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    Mining the potential of label-free biosensors for in vitro antipsychotic drug screening

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Kilic, T ; Soler, M ; Fahimi Kashani, N ; Altug, H ; Carrara, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2018
    Abstract
    The pharmaceutical industry is facing enormous challenges due to high drug attribution rates. For the past decades, novel methods have been developed for safety and efficacy testing, as well as for improving early development stages. In vitro screening methods for drug-receptor binding are considered to be good alternatives for decreasing costs in the identification of drug candidates. However, these methods require lengthy and troublesome labeling steps. Biosensors hold great promise due to the fact that label-free detection schemes can be designed in an easy and low-cost manner. In this paper, for the first time in the literature, we aimed to compare the potential of label-free optical and... 

    Producing functional recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor in Pichia pastoris and investigating its protective role against irradiation

    , Article Enzyme and Microbial Technology ; Volume 111 , April , 2018 , Pages 12-20 ; 01410229 (ISSN) Bahadori, Z ; Kalhor, H. R ; Mowla, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Keratinocyte Growth Factor (KGF) is a paracrine-acting, epithelial mitogen that plays a prominent role in the regeneration of damaged epithelial tissues. In spite of different attempts to produce recombinant human KGF in many organisms, including bacteria, mammalian cells, plant cells and insect cells; production of recombinant form suffers from lower yields and recovery relative to other recombinant proteins of similar size and properties. Due to many advantages of Pichia pastoris expression systems for producing industrial enzymes and pharmaceutical proteins, in this study P. pastoris was chosen as a host for KGF expression. For preparing human KGF coding sequence, MCF-7 cell line was... 

    Simultaneous controlled release of 5-FU, DOX and PTX from chitosan/PLA/5-FU/g-C3N4-DOX/g-C3N4-PTX triaxial nanofibers for breast cancer treatment in vitro

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 179 , 2019 , Pages 495-504 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Habibi Jouybari, M ; Hosseini, S ; Mahboobnia, K ; Boloursaz, L. A ; Moradi, M ; Irani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    In the present study, the tri-layer nanofibers were synthesized via triaxial electrospinning process to control the sustained delivery of Doxorubicin (DOX), Paclitaxel (PTX) and 5- fluorouracil (5-FU) anticancer drugs from nanofibers. The 5-FU molecules were incorporated into the core solution (chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol (CS/PVA)) to fabricate the CS/PVA/5-FU inner layer of nanofibers. The intermediate layer was prepared from poly(lactic acid)/chitosan (PLA/CS) nanofibers. The DOX and PTX molecules were initially loaded into the g-C3N4 nanosheets and following were incorporated into the PLA/CS solution to fabricate the outer layer of nanofibers. The synthesized nanosheets and nanofibers were... 

    Prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and probiotics: Mechanism of action: A review

    , Article Current Diabetes Reviews ; Volume 16, Issue 6 , 2020 , Pages 538-545 Homayouni, A ; Bagheri, N ; Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi, S ; Kashani, N ; Mobaraki Asl, N ; Mirghafurvand, M ; Asgharian, H ; Ansari, F ; Pourjafar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bentham Science Publishers  2020
    Abstract
    Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a health problem that is increasing around the world. Introduction: Prevention of GDM, rather than treatment, could have several benefits in terms of both health and economic cost. Even a slight reduction in maternal glucose in non-diabetic women, particularly in women at high risk for GDM, may have significant benefits for pregnancy results and the future health of off-springs. Probiotics are a relatively new intervention, which are assessed by mothers’ metabolism, and can reduce blood sugar levels, prevent gestational diabetes and reduce the maternal and fetal complications resulting from it. The aim of this study was to review the studies... 

    Design of peptide-based inhibitor agent against amyloid-β aggregation: Molecular docking, synthesis and in vitro evaluation

    , Article Bioorganic Chemistry ; Volume 102 , September , 2020 Jokar, S ; Erfani, M ; Bavi, O ; Khazaei, S ; Sharifzadeh, M ; Hajiramezanali, M ; Beiki, D ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2020
    Abstract
    Formation of the amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide aggregations represents an indispensable role in appearing and progression of Alzheimer disease. β-sheet breaker peptides can be designed and modified with different amino acids in order to improve biological properties and binding affinity to the amyloid beta peptide. In the present study, three peptide sequences were designed based on the hopeful results of LIAIMA peptide and molecular docking studies were carried out onto the monomer and fibril structure of amyloid beta peptide using AutoDock Vina software. According to the obtained interactions and binding energy from docking, the best-designed peptide (D-GABA-FPLIAIMA) was chosen and... 

