Search for: database
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    A Method for Searching on Encrypted Data

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mansoori, Fatemeh (Author) ; Jalili, Rasool (Supervisor)
    Using database encryption to protect data in some situations where access control is not soleley enough is inevitable. Database encryption provides an additional layer of protecton to conventional access control techniques. It prevents unauthorized users, including intruders breaking into a network, from viewing the sensitive data. As a result data remains protected even in the event that database is successfully attacked or stolen. However, encryption and decryption of data result in database performance degradation. In the situation where all the information is stored in encrypted form, one cannot make the selection on the database content any more. Data should be decrypted first, so an... 

    Speaker Adaptation in HMM-Based Persian Speech Synthesis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bahmaninezhad, Fahimeh (Author) ; Sameti, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Text-to-speech synthesis, one of the key technologies in speech processing, is a technique for generating speech signal from arbitrarily given text with target speaker’s voice characteristics and various speaking styles and emotional expressions. Statistical parametric speech synthesishasrecently been shown to be very effective in generating acceptable synthesized speech. Therefore, in this study,the main focus is on one of the instances of these techniquescalled hidden Markov model-based speech synthesis. In text-to-speech systems, it is desirable to synthesize high quality speech using a small amount of speech data; this goal would be achieved by employing speaker adaptation framework and... 

    A Secrecy-Preserving Access Control in Data Outsourcing Scenario

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi, Leila (Author) ; Jalili, Rasool (Supervisor)
    One of the security issues in data outsourcing scenario is the enforcement of data owner’s access control policies. This includes three challenges; 1) the average number of keys needed to access authorized resources, 2) efficient update of policies, and 3) confidentiality of data owner’s access control policies. Most of the existing proposed solutions address only one of these challenges, while they impose high overhead on both the data owner and users. Such an overhead prevents the model to be implemented in practical applications. In this thesis, we propose an approach to address all the aforementioned challenges with acceptable overhead. In this approach, which is based on selective... 

    Using Functional Encryption to Manage Encrypted Data

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahfoozi, Rohollah (Author) ; Jalili, Rasool (Supervisor)
    Recently, many organizations outsource their data on an external server to rescue the trouble of data maintenance. But, data owners do not trust in the external server to enforce defined access control policies. In recent years, many researches was dedicated to cryptographic access control on outsourced data, in order to solve this problem. We introduce a method based on Attribute-based Encryption to enforce access control on outsourced data. In this method we consider policy updating and administrative access control. As a result The owner is not only able to change access control policies on outsourced data but also to define administrative rights (grant/revoke) for some admin users. Our... 

    Database Schema Extraction Prevention Through DBMS Error Handling

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naghdi, Sepideh (Author) ; Amini, Morteza (Supervisor)
    Nowadays large volume of sensitive data of organizations are stored in the databases. Thus, databases are attractive to the attackers to execute different types of attacks with different purposes. The useful information that attackers try to achieve in the preliminary steps of the attacks against the databases, is the database structure or schema. One of the popular approach to extract the schema of a database is to analyze the returned error messages from its DBMS. Hence, a solution to prevent schema disclosure via the error messages is customizing and modifying them. To achieve this goal, in this thesis, we propose a framework to handle and customize the error messages automatically and... 

    Confidential Access to the Outsourced Relational Data

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology NajmAbadi, Elahe Sadat (Author) ; Jalili, Rasool (Supervisor)
    In recent years, there has been a trend toward outsourcing data to the cloud provider. These companies must tackle the data security challenges. Generally these parties are assumed to be honest but curious. In past years, the research communities have been investigating different solution to ensure confidentiality.
    In addition to data confidentiality access and pattern confidentiality is a high-priority issue in some cases so. potential adversary should be unable to drive information from the observed access pattern to the outsourced data. Despite the fact that there are more investigation in the field of data confidentiality, concern over data security are the rise in outsourcing data,... 

    Query Optimization in Encrypted Database Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafarinejad, Mahmoud (Author) ; Amini, Morteza (Supervisor)
    Protecting sensitive data stored in database systems, especially in outsourced ones, has become a major concern in many organizations. One of the main possible solutions is to encrypt data before storing them on databases. Bucket-based encryption is among different approaches proposed to accomplish this goal which besides its various benefits, suffers from generating false-positive results. Multi-join queries are one of the most important operations in database systems and their usage grows rapidly in comparison to other types of queries by increasing the size of stored information. While using the decision support systems and data mining solutions are growing continuously, executing... 

