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    Investigation of Palladium Growth on Nanostructured Tungsten Oxide Films

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tahmasebi Garavand, Nemat (Author) ; Mahdavi, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor)
    We have studied making and characterization of gasochromic thin films that are used as gas sensors. Gasochromic films consist of an electronchromic layer and a catalyst layer. Addition of palladium to the surface , increased the sensitivity and decreased the working temperature. The used electrochromic layer was tungsten oxide. WO3 films were fabricated by (PLD) method. The substrates were slide glasses. Structure, morphology and composite of tungsten oxide and optical property of films depend on condition of deposition. The pressure of oxygen gas in chamber and temperature of substrate are two factors that can affect in deposition. We can make layers with different morphology by variation... 

    Control of Elements Ratio in Alloy Deposition System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kishani Farahani, Esmat (Author) ; Rashidian, Bijan (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, thin film alloy deposition has much importance. These alloys are used for various opto-electronic device applications such as liquid crystal displays, flat panel displays, plasma displays, solar cells and computer memories. Exact control of elements ratio in alloy is one of the important issues in deposition of thin film alloys. In alloy deposition with electron beam gun method from its elements, uniformity improvement of each layer is a way to maintain elements ratio in different parts of sample. This uniformity has much importance especially in optical coatings such as high quality antireflection coatings, highly selective filters and low loss reflectance coatings. In this... 

    Electrodeposition of Platinum Nanowires

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi Darian, Sahar (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Platinum nanowires were prepared by electrodeposition in polycarbonate membrane, with different average diameter of nanowires about 15, 50 and 100 nm and the height about 6 µm. Kinetics of electrodeposition process were studied by electrochemical techniques such as voltammetry and chronoamperometry methods. Diffusion coefficient was then calculated from the electrochemical parameters and consequently the density of primer nuclei was extracted. The morphology of Pt nanowires was characterized by SEM, TEM and EDX. The results show that growing Nanowires on the surface of template is branch-like. The electro-oxidation of methanol and hydrogen on this electrode is investigated at room... 

    Coke Deposition Process in Nano-Pores of Naphtha Reforming Catalyst

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farahipour, Reza (Author) ; Baghalha, Morteza (Supervisor) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Nowadays catalytic reforming of naphtha is one of the most important parts of the refining process. The catalyst of this process is mostly Pt-Re on the γ-alumina support. The major cause of deactivation is coke deposition and blockage of the pores as a result. Meanwhile, modeling of the process and the deactivation of catalyst would help refining industries to achieve higher yields. In this study industrial data of the catalytic reforming unit #2 in Isfahan Refinery Plant were used to model the process, optimized parameters have been calculated and the best contribution of the catalyst among the four reactors was presented. Then with using a deactivation function the whole coking... 

    The Effect of Metal Oxides on Gasochromic Properties of WO3 Thin Films Formed by Pulsed Laser Deposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nematollahi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Mahdavi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Physical and chemical properties of tungsten oxide thin films change reversibly while exposure to hydrogen gas. This property is called gasochromic. To enhance optical properties of such films, nanostructured, amorphous and porous thin films of (WO3)1-x(MeO)x (MeO= TiO2, MoO3, NiO; x=0.09, 0.17, 0.23, 0.29, 0.33) were fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition. Molar percentage of Me/W (Me= Ti, Mo and Ni) was changed in films with respect to targets; for Ti and Ni always a reduction, but for Mo an enhancement for low percentages was observed. The reason is the existence of thermal ablation mechanism during deposition, in the other word is different vapor pressure effect. An increment in x for... 

    Electrophoretic Deposition of Titanium Dioxide for Fabrication of Photoanode of Dye Sensitized Solar Cell

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sedighi, Rahime (Author) ; Taghavinia, Nima (Supervisor)
    This research is focused on fabrication of TiO2 layers by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) for application as photoanode in Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSC). DSCs are third generation of solar cells, also known as the Grätzel cell, after its inventor Michael Grätzel. A DSC is composed of a porous layer of wide band gap semiconductor such as TiO2 and ZnO, covered with a molecular dye that absorbs sunlight, and a counter electrode contacted by a liquid redox electrolyte. Dye Sensitized semiconductor (photoanode) has important role in conversion of photon to electricity. To achieve higher efficiency, preparation of photoanode with high surface area resulted to enough dye adsorption is necessary.... 

    YBCO Thin Film Fabrication by Chemical Method, Characterizations and Optimization for Device Applications

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Mehdi (Author) ; Vesaghi, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor) ; Fardmanesh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    The Pulse Laser Deposition (PLD), Sputtering, Evaporation and Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition are the common methods for thin film fabrication. The mentioned methods are very costly for commercials application. Due to the importance of cost in large thin film fabrication, scientist tried to find a low-cost method. The low-cost non-hazardious Metal Organic Deposition (MOD), method which is based on chemical manufacturing method was developed. The type of the solvent and removal the destructive residual materials are the main challenge in this method. In this project, by utilizing acetyl acetone method, high quality MOD YBCO superconducting thin film has been fabricated and will be... 

