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    Control of Elements Ratio in Alloy Deposition System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kishani Farahani, Esmat (Author) ; Rashidian, Bijan (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, thin film alloy deposition has much importance. These alloys are used for various opto-electronic device applications such as liquid crystal displays, flat panel displays, plasma displays, solar cells and computer memories. Exact control of elements ratio in alloy is one of the important issues in deposition of thin film alloys. In alloy deposition with electron beam gun method from its elements, uniformity improvement of each layer is a way to maintain elements ratio in different parts of sample. This uniformity has much importance especially in optical coatings such as high quality antireflection coatings, highly selective filters and low loss reflectance coatings. In this... 

    Control of Size of Graphene Domain Synthesized by Chemical Vapor Deposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amini, Negar (Author) ; Ghotbi, Sirus (Supervisor) ; Karimi Sabet, Javad (Supervisor)
    The chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of graphene from methane on a copper substrate is the most promising method for production of large-area graphene films. There have been long-standing challenges in this field such as controlling the graphene coverage, film quality, the number of layers, and the nucleation density of graphene domain. These challenges can be overcome by developing a fundamental understanding of the graphene growth process. The main aim of this study is to control nucleation density of graphene domains. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene is polycrystalline, and grain boundaries in graphene film have been identified to degrade the properties of graphene as a membrane... 

    Using of SnS2 Nanostructured Layer as an Electron Transport Layer in the Perovskite Solar Cells

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Haghighi, Maryam (Author) ; Mahdavi, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Taghavinia, Nima (Supervisor) ; Mohammadpour, Raheleh (Co-Supervisor)
    In this research, we focus on study and investigation of the role of Tin(IV) Sulfide (SnS2) nanostructured layer as electron transport layer in perovskite and chalcogenide thin film solar cells. For this purpose, SnS2 powder was prepared through hydro/solvo-thermal method, utilizing different ratios of water and ethanol as solvent and various sulfur sources (thioacetamide and thiourea). Afterwards, different solvents were investigated to achieve a stable ink (about one month) with uniform dispersion. After determining the appropriate ink and powder, thin films of SnS2 were prepared employing spin coating, spray pirolysis and laser pulsed deposition (PLD) methods and characterized. With each... 

    Wear-Resistant Nickel-Titanium Nitride Composite Coating by Electrochemical Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Parhizkar, Nafise (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Metal matrix nanocomposites contains ceramic ultrafine particles in a metal matrix, are used to improve the mechanical properties such as hardness and wear of coatings. For developing metal matrix nanocomposites, there are many methods. Electrochemical deposition process is one of these methods that have some advantages like uniform depositions on substrates with complex shapes, low cost, good repeatability and reducing waste. In this project, for increasing the hardness and wear resistance of nickel, composite coatings of nickel - titanium nitride was created by using electrochemical deposition of Watts bath contained titanium nitride particles. In order to increase the amount of... 

    Nickel Nano Particles Pulse Electrodeposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Afsari, Maryam (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Syntheses of coats including nickel nano-particles by electrodeposition have been
    investigated for over 10 years. A method of testing according to surface reply was chosen
    to reveal the effect of each pulse parameters (including duty cycle, frequency, average
    current density, off time (toff) and on time (ton)) and the effect of saccharin concentration
    on electroplating cathode efficiency, nanostructure. Pulse electroplating test of nickel was
    composed by 30 tests. Pulse electroplating with relatively high peak current density was
    employed and saccharine was added to increase deposition and rate of nickel nucleation on
    surface. According to the results of cathode... 

    Investigation of Palladium Growth on Nanostructured Tungsten Oxide Films

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tahmasebi Garavand, Nemat (Author) ; Mahdavi, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor)
    We have studied making and characterization of gasochromic thin films that are used as gas sensors. Gasochromic films consist of an electronchromic layer and a catalyst layer. Addition of palladium to the surface , increased the sensitivity and decreased the working temperature. The used electrochromic layer was tungsten oxide. WO3 films were fabricated by (PLD) method. The substrates were slide glasses. Structure, morphology and composite of tungsten oxide and optical property of films depend on condition of deposition. The pressure of oxygen gas in chamber and temperature of substrate are two factors that can affect in deposition. We can make layers with different morphology by variation... 

    Experimental and Modeling Investigation of the Near Wellbore Asphaltene Deposition Damage Removal by Ultrasonic Waves

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Keshavarzi, Behnam (Author) ; Ghotbi, Cyrus (Supervisor) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Co-Advisor)
    This work concerns with experimental and modeling investigation of the asphaltene damage removal using ultrasonic wave irradiation. A specific core holder apparatus was designed and utilized for in situ ultrasonic exposure to damaged core plug at different conditions of exposure time, ultrasound power and distances between sound source and plug. Injection of many pore volumes of an asphaltenic crude oil was used for creating asphaltene induced damaged in porous media through permeability measurements. The deposited asphaltene during oil injection as well as asphaltene removal due to ultrasonic exposure was evaluated using IP-143 analysis. The results revealed that ultrasound application... 

    Modeling and Analysis of the Powder Deposition Mechanisms of Selective Laser Sintering Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shakiba, Abdorreza (Author) ; Movahedi, Mohamad Reza (Supervisor)
    Selective laser sintering is a technique which uses a laser as the power source to sintering some selected points at a bed of powder in order to create a solid structure. In this research the SLS mechanisms of powder deposition is simulated and surface smoothness and layer density created by each mechanism is computed. For this purpose roller, blade and hopper mechanisms are simulated. For this simulation, polyamide 12 (PA2200) which is a common material is used. In this simulation at first powder specifications are extracted according to the references and for particle shape instead of using the spherical particle shape we use a certain shape that is more close to reality which created by... 

    Modeling and Improving the Thickness Distribution in Vacuum Coating System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Chaghazardi, Zahra (Author) ; Rashidian, Bizhan (Supervisor)
    In the fabrication of semiconductor devices, uniformity of thin films has many important influences on optical and electrical properties of the device. many attempts have been done on the enhancement of the uniformity of thin films so far. In this thesis, first the effect of angular variation of source with respect to the target on uniformity in the evaporation coating system has been studied, then an in situ positioning system for substrate has been designed and fabricated. After finding the thickness’s profile for Ag and Cu in Electron Beam Gun system, we studied the motion pattern of the target for improving the uniformity. This positioning system can be used to any coating systems. in... 

    Modeling of Asphaltene Deposition in Flow Lines Considering Pressure and Temperature Drop

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Eyni, Leila (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahabeddin (Supervisor) ; Assareh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Crude oil is made up of dozens of chemicals which based on their structural similarity, SARA test separate it into four categories: saturates, aromatics, resins and asphaltene. Asphaltenes are recognized as the largest, heaviest and the most polarizable fraction of the crude oil which are in thermodynamic equilibrium with oil at reservoir conditions. Each of the physical, chemical, electrical or mechanical disruption of this balance during production can result in instability and asphaltene precipitation may occur and eventually led to deposition in the reservoir, wells, pipelines, etc. Due to the fact that most changes in temperature and pressure will generated in the wells, thus... 

    Dynamic Modeling and Experimental Study of Asphaltene Deposition in Wellbore Considering Mechanism of Precipitation, Aggregation and Deposition

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Salehzadeh, Marziyeh (Author) ; Ghotbi, Cyrus (Supervisor) ; Dabir, Bahram (Co-Supervisor) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Co-Supervisor)
    Efforts to identify, predict, and resolve problems linked to asphaltenes and flow assurance have resulted in the development of numerous laboratory and modelling techniques. However, there has been little research on the molecular structure of asphaltenes and how it relates to solubility, stability, aggregation, and deposition behavior. Not only was a thorough structural analysis of asphaltene extracted from three samples of light, medium, and heavy oil performed in this study, but medium oil asphaltene was also fractionated into three sub-fractions based on solubility, with minimum, medium, and maximum solubility, and each subfraction was subjected to a structural analysis. All asphaltene... 

    Three Phase Modeling of Fluid Flow in the Well Tubing to predict Asphaltene Deposition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehdipour, Hossein (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahaboddin (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, by focusing on the hydraulics of three phase flow in vertical tubing to investigate asphaltene deposition problem, the solid particles behaviors in a turbulent flow is fully studied. Reasonable size distribution for particles (based on previous works and researches) was assumed and a model for 2 sections of a Marrat oil field well to evaluate their asphaltene deposition problem was developed. Three phase liquid-gas-solid flow in the well tubing was simulated. Asphaltene deposition profile on the well tubing, mean and maximum of the deposition rate and particle concentrations in the flow regime were calculated and compared with real field data. Better agreement with field data... 

    Modeling of Asphaltene Transport and Deposition under the Effect of Flow Regime in Production oil well

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahnama Esfahani, Masoud (Author) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Co-Supervisor)
    Asphaltene deposition, considered as the heaviest and the most polarizable fraction of crude oil, can cause severe problems in oil production and extraction systems. Oil production companies annually bear huge reduction or even cessation in production and, in turn, costs due to asphaltene precipitation and deposition in wellbore or production tubings. To gain more and better insight into asphaltene formation in production systems, the conceptual investigation on the mechanisms of asphaltene adsorption and deposition on a solid surface is indispensable. In this study Asphaltene's particle adsorption and deposition onto the metal surface under the effect of flow is investigated by experimental... 

    Electrophoretic Deposition of TiO2 Nanoparticles and Fiber for DSC Application

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shooshtari, Leyla (Author) ; Taghavinia, Nima (Supervisor)
    Dye Sensitized Solar cell (DSC) is the third class of solar cell, which consists of a nanocrystalline, mesoporous of semiconductor(The best one is Tio2), covered with a monolayer of dye molecules, platinum coated on FTO as a counter electrode and a redox electrolyte. This Photovoltaic cell which is promising low-cost materials, works on electron separation of dye molecule, and electron injection to semiconductor’s conduction photo- electrode structure and its porosity is affected the DSC’s performance. Recently, use of electrophoretic deposition (EPD) for TiO2 electrode (which best found for photo-electrode in DSC) fabrication has gained increased interests. In this method charged particles... 

    Electrophoretic Deposition of Titanium Dioxide for Fabrication of Photoanode of Dye Sensitized Solar Cell

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sedighi, Rahime (Author) ; Taghavinia, Nima (Supervisor)
    This research is focused on fabrication of TiO2 layers by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) for application as photoanode in Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSC). DSCs are third generation of solar cells, also known as the Grätzel cell, after its inventor Michael Grätzel. A DSC is composed of a porous layer of wide band gap semiconductor such as TiO2 and ZnO, covered with a molecular dye that absorbs sunlight, and a counter electrode contacted by a liquid redox electrolyte. Dye Sensitized semiconductor (photoanode) has important role in conversion of photon to electricity. To achieve higher efficiency, preparation of photoanode with high surface area resulted to enough dye adsorption is necessary.... 

    Electrophoretic Deposition of (Mn,Co)3O4 Spinel Coating for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Interconnects

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirzaei, Mohamad Mahdi (Author) ; Faghihi Sani, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor) ; Simchi, Abdol Reza (Supervisor)
    Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is one of the promising candidates for clean energy production. Due to the high operating temperature of SOFC, a protective coating is commonly applied on the surface of interconnects to prevent oxidation. In this study, electrophoretic deposition was employed to prepare a manganese-cobalt spinel coating on the surface of ferritic stainless steel (AISISAE430) substrates. MnCo2O4 powder with an average particle size of 60 nm was utilized and the sintering behavior of the coatings at different temperatures was studied. Non-isothermal and isothermal sintering behavior of the powder compacts were examined by employing a sensitive dilatometer. Master sintering curve... 

    Synthesize and Characterization of 2D WS2 Nano-layers for Next Generation Optoelectronic Devices

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmani Taji Boyuk, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Transition Metal Dichalcogenids (TMD) are types of 2D materials that exibit wide range of electronic, optical, mechanical, chemical, and thermal properties. These materials with MX2 general formula, have atract attentions with respect to their unusual properties because of their very limited dimensions. Their tunable properties and materials availibility make them attractive for wide range of applications. In recent years, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods are promising in preparing high quality TMD with scalable size, controllable thickness, and very excellent electronic properties. Also, chalenges are remaining in synthesis and transfering of TMD are difficulty for most of... 

    Chemical Vapor Processing of 2D MoS2 Nanolayers for Next Generation Inoptoelectronic Devices: Characterization and Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sovizi, Saeed (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Quite a few methods have been reported to synthesize monolayer MoS2, which has recently attracted scientist attentions. Fully controlled conditions, however, have not been achieved in these methods. In this research, two-dimensional MoS2 nanofilms have been synthesized by Chemical Vaper Deposition (CVD). Layer thickness of synthesized layer and effects of various parameters of used method have been investigated. Although every scientist synthesizes 2D MoS2 at 650°C in the CVD method by using seeds, in this research, it has been proved that MoS2 nanofilms can be produced at 575°C without using any seeds, which leads to lower consumption of time and price and increases the quality of... 

    Functional Design of a Coating System for the Telescope Mirrors, A Recognition to Telescope of Iranian National Observatory

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahdizadeh, Sajjad (Author) ; Moshfegh, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Khosroshahi, Habib (Co-Advisor)
    Functional design of coating system for the primary mirror of the Iranian National Observatory (INO) is done. This telescope has a 3.4 m primary mirror in diameter, made of Zerodur from Schott. Although similar coating systems are in use since years ago, this is the first attempt to design a system for such a large surface case in Iran. Systematic approach led us first to clarify and identifying the design requirements. Lower limit of 80% for reflectance on all wavelength range from 325-1000 nm, thickness of 100 nm with un-uniformity of 5 nm, adhesion enough to pass the selotape test and surface roughness of less than 8 nm. Study of the available methods for coating and selection of the best... 

    Designing a Continuous Photo-reactor using Semiconductor Nanoparticles for Wastewater Treatment

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Mohammad Moein (Author) ; Rashtchian, Davood (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    In First part, the electrophoretic deposition method was utilized to immobilize TiO2 particles on stainless steel substrates. In addition, for the first time, statistics-based experimental design using response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to investigate the effect of four key coating parameters (i.e. applied voltage, calcination temperature, photocatalyst weight percentage, and deposition time) on the photocatalytic degradation. Analysis of variance revealed that the proposed model was adequate. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to evaluate the effects of the parameters on degradation efficiency. The optimum applied voltage, calcination...