    An Access Control System for Time Series Data in NoSQL Databases

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Noury, Amir (Author) ; Amini, Morteza (Supervisor)
    An important class of applications which have been rapidly growing recently is the one that create and use time series data. These types of data sets are ordered based on the timestamps associated to their data items. In practice, traditional relational databases are unable to satisfy the requirements of these data sets; however, NoSQL databases with column-wide data structure are appropriate infrastructure for them. These databases are very efficient in read and write operations (especially for time series data, which are ordered) and are able to store unstructured data. Time series data may contain valuable and sensitive information; hence, they should be protected from the information... 

    Improving SQL Injection Detection Techniques

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dolatnezhad, Somayeh (Author) ; Amini, Morteza (Supervisor)
    SQL injection is one of the most important security threats in web applications with backend SQLbased database. An attacker can abuse an application’s vulnerability to change the queries sent from the application to the database. Many techniques and frameworks have been proposed for detecting and preventing SQL injection. But most of them cannot detect all types of SQL injection such as second-order attacks. In this thesis, we propose a new method to detect and prevent all types of this attack. The proposed method is a kind of anomaly-based intrusion detection methods and could be considered as a proxy between the application server and the database server. The proposed method, can detect... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esnaashari, Zoha (Author) ; Kianfar, Fereydoon (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, NGOs have a special roll in solving social problems in the world. In regards to the developing state of these organizations in Iran, the need of adopting a systematic approach in managing these organizations, is bold. Renewing of the old methods of work in these organizations, is an aid to removing the barriers of development faced by these organizations.
    In this regard, this thesis subjects the reengineering of business processes of Rayehe Charity Foundation which is an NGO dealing with empowerment of households women.
    After studding the literature of reengineering, the thesis continues on introducing the organization and its activities in more detail. It categorizes... 

    Processing Queries with Mathematical Expressions on Encrypted Outsourced Databases

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naseri Boroujeni, Saeed (Author) ; Jalil, Rasool (Supervisor)
    The ever-increasing volume of data and the lack of computational and storage facilities have caused a managerial challenge to organizations. The existence of these challenges on the one hand and the increase of storage services on the other hand have compelled the organizations to delegate their storage and management of data to the server providers of cloud storage services. The outsourcing of data to servers obviates the need for purchasing exorbitant storage equipment and recruiting professional workforce in the organization. Since the organization’s data will be kept outside the organization’s ambience in case of using such services in form of outsourcing, and the data will not be under... 

    Component Based Translation of Z Specifications to Executable Code

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khalafinejad, Saeed (Author) ; Mirian-Hosseinabadi, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Automatic translation of a high-level specification language to an executable implementation would be highly useful in maximizing the benefits of formal methods. We will introduce a set of translation functions to fill the specification-implementation gap in the domain of database applications. We chose Z, SQL and Delphi languages to illustrate our methodology. We extend Delphi libraries to support mathematical objects exist in Z. Then, based on the extended libraries, we extract the translation functions from Z to Delphi. The translation functions from Z to SQL are more easily extracted, because the mathematical foundation of Z has many properties in common with SQL. Based on the extracted... 

    Query Correctness Assurance for Outsourced Databases

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Noferesti, Morteza (Author) ; Jalili, Rasoul (Supervisor)
    In the secure data outsourcing scenario, verification of the reply of an unreliable server includes assessing the authenticity, completeness and it’s integrity. In this thesis, an efficient method, with emphasis on freshness, has been introduced to evaluate the correctness of the replies from a server. It takes in hand different application needs, inherent differences in the data, and different update mechanisms. This method evaluates freshness by using timestamps alongside the data being out sourced. Due to the requirement of verifying not only the freshness of the response, but the correctness of the timestamps as well, two general methods for evaluating and verifying the responses were... 

