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    Synthesis of Fe3O4 Core-Shell Nanoparticles; Embedding Cu, Ag, Au Metals in the Surfaces that Were Modified by PPG and PEG Polymers and Investigation of Antibacterial Properties of These Composites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kiani Karanji, Ahmad (Author) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Haghighi, Saeed (Co-Advisor)
    In this project, Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were prepared by co-precipitation method. For protecting them against oxidation and also avoiding from direct contact between core and additional materials that probably makes unwanted reactions, the surface of nanoparticles were coated by SiO2 layer. Being easy to modify and having the control of interactions between nanoparticles are the advantages of coating nanoparticles with silica. The obtained Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles were covered by two types of polymer (PPG and PEG). The basis of the composite was characterized by VSM, TGA, SEM, XRD, and FT-IR analytical methods.
    The antibacterial activities of Copper, Silver and Gold... 

    Antibacterial Activity of Magnetic Fe3O4/X (X=Ag, Cu, Au) Nanocomposites Modified with Ionic Liquid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology karimiasl, Moslem (Author) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were produced using co-precipitation method. The surface of these magnetic nanoparticles is modified by ionic-liquid groups, and then coated with Cu, Au and Ag metals. These nanoparticles were unstable before their surface modification, so that they were easily agglomerated. However, after their surface is modified with ionic-liquid, they become very stable and are easily solved in polar and non-polar solvents. This solubility depends on the alkyls groups connected to the ionic-liquid. Magnetic nano composites Fe3O4/X (X=Ag, Cu, Au) modified by ionic-liquid are prepared by absorbing Cu(NO3)2, HAuClO4 and AgNO3 salts on the surface of modified... 

    Synthesis of Zeolite-Based NanoComposites and Investigation of their Catalytic Activities

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Padervand, Mohsen (Author) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Polyagent photocatalysts based on the zeolite including TiO2, Ag and AgBr prepared by Sol-gel method. Ag and AgBr prevent of electron-hole recombination and enhance photocatalytic activity. Prepared catalysts were characterized by different analysis method including XRD, SEM, EDX, FTIR and BET techniques. Catalyst activities were investigated from two aspects: in first step the activities of catalyst were investigated for degradation of AB92 dye. The effect of different factors such as: catalyst concentration, dye concentration, pH and scavenger (sodium thiosulphate) on efficiency and reaction rate were investigated. The optimazed values for all conditions specified, then catalyst activities... 

    Synthesis and Investigation of Antibacterial Activity of Nanostructures Carbon Nitride g-C3N4 Photocatalyst under Visible Light

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi, Marzie (Author) ; RoustaAzad, Reza (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Padervand, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Carbon nitride is a compound that has the proper energy gap (2.7 eV) for activities in the visible light. In this research, photocatalysts based on nanoporous Carbon nitride sheets was synthesized with three primary ingredient (urea, melamine and melamine hydrochloride) by pyrolysis method. Ag, Cu, Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 were added to the system to prevent the electron-hole recombination as well as increscent the photocatalytic activity. The chemical bonding state properties and microstructure of the synthesized photocatalysts were investigated by means of XRD, SEM, BET, FTIR, DRS and PL methods. In the first step of the research, the activity of prepared compounds was analyzed by visible light for... 

    Investigation of Effective Parameters on Performance of Microfluidic Microbial Fuel Cell–Microbial Electrolysis Cell Coupled System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fadakar, Aref (Author) ; Bastani, Dariush (Supervisor) ; Yaghmaei, Soheila (Supervisor) ; Mardanpour, Mohammad Mahdi (Co-Supervisor)
    This study presents the experimental investigation of the microfluidic microbial fuel cell – microbial electrolysis cell coupled system as a bioenergy generator to produce biohydrogen without any external power supply. The effect of microbial fuel cells number (to provide the required potential for microbial electrolysis cell), the type of substrate and its concentration were assessed. The maximum produced hydrogen of 25, 33 and 50 ppm were obtained in flow rate of 200 μl h-1 and glucose concentration of 200 mg l-1 in 1, 2 and 3 stack MFCs, respectively. For urea solution, by combination of 1, 2 and 3 stack MFCs in the flow rate of 200 μl h-1 and the concentration of 800 mg l-1, the maximum... 

