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    Integrated Control and Power Sharing of Distributed Generators in Islanded and Grid-Connected Microgrids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nokhbehzaeem, Javad (Author) ; Parniani, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    Distributed generation (DG) technologies have achieved an intense progress during the last years. One of the appropriate ways to enter a DG system in the electrical network is through the use of microgrids. Because the majority of DG units are connected to the grid with power electronic converters, specific control strategies have been developed for these converters. Control strategies of DGs in microgrid differ in the grid-connected and the islanded states of operation. Changing the control modes from one state to another requires a reliable islanding detection method, and results in unwanted transients. It is, therefore, desirable to devise an integrated control approach for both states.... 

    Power Flow Control and Power Quality Enhancement in Grid-Connected Microgrid with Back-to-Back Converter

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sekhavatmanesh, Hossein (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    A microgrid system consists of some distributed generators (DGs) and local loads which can operate in both grid-connected and islanded modes of operation. An islanded mode of operation is required when the grid voltage deteriorates and its power quality drops. This islanding operation can be attained by opening grid-side switches or by using back-to-back (b-to-b) converters. Due to the increase of highly sensitive loads and to have better power control and higher power quality, the use of back-to-back converters has recently attracted interests among researchers. However, the major drawback of this solution is the cost of a b-to-b converter. Therefore the aim of this project is to gain some... 

    Robust Hierarchical Control of AC Microgrids

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahdian Dehkordi, Nima (Author) ; Sadati, Naser (Supervisor) ; Hamzeh, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    New nonlinear voltage and current control strategies based on backstepping control and a high-order sliding mode differentiator for microgrid are proposed. The microgrid consists of multiple distributed generation (DG) units with an arbitrary configuration that can be parametrically uncertain or topologically unknown. The proposed method robustly regulates the microgrid voltages and currents in the presence of parametric uncertainties, unmodeled dynamics, load imbalances, and nonlinear loads with harmonic/interharmonic currents. In contrast to existing methods, the proposed method does not need to know the frequency of harmonic and interharmonic current of microgrid loads that lead to the... 

    Financial Risk Management of an Electricity Retailer in the Presence of Intermittent Generation and Demand Response

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zare, Sajad (Author) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)
    According to uncertainty of retailer's customers electricity load and energy price in day-ahead and real-time markets, different scenarios are faced to an electricity retailer. As a result, due to possibility of different scenarios accurance, profit and financial loss of retailer has uncertainty and significant financial risk is imposed to retailer. Electricity retailers for earning the expected profit, reduction ofpossibility of scenarios with little profit (or much loss) and reduction of their risks, use different sources. bilateral contracts, like forward and call option,local wind turbines, distributed generaion, demand response, like load shift and curtailment can be named. This... 

    Developing an Efficient Framework for Determining Distributed Locational Marginal Prices (DLMPs) in Active Distribution Systems Based on the Concept of Transactive Energy (TE)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pasban Gajan, Ali (Author) ; Moeini Aghtaei, Moein (Supervisor) ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud (Co-Supervisor)
    Nowdays, due to the growth of micro-grids, the development of dispersed production resources, and increased diversity in subscribers, energy management in modern distribution systems has encountered a lot of complexity. As a result, local electric power markets have attracted the attention of many researchers, due to the many technical and economic benefits. The purpose of these markets is to create competition between the participants and to increase the technical and economic efficiency of the distribution system. The most important challenges for these markets are to increase the technical and economic efficiency of the distribution network, maintain network reliability, protect the... 

    Design a Comprehensive Framework for Distribution System Restoration in the Presence of Distributed Generations and Energy Storage Systems

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Riahinia, Shahin (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Ali (Supervisor) ; Moeini Aghtaie, Moein (Co-Supervisor)
    This thesis presents a stochastic framework to properly involve the uncertainties associated with demand in distribution system restoration (DSR) problem. The restoration process returns the system back to normal operation after any combination of system components have been lost due to an outage. During restoration, the system operator executes a set of actions that progressively mitigate the outage. These actions aim at minimizing the impact of the outage on the final user without compromising the security and operability of the system. In this framework, dynamic programming (DP) is used to solve DSR problem for a distribution system that accommodates various technologies of DG units and... 

    Designing a Reward-Penalty Scheme to Improve Technical Performance of Distribution System Employing Distributed Generation (DG) Resources

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jooshaki, Mohammad (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehranifard, Ali (Supervisor) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)
    Reward-penalty schemes are known as the most effective tools to regulate the service quality. This thesis tries to design a comprehensive reward-penalty scheme to properly motivate electricity distribution companies (DisCos) to improve the reliability and reduce the energy losses in their networks using Distributed Generation (DG) Resources. So, as the first step, the designing methods of reward-penalty scheme (RPS) and their advantage and disadvantages are introduced, and also a method based on concept of the Yaredestic theory is proposed. The proposed method uses the Fuzzy clustering and is able to set the parameters of RPS in a fair and efficient way. The proposed RPS is implemented on... 

    Design of a Coupled Thermoacoustic Refrigerator System based on Heat Absorption of Piston Engines of Power Plants

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dehghani, Ali (Author) ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
    Design and parametric study of a coupled thermoacoustic refrigerator system has been carried out based on thermoacoustic theories. The purpose of coupled thermoacoustic refrigerator design is to cool a container with small dimensions for use in cold storage above zero. The application of this refrigerator is where the waste heat of piston engines of distributed generation (DG) plants can be used as energy input. The design is based on the simplicity and low cost of the refrigerator. Therefore, the engine and refrigerator part of the coupled thermoacoustic refrigerator is enclosed in a resonator with a fixed diameter, which is closed on both sides of the resonator. Two standing-wave... 

    Micro-Grid Protection in Presence of Inverter Based Distributed Generation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zarei, Fariborz (Author) ; Parniani, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    In this study, control and protection of low voltage microgrids have been analyzed. Studied microgrid takes the advantages of inverter based distributed generation. One of the most important issues in inverter based microgrids is the control of its distributed generation. Since, the low voltage networks have single phase loads and many imbalances, these imbalances can affect the control of IBDGs (inverter based distributed generations). This issue in the islanded mode of operation is the most important, because in this mode of operation, IBDGs control the network voltage and frequency.
    In this thesis, the different control strategies of IBDGs are reviewed, and then modified to address... 

    Optimal Distributed Generation Allocation Considering Power Qaulity Indices

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golzari, Hamid (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The demand for independent power generation has been increased in recent years due to the growing demand in distributed networks, losses and power qaulity in power systems. These losses occur in transmission to distribution networks from the generation sites to the end-user loads which have harmonic losses besides fundamental losses.. The non-linear load makes the harmonics flow in the line and create the harmonic losses. However, in a distributed network with several DGs of different types and with all kinds of variable nature loads, an optimal power balance in the system has to be achieved. This optimal objective, which results in minimal energy losses over a specific period of time,... 

    Optimal Distributed Generation Allocation and Sizing Considering Operation Indices

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghanbari, Niloofar (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The need for independent power generation has been increased in recent years with the growing demand in micro grid systems. Losses in power systems are unavoidable. These losses occur in transmission to distributionnetworks from the generation sites to the end-user loads. Reduction of power losses has been one of the reasons for engineers to be attracted by micro grid systems which include small size independent power generation units. However, in a micro grid with several DGs of different types and with all kinds of loads of variable nature, an optimal power balance in the system has to be achieved. This optimal objective, which results in minimal energy losses over a specific period of... 

    Using Machine Learning Methods to Determine Extreme Weather-Related Outage Scenarios for Optimal Siting and Sizing of Distributed Generation and Energy Storage Facilities to Enhance Distribution Network Resiliencey

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Yari, Mohammad (Author) ; Hosseini, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Natural disasters such as storms, earthquakes, floods, etc. are among the factors that can damage the elements of the power grid and cause them to leave the grid. The result of these outages will be a widespread power outage, which will create many economic and social problems. Therefore, in recent years, the concept of resiliencey has been introduced in power system studies, which examines the extensive outputs in the network as a result of natural disasters.One way to improve the power system resiliency is to strengthen the network by upgrading existing equipment, installing new equipment, and modifying the operation of the network. Among these, the installation of distributed generation... 

    Analysis and Improvement of Grid Voltage Quality Issues in Presence of High PV Penetration

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafari, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Parniani, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, concerns about the reduction of fossil fuels and environmental issues, have made renewable resources more important. Among these resources, photovoltaic (PV) systems are more popular than others, due to their environmental compatibility and unlimited availability of sunlight. Increasing the penetration level of PV systems in electricity networks presents various technical and control challenges such as voltage and frequency variations; and protection and harmonics issues. In this thesis, voltage rise problem due to reverse power flow in distribution feeders is discussed. This is one of the main obstacles to the expansion of these resources in distribution networks.Various solutions... 

    The Effect of Reconfiguration on the Operation of Smart Distribution Systems with Distributed Generations

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Dorostkar Ghamsari, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud (Supervisor)
    In this dissertation, the value of distribution network reconfiguration in presence of distributed generation is investigated. In the first step, a mathematical optimization model is devised to minimize daily network losses via applying hourly reconfigurations. The results show that the hourly reconfiguration reduces the losses. Then, sensitivity analyses on the renewable penetration, wind and load correlation, switching cost and wind power prediction are conducted and discussed. The switching cost analysis revealed that a great amount of loss reduction could be attained with a small number of switching operations. The worthiness of reconfiguration becomes more in systems with high... 

    Technical and Economic Aspects of Operating of Distribution Systems in Presence of Distributed Generation Considering the Uncertainties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbaskhani Davanloo, Arash (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    As electric energy loss in Iran is around 31 percent and 01 percent of this loss is related to the distribution of electric energy, management and operation of distribution network is of high importance. There are different ways for operating the distribution network while decreasing the loss, such as using capacitors, tap changers, energy storing devices, distributed generations, etc. One of the most common ways is to use Network Reconfiguration. In this thesis, daily reconfiguration of a 03-kV 22-bus distribution network is investigated. The objective function consists of cost of energy loss and improvement of voltage profile. Wind turbines are used as the sources of distributed generation... 

    Optimal Network Hardening to Enhance Distribution Networks Resiliency Against Hurricane

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Babak (Author) ; Safdarian, Amir (Supervisor)
    Back then and still now natural calamities have been a serious threat for energy systems. On that front, this thesis constitutes a three-stage mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model to enhance the resilience of power distribution systems to deal with disas-trous events. The proposed model involves in pre-, mid-, and post-event stages. In this con-text, to increase the preparedness of the power distribution system, system operator recon-figures the system by taking benefit of remote-control switches (RCSs), manual switches (MSs), and distributed generations (DGs) before the natural calamity hits. The proposed model contemplates the traveling time of crew teams to the MS sites in order... 

    Power Quality Enhancement in Distribution Systems using Feeder Reconfiguration and Shunt Passive Filter Switching

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbari, Behnam (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The growing usage of nonlinear loads has resulted in increasing voltage and current harmonic levels in distribution systems. Additionally the faults occurring in the distribution system cause voltage sag at the point of customer supply. These two power quality disturbances impose considerable costs on consumers through disrupting the correct performance of sensitive loads, causing unintended outages and decreasing the devices’ useful lifetime. Besides the aforementioned power quality issues, the electric power loss has a determining role in operational costs. In this thesis, based on feeder reconfiguration and shunt passive filters, a strategy is proposed in order to reduce the average... 

    An Improved Voltage and Frequency Droop Control Method for Microgrids having Inverter Based Resources, Realizing the Effect of Lines R/X

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esmaeili Atrabi, Hamed (Author) ; Vakilian, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    The centralized and decentralized control approaches are the most effective control approaches to be applied in micro grids. However, practically to rerduce the cost and improve the reliability, decentralized control is usually employed. Initially, this thesis discusses the components and dynamic model of the micro grid in order to evaluate the stability. Then, it introduces the decentralized control methods which can be used in a micro grid. In the next step, a sample micro gird is studied (with high ratio of lines R/X). This microgrid has three DG plants having DC voltage sources, inverter, and LCL filter. The performance of AVR controls is evaluated by combining the PQ and droop control... 

    Improvement of Control of Hybrid AC-DC Microgrid in Islanded Mode

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Khorsandi, Amir (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    A microgrid is a collection of loads, sources, and power storage units that operates as a single controllable system and can operate in grid-connected or islanded mode. From the generating side, renewable energy resources such as photovoltaic system, fuel cell and power storage units are inherently DC. From the load side, electronic loads such as computers, data centers and most of the variable speed motor drives require a DC supply. Therefore, DC Microgrids have gained widespread attention in recent years. On the other hand, since existing distribution systems are mostly AC, a hybrid microgrid is more likely. The hybrid microgrid is composed of two AC and DC subgrids interlinked by power... 

    Voltage Regulation in DC Microgrids in Superimposed Frequency Droop Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafari Matehkolaei, Mohammad (Author) ; Mokhtari, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Environmental problems and limitation in fossil fuels have increased the application of renewable energy sources (RES) and distributed generations (DG). Due to the DC nature of most loads and DGs, DC microgrids provide a suitable structure to integrate different kinds of DGs and loads. Undesirable voltage regulation and poor power sharing among the sources in conventional voltage-based control methods are solved by the superimposed droop frequency method. However, the superimposed droop frequency scheme suffers from three major problems which are (i) instability in terms of load variation, (ii) limitation in the system maximum loading which is due to the limitation in the transferred...