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    Developing an Efficient Framework for Determining Distributed Locational Marginal Prices (DLMPs) in Active Distribution Systems Based on the Concept of Transactive Energy (TE)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pasban Gajan, Ali (Author) ; Moeini Aghtaei, Moein (Supervisor) ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud (Co-Supervisor)
    Nowdays, due to the growth of micro-grids, the development of dispersed production resources, and increased diversity in subscribers, energy management in modern distribution systems has encountered a lot of complexity. As a result, local electric power markets have attracted the attention of many researchers, due to the many technical and economic benefits. The purpose of these markets is to create competition between the participants and to increase the technical and economic efficiency of the distribution system. The most important challenges for these markets are to increase the technical and economic efficiency of the distribution network, maintain network reliability, protect the... 

    Hybrid AC/DC Microgrid Planning

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shariat, Maryam (Author) ; Fotouhi Firuzabad, Mahmoud (Supervisor) ; Rajabi Ghahnavie, Abbas (Co-Advisor)
    Nowadays, due to the increasing importance and penetration of microgrids, solving the microgrid optimal sizing problem has become more important. The current utility grid and conventional energy sources are mainly ac, however, increasing rate of the replacement of the ac load with dc load lead to a more efficient dc system. So choosing the optimal type of microgrid as a way to increase efficiency of these systems would be a serious issue. This thesis establishes a planning model which finds the optimal size and type of a microgrid to minimize total cost. Total cost includes investment, operation and reliability cost of the microgrid. Sizes of DGs, converters and transformer linking the... 

    Gas and Electrcicity Networks Co-Planning in Microgrid Generations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zehtab, Omid (Author) ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor) ; Rajabi-Ghahnavieh, Abbas (Co-Advisor)
    As a long-established approach, the electricity and natural gas networks have been operated and planned independently. Nevertheless, in recent years there has been a significant progress in energy conversion technologies in microgrids, thus making the electricity and gas networks more connected on the costumers’ side and also enabling users to utilize each of the carriers interchangeably. This increasing correlation between the two networks has led us to a new approach called co-planning of electricity and natural gas networks.This thesis aimed to take a closer look at this new approach and tried to study different aspects of it. Based on the concept of useful energy, a new approach has been... 

    Planning and Optimization of an On-site Energy Service Network for a Rural Region

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahadi, Hassan (Author) ; Avami, Akram (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, classic energy supply systems are rapidly shifting towards more efficient, with less pollution, and more economic energy systems. In the meantime, the growing dependence of human activities on energy sources and the reduction of fossil fuels resources as the main source of energy supply at present time, has led to fundamental changes in the energy policy of communities. The use of distributed power generation systems utilizing renewable energy sources is one of the solutions that have been proposed in this regard. This research aims to develop a local energy supply network for a specific rural district using energy sources in place, so that the area is energy self-sufficient and... 

    Design of a Coupled Thermoacoustic Refrigerator System based on Heat Absorption of Piston Engines of Power Plants

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dehghani, Ali (Author) ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
    Design and parametric study of a coupled thermoacoustic refrigerator system has been carried out based on thermoacoustic theories. The purpose of coupled thermoacoustic refrigerator design is to cool a container with small dimensions for use in cold storage above zero. The application of this refrigerator is where the waste heat of piston engines of distributed generation (DG) plants can be used as energy input. The design is based on the simplicity and low cost of the refrigerator. Therefore, the engine and refrigerator part of the coupled thermoacoustic refrigerator is enclosed in a resonator with a fixed diameter, which is closed on both sides of the resonator. Two standing-wave... 

    Distribution System Planning Considering Demand Response Programs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moradi Sarvestani, Sajjad (Author) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, moving toward new technologies and smart grids is a successful way to prevail over distribution system challenges. In the presence of smart grids, demand-side management (DSM) is capable to affect the expansion of network resources. An effective DSM tool is demand response (DR). In this thesis, distribution system planning (DSP) considering DR is presented and the effects of DR on DSP are investigated. This thesis proposes direct load control (DLC) DR which is an incentive-based program (IBP) where a utility offers financial incentives to the customers to control their consumption through installing smart meters and switches. The utility deploys the DR program to reduce network... 

