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    Control of Chaotic Waves in Hard Disk Drives

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rajabi, Majid (Author) ; Jalali, Mir Abbas (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Hard disk drives are the main component of computers for permanent data storage. The security of the stored data is related closely to the air gap between the read-write head and the surface of disk. This gap which is created by the aerodynamic force between head and the disk is altered continually by lateral oscillations of disk. In the extreme condition of zero gap and contact between the protective coating layer and subsequently the magnetic material of the disk with the head, the disk will be scratched and damaged. Therefore, the active or passive control of these vibrations has a particular importance in the technology of manufacturing of hard disks. The first step in active control... 

    Blind Steganalysis Based on Multi- resolution Transforms

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zohourian, Mehdi (Author) ; Ghaemmaghami, Shahrokh (Supervisor) ; Gholampour, Iman (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Blind image steganalysis is a technique used for detecting the existence of the data hidden in an image, where no information about the stenographic algorithm is available or usable. In this way, an important problem is to find sensitive features which make noticeable statistical distinction between cover and stego images. New steganalysis methods based on multi-resolution transform, specifically the wavelet and the contourlet transforms, have been proposed in this thesis in order to enhance the detection accuracy of system especially at low embedding rates. In fact, multi-resolution transforms are powerful space-frequency analysis tools that have been found quite successful in detection of... 

    Damping Critical Electromechanical Oscillations in Power System Through Remedial Actions Using Wide Area Measurement System (WAMS)

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Setareh, Mohammad (Author) ; Parniani, Mostafa (Supervisor) ; Aminifar, Farrokh (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, by proliferation the basis of the phasor-based synchronous wide area measurement system (WAMS), its application for improving electromechanical oscillations damping has been considered by researchers. In interconnected power systems, inter-area modes are usually critical modes. There are two approaches for damping these modes by utilizing WAMS: 1) the traditional approach of using power system stabilizers with wide area signals; and 2) discrete corrective actions by changing the operating conditions. The first approach requires a thorough study at the design stage, installation and testing. Besides, the controller is designed for a specific operating point. Nevertheless, in the... 

    Signless Laplacian Spectra of Graphs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kianizad, Mosayeb (Author) ; Akbari, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Let G be a graph of order n. The signless Laplacian matrix or Q-matrix of G is Q(G)=D(G)+A(G), where A(G) is the adjacency matrix of G and D(G) is diagonal degree matrix of G. The signless Laplacian characteristic polynomial or Q-polinomial of G is QG(x)=det(xI-Q(G)) and its roots are called signless Laplacian eigenvalues or Q-eigenvalues of G. If R is vertex-degree incidence matrix of G, then Q(G)=RRt. So Q(G) is a positive semi-definite matrix, i.e. its eigenvalues are none-negative. Let q1(G)≥q2(G)≥…≥qn(G) denote the signless Laplacian eigenvalues of G. A theory in which graphs are studied by means of eigenvalues of Q(G) is called signless Laplaciian theory or Q-theory.In this research,... 

    Main Eigenvalues of Graphs and Signed Graphs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamali, Sara (Author) ; Akbari, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Ghorbani, Ebrahim (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Let G be a simple graph. An eigenvalue of G, is a main eigenvalue if the corresponding eigenspace has a non-orthogonal eigenvector to the all-one vector j. A signed graph is a graph with a sign to each edge. If in the adjacency matrix of background graph change elements that corresponded by -1, set -1 and in the other elements don’t make any change, then we reach the sign matrix of a signed graph. By an eigenvalue of a signed graph, we mean an eigenvalue of its sign matrix. In this research, we study main eigenvalues of graphs and signed graphs. At first, we present the necessary and sufficient conditions for any graph which has exactly m main eigenvalues. Then, by introducing and creating... 

    On Treewidth of Social Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Liaee, Mehraneh (Author) ; Safari, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor) ; Habibi, Jafar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, we study the treewidth of social networks. The importance of studding treewidth is for two reasons. The first is that for the graph with bounded treewidth, many optimization problems that are NP-hard in general, can be solved in polynomial or even linear time. The second is that the high value of treewidth in a graph, reflects some high degree of connectivity and robustness, which is an essential factor in designing many networks. But the problem is that determining the value of treewidth in a graph is NP-complete so, computing the treewidth of real complex networks is not feasible. We first review the related works and mention the weakness of the past works, then introduce a... 

    MIMO Radars Waveform Design

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shadi, Kamal (Author) ; Behnia, F (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    MIMO radar is a next generation radar which transmits arbitrary waveforms at each one of its apertures. It has been shown that design of waveforms for MIMO radars in order to synthesize a desired spatial beampattern, is mapped into a waveform correlation matrix (R) design in the narrowband case. Therefore, waveform design in MIMO radar for beamforming could be broken into two steps, namely correlation matrix design and waveform synthesis for achieving given R. As of now, given a desired beampattern or estimated location information of targets, calculating R has been modeled as an optimization problem like SDP. Also, in some special cases like rectangular beampattern, close form solutions for... 

    Source Enumeration and Identification in Array Processing Systems

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Yazdian, Ehsan (Author) ; Bastani, Mohammad Hasan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Employing array of antennas in amny signal processing application has received considerable attention in recent years due to major advances in design and implementation of large dimentional antennas. In many applications we deal with such large dimentional antennas which challenge the traditional signal processing algorithms. Since most of traditional signal processing algorithms assume that the number of samples is much more than the number of array elements while it is not possible to collect so many samples due to hardware and time constraints.
    In this thesis we exploit new results in random matrix theory to charachterize and describe the properties of Sample Covariance Matrices... 

    Edge Disjoint Spanning Trees and Eigenvalues

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehdizadeh, Alireza (Author) ; Akbari, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The spectrum of a graph is related to many important combinatorial parameters. Let (G), ′(G) be the maximum number of edge-disjoint spanning trees and edge-connectivity of a graph G,respectively. Motivated by a question of Seymour on the relationship between eigenvalues of a graph G and bounds of (G), we use eigenvalue interlacing for quotient matrix associated to graph to get the relationship between eigenvalues of a graph and bounds of (G) and ′(G). We also study the relationship between eigenvalues and bounds of (G) and ′(G) in a multigraph G. In the first chapter we prove eigenvalue interlacing and give several applications of it for obtaining bounds for characteristic numbers of... 

    Image Steganalysis of Low Rate Embedding in Spatial Domain

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Farhat, Farshid (Author) ; Ghaemmaghami, Shahrokh (Supervisor) ; Aref, Mohammad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    LSB embedding in spatial domain with very low rate can be easily performed and its detection in spite of many researches is very hard, while BOSS competition has been held to break an adaptive embedding algorithm with low rate. Thus, proposing powerful steganalyzer of very low rate in spatial domain is highly requested. In this thesis it has been tried to present some algorithms to detect secret message with very low rate in spatial domain using eigenvalues analysis and relative auto-correlation of image.First approach is based on the analysis of the eigenvalues of the cover correlation matrix that we used for the first time. Image partitioning, correlation function computation,... 

    Analysis of Wave Propagation Eigenproblem in Periodic Structures

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Faghihifar, Ehsan (Author) ; Akbari, Mahmood (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The Fourier modal method is one of the most important methods in the analysis of flat periodic structures (gratings). Using this method, the problem of wave propagation in the periodic medium leads to an eigenproblem, in which eigenvalues represent the propagation constants and eigenvector or eigenfunctions determine the filed distribution of the modes. On the other side, considering all the generalizations and modifications reported so far, the Fourier modal method still faces two fundamental problems. First, for problems involving large dielectric constants or high contrasts, the matrix form of the eigenproblem (the modal matrix) can be large, dense, and require a high computational cost.... 

    Energy of Graphs

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ghorbani, Ebrahim (Author) ; Akbari, Saeid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Let G be a graph with adjacency matrix A and Δ be a diagonal matrix whose diagonal entries are the degree sequence of G. Then the matrices L = Δ− A and Q = Δ+A are called Laplacian matrix and signless Laplacian matrix of G, respectively. The eigenvalues of A, L, and Q are arranged decreasingly and denoted by λ1 ≥ · · · ≥ λn, μ1 ≥ · · · ≥ μn ≥ 0, and q1 ≥ · · · ≥ qn ≥ 0, respectively. The energy of a graph G is defined as E(G) :=
    n
    i=1
    |λi|.
    Furthermore, the incidence energy, the signed incidence energy, and the H¨uckel energy of G are
    defined as
    IE(G) :=
    n
    i=1

    qi, LE(G) :=
    n
    i=1

    μi, HE(G) :=

    2
    r
    i=1 λi, n=... 

    Improve Performance of Higher Order Statistics in Spatial and Frequency Domains in Blind Image Steganalysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shakeri, Ehsan (Author) ; Ghaemmaghami, Shahrokh (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Blind image steganalysis is a technique used to, which require no prior information about the steganographic method applied to the stego im- age, determine whether the image contains an embedded message or not. The basic idea of blind steganalysis is to extract some features sensitive to information hiding, and then exploit classifiers for judging whether a given test image contains a secret message.The main focus of this research is to design an choose features sen-sitive to the embedding changes. In fact, we use high order moments in different domains, such as spatial, DCT and multi-resolution do-main, in order to improve the performance of existing steganalyzers.Accordingly, First, we... 

    Wireless multicasting using network coding

    , Article 2006 1st Workshop on Operator-Assisted (Wireless-Mesh) Community Networks, OpComm 2006, Berlin, 18 September 2006 through 19 September 2006 ; 2006 ; 1424406927 (ISBN); 9781424406920 (ISBN) Eslami, A ; Khalaj, B. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In this paper, we consider the network coding in networks with broadcast channels (called hypernetworks) as the first step for applying network coding to wireless networks. We first prove a Max-Flow Min-Cut theorem for such networks. While we propose an algorithm to achieve this bound, we will introduce new definitions and provide sufficient tools to extend many of the theorems stated for flows in wireline networks to the case of hypernetworks. As an example, we will extend the Max-Flow Min-Cut condition for feasibility of the point-to-point connection in wireline networks to the case of hypernetworks. Then, we will extend the algebraic approach of Koetter and Medard in [3] to the... 

    Vibrations and stability analysis of double current-carrying strips interacting with magnetic field

    , Article Acta Mechanica ; 2020 Hosseinian, A. R ; Firouz Abadi, R. D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    Interactive vibrations and buckling of double current-carrying strips (DCCS) are investigated in this study. Considering the rotational and transverse deformation of the strip, four coupled equations of motion are obtained using Hamilton’s principle. Using the Galerkin method, mass and stiffness matrices are extracted and the stability of the system is determined by solving the eigenvalue problem. Effects of pretension and elevated temperature on the stability of DCCS are studied for three types of materials and various arrangements. Finally, the effect of horizontal or vertical distance between strips on the critical current value is investigated. According to the results, the effects of... 

    Variational formulation on Joule heating in combined electroosmotic and pressure driven microflows

    , Article International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 61, Issue 1 , June , 2013 , Pages 254-265 ; 00179310 (ISSN) Sadeghi, A ; Saidi, M. H ; Waezi, Z ; Chakraborty, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The present study attempts to analyze the extended Graetz problem in combined electroosmotic and pressure driven flows in rectangular microchannels, by employing a variational formulation. Both the Joule heating and axial conduction effects are taken into consideration. Since assuming a uniform inlet temperature profile is not consistent with the existence of these effects, a step change in wall temperature is considered to represent physically conceivable thermal entrance conditions. The method of analysis considered here is primarily analytical, in which series solutions are presented for the electrical potential, velocity, and temperature. For general treatment of the eigenvalue problem... 

    Validation of a new MCNP-ORIGEN linkage program for burnup analysis

    , Article Progress in Nuclear Energy ; Volume 63 , 2013 , Pages 27-33 ; 01491970 (ISSN) Kheradmand Saadi, M ; Abbaspour, A ; Pazirandeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The analysis of core composition changes is complicated by the fact that the time and spatial variation in isotopic composition depend on the neutron flux distribution and vice versa. Fortunately, changes in core composition occur relatively slowly and hence the burnup analysis can be performed by dividing the burnup period into some burnup spans and assuming that the averaged flux and cross sections are constant during each step. The burnup span sensitivity analysis attempts to find that how much the burnup spans could be increased without any significant deviation in results. This goal has been achieved by developing a new MCNP-ORIGEN linkage program named as MOBC (MCNP-ORIGEN Burnup... 

    UWB orthogonal pulse design using Sturm–Liouville boundary value problem

    , Article Signal Processing ; Volume 159 , 2019 , Pages 147-158 ; 01651684 (ISSN) Amini, A ; Mohajerin Esfahani, P ; Ghavami, M ; Marvasti, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    The problem of designing UWB pulses which meet specific spectrum requirements is usually treated by filtering common pulses such as Gaussian doublets, modified Hermite polynomials and wavelets. When there is the need to have a number of orthogonal pulses (e.g., in a multiuser scenario), a naive approach is to filter all the members of an orthogonal set, which is likely to destroy their orthogonality property. In this paper, we study the design of a set of pulses that simultaneously satisfy the orthogonality property and spectrum requirements. Our design is based on the eigenfunctions of Sturm–Liouville boundary value problems. Indeed, we introduce Sturm–Liouville differential equations for... 

    Using piezoelectric materials to control the dynamic response of a thin rectangular plate under moving mass

    , Article 11th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, EASEC-11, Taipei, 19 November 2008 through 21 November 2008 ; January , 2008 Nikkhoo, A ; Rofooei, F. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The governing differential equation of motion for an undamped thin rectangular plate with a number of bonded piezoelectric patches on its surface, and arbitrary boundary conditions are derived using Hamilton's principle. A moving mass traveling on an arbitrary trajectory acts as an external excitation for the system. The effect of moving mass inertia is considered using all the out-of-plane translational acceleration components. The method of eigenfunction expansion is used to decouple the equation of motion into a number of coupled ordinary differential equations. A classical closed loop optimal control algorithm is employed to suppress the dynamic response of the system by determining the... 

    Unified basis-free relation between two stress tensors conjugate to arbitrary Hill's strain measures

    , Article ASME PVP2006/ICPVT-11 Conference, Vancouver, BC, 23 July 2006 through 27 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0277027X (ISSN); 0791837823 (ISBN); 9780791837825 (ISBN) Asghari, M ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME)  2006
    Abstract
    The concept of energy conjugacy for stress and strain measures states that a stress tensor T is conjugate to a strain measure E if T: Ė provides the rate of change of the internal energy per unit reference volume of the body in an adiabatic process. The applications of the conjugate stress and strain measures are in the development of the basic relations in nonlinear analysis of solids. In this paper using eigenprojection method, unified explicit basis-free relation between two arbitrary stress tensors T(f) and T (g), respectively conjugate to two measures of Hill's strains is determined. The result is valid for arbitrary dimension of the Euclidean inner product space and for all cases of...