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    Iteration Control in Design Process

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Soltan Mohammad, Bahram (Author) ; Malaek, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The main goal of this research is to reduce aircraft design cycle period, by reducing the necessary number of design cycle iterations. The Design cycle period is one of the main characteristics of the design process and design cycle iterations play a major role in the design cycle period. To achieve the above mentioned goal, we present a mathematical model of iterations for the aircraft design process. This model describes the design coupled tasks as a discrete-linear time invariant dynamic system. This model also helps identify tasks which are the most important for generating iterations. This new method basically helps break information cycles that create iterations among important tasks.... 

    Design of a Model Airplane with Fluidic Thrust Vectoring Control

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hedayatzadeh Razavi, Alireza (Author) ; Saghafi, Fariborz (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Thrust vector control as a method toward increasing of the aircrafts’ maneuverability and expanding the flight envelope into poor aerodynamic conditions, is considered a major field of academic and industrial appeal. Older methods based upon an approach of utilizing a mechanical instrument, impose quite a large amount of cost onto the design, prototyping and operation of the aircraft, even though they lead to improve in maneuverability. Having taken these setbacks into account, to simplify the manufacturing process and to reduce the thrust losses due to mechanical control of the thrust vector, the direction of research was set toward realizing and employing the flow control procedures. In... 

    Application of Endurance Time Method in Seismic Evaluation of Existing Steel Buildings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bazmooneh, Amir Ali (Author) ; Esmaeil Pourestekanchi, Homayun (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This study has been carried out for investigating the need for an appropriate and fast seismic analysis method to be applied in performance based design (PBD), and show the application of Endurance Time (ET) method and it’s advantages in PBD. Necessary theories were generated in hazard analysis, bi-directional seismic analysis, introduction of dynamic push-over curve and application. As a secondary goal, potential of this method in more complicated nonlinear domains is assessed. Application of ET and its advantages in PBD is shown with an example of SMF, NDCBF, CBF and BRBF building after modeling nonlinear interactional behavior of beams and columns, and also modeling buckling and... 

    Solving the Bus Rapid Transit Network Design Problem with Ant System Algorithm (in Realistic Urban Network)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kishani, Najme (Author) ; Poorzahedy, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Network design problem (NDP) is an important problem in transportation planning, in which transit network design is one the most important problems. Public transportation means, however, can not meet urban mobility needs in the developing countries satisfactorily. Bus services are usually unsuitable, insufficient, and unreliable. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, is an emerging public transport alternative designed to provide appropriate, low cost, and effective services, and improve mobility in both developed and developing countries. To design public transportation systems, existing constraints such as resources and budget have to be considered to serve estimated demand properly. Bus Rapid... 

    Preparation and Surface Modification of PC Membranes for Gas Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sedghi, Saeed (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Goodarznia, Iraj (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The gas separation properties of polycarbonate (PC) membranes were investigated in this study. These membranes were prepared via dry and dry-wet phase inversion technique. Pure O2, N2, and CO2 gases were permeated through prepared membranes. The effects of membrane preparation conditions, including solvent type, non-solvent type, non-solvent/solvent volumetric ratio, polymer weight fraction, and drying temperature on the gas separation properties of dry PC membranes were investigated using Taguchi experimental design. Taguchi analysis show that polymer weight fraction offers the most important effect on the separation characteristics of the dry PC membranes. To get the highest... 

    Investigation and Modeling of Effective Phenomena in Marine Towed Cables Vibration Isolation Module

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghorashi Khalilabadi, Hassan (Author) ; Durali, Mohamad (Supervisor) ; Saadat Foomani, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In This project the most important phenomena for design of Vibration Isolation Module is investigated and modeled. These isolators are used in mooring Arrays. One of the most important problems in design of these isolators is lacking of suitable information in resources. Vortex Induced Vibration in Towed Cable and Flutter of Drogue are the most important source of vibrations. They are modeled and frequency band for a typical Sonar Array is calculated. Then by investigating of Normal and Tangantional Vibration in towed cables, it was found that normal vibration is damped, so the Isolators must be damped transactional vibrations. Before final design, for better understanding of the problems... 