    Wear-Resistant Nickel-Titanium Nitride Composite Coating by Electrochemical Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Parhizkar, Nafise (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Metal matrix nanocomposites contains ceramic ultrafine particles in a metal matrix, are used to improve the mechanical properties such as hardness and wear of coatings. For developing metal matrix nanocomposites, there are many methods. Electrochemical deposition process is one of these methods that have some advantages like uniform depositions on substrates with complex shapes, low cost, good repeatability and reducing waste. In this project, for increasing the hardness and wear resistance of nickel, composite coatings of nickel - titanium nitride was created by using electrochemical deposition of Watts bath contained titanium nitride particles. In order to increase the amount of... 

    Synthesis of Titanium Nanoparticles from Titanium Tetrachloride and Potassium Vapors Via Chemical Vapor Condensation Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kookhaee, Hamed (Author) ; Halali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Titanium nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical vapor condensation (CVC) process. Titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) as titanium’s precursor reacted with potassium as reductant, in vapor phase and the products were titanium nanoparticles encapsulated in potassium chloride. Dried Argon gas was employed as carrier gas. Resulting powders gathered in ethanol bath. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic adsorption spectroscopy (AAS) analysis were used to characterizing the products. The effect of Argon gas flow on nanoparticles size was investigated in this research. The particle size decreases with increasing Argon gas flow. The size of nanoparticles was under... 

    Fabrication and Electrical Characterization of Graphene and Graphene-MOx Hybrid Nanostructures for Gas Sensing Applications

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Esfandiar, Ali (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor) ; Akhavan, Omid (Co-Advisor) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    In this project, two types of graphene obtained from chemical and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods were studied for gas/vapor sensing applications . In chemical method, oxidation and exfoliation of graphite was performed in liquid phase. AFM, XPS, Raman spectroscopy and Uv-visible spectroscopy were indicated that single layers synthesis of graphene oxide (GO) sheets was formed successfully. Reduction of the GO to reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was chemically done by hydrazine as a conventional reducing agent and melatonin as a green alternative. Photocatalytic reduction and hybridization of GO with TiO2 was also studied. TEM, SEM and AFM analyses confirmed nucleation and growth of TiO2... 

    Experimental and Modeling Investigation of the Near Wellbore Asphaltene Deposition Damage Removal by Ultrasonic Waves

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Keshavarzi, Behnam (Author) ; Ghotbi, Cyrus (Supervisor) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Co-Advisor)
    This work concerns with experimental and modeling investigation of the asphaltene damage removal using ultrasonic wave irradiation. A specific core holder apparatus was designed and utilized for in situ ultrasonic exposure to damaged core plug at different conditions of exposure time, ultrasound power and distances between sound source and plug. Injection of many pore volumes of an asphaltenic crude oil was used for creating asphaltene induced damaged in porous media through permeability measurements. The deposited asphaltene during oil injection as well as asphaltene removal due to ultrasonic exposure was evaluated using IP-143 analysis. The results revealed that ultrasound application... 

    Electrophoretic Deposition of (Mn,Co)3O4 Spinel Coating for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Interconnects

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirzaei, Mohamad Mahdi (Author) ; Faghihi Sani, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor) ; Simchi, Abdol Reza (Supervisor)
    Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is one of the promising candidates for clean energy production. Due to the high operating temperature of SOFC, a protective coating is commonly applied on the surface of interconnects to prevent oxidation. In this study, electrophoretic deposition was employed to prepare a manganese-cobalt spinel coating on the surface of ferritic stainless steel (AISISAE430) substrates. MnCo2O4 powder with an average particle size of 60 nm was utilized and the sintering behavior of the coatings at different temperatures was studied. Non-isothermal and isothermal sintering behavior of the powder compacts were examined by employing a sensitive dilatometer. Master sintering curve... 

    Investigating the Effects of Different Parameters on Asphaltene Deposition Using Electrodeposition Technique

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Ali (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahabeddin (Supervisor) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Additional to Temperature, Pressure and Compositional changes of crude oils, Electro-kinetics and Electrical potential effects are also known as the most influencing parameters on Asphaltene deposition during oil production and processing.Mechanisms of electro-kinetics and asphaltene charge generation are very complex and unclear. In the previous studies on asphaltene precipitation and deposition, mostly electro-kinetics effects are ignored.While, recent studies show the great effects of electrical filed on asphaltene deposition during production and processing phase of crude oils.At reservoir porous medium and crude flow line, an electrical field can be developed along the length of the... 

