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    Scheduling of Retailers Performance in Electrical Energy Markets with Energy Production;Sell in Pool Market; and Demand Response Policies

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gilasi, Yasin (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdy (Supervisor)
    Recent years of capitalism bold role and the competitive environment of variant fields of our life, sparking the idea which considers the electricity (one of the most crucial human requirement) as a commodity of a competitive market to be traded between confident subscribers by easy access. Therefore, by converting the exclusive structure of electricity supply system to a competitive one, some new roles are created to fulfill the electricity generation, transmission and distribution processes. Retail is one of the new roles, defined as a power system restructuring development helper by support of electricity trading, which can be involved in different transactions according to the market... 

    Optimal Distributed Generation Allocation Considering Power Qaulity Indices

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golzari, Hamid (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The demand for independent power generation has been increased in recent years due to the growing demand in distributed networks, losses and power qaulity in power systems. These losses occur in transmission to distribution networks from the generation sites to the end-user loads which have harmonic losses besides fundamental losses.. The non-linear load makes the harmonics flow in the line and create the harmonic losses. However, in a distributed network with several DGs of different types and with all kinds of variable nature loads, an optimal power balance in the system has to be achieved. This optimal objective, which results in minimal energy losses over a specific period of time,... 

    Study and Improvement of Stability of Generator-based Distributed Generation units Inpresence of Large Nonlinear Loads

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Afzali, Kiana (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Hyderogels are hydrophilic polymers with three dimensional network structure, due to their high water absoption, their application to life and industry is increasing from day to day, such as tissue engineering, actuators and sensors, drug delivery and therapeutic treatment. In this project, it has been attempted to produce polyacrylamide/alginate double network hydrogels with the use of graphene oxide nanosheets to indicate that it is possible to combine toughness and self-healing in a hydrogel with the opposite nature of each other. To evaluate mechanical properties, uniaxial tensile test and loading-unloading test were used. The results indicate that increase the weight ratio of acrylamide... 

    Provision of A Framework for Distribution System Expansion Planning Considering Flexibility Requirements for Massive Integration of Renewable Sources

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi-Arpanahi, Sahand (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Ali (Supervisor)
    One of the challenges which increasing penetration of renewable energy sources with variable generation brings is the need for more flexibility in the power system. A promising way to overcome the challenge is to have local sources of the flexibility in distribution level. To this end, we present a new model for multi-stage distribution system expansion planning which jointly considers expanding the network assets and increasing the flexibility at local level by installing conventional dispatchable distributed generator units and energy storage systems. Demand response is also considered as another source of the flexibility which can be utilized by the system operator. Since deviating from... 

    Developing an Efficient Framework for Bidding Strategy of a Technical Virtual Power Plant Considering Network Reliability

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pourghaderi, Niloofar (Author) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)
    Virtual power plant (VPP) aggregates the capacity of many diverse distributed energy resources (DERs); it creates a single operating profile from a composite of the parameters characterizing each DER and can incorporate the impact of the network on aggregated DER output. In modern power systems, technical virtual power plants (TVPPs) play an important role enabling presence of DERs in electricity markets. This thesis addresses the optimal bidding strategy problem of a TVPP that participates in the day-ahead (DA) electricity market. TVPP schedules its energy resources in a manner that maximize its profit in DA market. Hence, the optimal schedule of its resources is achieved. In a proposed... 

    Developing an Efficient Framework for Determining Distributed Locational Marginal Prices (DLMPs) in Active Distribution Systems Based on the Concept of Transactive Energy (TE)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pasban Gajan, Ali (Author) ; Moeini Aghtaei, Moein (Supervisor) ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud (Co-Supervisor)
    Nowdays, due to the growth of micro-grids, the development of dispersed production resources, and increased diversity in subscribers, energy management in modern distribution systems has encountered a lot of complexity. As a result, local electric power markets have attracted the attention of many researchers, due to the many technical and economic benefits. The purpose of these markets is to create competition between the participants and to increase the technical and economic efficiency of the distribution system. The most important challenges for these markets are to increase the technical and economic efficiency of the distribution network, maintain network reliability, protect the... 

    Integrated Control and Power Sharing of Distributed Generators in Islanded and Grid-Connected Microgrids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nokhbehzaeem, Javad (Author) ; Parniani, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    Distributed generation (DG) technologies have achieved an intense progress during the last years. One of the appropriate ways to enter a DG system in the electrical network is through the use of microgrids. Because the majority of DG units are connected to the grid with power electronic converters, specific control strategies have been developed for these converters. Control strategies of DGs in microgrid differ in the grid-connected and the islanded states of operation. Changing the control modes from one state to another requires a reliable islanding detection method, and results in unwanted transients. It is, therefore, desirable to devise an integrated control approach for both states.... 

    Developing an Framework for Efficient Usage of Distributed Generation Expansion Plans in Distribution Network Considering the Effects of Reward-Penalty Mechanism

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirkhaef, Farzan (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Ali (Supervisor)
    Based on codification and implementation of regulations of supporting from development of distributed generation sources, it is expected that in future years, investment in distributed generation scheme will be welcomed by private investors impressively. Under this circumstances, distribution Company will be faced with new chances for improving quality level of their services and optimal management of penalty-reward schemes. Penalty-reward schemes is set by legislator for distribution Company in order to improve their network. One of the pioneer ways is using distributed generators. So first, distribution Companies have to find optimum places for using these generators and in the second step... 

    Robust Hierarchical Control of AC Microgrids

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahdian Dehkordi, Nima (Author) ; Sadati, Naser (Supervisor) ; Hamzeh, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    New nonlinear voltage and current control strategies based on backstepping control and a high-order sliding mode differentiator for microgrid are proposed. The microgrid consists of multiple distributed generation (DG) units with an arbitrary configuration that can be parametrically uncertain or topologically unknown. The proposed method robustly regulates the microgrid voltages and currents in the presence of parametric uncertainties, unmodeled dynamics, load imbalances, and nonlinear loads with harmonic/interharmonic currents. In contrast to existing methods, the proposed method does not need to know the frequency of harmonic and interharmonic current of microgrid loads that lead to the... 

    Geometric-Based Fault Diagnosis in a Grid-Connected Inverter

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mashreghi, Ali (Author) ; Namvar, Mehrzad (Supervisor)
    Inverters are the main utility in transmitting power from distributed generation (DG) systems toward grid and their safe and immune performance has become a major concern among the system designers. In addition to poor power transmittance, faults in inverter can harm other equipment such as DG and local load. Consequently different protections has been considered to increase the reliability of these systems. Some of these protections like fuses and varistors are implemented in the hardware while others are considered in the processor. In the later class of protections, fault detection and isolation (FDI) system has been the subject of intense investigation in inverters over the past two... 

    Distribution System Planning Considering Demand Response Programs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moradi Sarvestani, Sajjad (Author) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, moving toward new technologies and smart grids is a successful way to prevail over distribution system challenges. In the presence of smart grids, demand-side management (DSM) is capable to affect the expansion of network resources. An effective DSM tool is demand response (DR). In this thesis, distribution system planning (DSP) considering DR is presented and the effects of DR on DSP are investigated. This thesis proposes direct load control (DLC) DR which is an incentive-based program (IBP) where a utility offers financial incentives to the customers to control their consumption through installing smart meters and switches. The utility deploys the DR program to reduce network... 

    Using Machine Learning Methods to Determine Extreme Weather-Related Outage Scenarios for Optimal Siting and Sizing of Distributed Generation and Energy Storage Facilities to Enhance Distribution Network Resiliencey

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Yari, Mohammad (Author) ; Hosseini, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Natural disasters such as storms, earthquakes, floods, etc. are among the factors that can damage the elements of the power grid and cause them to leave the grid. The result of these outages will be a widespread power outage, which will create many economic and social problems. Therefore, in recent years, the concept of resiliencey has been introduced in power system studies, which examines the extensive outputs in the network as a result of natural disasters.One way to improve the power system resiliency is to strengthen the network by upgrading existing equipment, installing new equipment, and modifying the operation of the network. Among these, the installation of distributed generation... 

    Composite Distributed Generation and Transmission Expansion Planning Considering Uncertainties, Emission and Security

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lotfi, Amir (Author) ; Hosseini, Hamid (Supervisor)
    During the recent past, due to the increase of electrical energy demand and governmental resources constraints in producing additional capacity in generation, transmission and distribution, privatization and restructuring in electrical industry has been considered. In most of the countries, different parts of electrical industry like generation, transmission and distribution have been separated in order to create competition. Considering these changes, environmental issues, energy growth, investment of private equity in energy generation units and difficulties of transmission lines expansion, DG units have been used in power systems. Moreover, reduction in need of transmission and... 

    Optimal Distributed Generation Allocation and Sizing Considering Operation Indices

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghanbari, Niloofar (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The need for independent power generation has been increased in recent years with the growing demand in micro grid systems. Losses in power systems are unavoidable. These losses occur in transmission to distributionnetworks from the generation sites to the end-user loads. Reduction of power losses has been one of the reasons for engineers to be attracted by micro grid systems which include small size independent power generation units. However, in a micro grid with several DGs of different types and with all kinds of loads of variable nature, an optimal power balance in the system has to be achieved. This optimal objective, which results in minimal energy losses over a specific period of... 

    Technical and Economic Aspects of Operating of Distribution Systems in Presence of Distributed Generation Considering the Uncertainties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbaskhani Davanloo, Arash (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    As electric energy loss in Iran is around 31 percent and 01 percent of this loss is related to the distribution of electric energy, management and operation of distribution network is of high importance. There are different ways for operating the distribution network while decreasing the loss, such as using capacitors, tap changers, energy storing devices, distributed generations, etc. One of the most common ways is to use Network Reconfiguration. In this thesis, daily reconfiguration of a 03-kV 22-bus distribution network is investigated. The objective function consists of cost of energy loss and improvement of voltage profile. Wind turbines are used as the sources of distributed generation... 

    Optimal Network Hardening to Enhance Distribution Networks Resiliency Against Hurricane

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Babak (Author) ; Safdarian, Amir (Supervisor)
    Back then and still now natural calamities have been a serious threat for energy systems. On that front, this thesis constitutes a three-stage mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model to enhance the resilience of power distribution systems to deal with disas-trous events. The proposed model involves in pre-, mid-, and post-event stages. In this con-text, to increase the preparedness of the power distribution system, system operator recon-figures the system by taking benefit of remote-control switches (RCSs), manual switches (MSs), and distributed generations (DGs) before the natural calamity hits. The proposed model contemplates the traveling time of crew teams to the MS sites in order... 

    Hybrid AC/DC Microgrid Planning

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shariat, Maryam (Author) ; Fotouhi Firuzabad, Mahmoud (Supervisor) ; Rajabi Ghahnavie, Abbas (Co-Advisor)
    Nowadays, due to the increasing importance and penetration of microgrids, solving the microgrid optimal sizing problem has become more important. The current utility grid and conventional energy sources are mainly ac, however, increasing rate of the replacement of the ac load with dc load lead to a more efficient dc system. So choosing the optimal type of microgrid as a way to increase efficiency of these systems would be a serious issue. This thesis establishes a planning model which finds the optimal size and type of a microgrid to minimize total cost. Total cost includes investment, operation and reliability cost of the microgrid. Sizes of DGs, converters and transformer linking the... 

    Power Flow Control and Power Quality Enhancement in Grid-Connected Microgrid with Back-to-Back Converter

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sekhavatmanesh, Hossein (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    A microgrid system consists of some distributed generators (DGs) and local loads which can operate in both grid-connected and islanded modes of operation. An islanded mode of operation is required when the grid voltage deteriorates and its power quality drops. This islanding operation can be attained by opening grid-side switches or by using back-to-back (b-to-b) converters. Due to the increase of highly sensitive loads and to have better power control and higher power quality, the use of back-to-back converters has recently attracted interests among researchers. However, the major drawback of this solution is the cost of a b-to-b converter. Therefore the aim of this project is to gain some... 

    Gas and Electrcicity Networks Co-Planning in Microgrid Generations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zehtab, Omid (Author) ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor) ; Rajabi-Ghahnavieh, Abbas (Co-Advisor)
    As a long-established approach, the electricity and natural gas networks have been operated and planned independently. Nevertheless, in recent years there has been a significant progress in energy conversion technologies in microgrids, thus making the electricity and gas networks more connected on the costumers’ side and also enabling users to utilize each of the carriers interchangeably. This increasing correlation between the two networks has led us to a new approach called co-planning of electricity and natural gas networks.This thesis aimed to take a closer look at this new approach and tried to study different aspects of it. Based on the concept of useful energy, a new approach has been... 

    Improvement of Power Sharing In Microgrids Consist of Synchronous Generators and Converter Based Distributed Generation Units

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zanganeh, Mohsen (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    This dissertation studies the operation of the power sharing system in a micro-grid (MG) which includes a synchronous generator and the converter based distributed generation (DG) units. Increasing advent of MGs and the huge penetration of DGs to the existing power systems require comprehensive studies on the interactions between synchronous generators and converter based DGs for the sharing of power during and after the occurrence of different disturbances such as load changing. Thus, this project discusses existing control methods which can be used to share the power between a synchronous generator and converter based DGs. Then, a new control strategy is proposed in order to enhance the...