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    Investigating Nonlinear Vibration of a Turbine-Shaft in the Start-up Process Using Timoshenko Beam Theory

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Arefikhah, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Dehghani Firouzabadi, Rohollah (Supervisor)
    In this study, the nonlinear vibrations of an elastic rotor that is under the elastic support and under the follower force caused by the airflow passing through the rotating plane are investigated. The elastic shaft is modeled by the Timoshenko beam theory, which is connected to a motor through a flexible coupling and the motor increases the rotational speed of the rotor by applying torque. Gibbons’ equations have been used to model the misalignment forces. First, the kinetic energy of the rotating system is calculated nonlinearly to take into account the effect of nonlinear terms due to the rotational inertia of the system, and then the potential energy and The work of external forces on... 

    Estimation of Gasoline Demand Elasticity in Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tavakoli, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Rahmati, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor) ; Vesal, Mohammad ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    The price elasticity of gasoline demand is a key parameter in evaluation of various policy options. However, most of the literature uses aggregate data to identify this elasticity. Temporal and spatial aggregation make elasticity estimates unreliable. We employ a unique dataset of all gasoline transactions in Iran during a four-month period around an unexpected exogenous price change to identify price elasticity. After controlling for date and individual fixed effects we estimate a robust significant price elasticity of -0.127. Aggregation of the same data by week, month, and city yields an estimate of -0.3 indicating a significant bias in earlier studies. We also identify a significant... 

    Design of Fillet Welds in Plastic State

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yazdi, Mohammad Hassan (Author) ; Maleki, Shervin (Supervisor)
    Fillet welds are widely used in steel construction due to their high strength and economy. In the joints used in construction, eccentricity loads in complex weld stress. The current research involves 72 bending specimens and 16 torsion specimens being modeled to study different design code relationships regarding the plastic properties of welds. In line with an even comprehensive study, the previous experimental programs in this field have been added to the modeling results.Reliability analysis has been applied to examine code relationships more precisely. The analysis involved examination of various uncertainties which showed that applying elastic methods proves more conservative than other... 

    Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites with Spherical Inhomogeneities

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Goudarzi, Taha (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    The improved properties of nanocomposites are not achievable with conventional composites. Scale effect is one the most important parameters in the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric nanocomposites. One of the physical phenomena, which can be related to the scale effect, is the very large interface between the nanoparticles and the polymeric matrices. Motional behavior and conformation of polymeric chains change near the nanoparticles surfaces. Due to high interface of the nanoparticles with the polymeric matrices the amount of these types of changes in the polymeric chains are so large that can change the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric nanocomposites. In this... 

    Existence and Uniqueness of Solutions to a Fluidstructure Model Coupling the Navier-Stokes Equations and the Lame System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golmirzaee, Narges (Author) ; Hesaraki, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, we consider a system containing fluid equations, structure equations, and equations of these two materials’ common interface in three dimensions and on the regular domains. We suppose that the solid which is described by the Lamé system of linear elasticity, moves inside an incompressible viscous fluid in three dimensions, and the fluid obeys the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in a time-dependent domain. At the fluid–solid interface, natural conditions are imposed, continuity of the velocities and of the Cauchy stress forces. The fluid and the solid are coupled through these conditions. By this interaction, the fluid deforms the boundary of the solid which in turn... 

    Design and Construction of an Upper Extremity Wearable Exoskeleton for Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kalantari, Omid (Author) ; Selk Ghafari, Ali (Supervisor)
    Exoskeleton is a wearable active device used to augment human power in upper or lower extremities. The integration of robotic devices and conventional physiotherapy is becoming more and more acceptable worldwide. The main scope of this thesis is to design and develop a prototype of a light, low-cost and wearable robotic exoskeleton to rehabilitate the upper extremity in stroke patients at home. For this purpose mechanism of a wearable exoskeleton will be proposed compatible with upper extremity degrees of freedoms with minimum number of actuators which is constructed inexpensively to eliminate the demand of expensive and professional therapists. The conceptual design of such a system should... 

    The Scattering of Electro-Elastic Fields of an SH-Wave in a
    Piezoelectric Medium by an Eccentric Two-Phase Circular
    Piezoelectric Micro Sensor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jarfi, Hamid (Author) ; Mohammadi Shodja, Hossein (Supervisor)
    This thesis presents an analytical solution for determination of the
    electro-elastic media subjected to an anti plane shear harmonic wave containing a multi-phase cylindrical fiber whose electro-elastic properties differ from those of the matrix. Both the matrix and the coated-fiber system are transversely isotropic piezoelectric materials with symmetry and poling axes parallel to the fiber axis. The coating can have variable thickness. The dynamic electro-mechanical equivalent inclusion method (DEMEIM) is presented and employed as an extension of dynamic equivalent inclusion method (DEIM) in order to take into account the electro-mechanical coupling. Accordingly, the coating-fiber... 

    Household Electricity Demand Estimation: A Regression Discontinuity Design Approach

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Cheraghi, Afshin (Author) ; Vesal, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Rahmati, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor)
    Estimating electricity demand elasticity in different sectors has been an essential research topic. Considering the fact that pricing electricity in various countries does not follow the same rules, many econometrics methods have been developed to estimate this crucial parameter. Electricity demand elasticity is defined as the percent change in electricity consumption in response to one percentage change in electricity price. Having a correct estimate of this parameter would help policymakers to price electricity properly in order to reach desirable goals in electricity consumption optimization and many other aspects of electricity consumption. In Iran, Tavanir Co. which is a subsidiary of... 

    Travel Demand Management to Reduce Air Pollution by Network Pricing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pourabdollahi, Zahra (Author) ; Poorzahedy, Hossein (Supervisor)
    This research deals with pricing private automobiles entering a congested area in urban CBD to reduce auto-related air pollution. There are two factors affecting the pollution level: car volumes, and the weather condition. A Markov decision process is employed to find the optimal tolls and determine the prices for different states of the system, under several weather conditions. The demand for travel is elastic. It is assumed that users change modes in the short run. In longer terms, the part of the demand with shopping, recreation, or similar flexible trip purposes change the respective demand levels according to the price level. The study attempts to estimate elastic demand functions for... 

    Size-Dependent Elastic Properties of Ultra-Thin Objects Containing a Nano-Inclusion or a Nano-Inhomogeneity

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Pahlevani, Ladan (Author) ; Mohammadi Shoja, Hossein (Supervisor)
    The broad range of applicability of nano devices particularly in electronics, optoelectronics, and micro/ nano-electro- mechanical systems has drawn the attentions of the industrial and scientific communities of various disciplines. This work is devoted to study the effect of surface and interface elasticity in the analysis of the mechanical behavior of ultra-thin objects in the presence of some statical or dynamical loadings. Based on the fact that the surface-volume ratio increases in nano-scale, description of the behavior of such a small structure via usual classical theories, which generally neglect the surface/interface effect, ceases to hold. In the present study, first, a... 

    Develop Methods of Life Wheel Locomotive Using Finite Element Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Prhami, Esmat (Author) ; Adib Nazari, Saeed (Supervisor)
    The first project ,paid to review and analysis types of crack and agents Also, was referred methods to control them in rail industry .
    The wheel of Alestom train and UIC60 rail were simulated and stress analysis by software FEM (ANSYS and ABAQUS) , and effect of various parameters such as applied forces , train wheel diameter , contact position and rail inclination on stress values was studied . For comparision of results has been used analytic Hertz theory .
    By using experimental data on the subsurface crack , those cracks were created in the wheel . For load on the modeling wheel and rail, ,assuming contact on the wheel rolling point , were used vertical load of wagon weight ( with... 

    Modeling of Crack Propagation in Saturated Two Phase Porous Media Using X-FEM

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vahhab, Mohammad (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Twophase medias are one of the most complicated medias in engineering and because of its importance, its been considered by a lot of researchers ever since. Varaioty of the problems in these medias, has ended in lots of methods for studing them. The primariative efforts in modeling deformable pouros medias was done by Terzaghi and others have improved the primary consepts and have suggested different methods. One of the most common and applicable methods in these medias is u-p formulation. This form is applicable in low frequencies (such as earthquakes) with great accuracy. In this thises, this form is used as primery formulation. Because deformation in multiphase problems can be large, in... 

    Investigation of Multiple Elastic Contacts of Dissimilar Materials in Partial Slip Regime Using a Numerical Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hedayati, Ehsan (Author) ; Adib Nazari, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Modeling of contact is a important problem in word science, so a lot of method presented by researchers .
    In practical industry, if members of contact have complex shape or large deformation, analytical method can not solve the problem and use numerical method.
    This method by using ansys , first analyze one-area contact and compare between numerical result and analitical result, then analyze two-area contact between two body with vertical force, and compare result with considering effect of slip and target surface.
    Finaly to analyze a practical multiple contact problem, use modeling of tyre and road surface partial slip, and compare between ansys result with experimental result ,... 