    An Investigation on Zirconia Nano-particles Coating Deposited on Magnesium AZ91 alloy Using Electrodeposition Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amiri, Hamed (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Recently magnesium alloys have shown great potential as biodegradable metallic implants. However, due to high corrosion rate in the body environment, these alloys would be degraded before the tissue healing time period. Therefore corrosion resistance of these alloys has to be improved in order to be used in biological environments. In the present work, supposing improvement of corrosion properties of magnesium AZ91D alloy, the alloy has been coated with biocompatible nano-Zirconia particles using Electrophoretic deposition method and the effects of deposition parameters such as bath agitation, Zirconia concentration, current density and duration of deposition process on the properties of the... 

    Preparation and Study of Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Ni-Tio2 Based Nanocomposite by Electrochemical Deposition Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sariri, Farshid (Author) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Ekrami, Ali Akbar (Co-Advisor)
    In the present work preparation of Ni-TiO2 films and their microstructural and mechanical properties were studied. For film preparation, DC current mode of electrochemical deposition method was used in Watts Nickel bath with different concentrations of transparent TiO2 sol up to 30 mL/L. It presents a new generation of nano Ni-TiO2 coating as a composite film for corrosion and erosion resistance applications. The best wear volume of 0.0046 mm3 was achieved for 30 mL/L Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite in comparison to 0.0071 mm3 for pure Ni film. Moreover, the coating hardness increased to ~345 HV50 for Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite. Corrosion rate of the coatings improved down to 1.10E-05 mm/year with addition... 

    Investigation of Application of Nano-Photocatalytic Degradation for Industrial Wastewater Treatmen

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Falahati, Mohammad (Author) ; Roosta Azad, Reza (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    The main objective of this project is the deposition of photo-catalysts on cement and concrete blocks with an emphasis on commercialization. We started with an extensive study of common methods introduced in previous literature, and conclude with a number of suggestions for industrialization. First, slurry and sol-gel deposition of the photo-catalysts on blocks of type 2 commercial cement which is one of the most used materials in construction of buildings and waste-water treatment plants has been examined to reach a method of sample formation. Due to the simplicity of common methods and low quality of formed samples (less than 5 percent aging efficiency), the obtained experience was used to... 

    Optimization of Deposition of Micro- and Nano Particles in Filters and Porous Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Banihashemi Tehrani, Mostafa (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor)
    This study is aimed at simulation of the flow of air and aerosol particles through a single square fibrous filter media made up of micro fiber as well as the importance and effect of different fiber’s cross-sectional shapes and arrangements on particle deposition and filtration efficiency. An understanding of the role of changing the laminar flow regime from laminar vortex shedding "(Re"=100" and Re"=200")" to subcritical flow "(Re"=1000")" developed for the first case. The study deals with parallel and staggered multi-fibrous filter media with circular, elliptical, and equilateral triangular micro fiber’s cross-sectional shape of the transient laminar vortex shedding flow "(Re"=200")" .... 

    Computational Simulation of the Effect of Breathing Particle Mass and Breathing Frequency on a Human Respiratory System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Goodarzi Ardakani, Vahid (Author) ; Tayyebi Rahni, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Our surrounding environment is full of particles with different sizes. These suspended particles enter our body through respiration process, which of course has some negative effects. Therefore, it is very important to comprehend the mechanisms and the effective parameters on these particles motion and their deposition inside the human airway. This work numerically investigates the effects of particles mass and breathing frequency on the deposition of particles in human respiratory system. To this end, a realistic 3-D model of human respiratory system geometry, including nostrils, vestibule, nasal cavity, human sinuses, nasopharynx, oropharynx, larynx, trachea, and main bronchus has been... 

    Design and Optimization of RSFQ Based Digital SQUID for High Sensitive Measurement of Widely Varying Magnetic Fields

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Foroughi, Farshad (Author) ; Fardmanesh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Analog SQUIDs have limited slew rate and dynamic range and these problems make it hard to operate SQUID systems in unshielded applications like Bio-magnetic imaging and NDE. Recently by combining analog SQUIDs and RSFQ Logic, new class of magnetic sensors are introduced. These sensors have an acceptable sensitivity and very high dynamic range. On the other hand these sensors, Which are called Digital SQUIDs, can be directly connected to digital signal processing stages. In This work, for first time, a digital SQUID completely based on i-directional RSFQ was designed and optimized. using Bi-directional RSFQ, one can significantly simplify the digital SQUID circuit design and therefore... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of Grapheme Foams Fabricated by Chemical Vaporization Deposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahboubi, Sajad (Author) ; Akhavan, Omid (Supervisor) ; Azimirad, Rouhollah (Co-Advisor)
    The main purpose of this theses is to synthesize graphene by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of a hydrocarbon gas such as methane on the nickel foam substrate and then to characterize this kind of graphene. Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms, discovered in 2004, which has led mankind to new eras in all fields by its extraordinary features such as extra high electron mobility, high thermal conductivity, excellent mechanical strength, optical transparence and extra high specific surface. The advantage of this method compared to other methods is that the graphene generated has a better structural quality. Graphene foam firstly, because of the continuity of the foam structure, has better...