    Using Machine Learning Methods to Determine Extreme Weather-Related Outage Scenarios for Optimal Siting and Sizing of Distributed Generation and Energy Storage Facilities to Enhance Distribution Network Resiliencey

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Yari, Mohammad (Author) ; Hosseini, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Natural disasters such as storms, earthquakes, floods, etc. are among the factors that can damage the elements of the power grid and cause them to leave the grid. The result of these outages will be a widespread power outage, which will create many economic and social problems. Therefore, in recent years, the concept of resiliencey has been introduced in power system studies, which examines the extensive outputs in the network as a result of natural disasters.One way to improve the power system resiliency is to strengthen the network by upgrading existing equipment, installing new equipment, and modifying the operation of the network. Among these, the installation of distributed generation... 

    Geometric-Based Fault Diagnosis in a Grid-Connected Inverter

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mashreghi, Ali (Author) ; Namvar, Mehrzad (Supervisor)
    Inverters are the main utility in transmitting power from distributed generation (DG) systems toward grid and their safe and immune performance has become a major concern among the system designers. In addition to poor power transmittance, faults in inverter can harm other equipment such as DG and local load. Consequently different protections has been considered to increase the reliability of these systems. Some of these protections like fuses and varistors are implemented in the hardware while others are considered in the processor. In the later class of protections, fault detection and isolation (FDI) system has been the subject of intense investigation in inverters over the past two... 

    Expansion Planning of Active Distribution Networks in the Gradual PV

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khorshidi, Saman (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Due to the increasing influence of distribution generation , their effect in planning can't be ignord , especially solar panels ,which are incresing rapidly. The main purpose of this thesis is to an active distribution network that annually load bus and the amount of photovoltaic production in it increases and plan dynamically. In the planning that is done , uncertanty in the amount comsumption load and uncertanty in the pattern of sunlight and also annual innterest rates in the classical system we have planned by optimizing the network expansion costs , in addition to supplying the load bus, we can keep the voltage drop bus and line filling within the allowable . To do this , we considered... 

    Electricity Distribution System Planning Considering Incentive Reliability Regulations

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Jooshaki, Mohammad (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehranifard, Ali (Supervisor) ; Lehtonen, Matti (Co-Supervisor) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmoud (Co-Supervisor)
    Electricity distribution systems are dynamically expanded in anticipation of new demands. Cost and reliability are the most important factors in finding the optimal plans for network expansion. Recently, implementation of incentive reliability regulations has accentuated the role of reliability considerations in distribution systems studies. This is because such incentive schemes create a direct link between distribution companies' revenues and their service reliability. Thus, these schemes have changed the role of reliability from a technical constraint to an economic factor. In this occasion, distribution companies require new techniques to incorporate the effects of incentive reliability... 

    Analysis and Improvement of Grid Voltage Quality Issues in Presence of High PV Penetration

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafari, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Parniani, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, concerns about the reduction of fossil fuels and environmental issues, have made renewable resources more important. Among these resources, photovoltaic (PV) systems are more popular than others, due to their environmental compatibility and unlimited availability of sunlight. Increasing the penetration level of PV systems in electricity networks presents various technical and control challenges such as voltage and frequency variations; and protection and harmonics issues. In this thesis, voltage rise problem due to reverse power flow in distribution feeders is discussed. This is one of the main obstacles to the expansion of these resources in distribution networks.Various solutions... 

    Distribution Expansion Planning Considering Energy Storage and Demand Response

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology DavoodiZad, Sadegh (Author) ; Ehsan, Mahdi (Supervisor)
    Electricity is one of the most important kinds of energy and also one of essential needs of humans for maintaining their life. Due to growth of costumer’s load and In order for delivering high reliable power to the consumers, the structure of the power grid must be expanded and/or demand side management policies like demand response programs must be taken into consideration. One of the most important and less-focused aspects of power grid expansion planning is, distribution system expansion planning. Distribution system expansion planning (DSEP) is an important task of electric distribution companies and operators in order to appropriately supply their customers load with the minimum cost... 

    Developing an Efficient Approach for Improving Operational Resilience of Power Distribution Network in Facing with Earthquake

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amani Jouneghani, Farshad (Author) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)

    The design and operation of energy systems infrastructure is typically based on key reliability criteria such as system security and adequacy. Nowaday, with the rise of unexpected events and events such as floods, earthquakes, storms, and other natural phenomena can affect the performance of energy infrastructure. Given the low probability of these events, reliability studies and relevant criteria cannot guarantee that an energy infrastructure can respond well to these events. Investigating the ability of energy infrastructures to deal with these phenomena is divided into resilience studies. To overcome these challenges, this thesis has attempted to detail some of these natural events.... 

    Voltage Regulation in DC Microgrids in Superimposed Frequency Droop Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafari Matehkolaei, Mohammad (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Environmental problems and limitation in fossil fuels have increased the application of renewable energy sources (RES) and distributed generations (DG). Due to the DC nature of most loads and DGs, DC microgrids provide a suitable structure to integrate different kinds of DGs and loads. Undesirable voltage regulation and poor power sharing among the sources in conventional voltage-based control methods are solved by the superimposed droop frequency method. However, the superimposed droop frequency scheme suffers from three major problems which are (i) instability in terms of load variation, (ii) limitation in the system maximum loading which is due to the limitation in the transferred... 

    Optimal Network Hardening to Enhance Distribution Networks Resiliency Against Hurricane

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Babak (Author) ; Safdarian, Amir (Supervisor)
    Back then and still now natural calamities have been a serious threat for energy systems. On that front, this thesis constitutes a three-stage mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model to enhance the resilience of power distribution systems to deal with disas-trous events. The proposed model involves in pre-, mid-, and post-event stages. In this con-text, to increase the preparedness of the power distribution system, system operator recon-figures the system by taking benefit of remote-control switches (RCSs), manual switches (MSs), and distributed generations (DGs) before the natural calamity hits. The proposed model contemplates the traveling time of crew teams to the MS sites in order... 

    Provision of A Framework for Distribution System Expansion Planning Considering Flexibility Requirements for Massive Integration of Renewable Sources

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi-Arpanahi, Sahand (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Ali (Supervisor)
    One of the challenges which increasing penetration of renewable energy sources with variable generation brings is the need for more flexibility in the power system. A promising way to overcome the challenge is to have local sources of the flexibility in distribution level. To this end, we present a new model for multi-stage distribution system expansion planning which jointly considers expanding the network assets and increasing the flexibility at local level by installing conventional dispatchable distributed generator units and energy storage systems. Demand response is also considered as another source of the flexibility which can be utilized by the system operator. Since deviating from... 

    Financial Risk Management of an Electricity Retailer in the Presence of Intermittent Generation and Demand Response

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zare, Sajad (Author) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)
    According to uncertainty of retailer's customers electricity load and energy price in day-ahead and real-time markets, different scenarios are faced to an electricity retailer. As a result, due to possibility of different scenarios accurance, profit and financial loss of retailer has uncertainty and significant financial risk is imposed to retailer. Electricity retailers for earning the expected profit, reduction ofpossibility of scenarios with little profit (or much loss) and reduction of their risks, use different sources. bilateral contracts, like forward and call option,local wind turbines, distributed generaion, demand response, like load shift and curtailment can be named. This... 

    Design a Comprehensive Framework for Distribution System Restoration in the Presence of Distributed Generations and Energy Storage Systems

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Riahinia, Shahin (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Ali (Supervisor) ; Moeini Aghtaie, Moein (Co-Supervisor)
    This thesis presents a stochastic framework to properly involve the uncertainties associated with demand in distribution system restoration (DSR) problem. The restoration process returns the system back to normal operation after any combination of system components have been lost due to an outage. During restoration, the system operator executes a set of actions that progressively mitigate the outage. These actions aim at minimizing the impact of the outage on the final user without compromising the security and operability of the system. In this framework, dynamic programming (DP) is used to solve DSR problem for a distribution system that accommodates various technologies of DG units and... 

    Power Quality Enhancement in Distribution Systems using Feeder Reconfiguration and Shunt Passive Filter Switching

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbari, Behnam (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The growing usage of nonlinear loads has resulted in increasing voltage and current harmonic levels in distribution systems. Additionally the faults occurring in the distribution system cause voltage sag at the point of customer supply. These two power quality disturbances impose considerable costs on consumers through disrupting the correct performance of sensitive loads, causing unintended outages and decreasing the devices’ useful lifetime. Besides the aforementioned power quality issues, the electric power loss has a determining role in operational costs. In this thesis, based on feeder reconfiguration and shunt passive filters, a strategy is proposed in order to reduce the average... 

    Study and Improvement of Stability of Generator-based Distributed Generation units Inpresence of Large Nonlinear Loads

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Afzali, Kiana (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Hyderogels are hydrophilic polymers with three dimensional network structure, due to their high water absoption, their application to life and industry is increasing from day to day, such as tissue engineering, actuators and sensors, drug delivery and therapeutic treatment. In this project, it has been attempted to produce polyacrylamide/alginate double network hydrogels with the use of graphene oxide nanosheets to indicate that it is possible to combine toughness and self-healing in a hydrogel with the opposite nature of each other. To evaluate mechanical properties, uniaxial tensile test and loading-unloading test were used. The results indicate that increase the weight ratio of acrylamide...