    A Practical Examination of the Antibacterial and Absorption Effect of Bioceramic Apatite-Coated TiO2 as a Modified Nanophotocatalyst

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azimzadeh Irani, Maryam (Author) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Haghighi, Saeed (Co-Advisor)
    Ag / AgCl /TiO2 , 2 Ap / Ag / AgCl /TiO , 2 AgI /TiO and 2 Ap / AgI /TiO were prepared by the deposition-precipitation method on 2TiO (P25) nanoparticles and their photocatalyctic activities have been investigated under visible light and dark environments. Cationic surfactant plus 2 PVPI (topical solution and dry powder) as an iodine ion source and nonionic surfactant plus KI as an iodide ion source were used to prepar 2 AgI /TiO . In less than 30 minutes, 2 AgI /TiO which has been resulted from combination of cationic surfactant and 2 PVPI showed high efficiency on Escherichia coli under visible light when small quantities of it is used . However, AgCl sample prepared with cationic... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Antibacterial Metal-Organic Framework Nanocomposites for Water Remediation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Talebi Deylamani, Sara (Author) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Yaghmaei, Soheila (Supervisor) ; Ghobadi Nejad, Zahra (Co-Supervisor)
    Contaminants in drinking water, including microbial contaminants, have a great impact on the health of people in the community and can seriously threaten public health. In recent years, diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria due to the consumption of contaminated water have led to many deaths. As a result, water treatment has been one of the most important human concerns. Among the new water treatment technologies, metal-organic(MOF) frameworks are a new generation of porous materials that have properties such as high surface area, water stability and functionality due to their dual structure. As a result, they are widely used today in various scientific fields, including water purification.... 

    Synthesis and Experimental Study of Organic-Metal Framework (MOF) Nanophotocatalists with Antibacterial Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmati, Ziba (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Abdi, Jafar (Co-Supervisor)
    MOFs are new class of materials that are used in different scientific fields because of their hybrid structure. In this project, focused on two specific applications, and aim is synthesis of a nanostructure which has antibacterial and photocatalytic activity. ZIF-8 because of its chemical and physical stability has been studied. For improving antibacterial influence and photocatalytic activity, silver nanoparticles are added to the structure. Magnetic nanoparticles covered by silica were used as core to facilitate separation process, ZIF-8 structure was constructed as shell on SiO2@Fe2O3 nano spheres. Magnetic nanoparticles improving stability of ZIF-8 in aqueous solutions. Synthetic nano... 

    Synthesis of Antibacterial Nanoparticle for Packaging Food Application

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Radan, Niloofar (Author) ; Yaghmaei, Soheila (Supervisor) ; Ghobadinezhad, Zahra (Co-Supervisor)
    Food spoilage cased by food-borne pathogens and microorganisms is a serious problem in the food and packaging industry. Then, the demand for antibacterial agents in food packaging is growing. The antibacterial efficacy of some nanocomposites has been recognized and exploited in various industries, including the packaging industry. Also, metal organic frameworks due to their porous structure, are used in various fields such as food packaging. The purpose of this work, is synthesize hybrid nanocomposite that have promising antibacterial activity for preparation of food packaging films. Carboxymethyl cellulose is a derivative of cellulose fiber. The use of carboxymethyl cellulose as... 

    Optimization for Production & Purification of Asparaginase Enzyme

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dashtban Kenari, Laleh (Author) ; Alemzadeh, Iran (Supervisor) ; Maghsodi, Vida (Supervisor)
    The enzyme L-Asparaginase (L-asparagine amidohydrolase, EC has been thoroughly researched by many researchers worldwide because of its immensely useful medical applications. It can catalyze the hydrolysis of L-asparagine to L-aspartic acid and ammonia that is effective for the cure of leukemia, especially for puerile Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia [ALL] and Lymphosarcomas. The present study discusses the studies carried out for the optimal production of the enzyme from Escherichia coli ATCC 11303. For extraction of the intracellular enzyme, Sonication is more useful method for cell disruption than alkali lysis and enzymatic method. We improved Luria Bertani (LB) media (tryptone 1% w/v,... 

    Investigation of the Performance of Microbial Fuel Cell Based on Shewanella Bacteria with the Aim of Nanostructured Materials

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Davoudi, Omid (Author) ; Yaghmaei, Soheila (Supervisor) ; Sanaee, Zeinab (Co-Supervisor)
    The development of clean, renewable and alternative sources of fossil fuels has increased in recent years due to various factors such as environmental pollution, reduced fossil fuel resources and increased energy consumption. The application of microbial fuel cells is one of the clean energy production methods using renewable sources such as municipal sewage. The microbial fuel cell converts the chemical energy stored in organic materials into electrical energy and simultaneously purifies the sewage. Increasing current density and power density are the most important challenges for microbial fuel cells. In this study, the two biocatalysts of Shewanella Oneidensis MR1 and Escherichia coli... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Aftabi, Abed (Author) ; Yaghmaei, Soheyla (Supervisor) ; Maghsoudi, Vida (Supervisor)
    This practice investigates about the resistance & sustainability of a sample of available microorganisms in fruit juices vs. a natural anti microbe called vanillin. To be more precisely the anti bacterial characteristic of vanillin has been tested against famous pathogenic organism Escherichia Coli in apple juice. The practice has been experienced for different concentrations of Vanillin, controlling & reducing the microbe concentration in apple synthetic juice. The effect has been investigated by measuring sensitivity of results in two different temperatures one in 8 degree of centigrade & other in 15, in each temperature two PH have been tested (PH = 3.5 & 4.5) 0-40-80 m-molar as 3... 

