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Total 167 records

    Out-of-plane buckling of Y-braced frames with rigid joints

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Structures and Buildings ; Volume 166, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 28-37 ; 09650911 (ISSN) Zamani, M. S ; Vafai, A ; Kazemi, M.T ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Because of the complicated buckling characteristics of Y-shaped bracings, calculation of their strength is beyond routine engineering procedures. A method based on slope-deflection equations incorporating stability functions has been used for computation of buckling eigenvalues and effective length factors. Lateral strength is computed based on the least buckling strength of bracing members. This study is limited to bracings with similar sections and fixed end connections resisting out-of-plane rotation. Lateral strengths predicted by the analytical method for two cases are compared with experimental results on full-scale specimens. It is shown that the proposed analytical method predicts... 

    Limiting spectral distribution of the sample covariance matrix of the windowed array data

    , Article Eurasip Journal on Advances in Signal Processing ; Volume 2013, Issue 1 , 2013 ; 16876172 (ISSN) Yazdian, E ; Gazor, S ; Bastani, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this article, we investigate the limiting spectral distribution of the sample covariance matrix (SCM) of weighted/windowed complex data. We use recent advances in random matrix theory and describe the distribution of eigenvalues of the doubly correlated Wishart matrices. We obtain an approximation for the spectral distribution of the SCM obtained from windowed data. We also determine a condition on the coefficients of the window, under which the fragmentation of the support of noise eigenvalues can be avoided, in the noise-only data case. For the commonly used exponential window, we derive an explicit expression for the l.s.d of the noise-only data. In addition, we present a method to... 

    Source enumeration in large arrays based on moments of eigenvalues in sample starved conditions

    , Article IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Systems, SiPS: Design and Implementation, 17 October 2012 through 19 October 2012, Quebec ; October , 2012 , Pages 79-84 ; 15206130 (ISSN) ; 9780769548562 (ISBN) Yazdian, E ; Bastani, M. H ; Gazor, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    This paper presents a scheme to enumerate the incident waves impinging on a high dimensional uniform linear array using relatively few samples. The approach is based on Minimum Description Length (MDL) criteria and statistical properties of eigenvalues of the Sample Covariance Matrix (SCM). We assume that several models, with each model representing a certain number of sources, will compete and MDL criterion will select the best model with the minimum model complexity and maximum model decision. Statistics of noise eigenvalue of SCM can be approximated by the distributional properties of the eigenvalues given by Marcenko-Pastur distribution in the signal-free SCM. In this paper we use random... 

    Spectral distribution of the exponentially windowed sample covariance matrix

    , Article ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings, 25 March 2012 through 30 March 2012, Kyoto ; 2012 , Pages 3529-3532 ; 15206149 (ISSN) ; 9781467300469 (ISBN) Yazdian, E ; Bastani, M. H ; Gazor, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE  2012
    Abstract
    In this paper, we investigate the effect of applying an exponential window on the limiting spectral distribution (l.s.d.) of the exponentially windowed sample covariance matrix (SCM) of complex array data. We use recent advances in random matrix theory which describe the distribution of eigenvalues of the doubly correlated Wishart matrices. We derive an explicit expression for the l.s.d. of the noise-only data. Simulations are performed to support our theoretical claims  

    Source enumeration in large arrays using moments of eigenvalues and relatively few samples

    , Article IET Signal Processing ; Volume 6, Issue 7 , 2012 , Pages 689-696 ; 17519675 (ISSN) Yazdian, E ; Gazor, S ; Bastani, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    IET  2012
    Abstract
    This study presents a method based on minimum description length criterion to enumerate the incident waves impinging on a large array using a relatively small number of samples. The proposed scheme exploits the statistical properties of eigenvalues of the sample covariance matrix (SCM) of Gaussian processes. The authors use a number of moments of noise eigenvalues of the SCM in order to separate noise and signal subspaces more accurately. In particular, the authors assume a Marcenko-Pastur probability density function (pdf) for the eigenvalues of SCM associated with the noise subspace. We also use an enhanced noise variance estimator to reduce the bias leakage between the subspaces.... 

    Eigenvalue estimation of the exponentially windowed sample covariance matrices

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Information Theory ; Volume 62, Issue 7 , 2016 , Pages 4300-4311 ; 00189448 (ISSN) Yazdian, E ; Gazor, S ; Bastani, M. H ; Sharifitabar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2016
    Abstract
    In this paper, we consider an exponentially windowed sample covariance matrix (EWSCM) and propose an improved estimator for its eigenvalues. We use new advances in random matrix theory, which describe the limiting spectral distribution of the large dimensional doubly correlated Wishart matrices to find the support and distribution of the eigenvalues of the EWSCM. We then employ the complex integration and residue theorem to design an estimator for the eigenvalues, which satisfies the cluster separability condition, assuming that the eigenvalue multiplicities are known. We show that the proposed estimator is consistent in the asymptotic regime and has good performance in finite sample size... 

    Buckling of cracked cylindrical thin shells under combined internal pressure and axial compression

    , Article Thin-Walled Structures ; Volume 44, Issue 2 , 2006 , Pages 141-151 ; 02638231 (ISSN) Vaziri, A ; Estekanchi, H. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    Linear eigenvalue analysis of cracked cylindrical shells under combined internal pressure and axial compression is carried out to study the effect of crack type, size and orientation on the buckling behavior of cylindrical thin shells. Two types of crack are considered; through crack and thumbnail crack. Our calculations indicate that depending on the crack type, length, orientation and the internal pressure, local buckling may precede the global buckling of the cylindrical shell. The internal pressure, in general, increases the buckling load associated with the global buckling mode of the cylindrical shells. In contrast, the effect of internal pressure on buckling loads associated with the... 

    Enhanced finite difference scheme for the neutron diffusion equation using the importance function

    , Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 96 , 2016 , Pages 412-421 ; 03064549 (ISSN) Vagheian, M ; Vosoughi, N ; Gharib, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Mesh point positions in Finite Difference Method (FDM) of discretization for the neutron diffusion equation can remarkably affect the averaged neutron fluxes as well as the effective multiplication factor. In this study, by aid of improving the mesh point positions, an enhanced finite difference scheme for the neutron diffusion equation is proposed based on the neutron importance function. In order to determine the neutron importance function, the adjoint (backward) neutron diffusion calculations are performed in the same procedure as for the forward calculations. Considering the neutron importance function, the mesh points can be improved through the entire reactor core. Accordingly, in... 

    Continuum modelling of a circular planar array of coupled microwave oscillators

    , Article European Microwave Week 2009, EuMW 2009: Science, Progress and Quality at Radiofrequencies, Conference Proceedings - 39th European Microwave Conference, EuMC 2009, 28 September 2009 through 2 October 2009, Rome ; 2009 , Pages 1349-1352 ; 9782874870118 (ISBN) Tooni, S ; Banai, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    in this paper the phase distribution in an array of coupled oscillators arranged on a circular surface is discussed. Coupling is considered to be weak and each oscillator is coupled to its four nearest neighbours. In a continuum limit where the number of oscillators goes to infinity a theoretical formulation in polar coordinates is proposed to describe the dynamic behaviour of phases of the array elements. A Green's function for phase distribution of the array is proposed in terms of its normalized eigenfunctions. Beam steering can be done via detuning the edge oscillators. © 2009 EuMA  

    An innovative implementation of Circular Hough Transform using eigenvalues of Covariance Matrix for detecting circles

    , Article Proceedings Elmar - International Symposium Electronics in Marine, 14 September 2011 through 16 September 2011, Zadar ; 2011 , Pages 397-400 ; 13342630 (ISSN) ; 9789537044121 (ISBN) Tooei, M. H. D. H ; Mianroodi, J. R ; Norouzi, N ; Khajooeizadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In this paper, a fast and accurate algorithm for identifying circular objects in images is proposed. The presented method is a robust, fast and optimized adaption of Circular Hough Transform (CHT), Eigenvalues of Covariance Matrix and K-means clustering techniques. Results are greatly improved by implementing iterative K-means clustering algorithm and establishing an exponential growth instead of updating values in the parameter space of CHT through summation, both in runtime and quality. In fact, using the Eigenvalues of Covariance Matrix as a validating method, a well balanced compromise between the speed and accuracy of results is achieved. This method is tested on several real world... 

    Influence of model simplifications and parameters on dynamic performance of grid connected fixed speed wind turbines

    , Article 19th International Conference on Electrical Machines, ICEM 2010, 6 September 2010 through 8 September 2010, Rome ; 2010 ; 9781424441754 (ISBN) Tohidi, S ; Rabiee, A ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    With the rising penetration of wind power into electric power systems, more accurate and comprehensive studies are required to identify the interaction between wind farm(s) and power system. This requires accurate models of different types of wind turbine-generators. This paper describes modeling and small signal analysis of a grid connected fixed speed wind turbine generator (FSWTG). A complete model of FSWTG is derived and some reduced-order models are deduced. Eigenvalues and participation factors of the system for these models are calculated. Then, using the eigen analysis results, the models are compared and the simplifying assumptions which have been considered in the literatures are... 

    A shell model for free vibration analysis of carbon nanoscroll

    , Article Materials ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2017 ; 19961944 (ISSN) Taraghi Osguei, A ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Asghari, M ; Pugno, N. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Carbon nanoscroll (CNS) is a graphene sheet rolled into a spiral structure with great potential for different applications in nanotechnology. In this paper, an equivalent open shell model is presented to study the vibration behavior of a CNS with arbitrary boundary conditions. The equivalent parameters used for modeling the carbon nanotubes are implemented to simulate the CNS. The interactions between the layers of CNS due to van der Waals forces are included in the model. The uniformly distributed translational and torsional springs along the boundaries are considered to achieve a unified solution for different boundary conditions. To study the vibration characteristics of CNS, total energy... 

    Multiple antenna spectrum sensing in cognitive radios

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications ; Volume 9, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 814-823 ; 15361276 (ISSN) Taherpour, A ; Nasiri-Kenari, M ; Gazor, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In this paper, we consider the problem of spectrum sensing by using multiple antenna in cognitive radios when the noise and the primary user signal are assumed as independent complex zero-mean Gaussian random signals. The optimal multiple antenna spectrum sensing detector needs to know the channel gains, noise variance, and primary user signal variance. In practice some or all of these parameters may be unknown, so we derive the Generalized Likelihood Ratio (GLR) detectors under these circumstances. The proposed GLR detector, in which all the parameters are unknown, is a blind and invariant detector with a low computational complexity. We also analytically compute the missed detection and... 

    On the existence of an analytic solution to the 1-D Ising model with nearest and next-nearest neighbor interactions in the presence of a magnetic field

    , Article Phase Transitions ; Volume 84, Issue 1 , Dec , 2011 , Pages 77-84 ; 01411594 (ISSN) Taherkhani, F ; Daryaei, E ; Abroshan, H ; Akbarzadeh, H ; Parsafar, G ; Fortunelli, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    To solve the controversy, regarding the existence of an analytic solution to the 1-D Ising model with nearest-neighbor (NN) and next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) interactions in the presence of a magnetic field, we apply the transfer matrix method to solve the 1-D Ising model in the presence of a magnetic field, taking both NN and NNN interactions into account. We show that it is possible to write a transfer matrix only if the number of sites is even. Even in such a case, it is impossible to diagonalize the transfer matrix in an analytic form. Therefore, we employ a numerical method to obtain the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix. Moreover, the heat capacity, magnetization, and magnetic... 

    Synchronizability of EEG-based functional networks in early alzheimer's disease

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering ; Volume 20, Issue 5 , 2012 , Pages 636-641 ; 15344320 (ISSN) Tahaei, M. S ; Jalili, M ; Knyazeva, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE  2012
    Abstract
    Recently graph theory and complex networks have been widely used as a mean to model functionality of the brain. Among different neuroimaging techniques available for constructing the brain functional networks, electroencephalography (EEG) with its high temporal resolution is a useful instrument of the analysis of functional interdependencies between different brain regions. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease, which leads to substantial cognitive decline, and eventually, dementia in aged people. To achieve a deeper insight into the behavior of functional cerebral networks in AD, here we study their synchronizability in 17 newly diagnosed AD patients compared to 17 healthy... 

    A novel graphical approach to automatic abstraction in reinforcement learning

    , Article Robotics and Autonomous Systems ; Volume 61, Issue 8 , 2013 , Pages 821-835 ; 09218890 (ISSN) Taghizadeh, N ; Beigy, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Recent researches on automatic skill acquisition in reinforcement learning have focused on subgoal discovery methods. Among them, algorithms based on graph partitioning have achieved higher performance. In this paper, we propose a new automatic skill acquisition framework based on graph partitioning approach. The main steps of this framework are identifying subgoals and discovering useful skills. We propose two subgoal discovery algorithms, which use spectral analysis on the transition graph of the learning agent. The first proposed algorithm, incorporates k′-means algorithm with spectral clustering. In the second algorithm, eigenvector centrality measure is utilized and options are... 

    Robust stability analysis of distributed-order linear time-invariant systems with uncertain order weight functions and uncertain dynamic matrices

    , Article Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME ; Volume 139, Issue 12 , 2017 ; 00220434 (ISSN) Taghavian, H ; Tavazoei, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Bounded-input bounded-output (BIBO) stability of distributed-order linear time-invariant (LTI) systems with uncertain order weight functions and uncertain dynamic matrices is investigated in this paper. The order weight function in these uncertain systems is assumed to be totally unknown lying between two known positive bounds. First, some properties of stability boundaries of fractional distributed-order systems with respect to location of eigenvalues of dynamic matrix are proved. Then, on the basis of these properties, it is shown that the stability boundary of distributed-order systems with the aforementioned uncertain order weight functions is located in a certain region on the complex... 

    Robust stability analysis of uncertain multiorder fractional systems: young and Jensen inequalities approach

    , Article International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control ; Volume 28, Issue 4 , March , 2018 , Pages 1127-1144 ; 10498923 (ISSN) Taghavian, H ; Tavazoei, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Robust stability analysis of multiorder fractional linear time-invariant systems is studied in this paper. In the present study, first, conservative stability boundaries with respect to the eigenvalues of a dynamic matrix for this kind of systems are found by using Young and Jensen inequalities. Then, considering uncertainty on the dynamic matrix, fractional orders, and fractional derivative coefficients, some sufficient conditions are derived for the stability analysis of uncertain multiorder fractional systems. Numerical examples are presented to confirm the obtained analytical results. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd  

    Simple model for exact heave motion of tension leg platform

    , Article WSEAS Transactions on Mathematics ; Volume 5, Issue 5 , 2006 , Pages 500-506 ; 11092769 (ISSN) Tabeshpour, M. R ; Golafshani, A. A ; Seif, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In this paper the dynamic response of the leg of a tension leg platform (tether) subjected to the load simulated as ocean wave at the top of the leg is presented. The structural model is very simple but several complicated factors such as foundation effect, buoyancy and simulated ocean wave load are considered. Two continuous models are proposed to present the structural system and the mentioned effects. The problem is solved by means of non-harmonic Fourier expansion in terms of eigenfunctions obtained from a non-regular Sturm-Liouville system  

    Intrinsic expressions for arbitrary stress tensors conjugate to general strain tensors

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 14, Issue 5 , 2007 , Pages 486-493 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Sohrabpour, S ; Naghdabadi, R ; Asghari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2007
    Abstract
    In this paper, a unified explicit tensorial relation is sought between two stress tensors conjugate to arbitrary and general Hill strains. The approach used for deriving the tensorial relation is based on the eigenprojection method. The result is, indeed, a generalization of the relations that were derived by Farahani and Naghadabadi [1] in 2003 from a component to intrinsic form. The result is unified in the sense that it is valid for all cases of distinct and coalescent principal stretches. Also, in the case of three dimensional Euclidean inner product space, using the derived unified relation, some expressions for the conjugate stress tensors are presented. © Sharif University of...