    A Trust-based Approach for Correctness Verification of Query Results in Data Outsourcing Scenario

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemi, Simin (Author) ; Jalili, Rasool (Supervisor)
    One of the security issues in database outsourcing scenario is the correctness of the query results. Correctness verification includes integrity, completeness and freshness of the results. Most of the proposed approaches for correctness verification impose high overhead on the components of the scenario which prevents the scenario to implemented in practical applications. In this thesis, we have proposed a probabilistic approach which imposes acceptable overhead for correctness verification of returned results of service provider. The approach uses the previous behavior of the service provider to calculate a trust value toward it which is used to adjust the imposed overhead. In other words,... 

    A Method for Querying on Encrypted XML Data

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi, Maryam (Author) ; Jalili, Rasool (Supervisor)
    When organizations prefer to outsource their data, security protection of data will be more important. Using cryptography in addition to access control techniques is a natural way for saving confidentiality of data against untrusted server. However, encryption and decryption of data result in database performance degradation. In such a situation all the information stored in encrypted form, one cannot make the selection on the database content any more. Data should be decrypted first, so an unwilling tradeoff between the security and performance is normally forced. The appropriate approaches to increase the performance are methods to deal directly with the encrypted data without firstly... 

    XML Query Processing Optimization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadri, Mehdi (Author) ; Mirian Hosseinabadi, Hassan (Supervisor)
    XML has been emerged as a de facto standard for data exchange and information transition over computer networks including Web. On the other hand by the growing use of sensors and data streams over computer networks, the usage of XML data format for data streams between data and processing units like sensors and information centers is growing. In this thesis first we do a survey on XML query processing and optimization and after that we propose methods for optimizing query processing over XML data streams based on data stream unique attributes and incremental completeness of XML data trees for increasing the speed of processing and decreasing the amount of memory that processing needs. For... 

    A Confidentiality and Integrity Preserving Architecture for Secure Data Outsourcing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahrokhi, Hesamoddin (Author) ; Jalili, Rasool (Supervisor)
    Infrastructural costs of data management, have led people and organizations to outsource their data. This approach is facing with some significant security challenges and risks. The goal of this research, is to present an architecture for secure outsourcing of data in a way that used methods, storage processes, query processing methods and access control mechanisms work together to preserve confidentiality and integrity of outsourced data. In this architecture, the main challenge is transparent placement of some components between client and server in order to prevent user from being aware of communication with a secured server. In order to create this degree of transparency, we need to pay... 

    Designing a Video Search System Using Topic Models

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kianpisheh, Mohammad (Author) ; Gholampoor, Iman (Supervisor) ; Sharif Khani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this work we present a surveillance video retrieval system based on Topic Models. We’ve shown that employing Dynamic Programming improve the effectiveness of Topic Model based retrival. In the other hand proposed method has the accuracy near to the low-level features based methods. Lightweight database is the major advantageous of propsed method over the low-level features based methods. In our work storage space occupied by database decreases from 42 MB to only 0.4 MB for the mit dataset. Moreover lightweight database strikingly speeded up the retrieval process, for example retrieval process in proposed method is about 24 times faster than low-level features based systems. Furthermore in... 

    Improvement of Software Quality Attributes based on the Properties of Relational and Non-relational data Models

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moghimi, Hamed (Author) ; Habibi, Jafar (Supervisor)
    With the growing use of computer systems, especially in form of web applications, software development and customer requirements has become more complex. Modern computer systems are supposed to achieve non-functional requirements in addition to functional requirements. Non-functional requirements are also called software quality attributes. One of the most important quality attributes for today's software systems is performance. Today’s softwares due to the growing number of their users, need more efficiency than ever to properly meet the performance request.Storage components and databases are the most important factors in causing performance bottlenecks in web applications. Most of... 

    Vision-based Vehicle Detection in Intercity Roads for Intelligent Transportation Systems Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rostami, Peyman (Author) ; Marvasti, Farokh (Supervisor)
    This project aims to highlight vision related tasks centered around "car". First, we gathered a dataset of 4343 front view car images, captured from the streets of Iran and Syria during daylight, the images of which are all manually cropped around their corresponding accurately chosen bounding boxes. we also extracted seven parts (i.e. left and right front lights, left and right mirrors, bumper, plate, and air intake) from each car image in the dataset. Our dataset is suitable for developing and testing bounding box extraction algorithms, holistic and part based analyses, occlusion handling algorithms, etc. next, we utilized Viola-Jones Detector to develop a system for car detection, in...