to simulate the flow to predict the reservoir's dynamic behaviour. This process usually is associated with high computational costs. Therefore, alternative methods such as the percolation approach for rapid estimation of reservoir efficiency are quite desirable. This study tries to address the Well Testing (WT) interpretation of heterogeneous reservoirs, constructed from two extreme permeabilities, 0 and K. In particular, we simulated a drawdown test on typical site percolation mediums, occupied to fraction "p"at a constant rate Q/h,...

#### GIM: GPU accelerated RIS-Based influence maximization algorithm

, Article IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems ; Volume 32, Issue 10 , 2021 , Pages 2386-2399 ; 10459219 (ISSN) ; Salehkaleybar, S ; Hashemi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
IEEE Computer Society
2021

Abstract

Given a social network modeled as a weighted graph GG, the influence maximization problem seeks kk vertices to become initially influenced, to maximize the expected number of influenced nodes under a particular diffusion model. The influence maximization problem has been proven to be NP-hard, and most proposed solutions to the problem are approximate greedy algorithms, which can guarantee a tunable approximation ratio for their results with respect to the optimal solution. The state-of-the-art algorithms are based on Reverse Influence Sampling (RIS) technique, which can offer both computational efficiency and non-trivial (1-1/e-ϵ)-approximation ratio guarantee for any epsilon >0ϵ>0....

#### Weight-based colour constancy using contrast stretching

, Article IET Image Processing ; Volume 15, Issue 11 , 2021 , Pages 2424-2440 ; 17519659 (ISSN) ; Jamzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Inc
2021

Abstract

One of the main issues in colour image processing is changing objects' colour due to colour of illumination source. Colour constancy methods tend to modify overall image colour as if it was captured under natural light illumination. Without colour constancy, the colour would be an unreliable cue to object identity. Till now, many methods in colour constancy domain are presented. They are in two categories; statistical methods and learning-based methods. This paper presents a new statistical weighted algorithm for illuminant estimation. Weights are adjusted to highlight two key factors in the image for illuminant estimation, that is contrast and brightness. The focus was on the convex part of...

#### Weight-based colour constancy using contrast stretching

, Article IET Image Processing ; Volume 15, Issue 11 , 2021 , Pages 2424-2440 ; 17519659 (ISSN) ; Jamzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Inc
2021

Abstract

One of the main issues in colour image processing is changing objects' colour due to colour of illumination source. Colour constancy methods tend to modify overall image colour as if it was captured under natural light illumination. Without colour constancy, the colour would be an unreliable cue to object identity. Till now, many methods in colour constancy domain are presented. They are in two categories; statistical methods and learning-based methods. This paper presents a new statistical weighted algorithm for illuminant estimation. Weights are adjusted to highlight two key factors in the image for illuminant estimation, that is contrast and brightness. The focus was on the convex part of...

#### Task scheduling mechanisms in cloud computing: A systematic review

, Article International Journal of Communication Systems ; Volume 33, Issue 6 , 2020 ; Movaghar, A ; Rahmani, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Ltd
2020

Abstract

Today, cloud computing has developed as one of the important emergent technologies in communication and Internet. It offers on demand, pay per use access to infrastructure, platforms, and applications. Due to the increase in its popularity, the huge number of requests need to be handled in an efficient manner. Task scheduling as one of the challenges in the cloud computing supports the requests for assigning a particular resource so as to perform effectively. In the resource management, task scheduling is performed where there is the dependency between tasks. Many approaches and case studies have been developed for the scheduling of these tasks. Up to now, a systematic literature review...

#### Implementation of supersingular isogeny-based diffie-hellman and key encapsulation using an efficient scheduling

, Article IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers ; Volume 67, Issue 12 , 2020 , Pages 4895-4903 ; Bayat Sarmadi, S ; Mosanaei Boorani, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc
2020

Abstract

Isogeny-based cryptography is one of the promising post-quantum candidates mainly because of its smaller public key length. Due to its high computational cost, efficient implementations are significantly important. In this paper, we have proposed a high-speed FPGA implementation of the supersingular isogeny Diffie-Hellman (SIDH) and key encapsulation (SIKE). To this end, we have adapted the algorithm of finding optimal large-degree isogeny computation strategy for hardware implementations. Using this algorithm, hardware-suited strategies (HSSs) can be devised. We have also developed a tool to schedule field arithmetic operations efficiently using constraint programming. This tool enables...

#### PolarSig: An efficient digital signature based on polar codes

, Article IET Communications ; Volume 14, Issue 17 , 2020 , Pages 2889-2897 ; KoochakShooshtari, M ; Aref, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Institution of Engineering and Technology
2020

Abstract

Code-based digital signatures suffer from two main drawbacks: Large public key size and slow signature generation. Large public key size is inherent in almost all the code-based cryptosystems and other post-quantum alternatives; however, slow signature generation is due to their specific structure. Most of the current code-based signature schemes are constructed based on Courtois, Finiasz, and Sendrier (CFS) signature. CFS uses a counter to produce decodable syndromes or the complete decoding technique that imposes some extra computational cost to the signing algorithm for many choices of codes. In this study, the authors propose an efficient digital signature, PolarSig, which can reduce...

#### Investigation of the continuum-rarefied flow and isotope separation using a hybrid CFD-DSMC simulation for UF6 in a gas centrifuge

, Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; 2020 ; Akbar Salehi, A ; Reza Keshtkar, A ; Mahdi Shadman, M ; Hossein Askari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2020

Abstract

UF6 gas flow in the total regions of a rotor with the radius of 0.1 m and the length of 1 m in axisymmetric and steady states was simulated using a new hybrid CFD-DSMC method in the OpenFOAM framework. Implicit coupled density-based scheme was performed for CFD method, and Variable Hard Sphere (VHS) and diffuse model were employed in DSMC method. Also, as an initial estimation, the local Knudsen number was applied to determine the interface location between the continuum-rarefied regions (r = 0.0855 m). Then it was modified (r = 0.084 m) to reduce the computational cost. The comparison results of pure CFD and CFD-DSMC methods illustrated that there were large differences between the flow...

#### Quaternion based linear time-varying model predictive attitude control for satellites with two reaction wheels

, Article Aerospace Science and Technology ; Volume 98 , March , 2020 ; ISSN: 12709638 ; Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Salarieh, H ; Abdollahi, T ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Masson SAS
2020

Abstract

Attitude control of a satellite having only two reaction wheels is a challenging issue. To address this problem, previously published researches considered some simplifying assumptions on the satellites such as diagonality of the moment of the inertia matrix. On the other hand, in some works, the total angular momentum of the satellite is assumed to be zero. In this paper, a linear time-variant model predictive control (LTV MPC) is designed to control a satellite with two reaction wheels. This control method can be applied to a satellite with a non-diagonal inertial matrix in the presence of external torques, to rotate the satellite toward the desired directions in the space and orbit. The...

#### Dual-diffusivity stochastic model for macromolecule release from a hydrogel

, Article ACS Applied Bio Materials ; Volume 3, Issue 7 , 2020 , Pages 4208-4219 ; Lau, C. M. L ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Chau, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society
2020

Abstract

A three-dimensional model has been developed to describe the multiphase release of macromolecular drugs encapsulated in a hydrogel. The heterogeneity of network mesh size was considered by assigning varying diffusion coefficients to the network lattices randomly. Using a stochastic approach, the random nature of diffusion of drug molecules was captured within the network. The simplest form of distribution containing two diffusion coefficients was tested. To generate the drug release profiles for experimental validation under the limitation of computational cost, a simple scaling relationship was employed. Unlike the single-diffusivity model, the dual-diffusivity model showed good agreement...

#### High-dimensional sparse recovery using modified generalised SL0 and its application in 3D ISAR imaging

, Article IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation ; Volume 14, Issue 8 , 6 July , 2020 , Pages 1267-1278 ; Mehrpooya, A ; Bastani, M. H ; Nayebi, M ; Abbasi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
Institution of Engineering and Technology
2020

Abstract

Sparse representation can be extended to high dimensions and can be used in many applications, including three-dimensional (3D) Inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging. In this study, the high-dimensional sparse representation problem and a recovery method called high-dimensional smoothed least zero-norm (HDSL0) are formulated. In this method, the theory and computation of tensors and approximating L0 norm using Gaussian functions are used for sparse recovery of high-dimensional data. To enhance the performance of HDSL0, modified regularised high-dimensional SL0 (MRe-HDSL0) algorithm, which benefits from the regularised form of SL0 and an additional hard thresholding step, is...

#### Analysis of mechanical and thermal properties of carbon and silicon nanomaterials using a coarse-grained molecular dynamics method

, Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 187 , December , 2020 ; Ali Madadi, A ; Bajalan, Z ; Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd
2020

Abstract

The main concern in Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations is the computational cost, and coarse-graining methods accelerate simulations by reducing the degrees of freedom in the system. Yet, the utilization of these methods should be carefully followed. In this paper, we presented an energy-based coarse-graining method for Tersoff and Stillinger-Weber potential functions. The presented coarse-graining method is based on the domain mapping and modification of potential function. The focus of this paper is on Carbon and Silicon materials; however, this method can be applied to model other materials for which Tersoff and Stillinger-Weber potentials are defined. This method has been validated by...

#### Estimation of water coverage ratio in low temperature PEM-fuel cell using deep neural network

, Article IEEE Sensors Journal ; Volume 20, Issue 18 , May , 2020 , Pages 10679-10686 ; Alasty, A ; Boroushaki, M ; Khodsiani, M. H ; Hasheminasab, M. R ; Kermani, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc
2020

Abstract

Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is a rich source of renewable energy. A non-destructive prediction method is needed to determine the content of water in the PEMFC. In the gas channel of a transparent PEMFC, water is detected with image processing. This method has a high computational cost and is sensitive to the initial position of the camera and ambient lighting. In this paper, the deep neural network (DNN) has been trained to learn the transparent PEMFC's labeled images as a way to determine the content of water, limit human interference and employed in a real-time process. This DNN model is a virtual sensor for measuring the water coverage ratio. To produce the label of images,...