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    Uncertainty analysis in QUAL2E model of Zayandeh-Rood River

    , Article Water Environment Research ; Volume 77, Issue 3 , 2005 , Pages 279-286 ; 10614303 (ISSN) Abrishamchi, A ; Tajrishy, M ; Shafieian, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Water Environment Federation  2005
    Abstract
    Water-quality modeling and prediction is a complicated task because of inherent randomness and uncertainties associated with various processes and variables throughout the stream environment and the lack of appropriate data. Hence, the results of mathematical models are always approximate, lying within an uncertainty. This paper describes and demonstrates the application of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's water-quality model, QUAL2E-UNCAS, to the Zayandeh-Rood River in Iran. First-order reliability analysis is used to examine the variability of predicted water-quality parameters of total dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, and biochemical oxygen demand. This analysis also... 

    Technical design and economic investigations for reducing co2emission considering environmental protection agency standards by employing an optimum grid-connected PV/Battery system

    , Article International Journal of Photoenergy ; Volume 2022 , 2022 ; 1110662X (ISSN) Fard, H.F ; Alavi, M. F ; Sharabaty, H ; Ahmadzadeh, M ; Mahariq, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hindawi Limited  2022
    Abstract
    Pollutant emission is one of the most important problems the world faces. Using sustainable energies is among the best solutions which can be employed to reduce CO2 and other pollutants as in Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards. In this study, a case study region located in the south of Iran, including 100 households, is studied to find practical methods of investment to partially replace the required energy by renewables where the total emission is confined to the EPA standards. The solar irradiant of the region is 5.36 kWh/m2/day which causes high energy consumption (3000 kWh/day). If the government invests $495705, which is equal to the social penalty that has to be paid for... 

    Simulation of SO2 absorption in a venturi scrubber

    , Article Chemical Engineering Communications ; Volume 197, Issue 7 , Feb , 2010 , Pages 934-952 ; 00986445 (ISSN) Taheri, M ; Mohebbi, A ; Taheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In this study, a three-dimensional mathematical model, based on a nonuniform droplet concentration distribution, has been developed to simulate gas absorption in a venturi scrubber. The mass transfer process was illustrated by assuming the liquid phase as a combination of droplets and film. The flow, just as the annular two-phase flow, includes a flow of liquid film layer on the walls and a flow of gas and liquid drops in the core. Peclet number was determined using experimental data reported by Viswanathan et al. (1984) for distribution of droplets across the cross section of the scrubber. The mathematical model for gas absorption was justified by comparing the theoretical predictions with... 

    Quantification of technological progress in greenhouse gas (GHG) capture and mitigation using patent data

    , Article Energy and Environmental Science ; Volume 12, Issue 9 , 2019 , Pages 2789-2805 ; 17545692 (ISSN) Sharifzadeh, M ; Triulzi, G ; Magee, C. L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2019
    Abstract
    Greenhouse gas emissions from anthropogenic sources are believed to be the main cause of global warming and climate change. Furthermore, fossil fuels are forecasted to remain the dominant source of energy in the near future. Therefore, capture and sequestration of greenhouse gases and in particular carbon dioxide is likely to be a major pathway toward environmental protection and energy sustainability. Such clarity has stimulated an intense and diverse range of research into various capture and mitigation technologies, which race with global warming in real-time. Quantification of the performance improvement rates of these technologies can inform decision-makers' long-term investment... 

    Properties of concrete containing Guar gum

    , Article European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering ; 2020 Radvand, T ; Toufigh, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    This study explores the effect of Guar gum as an eco-friendly additive on concrete mechanical characteristics. In the first stage, the slump and relative humidity tests were carried out for the fresh mortar, and tensile and compressive strengths were then determined for fifteen different mixture designs with two different curing times. Further, an exponential correlation was obtained between the ultrasonic pulse velocity and the compression test results. Additionally, scanning electron microscope (SEM) was employed to assess the bond between aggregates and Guar gum. At last, the Taguchi method and ANOVA were utilized to conduct the optimum states of the mechanical characteristics of the... 

