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Total 94 records

    Application of Endurance Time Method in Nonlinear Dynamic analysis of Elevated Tanks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmati, Mohammad (Author) ; Esmaeil Pourestekanchi, Homayoon (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Endurance Time (ET) is a fairly comprehensive analytical method based on time history analysis applied for evaluating structural systems excited by dynamic loading of earthquake. In such evaluation assessment measure is based on endurance time of structure versus applied accelerogram function and parameters such as stiffness, lateral resistance, period of vibration and dynamic characteristics are not used directly. In this research nonlinear dynamic analysis of elevated steel tanks with laterally braced framed tower under the loading of earthquake records and ET accelerograms was studied and effectivity of ET method in analyzing such elevated tanks was verified. Due to complication of... 

    Compressive and Bond Behavior of Concrete-Filled Pultruded GFRP and PE Tubes Under Elevated Temperatures

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Tabatabaeian Nimavard, Mojtaba (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Concrete-filled GFRP and PE tubes are composite systems using the polymeric tubes as confinement for the marine structures to extend their service life. However, elevated temperatures and thermal cycles in marine environments can affect the behavior of such composite systems. In this investigation, the effect of elevated temperatures and thermal cycles on the performance of concrete-filled pultruded GFRP tubes (CFPGT) and concrete-filled polyethylene tubes (CFPT) is assessed, respectively. For this, different parameters such as concrete core strength (30 and 60 MPa), exposure temperature (25, 100, 200, 300, and 400°C), time exposure (60 and 120 min.), number of thermal cycles (50, 100, and... 

    Vibration Analysis of Kish Island Elevated Water Storage Tank

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nahumi, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Selk Ghafari, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Elevated water tanks are one of the most critical elements in civilized society to provide safe servicing resources of drinking water after natural and human-made disasters. Dynamic analysis plays a vital role in investigating structural behavior of the elevated storage system subjected to the earthquake-induced vibration. The main scope of this paper is to address the structural stability analysis of the Kish Island’s elevated reinforced concrete water tank employing finite element method. A complete solid model of the structure with detailed design was constructed, and finite element analysis was carried out utilizing ABAQUS software. To investigate the dynamic behavior of the structure, a... 

    The Study of the Behaviour and Performance of a New Elevated Tank

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tajmir Riahi, Hossein (Author) ; Khansari, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Various types of tanks are used to store a variety of liquids, drinking water, chemicals, petrochemicals, and liquefied natural gas. Of these, one type is ‘elevated tank’ which is used to provide the required pressure for the water distribution systems rather than satisfying the water demand. Satisfactory performance of tanks during strong ground motions is crucial for modern facilities. Theoritical and experimental investigations of the dynamic behaviour of liquid storage tanks are conducted to seek possible improvments in the design of such tanks to resist earthquakes. The behaviour and performance of a new elevated tank was studied in this work. It was carried out through finite elements... 

    The Performance in Temperature Increas of Bolted Slant Endplate Connection

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zahmatkesh, Farshad (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The main goal of this research is to evaluate the vertical and slant bolted endplate connections performance in steel moment frame structures under thermal effect in elastic range for two cases. In the first case, frictionless and in the second case slips with friction are considered. By finite element analysis, the connections are simulated to study the performance and verify simplified models of vertical and slant bolted endplate connections due to increase in temperature. The results of a vertical bolted endplate connection and a slant bolted endplate connection due to increase in temperature are compared the effect of slope of end plate reduction of axial force on beam is investigated.... 

    Post-fire Behavior Evaluation of Slag-Based Geopolymer Concrete

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Palizi, Soheil (Author) ; Toufigh, Vahab (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Concrete, a versatile construction material, combines cement, aggregates, and water to form a composite known for its durability and adaptability in various architectural and engineering applications. Its widespread use stems from its ability to efficiently bear heavy loads while maintaining longevity. However, producing concrete's key ingredient, cement, contributes significantly to environmental harm by emitting substantial carbon dioxide during its manufacturing process. This carbon footprint underscores the urgent need for sustainable alternatives and innovative practices in the construction industry to mitigate the detrimental effects on our planet. On the other hand, understanding the... 

    Effect of DEM Resolution on Hydraulic Modeling of Flood Inundation Area: Case Study of Gorganrood River, Northeast of Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khojeh, Shokoufeh (Author) ; Ataie Ashtiani, Behzad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Digital Elevation Models (DEM) is a crucial element of hydraulic models, including floods. Due to the lack of high-precision topographic data, including ground-based mapping hydraulic modeling is challenging. In recent years, remote sensing data, extensively used by many researchers in hydraulic modeling due to global coverage and free access. One of the most critical questions in hydraulic modeling is the efficiency of these DEMs in flood simulation. This research focused on using remote-sensing-based DEMs, such as SRTM-30m and 90m, ASTER-30m, and ALOS-12.5m DEMs, on the performance of the HEC-RAS-2D model in the Gorganrood river.The results showed that ALOS and SRTM-30m DEMs' accuracy and... 

    Behran Mehr Peyma's Activities Analysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Haghighi, Erfan (Author) ; Miremadi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Behran Mehr Peyma (BMP) is an elevator equipment producer and trader in Iran which was established in 2004. At first they are producing some regular parts of elevator and then during these years they are trying to improve their work and expand their business till they have the 15% market share in elevator market in Tehran.In this thesis I am trying to use the SWOT and PETS methods to show the exact situation of BMP comparing to the whole market considering the competitors.During this reduction in the market I suggest to BMP to change some policies and use some of its strength to attract some new customers, changing their brand name and find a relation to contribute in some tenders and... 

    Vibrations and stability analysis of double current-carrying strips interacting with magnetic field

    , Article Acta Mechanica ; 2020 Hosseinian, A. R ; Firouz Abadi, R. D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    Interactive vibrations and buckling of double current-carrying strips (DCCS) are investigated in this study. Considering the rotational and transverse deformation of the strip, four coupled equations of motion are obtained using Hamilton’s principle. Using the Galerkin method, mass and stiffness matrices are extracted and the stability of the system is determined by solving the eigenvalue problem. Effects of pretension and elevated temperature on the stability of DCCS are studied for three types of materials and various arrangements. Finally, the effect of horizontal or vertical distance between strips on the critical current value is investigated. According to the results, the effects of... 

    Vibrations and stability analysis of double current-carrying strips interacting with magnetic field

    , Article Acta Mechanica ; Volume 232, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 229-245 ; 00015970 (ISSN) Hosseinian, A. R ; Firouz Abadi, R. D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2021
    Abstract
    Interactive vibrations and buckling of double current-carrying strips (DCCS) are investigated in this study. Considering the rotational and transverse deformation of the strip, four coupled equations of motion are obtained using Hamilton’s principle. Using the Galerkin method, mass and stiffness matrices are extracted and the stability of the system is determined by solving the eigenvalue problem. Effects of pretension and elevated temperature on the stability of DCCS are studied for three types of materials and various arrangements. Finally, the effect of horizontal or vertical distance between strips on the critical current value is investigated. According to the results, the effects of... 

    Using satellite data to extract volume-area-elevation relationships for Urmia Lake, Iran

    , Article Journal of Great Lakes Research ; Volume 39, Issue 1 , March , 2013 , Pages 90-99 ; 03801330 (ISSN) Sima, S ; Tajrishy, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Urmia Lake in the northwest of Iran is the second largest hyper-saline lake worldwide. During the past two decades, a significant water level decline has occurred in the lake. The existing estimations for the lake water balance are widely variable because the lake bathymetry is unknown. The main focus of this study is to extract the volume-area-elevation (V-A-L) characteristics of Urmia Lake utilizing remote sensing data and analytical models. V-A-L equations of the lake were determined using radar altimetry data and their concurrent satellite-derived surface data. Next, two approximate models, a power model (PM) and a truncated pyramid model (TPM), were parameterized for Urmia Lake and... 

    Tribological characterization of electroless Ni-10% P coatings at elevated test temperature under dry conditions

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 62, Issue 9-12 , October , 2012 , Pages 1063-1070 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Masoumi, F ; Ghasemi, H. R ; Ziaei, A. A ; Shahriari, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Abstract
    An experimental study of wear characteristics of electroless Ni-10% P coating sliding against hard AISI 52100 steel pin is investigated. Experiments are carried out at room and 550°C temperatures. Heat treatment effects on tribological behavior of this coating are studied. The wear surface and the microstructure of the coatings are analyzed using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersion analysis X-ray, and microhardness testing equipment. It is observed that the forming of continuous oxide film on contacting surfaces of pin and disk improves wear resistance and decreases friction coefficient of the Ni-10% P coating. The results indicate that the wear resistance of... 

    The tensile performance of FRP bars embedded in concrete under elevated temperatures

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 211 , 2019 , Pages 1138-1152 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Pournamazian Najafabadi, E ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Khaneghahi, M. H ; Shoaei, P ; Ozbakkaloglu, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    In this research, the mechanical properties of glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) bars with epoxy resin matrices embedded in concrete were investigated under an extensive range of elevated temperatures (i.e., 25–800 °C). Embedded FRP bars with various bar diameters were studied in order to determine bar diameter influence on the results. In addition, analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed on the experimental results to investigate the contribution of exposure temperature and bar diameter to the tensile behavior of embedded in concrete FRP bars at elevated temperatures. The results show that the tensile strength of embedded FRP bars generally decreases with increasing... 

    The performance of bolted slant endplate connections subjected to temperature increase

    , Article ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2010, 12 July 2010 through 14 July 2010l ; Volume 2 , July , 2010 , Pages 207-217 ; 9780791849163 (ISBN) Zahmatkesh, F ; Talebi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In this paper the main goal is to evaluate the vertical and slant bolted endplate connections performance in steel moment frame structures under thermal effect in elastic field, and by a finite element software. the connections are simulated to complete and verify simple modeling of analytical and numerical analysis of the behavior of vertical and slant bolted endplate connections due to increase in temperature. The results that are obtained from performance of a vertical bolted endplate connection and a slant bolted endplate connection due to increase in temperature will be compared  

    The effects of intermediate and post-annealing phenomena on the mechanical properties and microstructure of constrained groove pressed copper sheet

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 515, Issue 1-2 , 2009 , Pages 162-168 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Rafizadeh, E ; Mani, A ; Kazeminezhad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Commercial purity copper sheets were subjected to a severe plastic deformation technique known as constrained groove pressing (CGP). The effect of pass number, intermediate and post-annealing on the yield strength, hardness and final microstructure of the copper specimens were investigated. The initial pass increases the strength much more than the subsequent passes. Intermediate and post-annealing up to 300 °C cannot change the mechanical properties significantly and even in some cases improve the strength and hardness while reduce the hardness inhomogeneity. Microstructure after post-annealing at elevated temperatures shows abnormal grain growth. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved  

    The effects of elevated temperatures on the performance of concrete-filled pultruded GFRP tubular columns

    , Article Thin-Walled Structures ; Volume 169 , 2021 ; 02638231 (ISSN) Tabatabaeian, M ; Khaloo, A ; Azizmohammadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Usage of concrete-filled pultruded glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) tubes (CFPGT) as columns can increase the service life of structures. However, marine structures such as oil platforms are always prone to fire because of the low resistance to the elevated temperatures. The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the effects of concrete core strength (30 and 60 MPa), and exposure temperature (25, 100, 200, 300, and 400 °C) and time (60 and 120 min) on the compressive and bond behavior of CFPGTs. The properties of unexposed and exposed concrete core, pultruded GFRP hollow tubes, and CFPGTs were determined via compressive and disk-split tests. Also, the push-out test was used to... 

    The effects of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) on the cognitive and motor functions in rodents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    , Article Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews ; Volume 140 , 2022 ; 01497634 (ISSN) Narmashiri, A ; Abbaszadeh, M ; Ghazizadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Memory and motor deficits are commonly identified in Parkinson's disease (PD). 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is transformed to MPP+ via monoamine oxidase B (MAOB), which causes oxidative stress and destroys dopaminergic (DA) neurons in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and is widely used to create animal models of PD. However, to-date, a comprehensive analysis of the MPTP effects on various aspects of PD does not exist. Here, we provide a systematic review and meta-analysis on the MPTP effects on memory and motor functions by analyzing 51 studies on more than one thousand animals mainly including rats and mice. The results showed that in addition to motor functions... 

    The effect of mechanical and thermal properties of FRP bars on their tensile performance under elevated temperatures

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 157 , 2017 , Pages 1001-1010 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Ashrafi, H ; Bazli, M ; Najafabadi, E. P ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this experimental study the effect of physical and thermal properties of various FRP bars on their performance under elevated temperatures are investigated. The parameters included the bars' diameter, type of fiber, type of resin, fiber to matrix ratio, and thermal properties were studied. Moreover, ANOVA (ANalysis Of VAriance) was performed in order to investigate the contribution of each variable on the obtained results. The results showed that in addition to the temperature, the bars' diameter, type of fiber, type of resin, and thermal properties (Tg and Td) of the FRP bars have contributions to the results, while the fiber to matrix ratio was found to be an ineffective factor. It was... 

    The effect of elevated temperatures on the tensile performance of GFRP and CFRP sheets

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 190 , 2018 , Pages 38-52 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Jarrah, M ; Pournamazian Najafabadi, E ; Houshmand Khaneghahi, M ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    In this study, the effects of fiber type (i.e., carbon and glass fibers) and intumescent paint on the tensile performance of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets at elevated temperatures are investigated. For this purpose, a series of tensile tests were conducted on the glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP and CFRP) sheets, with and without intumescent fire retardant paint, at different elevated temperatures. The studied temperatures ranged from 25 °C to 600 °C. Scanning electron microscopy was also used to examine the effects of elevated temperatures on FRP sheets and the fire protecting mechanism of the intumescent paint. Based on the test results, the tensile strength of the... 

    The effect of elevated temperatures on the compressive section capacity of pultruded GFRP profiles

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 249 , July , 2020 Khaneghahi, M. H ; Najafabadi, E. P ; Bazli, M ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Zhao, X. L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    The compressive performance of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) profiles subjected to elevated temperature was investigated through a large number of (3 0 0) tests. The effects of profile cross-sectional area, slenderness, and temperature on the behavior of the GFRP profiles at temperatures ranging from 25 to 400 °C were determined. It was observed that the compressive strength of the GFRP profiles has been decreased by half as the temperature exceeded 90 °C, i.e., close to the glass transition temperature of the matrix. The temperature and ratio of cross-sectional area to external perimeter were determined as two major parameters affecting section capacity. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd