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    Electricity Distribution System Planning Considering Incentive Reliability Regulations

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Jooshaki, Mohammad (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehranifard, Ali (Supervisor) ; Lehtonen, Matti (Co-Supervisor) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmoud (Co-Supervisor)
    Electricity distribution systems are dynamically expanded in anticipation of new demands. Cost and reliability are the most important factors in finding the optimal plans for network expansion. Recently, implementation of incentive reliability regulations has accentuated the role of reliability considerations in distribution systems studies. This is because such incentive schemes create a direct link between distribution companies' revenues and their service reliability. Thus, these schemes have changed the role of reliability from a technical constraint to an economic factor. In this occasion, distribution companies require new techniques to incorporate the effects of incentive reliability... 

    Improvement of Power Sharing In Microgrids Consist of Synchronous Generators and Converter Based Distributed Generation Units

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zanganeh, Mohsen (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    This dissertation studies the operation of the power sharing system in a micro-grid (MG) which includes a synchronous generator and the converter based distributed generation (DG) units. Increasing advent of MGs and the huge penetration of DGs to the existing power systems require comprehensive studies on the interactions between synchronous generators and converter based DGs for the sharing of power during and after the occurrence of different disturbances such as load changing. Thus, this project discusses existing control methods which can be used to share the power between a synchronous generator and converter based DGs. Then, a new control strategy is proposed in order to enhance the... 

    Optimal Distributed Generation Allocation and Sizing Considering Operation Indices

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghanbari, Niloofar (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The need for independent power generation has been increased in recent years with the growing demand in micro grid systems. Losses in power systems are unavoidable. These losses occur in transmission to distributionnetworks from the generation sites to the end-user loads. Reduction of power losses has been one of the reasons for engineers to be attracted by micro grid systems which include small size independent power generation units. However, in a micro grid with several DGs of different types and with all kinds of loads of variable nature, an optimal power balance in the system has to be achieved. This optimal objective, which results in minimal energy losses over a specific period of... 

    Micro-Grid Protection in Presence of Inverter Based Distributed Generation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zarei, Fariborz (Author) ; Parniani, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    In this study, control and protection of low voltage microgrids have been analyzed. Studied microgrid takes the advantages of inverter based distributed generation. One of the most important issues in inverter based microgrids is the control of its distributed generation. Since, the low voltage networks have single phase loads and many imbalances, these imbalances can affect the control of IBDGs (inverter based distributed generations). This issue in the islanded mode of operation is the most important, because in this mode of operation, IBDGs control the network voltage and frequency.
    In this thesis, the different control strategies of IBDGs are reviewed, and then modified to address... 

    Improvement of Control of Hybrid AC-DC Microgrid in Islanded Mode

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Khorsandi, Amir (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    A microgrid is a collection of loads, sources, and power storage units that operates as a single controllable system and can operate in grid-connected or islanded mode. From the generating side, renewable energy resources such as photovoltaic system, fuel cell and power storage units are inherently DC. From the load side, electronic loads such as computers, data centers and most of the variable speed motor drives require a DC supply. Therefore, DC Microgrids have gained widespread attention in recent years. On the other hand, since existing distribution systems are mostly AC, a hybrid microgrid is more likely. The hybrid microgrid is composed of two AC and DC subgrids interlinked by power... 

    Planning and Optimization of an On-site Energy Service Network for a Rural Region

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahadi, Hassan (Author) ; Avami, Akram (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, classic energy supply systems are rapidly shifting towards more efficient, with less pollution, and more economic energy systems. In the meantime, the growing dependence of human activities on energy sources and the reduction of fossil fuels resources as the main source of energy supply at present time, has led to fundamental changes in the energy policy of communities. The use of distributed power generation systems utilizing renewable energy sources is one of the solutions that have been proposed in this regard. This research aims to develop a local energy supply network for a specific rural district using energy sources in place, so that the area is energy self-sufficient and... 

    Improving the Resiliency of Distribution Grids Owning Different Distributed Generation (DG) Resources by Optimal Switching Device Placement and Microgrids Formation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zare Bahramabadi, Majid (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Ali (Supervisor)
    In recent years, climate change due to greenhouse gases caused an increase in frequency and intensity of the natural disasters such as hurricanes, blizzards and floods. Moreover, it is anticipated that such events will increase in the future. As a result, power system decision makers are looking for methods to improve power system resiliency against such natural disasters with low occurrence probability and high impact. In this report, the distribution system resiliency has improved via placing remote control sectionalizing switches and micro grids formation during natural disasters. In this regard, the concept of resiliency and its characteristics along with the effect of remote control... 

    Gas and Electrcicity Networks Co-Planning in Microgrid Generations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zehtab, Omid (Author) ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor) ; Rajabi-Ghahnavieh, Abbas (Co-Advisor)
    As a long-established approach, the electricity and natural gas networks have been operated and planned independently. Nevertheless, in recent years there has been a significant progress in energy conversion technologies in microgrids, thus making the electricity and gas networks more connected on the costumers’ side and also enabling users to utilize each of the carriers interchangeably. This increasing correlation between the two networks has led us to a new approach called co-planning of electricity and natural gas networks.This thesis aimed to take a closer look at this new approach and tried to study different aspects of it. Based on the concept of useful energy, a new approach has been... 

    Load Shedding in Microgrids to preserve System Stability In The Islanded Operation Mode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jamshidi, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Parniani, Mustafa (Supervisor)
    In the near future, it is expected that the microgrids become widespreed due to issues such as reliability, increased penetration of renewable energy sources and distributed generation, environmental concerns and shortage of fossil fuels. Different control methods have been suggested to regulate the frequency and voltage of the system so that these quantities remain in their permissible range upon islanding and in the islanded operation mode. However, in emergency conditions, such as shortage of generated power compared to the load of microgrid, frequency or voltage reduction occures due to imbalance. In this situation, it is invitable to shed extra load to maintain the stability and... 

    Composite Distributed Generation and Transmission Expansion Planning Considering Uncertainties, Emission and Security

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lotfi, Amir (Author) ; Hosseini, Hamid (Supervisor)
    During the recent past, due to the increase of electrical energy demand and governmental resources constraints in producing additional capacity in generation, transmission and distribution, privatization and restructuring in electrical industry has been considered. In most of the countries, different parts of electrical industry like generation, transmission and distribution have been separated in order to create competition. Considering these changes, environmental issues, energy growth, investment of private equity in energy generation units and difficulties of transmission lines expansion, DG units have been used in power systems. Moreover, reduction in need of transmission and... 

    Design a Comprehensive Framework for Distribution System Restoration in the Presence of Distributed Generations and Energy Storage Systems

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Riahinia, Shahin (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Ali (Supervisor) ; Moeini Aghtaie, Moein (Co-Supervisor)
    This thesis presents a stochastic framework to properly involve the uncertainties associated with demand in distribution system restoration (DSR) problem. The restoration process returns the system back to normal operation after any combination of system components have been lost due to an outage. During restoration, the system operator executes a set of actions that progressively mitigate the outage. These actions aim at minimizing the impact of the outage on the final user without compromising the security and operability of the system. In this framework, dynamic programming (DP) is used to solve DSR problem for a distribution system that accommodates various technologies of DG units and... 

    Optimal Network Hardening to Enhance Distribution Networks Resiliency Against Hurricane

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Babak (Author) ; Safdarian, Amir (Supervisor)
    Back then and still now natural calamities have been a serious threat for energy systems. On that front, this thesis constitutes a three-stage mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model to enhance the resilience of power distribution systems to deal with disas-trous events. The proposed model involves in pre-, mid-, and post-event stages. In this con-text, to increase the preparedness of the power distribution system, system operator recon-figures the system by taking benefit of remote-control switches (RCSs), manual switches (MSs), and distributed generations (DGs) before the natural calamity hits. The proposed model contemplates the traveling time of crew teams to the MS sites in order... 

    Provision of A Framework for Distribution System Expansion Planning Considering Flexibility Requirements for Massive Integration of Renewable Sources

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi-Arpanahi, Sahand (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Ali (Supervisor)
    One of the challenges which increasing penetration of renewable energy sources with variable generation brings is the need for more flexibility in the power system. A promising way to overcome the challenge is to have local sources of the flexibility in distribution level. To this end, we present a new model for multi-stage distribution system expansion planning which jointly considers expanding the network assets and increasing the flexibility at local level by installing conventional dispatchable distributed generator units and energy storage systems. Demand response is also considered as another source of the flexibility which can be utilized by the system operator. Since deviating from... 