    Properties of concrete containing Guar gum

    , Article European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering ; Volume 26, Issue 7 , 2022 , Pages 2736-2752 ; 19648189 (ISSN) Radvand, T ; Toufigh, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    This study explores the effect of Guar gum as an eco-friendly additive on concrete mechanical characteristics. In the first stage, the slump and relative humidity tests were carried out for the fresh mortar, and tensile and compressive strengths were then determined for fifteen different mixture designs with two different curing times. Further, an exponential correlation was obtained between the ultrasonic pulse velocity and the compression test results. Additionally, scanning electron microscope (SEM) was employed to assess the bond between aggregates and Guar gum. At last, the Taguchi method and ANOVA were utilized to conduct the optimum states of the mechanical characteristics of the... 

    Photocatalytic degradation of 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol over Ag/AgCl-decorated/[MOYI]-coated/ZnO nanostructures: Material characterization, photocatalytic performance, and in-vivo toxicity assessment of the photoproducts

    , Article Environmental Technology and Innovation ; 2020 Padervand, M ; Heidarpour, H ; Goshadehzehn, M ; Hajiahmadi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Abstract
    In this work, a facile ionic liquid-mediated method was utilized to fabricate an efficient photocatalyst for environmental remediation. The eco-friendly aspect of the treatment was explored through an in-vivo toxicity bioassay. ZnO particles, prepared by a combined solid state-pyrolysis method, were coated by 1-methyl-3-(oxiran-2ylmethyl)-1H-imidazolium-3-chloride ([MOYI]Cl) ionic liquid. Then, Ag/AgCl species were grown on the surface to make a heterojunction system leading to efficient charge separation and light absorption extension to the visible domain. The products were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDX, DRS, BET, and PL analysis. Photocatalytic performance of the nanostructures was... 

    Photocatalytic degradation of 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol over Ag/AgCl-decorated/[MOYI]-coated/ZnO nanostructures: Material characterization, photocatalytic performance, and in-vivo toxicity assessment of the photoproducts

    , Article Environmental Technology and Innovation ; Volume 21 , 2021 ; 23521864 (ISSN) Padervand, M ; Heidarpour, H ; Goshadehzehn, M ; Hajiahmadi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    In this work, a facile ionic liquid-mediated method was utilized to fabricate an efficient photocatalyst for environmental remediation. The eco-friendly aspect of the treatment was explored through an in-vivo toxicity bioassay. ZnO particles, prepared by a combined solid state-pyrolysis method, were coated by 1-methyl-3-(oxiran-2ylmethyl)-1H-imidazolium-3-chloride ([MOYI]Cl) ionic liquid. Then, Ag/AgCl species were grown on the surface to make a heterojunction system leading to efficient charge separation and light absorption extension to the visible domain. The products were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDX, DRS, BET, and PL analysis. Photocatalytic performance of the nanostructures was... 

    Pervaporation of toluene and iso-octane through poly(vinyl alcohol)/graphene oxide nanoplate mixed matrix membranes: Comparison of crosslinked and noncrosslinked membranes

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 135, Issue 7 , 2018 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Khazaei, A ; Mohebbi, V ; Behbahani, R. M ; Ramazani S. A., A ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Removal of aromatic compounds from fuel is an essential requirement in new environmental policies. In the present study, poly(vinyl alcohol)/graphene oxide (GO) mixed matrix membranes were prepared and applied to the separation of toluene from iso-octane by pervaporation, considering the similarity and interaction between graphene and aromatics. The effects of crosslinking and GO content on separation efficiency have been investigated in detail. Owing to the high affinity of GO with toluene through s and π bonds, the selectivity of the membranes was increased by incorporating a low amount of GO. The results also indicated that noncrosslinked membranes have higher selectivity and permeation... 

    Performance analysis of the lithium-ion battery RC equivalent circuit model using EPA drive cycles

    , Article 13th Power Electronics, Drive Systems, and Technologies Conference, PEDSTC 2022, 1 February 2022 through 3 February 2022 ; 2022 , Pages 393-397 ; 9781665420433 (ISBN) Larijani, M.R ; Zolghadri, M ; Kia, S. H ; El Hajjaji, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2022
    Abstract
    This paper compares the dynamic and static models of a Lithium-ion battery pack with its electrochemical model as energy storage of an electric vehicle according to the environmental protection agency drive cycles. The dynamic model or the RC equivalent circuit includes a voltage source and double parallel resistor and capacitor networks which are connected in series. The static model includes a voltage source and resistors. Given drive cycles, these models are compared in terms of the battery voltage, state-of-charge, and power loss in an electric vehicle in MapleSim software. Although the state-of-charge and power loss of both models are identical to each other, actually the terminal... 

    Multiple interactive pollutants in water quality trading

    , Article Environmental Management ; Volume 42, Issue 4 , 2008 , Pages 620-646 ; 0364152X (ISSN) Sarang, A ; Lence, B. J ; Shamsai, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Efficient environmental management calls for the consideration of multiple pollutants, for which two main types of transferable discharge permit (TDP) program have been described: separate permits that manage each pollutant individually in separate markets, with each permit based on the quantity of the pollutant or its environmental effects, and weighted-sum permits that aggregate several pollutants as a single commodity to be traded in a single market. In this paper, we perform a mathematical analysis of TDP programs for multiple pollutants that jointly affect the environment (i.e., interactive pollutants) and demonstrate the practicality of this approach for cost-efficient maintenance of... 

    Multi-objective design and operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Triple Combined-cycle Power Generation systems: Integrating energy efficiency and operational safety

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 185 , 2017 , Pages 345-361 ; 03062619 (ISSN) Sharifzadeh, M ; Meghdari, M ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Abstract
    Energy efficiency is one of the main pathways for energy security and environmental protection. In fact, the International Energy Agency asserts that without energy efficiency, 70% of targeted emission reductions are not achievable. Despite this clarity, enhancing the energy efficiency introduce significant challenge toward process operation. The reason is that the methods applied for energy-saving pose the process operation at the intersection of safety constraints. The present research aims at uncovering the trade-off between safe operation and energy efficiency; an optimization framework is developed that ensures process safety and simultaneously optimizes energy-efficiency, quantified in... 

    Merging the Porter's diamond model with SWOT method in order to analyze the Iranian technology parks competitiveness level

    , Article 2008 Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology, Technology Management for a Sustainable Economy, PICMET '08, Cape Town, 27 July 2008 through 31 July 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 276-283 ; 9781890843175 (ISBN) Naserbakht, M ; Asgharizadeh, E ; Mohaghar, A ; Naserbakht, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Purpose: This research attempts to formulate an analytical model for the studying and assessment of necessary factors that have strong effects on the level of Iranian Technology Park competitiveness. The result of this model leads to increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of Technology Parks planning stage. Methodology/Approach: The main framework of this research is based on studying the projects and research, which in their methods use the Porter's diamond model or SWOT analytical method. On the other hand, this framework is customized for the future needs of Technology Parks and clarifies the kind of information that must be gathered. Finding: Identification of the core competencies... 

    Implementation of green management concepts in sport complexes

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 3, Issue 3 , 2006 , Pages 213-219 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Abbaspour, M ; Karbassi, A. R ; Khadivi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    CEERS  2006
    Abstract
    Implementation of green management in sport complexes can ensure the continuous arrangement and assessment of activities from the environmental perspective and will end up in control and prevention of contaminants. Enghelab sport complex (ESC) in Iran is selected for this study due to its size and long-term activities. Due to the comprehensive plan of the aforesaid sports complex, numerous centers and departments were established in this site in order to materialize its envisioned sports, recreational and cultural objectives. The results of the questionnaires distributed amongst the members and the personnel of the complex revealed that approximately 50 % occupants were not acquainted with... 

    How to quantify sustainable development: A risk-based approach to water quality management

    , Article Environmental Management ; Volume 41, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 200-220 ; 0364152X (ISSN) Sarang, A ; Vahedi, A ; Shamsai, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Since the term was coined in the Brundtland report in 1987, the issue of sustainable development has been challenged in terms of quantification. Different policy options may lend themselves more or less to the underlying principles of sustainability, but no analytical tools are available for a more in-depth assessment of the degree of sustainability. Overall, there are two major schools of thought employing the sustainability concept in managerial decisions: those of measuring and those of monitoring. Measurement of relative sustainability is the key issue in bridging the gap between theory and practice of sustainability of water resources systems. The objective of this study is to develop a... 

    Highly uniform molybdenum oxide loaded N-CNT as a remarkably active and selective nanocatalyst for H2S selective oxidation

    , Article Science of the Total Environment ; Volume 711 , 2020 Ghasemy, E ; Emrooz, H. B. M ; Rashidi, A ; Hamzehlouyan, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Abstract
    Selective oxidation of H2S to elemental sulfur is a low cost and highly efficient process for sulfur removal from H2S-containing hydrocarbon streams in medium scale (i.e. 0.2–10 ton sulfur/day) for environmental protection and prevention of emitting toxic gases to the atmosphere. In this research, in order to prepare a highly active and selective nanocatalyst for selective oxidation of hydrogen sulfide, for the first time, molybdenum oxides were loaded uniformly over nitrogen- doped carbon nanotubes through incipient wetness impregnation. Different metal loadings including 5, 10, and 15 wt% Mo were considered in the synthesis procedure to achieve the optimized performance and provide... 

    Environmental policy-making for persian gulf oil pollution: a future study based on system dynamics modeling

    , Article Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 17-23 ; 15567249 (ISSN) Khajehpour, H ; Ahmady, M. A ; Hosseini, S. A ; Mashayekhi, A. N ; Maleki, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Environmental degradation due to economic activities is a key challenge facing sustainable development. The fossil fuel production sector is a very polluting industry. In this research, the future trends of pollution accumulation in the region due to direct/indirect oily discharge into the semi-enclosed area of the Persian Gulf are studied. The purpose of the study was not only to alert policy-makers about potential future threats in the region but also to conduct a trial to develop potential solutions to these problems. Four different environmental cases were studied via the principle of system dynamic modeling simulation. The cases consisted of three situations: relaxed, simple policy, and... 

    Environmental impact assessment modeling in an urban man-made lake using fuzzy logic

    , Article Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment ; Volume 7, Issue 3-4 , 2009 , Pages 811-814 ; 14590255 (ISSN) Jassbi, J ; Nouri, J ; Abbaspour, M ; Varshosaz, K ; Jafarzadeh, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Environmental impact assessment essentially depends on diverse closely connected components and variables. For this purpose, identification of the whole components is fundamentally required. This study aims to investigate environmental impact assessment of an urban man-made lake in the western part of Tehran, based on recognition of affecting components and their reciprocal effects. Since the components are not constant during the time, thus throughout the environmental impact assessment modeling study, dynamism of the relation between the components should be considered. Regarding insufficiency and uncertainty of information, an analytical method, based on expert's opinion can be applied.... 

    Energy consumption in pervaporation, conventional and hybrid processes to separate toluene and i-octane

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification ; Volume 128 , June , 2018 , Pages 46-52 ; 02552701 (ISSN) Khazaei, A ; Mohebbi, V ; Mosayyebi Behbahani, R ; Ramazani Saadat Abadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    Chemical industries need to employ new process designs due to environmental policies and energy optimization because of the global energy challenge. Pervaporation has been introduced as a promising alternative for conventional processes such as distillation, known as energy intensive process, in chemical plants. In this work, the energy consumption of different processes for separation of toluene and i-octane (representatives of aromatics and aliphatic mixtures) has been evaluated, based on our previous laboratory pervaporation experiments using Polyvinyl alcohol/Graphene oxide mixed matrix membranes. Accordingly, hybrid distillation-pervaporation and cascade pervaporation systems have been... 

    Electrochemical and computational studies of bio-mimicked Ti3C2Tx MXene-based sensor with multivalent interface

    , Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 623 , 2022 , Pages 1063-1074 ; 00219797 (ISSN) Ranjbar, S ; Ashari Astani, N ; Atabay, M ; Naseri, N ; Esfandiar, A ; Reza Ejtehadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2022
    Abstract
    Two-dimensional MXenes are the newly emerging family of nanomaterials with competitive performance for nano-device development. Surface functional groups and abundant binding sites make these materials ideal candidates for sensor applications. Herein, we report the successful fabrication of a MXene-based nano-bio device for capturing, sensing, and filtering the Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. Mannose carbohydrate, which binds strongly to E.coli's fimH protein via glucan multivalent interactions, is used as the bio-receptor element. MXene's structure was engineered to guarantee efficient E. coli capturing without mannose detachment. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic...