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    Using genetic alghoritm for distributed generation allocation to reduce losses and improve voltage profile

    , Article 42nd International Universities Power Engineering Conference, UPEC 2007, Brighton, 4 September 2007 through 6 September 2007 ; 2007 , Pages 954-959 ; 1905593368 (ISBN); 9781905593361 (ISBN) Alinejad Beromi, Y ; Sedighizadeh, M ; Bayat, M. R ; Khodayar, M. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    This paper presents a method for the optimal allocation of Distributed generation in distribution systems. In this paper, our aim would be optimal distributed generation allocation for voltage profile improvement and loss reduction in distribution network. Genetic Algorithm (GA) was used as the solving tool, which referring two determined aim; the problem is defined and objective function is introduced. Considering to fitness values sensitivity in genetic algorithm process, there is needed to apply load flow for decision-making. Load flow algorithm is combined appropriately with GA, till access to acceptable results of this operation. We used MATPOWER package for load flow algorithm and... 

    Reliability assessment of distribution system with distributed generation

    , Article 2008 IEEE 2nd International Power and Energy Conference, PECon 2008, Johor Baharu, 1 December 2008 through 3 December 2008 ; January , 2008 , Pages 1551-1556 ; 9781424424054 (ISBN) Jahangiri, P ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Reliability assessment is of primary importance in designing and planning distribution systems that operate in an economical manner with minimal interruption of customer loads. Distributed generation (DG) is expected to play an increasing role in emerging power systems because they use different type of resources and technologies to serve energy to power systems. DG is expected to improve the system reliability as its backup generation. Since DG units are subject to failures as all other generation units, the random behavior of these units must be taken into account in the analysis. Existence of DG units in a distribution system will effect on restoration time of load points. In this paper,... 

    Multi objective distributed generation planning using a binary particle swarm optimization method

    , Article 2008 International Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Methods, GEM 2008, Las Vegas, NV, 14 July 2008 through 17 July 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 140-146 ; 1601320698 (ISBN); 9781601320698 (ISBN) Soroudi, A ; Ehsan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    With the introduction of restructuring concepts to traditional power systems, a great deal of attention is given to utilization of distributed generation. Integration of DG units has been known as an alternative for distribution network reinforcement and purchasing energy from transmission network. Considering these facts, in the planning procedure of DG, determination of optimal sizing and sitting is a very important issue. This work presents a comprehensive framework for integration of distributed generations into a distribution network, regarding various technical and economical issues such as reduction of active power losses, environmental pollutions, investment and running costs while... 

    Multi-criteria decision making for integrated urban water management

    , Article Water Resources Management ; Volume 22, Issue 8 , 2008 , Pages 1017-1029 ; 09204741 (ISSN) Zarghami, M ; Abrishamchi, A ; Ardakanian, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The city of Zahedan, in South-eastern Iran, has high population growth, limited local freshwater resources and inadequate water distribution system resulting in water supply failures in recent years. This paper will investigate integration of several demand management measures such as leakage detection on water distribution network, water metering and low volume water fixtures as well as the conjunctive use of surface and groundwater resources of this city. For integration of water management criteria, compromise programming will be used as a multi-objective decision making method. The criteria include minimizing the cost, maximizing water supply and minimizing the social hazards due to the... 

    Modeling of unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) in distribution systems load flow

    , Article Energy Conversion and Management ; Volume 50, Issue 6 , 2009 , Pages 1578-1585 ; 01968904 (ISSN) Hosseini, M ; Shayanfar, H. A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    This paper presents modeling of unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) in load flow calculations for steady-state voltage compensation. An accurate model for this device is derived to use in load flow calculations. The rating of this device as well as direction of reactive power injection required to compensate voltage to the desired value (1 p.u.) is derived and discussed analytically and mathematically using phasor diagram method. Since performance of the compensator varies when it reaches to its maximum capacity, modeling of UPQC in its maximum rating of reactive power injection is derived. The validity of the proposed model is examined using two standard distribution systems consisting... 

    Modeling of Series Static Voltage Restorer (SSVR) in distribution systems load flow

    , Article 2007 Large Engineering Systems Conference on Power Engineering, LESCOPE'07, Montreal, QC, 10 October 2007 through 12 October 2007 ; January , 2007 , Pages 310-315 ; 9781424415830 (ISBN) Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Shayanfar, H. A ; Hosseini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    This paper presents modeling of Series Static Voltage Restorer (SSVR) in load flow calculations for steadystate voltage compensation. An accurate model for SSVR is derived to use in load flow calculations. The rating of this device as well as direction of required reactive power injection to compensate voltage to the desired value (1p.u.) is derived and discussed analytically and mathematically using pahsor diagram method. Since performance of SSVR varies when it reaches to its maximum capacity, modeling of SSVR in its maximum rating of reactive power injection is derived. The validity of the proposed model is examined using two standard distribution systems consisting of 33 and 69 nodes,... 

    Introducing a new ordering policy in a two-echelon inventory system with Poisson demand

    , Article International Journal of Production Economics ; Volume 117, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 212-218 ; 09255273 (ISSN) Haji, R ; Neghab, M. P ; Baboli, A
    Elsevier  2009
    Abstract
    In this paper we introduce a new ordering policy for inventory control in a two-echelon inventory system consisting of one central warehouse and a number of non-identical retailers. The warehouse uses a modified one-for-one policy, but the retailers apply a new policy which is different from the traditional inventory policies described in the literature of inventory and production control systems. In this system, each retailer constantly places an order for one unit of product to the central warehouse in a pre-determined time interval; i.e., the time interval between any two consecutive orders from each retailer is a fixed number and the quantity of each order is one. We then show how the... 

    Distribution system reliability enhancement using optimal capacitor placement

    , Article IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution ; Volume 2, Issue 5 , 2008 , Pages 621-631 ; 17518687 (ISSN) Etemadi, A. H ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Failure statistics of most utilities indicate that distribution systems make the greatest individual contribution to the unavailability of supply to customers. Optimal capacitor placement in distribution systems has a number of advantages such as reducing losses, improving voltage profile, improving power factor and so on. The conventional objective function of the optimal capacitor placement consists of the total cost of losses and investments. Since capacitors supply reactive loads locally, they improve the load-carrying capability of the lines and therefore play the same role as redundant lines. Thus, optimal capacitor placement can also improve the reliability indices of a distribution... 

    A heuristic trade off model for integration of distributed generations in deregulated power systems considering technical, economical and environmental issues

    , Article 2008 IEEE 2nd International Power and Energy Conference, PECon 2008, Johor Baharu, 1 December 2008 through 3 December 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 1275-1279 ; 9781424424054 (ISBN) Hekmati, A ; Nasiri, R ; Bagheri, M ; Tehrani, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    With the introduction of restructuring concepts to traditional power systems, a great deal of attention is given to the utilization of distributed generation. Since the integration of DG units has been known as an alternative for main grid as a resource for energy supply, the determination of optimal sizing and sitting is an important issue in the planning procedure of DG. This work presents a comprehensive multi-objective model for integration of distributed generations into a distribution network, regarding various technical, economical and environmental issues such as reduction of carbon dioxide emissions and investment & running costs while the bus voltages shall be kept within...