    Proposing an Optimized Controller Mechanism of a CNC Machine Tool and Analyzing its Kinematic and Dynamic Characteristics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rastkar, Siavash (Author) ; Zohoor, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis a 2-3PRS hybrid mechanism is presented. This manipulator is consisted of two serially connected parallel 3PRS mechanisms, each mechanism has three degrees of freedom, so that the overall degrees of freedom of the manipulator are six. The relations for position, velocity and acceleration of the mechanism in both forward and inverese kinematics are derived and then singular points are determined. After that, the inverse dynamic equations for one of the 3PRS mechanisms are derived through the Newton-Euler and aslo Lagrange approach and the results are verified. Then the derived Newton-Euler equations are implemented for inverse and forward dynamics of the hybrid manipulator. The... 

    Evalution of Demand Modifier Factor "M" in FEMA 356 for Steel Structures Under Far-Field Earthquakes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bagheri Karimi, Sara (Author) ; Rahimzadeh Rofooei, Fayyaz (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Continuous improvement of the existing seismic design codes and regulations clearly shows the need for evaluation and probable retrofitting of the existing building structures. A large amount of literature has been produced on different topics related to retrofitting including FEMA 273, ATC 40, FEMA356 and most recently the draft of FEMA 440. On the other hand, it has been long recognized that the response of buildings to strong ground shaking caused by earthquakes results in inelastic behavior. Until recently, most structural analysis techniques devised for practical application relied on linear procedures to predict the seismic response of the building structures. But due to various... 

    Loading and Design Considerations of Strutures Under Tsunami

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golabi, Alireza (Author) ; Khalu, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    A tsunami is a series of tides most commonly caused by the deformation of the sea floor during a submarine earthquake. They are extremely long waves with the distance between successive peaks or troughs on the order of 10’s to 100’s of miles. They are also generated by landslides, volcanic eruptions or more rarely by asteroid impact. These causes change in location on the surface of the water which in turn creates numerous waves that spread out from the zone of turbulence. Few current design codes for coastal structures include tsunami. Even those that do, the bases for taking the hydrodynamic loads into the design are often grossly simplified and may be overly conservation and/or... 

    Efficiency of Post-Tensioning Approach in Design of Bridge

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahbazian, Ashkan (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Post-tensioning is the most versatile form of prestressing, a technique which enables engineers to make the most effective use of the material properties of concrete, and so to design structural elements which are strong, slender, and efficient. Design of post-tensioned concrete structures is not difficult and, if done properly can contribute significantly to the economy and the aesthetic qualities of a structure. Post-tensioned building floors and bridge girders have found widespread use in office buildings, parking structures and bridges. They are also frequently employed in warehouses and public buildings. Now a days bridges and other type of structures, in many countries are designed... 

    Design of Airport Control Tower Structures Located in Seismic Zones

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hakimi Toroghi, Amir (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Airport Traffic Control Towers (ATCTs) are among the most critical structures in an airport that are expected to keep their level of serviceability after severe strong earthquakes. Therefore analysis and design of these structures need a detailed investigation on the seismic behavior of the structure based on the structural characteristics. In this study three different existing reinforced concrete ATCTs have been investigated. As important parameters of earthquake design of structures, response modification factor (R-factor) of these towers will be determined. R-factor reduces elastic force level to design force level and contains the effect of ductility, overstrength. In Iranian seismic... 

    Finite Element Modeling of Replaceable Steel Coupling Beam in Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Arabshahi, Siamak (Author) ; Khalu, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Using mixed building system of structural steel and reinforced concrete improves the resistance of the structure in comparison with using either material alone. Coupled shear walls is one of these new systems. Coupled shear walls by definition is a series of walls coupled by beams as a central core structure with opening to accommodate doors, elevator wells, windows and corridors. Coupled shear walls can provide an efficient structural system to resist horizontal force due to axial and seismic loads. One type of coupled beams is Steel Coupling Beams (SCB) which consists of steel beams and reinforced concrete shear walls which represents a cost and time-effective type of construction. Some... 

    Feasibility Study of a Production Plant for Prefabricated Components of Building Structures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rafat, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Mostafavi, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    According to authorities and statistical figures, Iran is seriously facing insufficient housing crisis. Studies show that through an increase of 1.5 million units in annual housing construction capacity, this crisis will be overcome in 5 years. Although successful execution of such a big project is not unprecedented in the world, housing experts believe fulfillment of this plan through traditional method of construction in the country is impossible. The country's capacity of industrialized construction which is known as the remedy, is only limited to 2-3% of total construction. Thus development of this approach through financial, legal, ... supports of investment in prefabrication... 

    Design of Tensegrity Structure as Supporting Structure of Mesh-Like Deployable Antenna for use in Micro-Satellites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Talebi, Behnam (Author) ; Abedian, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Deployable structures have been used on small satellites since the beginning of such space programmes. Here, the design sequence for a special tensegrity structure, for use as supporting structure for deployable mesh-like antenna will be proposed. The design process is conducted to prevent structural elements from failure, and satisfy the minimum specified natural frequency. In this research, structural modeling is performed based on two external geometric parameters (overall height and diameter), and three internal geometric parameters (elements cross-section properties). The pre-stress in structural element is the last design parameter. Also, materials are pre-assigned. Internal forces of... 

    Using Design Patterns for Transforming Real-World Models

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yaghoubi Shahir, Hamed (Author) ; Ramsin, Raman (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Software modeling is one of the most important activities in the Software Engineering domain. Models provide an abstract view of the system, thereby facilitating their understandability and resolving the complexities and problems involved. Indeed, models can be considered as a roadmap for achieving the goal of producing software-intensive systems. The aim of real-world modeling is to identify real-world entities, their interactions, and the constituent activities. Real-World Models are tangible to all stakeholders and provide them with an overall view of the Problem Domain. Therefore, many software development methodologies are based on modeling the real world. In some of these... 

    Design and Simulation (& Manufacturing) of A Micro-Gyroscope

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soltani, Arman (Author) ; Akbari, Javad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, microgyroscopes are among the most important products of MEMS. The production of small, precise and inexpensive gyroscopes has become possible as the result of recent developments in fabrication technology. In this thesis it is intended to introduce a new method for manufacturing more precise microgyroscopes regarding manufacture facilities. Using this new method, sensitivity and resistance of microgyroscopes are increased against noises which are primarily caused by vibration and rotation about undesirable axes. The rotational movement imposed on the gyro is detected through fluid flow within its torus channel. This transformation facilitates the measurement of the initial motion.... 

    Comparing Meta-Heuristic Algorithms for Solving Transportation Network Design Problem

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farivar, Saeedeh (Author) ; Zokaei Aashtiani, Hedayat (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Discrete network design problem is selecting a set of feasible projects among a set of candidate projects, considering a budget constraint in which user's cost is being minimized. Network design problem is one of the complicated problems in transportation science, since it is a bi-level problem in which the lower level is a traffic assignment problem and the upper level is finding the best set of arcs. Meta-heuristic algorithms can be used to solve this problem. Although, there is no guarantee to find the optimal solution by Meta-heuristic algorithms, but they find good solutions in short times. The purpose of this study is comparing the efficiency of three Meta-heuristic algorithms for... 

    Identifying the Effective Factors on Corporate Venturing as a Growth Strategy Path

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ashkewari, Fedra (Author) ; Modarres, Abdolhamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, effective factors on corporate venturing are identified. These factors are categorized in three main groups including “corporate venturing objectives”, “Parent factors” and “Venture factores”. After examining the framework and decision making boundaries, the developed model identifies different corporate venturing types and in the next stage, these types are clusterd and labled. Specifically, this research makes a difference between two phases of “initating” the ventures and “designing” them. Based on the logic that different types of ventures need different types of designing and structuring, influencing parameters on designing corporate ventures are identified as a... 

    Optimal Design of Feeding System in Steel Castings

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Tavakoli, Ruhollah (Author) ; Davami, Parviz (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    n the present study, the optimal design of feeding system in steel sand-mold castings is considered. The first part of this research includes fundamental studies on the physics of shrinkage defect formation during the casting process. The results of these studies lead to new findings on the mechanism of shrinkage defect formation, effect of melt quality on the distribution of defects within the castings and the connection between shrinkage and gases defects. The theoretical analysis of thermal criterion functions for the prediction of shrinkage defects in castings and introducing new criterion function with fewer shortcomings can be accounted as the other finding of this part. A new model... 

    Numerical Modeling of Dynamic Compaction Operation in Sandy Soils Deposits in Order to Provide a Design Approach

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahangiri, Ghodrat (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Dynamic compaction is a widely used soil deep improvement method in dry and/or saturated soils. Despite its vast application, numerical and /or experimental modeling studies of dynamic compaction due to impact are little. In order to clarify the ambiguities in process and to present a comprehensive design approach, numerical modeling of dynamic compaction in dry soils with PISA (A fully coupled dynamic finite element code: Program for Incremental Stress Analysis) has been done. Because the geometry and loading configuration are symmetric around the falling tamper (load centerline), a two-dimensional axisymmetric simulation has been used. Here for sake of simplicity, initial velocity of...