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    Disease diagnosis with a hybrid method SVR using NSGA-II

    , Article Neurocomputing ; Vol. 136 , 2014 , pp. 14-29 Zangooei, M. H ; Habibi, J ; Alizadehsani, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Early diagnosis of any disease at a lower cost is preferable. Automatic medical diagnosis classification tools reduce financial burden on health care systems. In medical diagnosis, patterns consist of observable symptoms and the results of diagnostic tests, which have various associated costs and risks. In this paper, we have experimented and suggested an automated pattern classification method for classifying four diseases into two classes. In the literature on machine learning or data mining, regression and classification problems are typically viewed as two distinct problems differentiated by continuous or categorical dependent variables. There are endeavors to use regression methods to... 

    DNA impedance biosensor for detection of cancer, TP53 gene mutation, based on gold nanoparticles/aligned carbon nanotubes modified electrode

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Vol. 836, issue , July , 2014 , p. 34-44 ; ISSN: 00032670 Fayazfar, H ; Afshar, A ; Dolati, M ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    For the first time, a new platform based on electrochemical growth of Au nanoparticles on aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes (A-MWCNT) was developed for sensitive lable-free DNA detection of the TP53 gene mutation, one of the most popular genes in cancer research. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to monitor the sequence-specific DNA hybridization events related to TP53 gene. Compared to the bare Ta or MWCNT/Ta electrodes, the synergistic interactions of vertically aligned MWCNT array and gold nanoparticles at modified electrode could improve the density of the probe DNA attachment and resulting the sensitivity of the DNA sensor greatly. Using EIS, over the extended... 

    Zinc ferrite spinel-graphene in magneto-photothermal therapy of cancer

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry B ; Vol. 2, Issue. 21 , 2014 , p. 3306-3314 Akhavan, O ; Meidanchi, A ; Ghaderi, E ; Khoei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A magneto-photothermal therapy for cancer (in vitro photothermal therapy of prostate cancer cells and in vivo photothermal therapy of human glioblastoma tumors in the presence of an external magnetic field) was developed using superparamagnetic zinc ferrite spinel (ZnFe2O4)-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanostructures (with various graphene contents). In vitro application of a low concentration (10 μg mL-1) of the ZnFe 2O4-rGO (20 wt%) nanostructures under a short time period (∼1 min) of near-infrared (NIR) irradiation (with a laser power of 7.5 W cm-2) resulted in an excellent destruction of the prostate cancer cells, in the presence of a magnetic field (∼1 Tesla) used for localizing the... 

    Classification of normal and diseased liver shapes based on spherical harmonics coefficients

    , Article Journal of Medical Systems ; Vol. 38, issue. 5 , April , 2014 ; ISSN: 01485598 Mofrad, F. B ; Zoroofi, R. A ; Tehrani-Fard, A. A ; Akhlaghpoor, S ; Sato, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Liver-shape analysis and quantification is still an open research subject. Quantitative assessment of the liver is of clinical importance in various procedures such as diagnosis, treatment planning, and monitoring. Liver-shape classification is of clinical importance for corresponding intra-subject and inter-subject studies. In this research, we propose a novel technique for the liver-shape classification based on Spherical Harmonics (SH) coefficients. The proposed liver-shape classification algorithm consists of the following steps: (a) Preprocessing, including mesh generation and simplification, point-set matching, and surface to template alignment; (b) Liver-shape parameterization,... 

    Plaque structure affects mechanical stress distribution within blood vessels

    , Article Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, BioMed 2014 ; 2014 , pp. 239-243 Mohseni, M ; Mehboudi, N ; Abdollahi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The main goal of this study is to investigate the effects of plaque structure on its stress distribution. Rupture of plaque causes cerebrovascular diseases which lead to high mortality rates all over the world. Computers are powerful tools to understand the mechanism of plaque rupture. In this study, 3D fluid structure interaction simulation is constructed in ABAQUS 6.13 to clarify the relation between stress distribution of plaque and its structure. A model of common carotid artery with distributed stenosis was chosen for the simulation. To investigate the effects of plaque structure on stress distribution, thickness of fibrous cap and lipid core size were varied in the stenosis.... 