    Behavior of Composites Containing Multi-coated Nano-fibers with Interfacial Damage in Couple Stress Theory

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hashemian, Behdad (Author) ; Mohammadi Shodja, Hossein (Supervisor)
    It is well-known that classical continuum theory has certain deficiencies in capturing the size effects and predicting the nanoscopic behavior of materials in the vicinity of nano-inhomogeneities and nano-defects with reasonable accuracy. Couple stress theory which is associated with an internal length scale for the medium is one of the higher order continuum theories capable of overcoming such difficulties. Since most reinforcements may not be perfectly bonded to their surrounding matrix, the perfect bonding condition is often inadequate in describing the physical and mechanical behavior of real composite materials. In this work, the problem of a nano-size fiber embedded in an unbounded... 

    Analysis of Ratcheting in Elastic-plastic Behavior of Li-ion Battery Electrodes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor)
    Among the various materials, silicon anodes have the highest lithium absorption in lithium-ion batteries. But this high lithium absorption capacity can cause 300 percent volume expansion and large stresses. Experimental observations show that charge and discharge cycles may cause plastic deformation in some parts of the electrode particle. On the other hand, there is a possibility of a ratcheting phenomenon due to changing in elastic properties of the electrode material during the charging and discharging processes. However, this phenomenon has not been reported for silicon spherical electrode particles yet.This study aims to model the elastic-plastic behavior of silicon spherical electrode... 

    Resource Allocation Management in Optical OFDM Networks

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hadi, Mohammad (Author) ; Pakravan, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Consistent growth in volume and dynamic behavior of traffic mandates new requirements for fast and adaptive resource allocation in modern optical networks.Elastic optical networks have been proposed to provide a competitive and scalable solution by creating tunable high-capacity optical communication networks in which network elements are configured according to the actual need to minimize resource usage for the specified service requirements. Resource allocation with quality of service constraints is one of the most challenging problems in elastic optical networks which is conventionally formulated as a complex mixed-integer nonlinear optimization program.In this research work, we focus on... 

    Resource Management in Space-Division Multiplexed Elastic Optical Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nikkhah, Ali (Author) ; Pakravan, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    In recent years, Internet traffic has nearly doubled in the core network every two years, and it is expected to continue to grow in the future. With this growth, there is a need for very high capacity and economically efficient transmission systems, which optical communication is the best choice. Elastic optical network (EON) is one of the best options for achieving this goal in the future. Unlike existing networks, the transmission parameters of EON will be customizable, which will have an essential role in optimizing bandwidth assignment. The problem facing scientists today is to approach the final physical capacity of current optical fibers. The solution proposed for this challenge is... 

    Natural Vibrations of Nanostructures Using a Developed 3D Model Based on Nonlocal Theory of Elasticity

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nili Ahmadabadi, Ali (Author) ; Dehghani Firoozabadi, Rouhollah (Supervisor)
    The goal of this thesis is to survey natural frequencis of nanostructures such as nanobeams and nanoplates using nonlocal theory of elasticity by finite element method. In nonlocal theory of elasticity,the constitutive relation appears as an integral form so that the stress of a point is a function of the strain of all points in the field such that by getting away from the assumed point, the effect of strains on the stress of that point decreases. In fact, the stress on a point is an average of stress in the field and the effect of stress of other points in determined by a function called the kernel function. In order to achieve natural frequencies and shape modes of a structure, we need to... 

    Classification of Motor Imagery in Electroencephalogram Signal Based on Spatio-temporal Feature selection Using Elastic Net

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Noei, Shahryar (Author) ; Jahed, Mehran (Supervisor)
    Motor imagery causes Event related Synchronization/Desynchronization (ERS/ERD) in Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal. These potentials can be used as an input for a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) system. To do so, it is necessary for these inputs to be correctly classified. The quality of classification is severely affected by the features extracted. Common Spatial Patterns (CSP) algorithm is often used for this task. Some of this method disadvantages are neglecting non-stationary properties of EEG signal and its proneness to overfitting. Additionally, its success is highly dependent on the frequency band that the algorithm is performed in. The most suitable sub band is interchangeable... 

    Free Vibrations of Elastic Baffled Tanks Containing Sloshing Liquid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Noorian, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    In order to study the interaction of sloshing and structural vibrations of baffled tanks a reduced order model based on modal analysis of structure model and boundary element method for fluids motion is developed. For this purpose the governing equations of elastic structure and incompressible flow used to derive simple models to simulate both fields. Using the modal analysis technique the structural motions are applied to the fluid model and on the other hand by using boundary element method the fluid loads are applied to the structural model. Based on this formulation a code is developed which is applicable to an arbitrary elastic tank with arbitrary arrangement of baffles. Results...