    Discovery of a tetracyclic indole alkaloid that postpones fibrillation of hen egg white lysozyme protein

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 183 , 2021 , Pages 1939-1947 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Ashrafian, H ; Zadeh, E.H ; Tajbakhsh, M ; Majid, N ; Srivastava, G.N ; Khan, R.H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Protein aggregation, such as amyloid fibril formation, is molecular hallmark of many neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Prion disease. Indole alkaloids are well-known as the compounds having the ability to inhibit protein fibrillation. In this study, we experimentally and computationally have investigated the anti-amyloid property of a derivative of a synthesized tetracyclic indole alkaloid (TCIA), possessing capable functional groups. The fibrillation reaction of Hen White Egg Lysozyme (HEWL) was performed in absence and presence of the indole alkaloid. For quantitative analysis, we used Thioflovin T binding assay which showed ~50% reduction in fibril... 

    Repurposing the drug, ivermectin, in COVID-19: toxicological points of view

    , Article European Journal of Medical Research ; Volume 27, Issue 1 , 2022 ; 09492321 (ISSN) Shirazi, F. M ; Mirzaei, R ; Nakhaee, S ; Nejatian, A ; Ghafari, S ; Mehrpour, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    The global COVID-19 pandemic has affected the world’s population by causing changes in behavior, such as social distancing, masking, restricting people’s movement, and evaluating existing medication as potential therapies. Many pre-existing medications such as tocilizumab, ivermectin, colchicine, interferon, and steroids have been evaluated for being repurposed to use for the treatment of COVID-19. None of these agents have been effective except for steroids and, to a lesser degree, tocilizumab. Ivermectin has been one of the suggested repurposed medications which exhibit an in vitro inhibitory activity on SARS-CoV-2 replication. The most recommended dose of ivermectin for the treatment of... 

    Image-based cell profiling enhancement via data cleaning methods

    , Article PLoS ONE ; Volume 17, Issue 5 May , 2022 ; 19326203 (ISSN) Rezvani, A ; Bigverdi, M ; Rohban, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Public Library of Science  2022
    Abstract
    With the advent of high-throughput assays, a large number of biological experiments can be carried out. Image-based assays are among the most accessible and inexpensive technologies for this purpose. Indeed, these assays have proved to be effective in characterizing unknown functions of genes and small molecules. Image analysis pipelines have a pivotal role in translating raw images that are captured in such assays into useful and compact representation, also known as measurements. CellProfiler is a popular and commonly used tool for this purpose through providing readily available modules for the cell/nuclei segmentation, and making various measurements, or features, for each cell/nuclei.... 

    Co-delivery of letrozole and cyclophosphamide via folic acid-decorated nanoniosomes for breast cancer therapy: Synergic effect, augmentation of cytotoxicity, and apoptosis gene expression

    , Article Pharmaceuticals ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , 2022 ; 14248247 (ISSN) Sahrayi, H ; Hosseini, E ; Karimifard, S ; Khayam, N ; Meybodi, S. M ; Amiri, S ; Bourbour, M ; Far, B. F ; Akbarzadeh, I ; Bhia, M ; Hoskins, C ; Chaiyasut, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2022
    Abstract
    Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent causes of cancer mortality in women. In order to increase patient prognosis and survival rates, new technologies are urgently required to deliver therapeutics in a more effective and efficient manner. Niosome nanoparticles have been recently employed as therapeutic platforms capable of loading and carrying drugs within their core for both mono and combination therapy. Here, niosome-based nanoscale carriers were investigated as a targeted delivery system for breast cancer therapy. The platform developed consists of niosomes loaded with letrozole and cyclophosphamide (NLC) and surface-functionalized with a folic-acidtargeting moiety (NLCPFA). Drug...