    The Differential Diagnosis of Crohn's Disease and Celiac Disease Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

    , Article Applied Magnetic Resonance ; Volume 45, Issue 5 , May , 2014 , Pages 451-459 Fathi, F ; Kasmaee, L. M ; Sohrabzadeh, K ; Nejad, M. R ; Tafazzoli, M ; Oskouie, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Crohn's disease and celiac disease belong to a group of autoimmune conditions that affect the digestive system, specifically the small intestine. They both attack the digestive tract and share many symptoms. Thus, the discovery of proper methods would be a major step toward differentiating celiac disease from Crohn's disease. The aim of this study was to search for the metabolic biomarkers to differentiate between these two diseases. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR) was employed as the metabolic profiling method to look for serum metabolites that differentiate between celiac disease and Crohn's disease. Classification of celiac disease and Crohn's disease was done... 

    Effect of utilizing a humanoid robot as a therapy-assistant in reducing anger, anxiety, and depression

    , Article 2014 2nd RSI/ISM International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, ICRoM 2014 ; 15- 17 October , 2014 , pp. 748-753 ; ISBN: 9781479967438 Alemi, M ; Meghdari, A ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Moghadam, L. J ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Treatment of cancer involves many invasive procedures that could be a source of distress in kids suffering from cancer. Distress itself can be an important obstacle in patients' acceptance of treatment and their adaptation to it, consequently reducing its efficiency. Distress symptoms, in a spectrum from mild to critical, are shown to be widespread in children struggling with cancer. In recent years to alleviate this psychological condition, researchers have proposed and examined several methods such as relaxation, hypnosis, desensitization, and distraction. This study presents a new approach to explore the impact of utilizing a humanoid robot as a therapy-assistant in dealing with patients'... 

    Disorders of the musculoskeletal system among Tehran, Iranian dentists

    , Article Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain ; Vol. 22, issue. 3 , 2014 , pp. 256-259 ; ISSN: 10582452 Shadmehr, A ; Haddad, O ; Azarnia, S ; Sanamlo, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Objectives: Although dental practitioners are confronted with a number of musculoskeletal disorders, relatively few studies have focused on this profession. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of some musculoskeletal complaints of dentists in Iran. Methods: Four hundred and forty-six dentists in Tehran city, Iran were surveyed to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal problems. We administrated a Persian-language version of the Nordic Questionnaire for this purpose. Results: Data gathered from Iranian dentists showed that most dentists [81%] reported pain in at least one joint. The most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders during the previous 12 months were reported... 

    Minimization of target registration error for vertebra in image-guided spine surgery

    , Article International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery ; Vol. 9, issue. 1 , January , 2014 , p. 29-38 Ershad, M ; Ahmadian, A ; Dadashi Serej, N ; Saberi, H ; Amini Khoiy, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Purpose: The accuracy of pedicle screw placement during image-guided spine surgery (IGSS) can be characterized by estimating the target registration error (TRE). The major factors that influence TRE were identified, minimized, and verified with in vitro experiments. Materials and methods: Computed-tomography- compatible markers are placed over anatomical landmarks of lumbar vertebral segments in locations that are feasible and routinely used in surgical procedures. TRE was determined directly for markers placed on the pedicles of vertebra segments. First, optimum selections of landmarks are proposed for different landmarks according to the minimum achievable TRE values in different... 

    Polymer-functionalized carbon nanotubes in cancer therapy: A review

    , Article Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition) ; Vol. 23, issue. 5 , May , 2014 , p. 387-403 Eskandari, M ; Hosseini, S. H ; Adeli, M ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The increasing importance of nanotechnology in the field of biomedical applications has encouraged the development of new nanomaterials endowed with multiple functions. Novel nanoscale drug delivery systems with diagnostic, imaging and therapeutic properties hold many promises for the treatment of different types of diseases, including cancer, infection and neurodegenerative syndromes. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are both low-dimensional sp2 carbon nanomaterials exhibiting many unique physical and chemical properties that are interesting in a wide range of areas including nanomedicine. Since 2004, CNTs have been extensively explored as drug delivery carriers for the intracellular transport of... 

    1H NMR based metabolic profiling in Crohn's disease by random forest methodology

    , Article Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry ; Vol. 52, issue. 7 , July , 2014 , p. 370-376 Fathi, F ; Majari-Kasmaee, L ; Mani-Varnosfaderani, A ; Kyani, A ; Rostami-Nejad, M ; Sohrabzadeh, K ; Naderi, N ; Zali, M. R ; Rezaei-Tavirani, M ; Tafazzoli, M ; Arefi-Oskouie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present study was designed to search for metabolic biomarkers and their correlation with serum zinc in Crohn's disease patients. Crohn's disease (CD) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract and can be difficult to diagnose using the clinical tests. Thus, introduction of a novel diagnostic method would be a major step towards CD treatment.Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1H NMR) was employed for metabolic profiling to find out which metabolites in the serum have meaningful significance in the diagnosis of CD. CD and healthy subjects were correctly classified using random forest methodology. The classification model for... 

    MRI-PET image fusion based on NSCT transform using local energy and local variance fusion rules

    , Article Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology ; Vol. 38, issue. 4 , 2014 , p. 211-219 Amini, N ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Behnam, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Image fusion means to integrate information from one image to another image. Medical images according to the nature of the images are divided into structural (such as CT and MRI) and functional (such as SPECT, PET). This article fused MRI and PET images and the purpose is adding structural information from MRI to functional information of PET images. The images decomposed with Nonsubsampled Contourlet Transform and then two images were fused with applying fusion rules. The coefficients of the low frequency band are combined by a maximal energy rule and coefficients of the high frequency bands are combined by a maximal variance rule. Finally, visual and quantitative criteria were used to... 

    Ultra-sensitive detection of leukemia by graphene

    , Article Nanoscale ; Vol. 6, issue. 24 , Dec , 2014 , p. 14810-14819 Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Hashemi, E ; Rahighi, R ; Sharif Universit of Technology
    Graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GONPs) with extremely sharp edges (lateral dimensions ∼20-200 nm and thicknesses <2 nm) were applied in extraction of the overexpressed guanine synthesized in the cytoplasm of leukemia cells. The blood serums containing the extracted guanine were used in differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) with reduced graphene oxide nanowall (rGONW) electrodes to develop fast and ultra-sensitive electrochemical detection of leukemia cells at leukemia fractions (LFs) of ∼10-11 (as the lower detection limit). The stability of the DPV signals obtained by oxidation of the extracted guanine on the rGONWs was studied after 20 cycles. Without the guanine extraction, the DPV peaks... 

    Social robots as assistants for autism therapy in Iran: Research in progress

    , Article 2014 2nd RSI/ISM International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, ICRoM 2014 ; Oct , 2014 , p. 760-766 Taheri, A. R ; Alemi, M ; Meghdari, A ; Pouretemad, H. R ; Basiri, N. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Autistic children are often impaired in initiating and responding to Joint Attention. In recent years, there has been an increase in the application of robots in diagnosis and treatment of autism. The purpose of the current research has been primarily to originate the proper therapeutic scenarios and to implement two interactive humanoid robots as therapy assistants in autism treatment in Iran. To this end, the humanoid robots were programmed and teleoperated via Microsoft Kinect Sensor and PhantomOmni Haptic Robot to elicit reactions consisting of imitation of humans by the humanoid robots and vice versa. In this paper, we elaborate on the therapeutic items that we have designed to improve... 

    Hyperthermia-induced protein corona improves the therapeutic effects of zinc ferrite spinel-graphene sheets against cancer

    , Article RSC Advances ; Vol. 4, issue. 107 , 2014 , p. 62557-62565 Hajipour, M. J ; Akhavan, O ; Meidanchi, A ; Laurent, S ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Superparamagnetic zinc ferrite spinel-graphene nanostructures were synthesized as potential therapeutic agents in the magnetic targeted photothermal therapy of cancer and/or drug delivery. The global temperature of the solution and the local temperature at the nanoparticle (NP) surface determine the protein corona composition/content, which in turn affects the biological effects of NPs and the corresponding physiological responses. Therefore, it is rational to hypothesize that spinel-graphene nanostructures may have distinct protein corona compositions and contents, and therapeutic and toxic effects under laser irradiation. To assess this hypothesis, the effects of laser irradiation on the... 

    Dynamic comparison of segmentary scapulohumeral rhythm between athletes with and without impingement syndrome

    , Article Iranian Journal of Radiology ; Vol. 11, issue. 2 , 2014 Taghizadeh Delkhoush, C ; Maroufi, N ; Ebrahimi Takamjani, I ; Farahmand, F ; Shakourirad, A ; Haghani, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: Patients who have shoulder pain usually have compensatory or contributory deviation of shoulder motion during arm elevation. In the traditional scapulohumeral rhythm, the share of the acromioclavicular (AC) and the sternoclavicular (SC) joint movements and also the role of AC internal rotation angle are unknown. Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to measure and compare the segmentary scapulohumeral rhythm (SSHR) during scapular arm elevation at a steady rotational speed in athletes with and without impingement syndrome. Patients and Methods: Using a speedometer, the maximum speed of arm elevation was measured in 21 men in each of the involved and uninvolved groups.... 

    Investigation of brain default network's activation in autism spectrum disorders using group independent component analysis

    , Article 2014 21st Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2014 ; 2014 , p. 177-180 Alizadeh, A ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Deevband, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Autism Spectrum Disorders (ADS), with unknown etiology, is one of the most understudy fields of research worldwide that requires complicated and delicate analytical study methods. The purpose of this study was to compare active regions of Brain Default Mode Network (DMN) using Group Independent Component Analysis (6ICA) among resting state patients with Autism Disorder and healthy subjects. Default Mode Network consists of posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), lateral parietal cortex/angular gyrus retrosplenial cortex, medial prefrontal cortex, superior frontal gyrus, parahippocampal gyrus and temporal lobe shows more prominent activity in passive resting conditions. The diagnosis of autism... 

    Impact of a social humanoid robot as a therapy assistant in children cancer treatment

    , Article Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) ; Volume 8755 , 2014 , Pages 11-22 ; ISSN: 03029743 ; ISBN: 9783319119724 Alemi, M ; Meghdari, A ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Moghadam, L. J ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Treating cancer encompasses many invasive procedures that can be a source of distress in oncology patients. Distress itself can be a major obstruction in the path of acceptance of treatment and the patient's adaptation to it, thereby reducing its efficiency. These distress symptoms have been found to be prevalent in children suffering from cancer, in a spectrum from mild to critical. In the past years in response to this psychological suffering, researchers have proposed and tested several methods such as relaxation, hypnosis, desensitization, and distraction. This paper propounds a new approach by exploring the effect of utilizing a humanoid robot as a therapy-assistive tool in dealing with... 

    Thickness as an important parameter in designing vascular grafts

    , Article 2014 21st Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2014 ; Nov , 2014 , p. 40-43 Mohseni, M ; Shamloo, A ; Samani, S. A ; Dodel, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The main goal of this study is to investigate the role of vascular graft thickness in wall stress gradient in anastomosis region. Atherosclerosis is a common heart disease causes high mortality rates every year. The gold standard treatment of atherosclerosis is replacing with autologous vein extracted from patient's body. Since proper autologous vein is limited, researchers have made efforts to achieve compliance engineered blood vessels. Mechanical stress has great effect on both smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells and it is considered as a stimulus in plaque formation. In this study, we evaluate the role of thickness in wall stress of anastomosis region. For this purpose, two... 

    The effect of conventional immunosuppressive therapy on cytokine serum levels in pemphigus vulgaris patients

    , Article Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology ; Vol. 13, issue. 3 , June , 2014 , p. 174-183 ; 17351502 Mortazavi, H ; Esmaili, N ; Khezri, S ; Khamesipour, A ; Farahani, I. V ; Daneshpazhooh, M ; Rezaei N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune disease, in which the role of Th17 cytokines needs to be further explored. This study was performed to assess serum levels of three interleukins (IL) required for Th17 differentiation (IL-β, IL-6 and IL-23) and two specific Th17 cytokines (IL- 17 and IL-22) in a group of patients with pemphigus vulgaris, at baseline, 3 weeks and 6 months after of treatment. Correlations between anti-desmogleins and cytokines with disease severity as well as the influence of therapy on the above factors were assessed. Forty-three first-admitted pemphigus vulgaris patients with the active disease entered the study, but only 31 completed the study. Forty-five healthy...