    Voltage Regulation in DC Microgrids in Superimposed Frequency Droop Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafari Matehkolaei, Mohammad (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Environmental problems and limitation in fossil fuels have increased the application of renewable energy sources (RES) and distributed generations (DG). Due to the DC nature of most loads and DGs, DC microgrids provide a suitable structure to integrate different kinds of DGs and loads. Undesirable voltage regulation and poor power sharing among the sources in conventional voltage-based control methods are solved by the superimposed droop frequency method. However, the superimposed droop frequency scheme suffers from three major problems which are (i) instability in terms of load variation, (ii) limitation in the system maximum loading which is due to the limitation in the transferred... 

    Robust Hierarchical Control of AC Microgrids

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahdian Dehkordi, Nima (Author) ; Sadati, Naser (Supervisor) ; Hamzeh, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    New nonlinear voltage and current control strategies based on backstepping control and a high-order sliding mode differentiator for microgrid are proposed. The microgrid consists of multiple distributed generation (DG) units with an arbitrary configuration that can be parametrically uncertain or topologically unknown. The proposed method robustly regulates the microgrid voltages and currents in the presence of parametric uncertainties, unmodeled dynamics, load imbalances, and nonlinear loads with harmonic/interharmonic currents. In contrast to existing methods, the proposed method does not need to know the frequency of harmonic and interharmonic current of microgrid loads that lead to the... 

    Optimal Distributed Generation Allocation Considering Power Qaulity Indices

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golzari, Hamid (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The demand for independent power generation has been increased in recent years due to the growing demand in distributed networks, losses and power qaulity in power systems. These losses occur in transmission to distribution networks from the generation sites to the end-user loads which have harmonic losses besides fundamental losses.. The non-linear load makes the harmonics flow in the line and create the harmonic losses. However, in a distributed network with several DGs of different types and with all kinds of variable nature loads, an optimal power balance in the system has to be achieved. This optimal objective, which results in minimal energy losses over a specific period of time,... 

    Power Flow Control and Power Quality Enhancement in Grid-Connected Microgrid with Back-to-Back Converter

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sekhavatmanesh, Hossein (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    A microgrid system consists of some distributed generators (DGs) and local loads which can operate in both grid-connected and islanded modes of operation. An islanded mode of operation is required when the grid voltage deteriorates and its power quality drops. This islanding operation can be attained by opening grid-side switches or by using back-to-back (b-to-b) converters. Due to the increase of highly sensitive loads and to have better power control and higher power quality, the use of back-to-back converters has recently attracted interests among researchers. However, the major drawback of this solution is the cost of a b-to-b converter. Therefore the aim of this project is to gain some... 

    An Improved Voltage and Frequency Droop Control Method for Microgrids having Inverter Based Resources, Realizing the Effect of Lines R/X

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esmaeili Atrabi, Hamed (Author) ; Vakilian, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    The centralized and decentralized control approaches are the most effective control approaches to be applied in micro grids. However, practically to rerduce the cost and improve the reliability, decentralized control is usually employed. Initially, this thesis discusses the components and dynamic model of the micro grid in order to evaluate the stability. Then, it introduces the decentralized control methods which can be used in a micro grid. In the next step, a sample micro gird is studied (with high ratio of lines R/X). This microgrid has three DG plants having DC voltage sources, inverter, and LCL filter. The performance of AVR controls is evaluated by combining the PQ and droop control... 

    The Effect of Reconfiguration on the Operation of Smart Distribution Systems with Distributed Generations

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Dorostkar Ghamsari, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)
    In this dissertation, the value of distribution network reconfiguration in presence of distributed generation is investigated. In the first step, a mathematical optimization model is devised to minimize daily network losses via applying hourly reconfigurations. The results show that the hourly reconfiguration reduces the losses. Then, sensitivity analyses on the renewable penetration, wind and load correlation, switching cost and wind power prediction are conducted and discussed. The switching cost analysis revealed that a great amount of loss reduction could be attained with a small number of switching operations. The worthiness of reconfiguration becomes more in systems with high... 

    Power Quality Enhancement in Distribution Systems using Feeder Reconfiguration and Shunt Passive Filter Switching

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbari, Behnam (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The growing usage of nonlinear loads has resulted in increasing voltage and current harmonic levels in distribution systems. Additionally the faults occurring in the distribution system cause voltage sag at the point of customer supply. These two power quality disturbances impose considerable costs on consumers through disrupting the correct performance of sensitive loads, causing unintended outages and decreasing the devices’ useful lifetime. Besides the aforementioned power quality issues, the electric power loss has a determining role in operational costs. In this thesis, based on feeder reconfiguration and shunt passive filters, a strategy is proposed in order to reduce the average...