Search for: dimeticone
0.006 seconds

    Modeling, simulation, and employing dilution–dialysis microfluidic chip (DDMC) for heightening proteins refolding efficiency

    , Article Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering ; Volume 41, Issue 5 , 2018 , Pages 707-714 ; 16157591 (ISSN) Kashanian, F ; Masoudi, M. M ; Shamloo, A ; Habibi Rezaei, M ; Moosavi Movahedi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Miniaturized systems based on the principles of microfluidics are widely used in various fields, such as biochemical and biomedical applications. Systematic design processes are demanded the proper use of these microfluidic devices based on mathematical simulations. Aggregated proteins (e.g., inclusion bodies) in solution with chaotropic agents (such as urea) at high concentration in combination with reducing agents are denatured. Refolding methods to achieve the native proteins from inclusion bodies of recombinant protein relying on denaturant dilution or dialysis approaches for suppressing protein aggregation is very important in the industrial field. In this paper, a modeling approach is... 

    Unraveling cancer metastatic cascade using microfluidics-based technologies

    , Article Biophysical Reviews ; Volume 14, Issue 2 , 2022 , Pages 517-543 ; 18672450 (ISSN) Hakim, M ; Kermanshah, L ; Abouali, H ; Hashemi, H. M ; Yari, A ; Khorasheh, F ; Alemzadeh, I ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2022
    Cancer has long been a leading cause of death. The primary tumor, however, is not the main cause of death in more than 90% of cases. It is the complex process of metastasis that makes cancer deadly. The invasion metastasis cascade is the multi-step biological process of cancer cell dissemination to distant organ sites and adaptation to the new microenvironment site. Unraveling the metastasis process can provide great insight into cancer death prevention or even treatment. Microfluidics is a promising platform, that provides a wide range of applications in metastasis-related investigations. Cell culture microfluidic technologies for in vitro modeling of cancer tissues with fluid flow and the... 

    Gut-on-a-chip: Current progress and future opportunities

    , Article Biomaterials ; Volume 255 , 2020 Ashammakhi, N ; Nasiri, R ; Barros, N. R. D ; Tebon, P ; Thakor, J ; Goudie, M ; Shamloo, A ; Martin, M. G ; Khademhosseni, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Organ-on-a-chip technology tries to mimic the complexity of native tissues in vitro. Important progress has recently been made in using this technology to study the gut with and without microbiota. These in vitro models can serve as an alternative to animal models for studying physiology, pathology, and pharmacology. While these models have greater physiological relevance than two-dimensional (2D) cell systems in vitro, endocrine and immunological functions in gut-on-a-chip models are still poorly represented. Furthermore, the construction of complex models, in which different cell types and structures interact, remains a challenge. Generally, gut-on-a-chip models have the potential to... 

    Brain-on-a-chip: Recent advances in design and techniques for microfluidic models of the brain in health and disease

    , Article Biomaterials ; Volume 285 , 2022 ; 01429612 (ISSN) Amirifar, L ; Shamloo, A ; Nasiri, R ; de Barros, N. R ; Wang, Z. Z ; Unluturk, B. D ; Libanori, A ; Ievglevskyi, O ; Diltemiz, S. E ; Sances, S ; Balasingham, I ; Seidlits, S. K ; Ashammakhi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Recent advances in biomaterials, microfabrication, microfluidics, and cell biology have led to the development of organ-on-a-chip devices that can reproduce key functions of various organs. Such platforms promise to provide novel insights into various physiological events, including mechanisms of disease, and evaluate the effects of external interventions, such as drug administration. The neuroscience field is expected to benefit greatly from these innovative tools. Conventional ex vivo studies of the nervous system have been limited by the inability of cell culture to adequately mimic in vivo physiology. While animal models can be used, their relevance to human physiology is uncertain and... 

    Silane functionalization of nanodiamond for polymer nanocomposites-effect of degree of silanization

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 506 , 2016 , Pages 254-263 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Hajiali, F ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2016
    The silanization of nanodiamond (ND) was successfully carried out by using the esterification reaction of hydrolyzed vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTS) in alcoholic solution. The surface carboxylic group of ND was first enhanced by thermal oxidation to increase the degree of esterification reaction. The extent of silane functionalization of ND was controlled by varying the weight ratio of VTS and oxidized ND (oxND), from 2:1 to 10:1 (w/w) in the functionalization reaction medium. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the highest degree of silanization occurred at VTS/oxND of 5:1 (w/w), while more silane concentrations resulted in... 

    Roles of metal, ligand and post synthetic modification on metal organic frameworks to extend their hydrophobicity and applicability toward ultra–trace determination of priority organic pollutants

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1125 , 2020 , Pages 231-246 Javanmardi, H ; Abbasi, A ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Implementation of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) in the separation science has attracted many researchers attention. In this study, the role of metal, ligand, the reaction condition and modification on the extraction efficiency of some MOFs was investigated. Among the prevalent reported MOFs, some members of the MIL and MOF–5 families were chosen, and eleven MOF–based sorbents were prepared by changing the metal and ligand type, reaction condition, and/or functionality through post synthetic modification (PSM). MIL–101 and MIL–101–NH2 based structures were initially synthesized based on the chromium and iron salts. Also, three zinc–based structures including MOF–5, [NH2(CH3)2]2... 

    In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 742 , 2012 , Pages 17-21 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Es haghi, A ; Baghernejad, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    A method based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) followed by on-fiber derivatization and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS) for determination of phenol in air was developed. Three different types of SPME fibers, polar and non-polar poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were synthesized using sol-gel technology and their feasibility to the sampling of phenol were investigated. Different derivatization reagents for post on-fiber derivatization of phenol were studied. Important parameters influencing the extraction and derivatization process such as type of fiber coating, type and volume of derivatizing reagent, derivatization time and temperature,... 

    Cell shape affects nanoparticle uptake and toxicity: An overlooked factor at the nanobio interfaces

    , Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 531 , 2018 , Pages 245-252 ; 00219797 (ISSN) Farvadi, F ; Ghahremani, M. H ; Hashemi, F ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Raoufi, M ; Zanganeh, S ; Atyabi, F ; Dinarvand, R ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2018
    Hypothesis: It is now being increasingly accepted that cells in their native tissue show different morphologies than those grown on a culture plate. Culturing cells on the conventional two-dimensional (2D) culture plates does not closely resemble the in vivo three-dimensional (3D) structure of cells which in turn seems to affect cellular function. This is one of the reasons, among many others, that nanoparticles uptake and toxicology data from 2D culture plates and in vivo environments are not correlated with one another. In this study, we offer a novel platform technology for producing more in vivo-like models of in vitro cell culture. Experiments: The normal fibroblast cells (HU02) were... 

    Towards greater mechanical, thermal and chemical stability in solid-phase microextraction

    , Article TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 34 , 2012 , Pages 126-138 ; 01659936 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Piri-Moghadam, H ; Naderi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) is a fast, solvent-free technique, which, since its introduction in the 1990s, has been increasingly applied to sample preparation in analytical chemistry. Conventional SPME fibers are fabricated by making a physical bond between the usual silica substrate and the polymeric coatings. However, some applications are limited, as the lifetime and the stability of conventional SPME fibers cannot meet the demands of analyzing relatively non-volatile compounds with more polar moieties. There have been attempts to analyze less volatile compounds by increasing the thermal, physical and chemical stability of the fibers. In this review, we present some new... 

    Fabrication and characterization of low-cost, bead-free, durable and hydrophobic electrospun membrane for 3D cell culture

    , Article Biomedical Microdevices ; Volume 19, Issue 4 , 2017 ; 13872176 (ISSN) Moghadas, H ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Kiyoumarsioskouei, A ; Trung Nguyen, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper reports the fabrication of electrospun polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes/scaffolds that are suitable for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture. Through modification the ratio between PDMS and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) as carrier polymer, we report the possibility of increasing PDMS weight ratio of up to 6 for electrospinning. Increasing the PDMS content increases the fiber diameter, the pore size, and the hydrophobicity. To our best knowledge, this is the first report describing beads-free, durable and portable electrospun membrane with maximum content of PDMS suitable for cell culture applications. To show the proof-of-concept, we successfully cultured epithelial lung... 

    A novel sol-gel-based amino-functionalized fiber for headspace solid-phase microextraction of phenol and chlorophenols from environmental samples

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 616, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 49-55 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Babanezhad, E ; Khalilian, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel amino-functionalized polymer was synthesized using 3-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl amine (TMSPA) as precursor and hydroxy-terminated polydimethylsiloxane (OH-PDMS) by sol-gel technology and coated on fused-silica fiber. The synthesis was designed in a way to impart polar moiety into the coating network. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of this new coating showed the homogeneity and the porous surface structure of the film. The efficiency of new coating was investigated for headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) of some environmentally important chlorophenols from aqueous samples followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Effect of different... 

    Sol-gel-based SPME and GC-MS for trace determination of geosmin in water and apple juice samples

    , Article Chromatographia ; Volume 66, Issue 9-10 , 2007 , Pages 779-783 ; 00095893 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Aghakhani, A ; EsHaghi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) method was developed for the trace determination of geosmin in water and apple juice samples. A poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) fiber was synthesized as coated fiber using sol-gel methodology. After performing the extraction in the headspace, the fiber was introduced directly into the injection port of a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using electron impact (EI) ionization mode. One-at-the-time optimization strategy was applied to investigate and optimize important extraction parameters such as extraction temperature and time, ionic strength, headspace volume, and desorption temperature and time. The analytical data exhibited an... 

    Sol-gel-based solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination of dextromethorphan and dextrorphan in human plasma

    , Article Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Volume 818, Issue 2 , 2005 , Pages 147-157 ; 15700232 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Eshaghi, A ; Rouini, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel solid-phase microextraction (SPME) method was developed for isolation of dextromethorphan (DM) and its main metabolite dextrorphan (DP) from human plasma followed by GC-MS determination. Three different polymers, poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), poly(ethylenepropyleneglycol) monobutyl ether (Ucon) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were synthesized as coated fibers using sol-gel methodologies. DP was converted to its acetyl-derivative prior to extraction and subsequent determination. The porosity of coated fibers was examined by SEM technique. Effects of different parameters such as fiber coating type, extraction mode, agitation method, sample volume, extraction time, and desorption...