    Vertically aligned ZnO@CdS nanorod heterostructures for visible light photoinactivation of bacteria

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Vol. 590 , 2014 , pp. 507-513 ; ISSN: 09258388 Zirak, M ; Akhavan, O ; Moradlou, O ; Nien, Y. T ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Vertically aligned ZnO@CdS nanorod heterostructure films with various loadings of CdS nanoparticle shell were synthesized and applied in photoinactivation of Escherichia coli bacteria under visible light irradiation. While neither the bare ZnO nanorods (with band-gap energy (Eg) of ∼3.28 eV) under visible light irradiation nor the nanorod heterostructures in dark exhibited any significant antibacterial activity, the ZnO@CdS nanorod heterostructures (with Eg ∼2.5-2.6 eV) could successfully inactivate the bacteria under visible light irradiation. Furthermore, it was found that an optimum loading of the CdS shell (corresponding to the effective thickness less than ∼15 nm) is required to achieve... 

    Highly efficient of molybdenum trioxide-cadmium titanate nanocomposites for ultraviolet light photocatalytic and antimicrobial application: Influence of reactive oxygen species

    , Article Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology ; Volume 191 , 2019 , Pages 75-82 ; 10111344 (ISSN) Zhu, J. M ; Hosseini, M ; Fakhri, A ; Salari Rad, S ; Hadadi, T ; Nobakht, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    In the present work we report the enhanced UV light photocatalytic performance of cadmium titanate photocatalyst by MoO 3 for Drug pollutant degradation. The nano photocatalyst sample was synthesized employing the Pechini-ultrasonic-hydrothermal route. Therefore, the nano photocatalyst were characterized by various analytical devices. The wide scan X-ray photoelectron spectral study confirmed the MoO 3 in the CdTiO 3 matrix. The crystallite size calculated with the Debye-Scherrer equation (55.4, 57.0, 61.2 and 63.1 nm for pure CdTiO 3 , MoCdTi-0, MoCdTi-1, and MoCdTi-2 nanocomposites, respectively). SEM micrographs revealed nanowire morphology indicated the crystalline nature of the sample.... 

    Synthesis of nanobentonite–poly(vinyl alcohol)–bacterial cellulose nanocomposite by electrospinning for wound healing applications

    , Article Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science ; Volume 217, Issue 6 , 2020 Zeaiean Firouzabadi, P ; Ghanbari, H ; Mahmoudi, N ; Haramshahi, S. M. A ; Javadpour, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2020
    Polymer-based composites are used for wound healing applications. This work aims to prepare an inorganic-polymer nanocomposite based on bentonite, poly(vinyl alcohol), and bacterial cellulose by electrospinning for wound healing. The nanocomposite is synthesized using a solution intercalation technique, with 1–2 wt% nanobentonite concentration variation. The effects of commercial and laboratory-synthesized nanobentonite as well as the extract of the green walnut shell (EGWS) are examined and characterized by different techniques. The addition of nanobentonite increases the average size of fibers and tensile strength up to 200 nm and more than 15 MPa, respectively, due to the presence of... 

    Label-free and simple detection of endotoxins using a sensitive LSPR biosensor based on silver nanocolumns

    , Article Analytical Biochemistry ; Volume 548 , 2018 , Pages 96-101 ; 00032697 (ISSN) Zandieh, M ; Hosseini, N ; Vossoughi, M ; Khatami, M ; Abbasian, S ; Moshaii, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2018
    This paper describes the construction of a silver-based LSPR biosensor for endotoxin detection. We used GLAD method to procure reproducible silver nanocolumns. In this work, the silver nanostructures were considerably stabilized by a SAM of MPA, and the limit of detection of biosensor was measured to be 340 pg/ml for endotoxin E. coli. Considering endotoxin B. abortus as the second type of endotoxin contamination in our target samples (HBs-ag produced in Institute Pasteur, Iran), we investigated selectivity of the biosensor in various experiments. We showed that this biosensor can selectively detect both types of endotoxins compared to other biological species. Overall, this study proposes... 

    Bottom-up synthesis of nitrogen and oxygen co-decorated carbon quantum dots with enhanced DNA plasmid expression

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 184 , 2019 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Yadegari, A ; Khezri, J ; Esfandiari, S ; Mahdavi, H ; Karkhane, A. A ; Rahighi, R ; Heidarimoghadam, R ; Tayebi, L ; Hashemi, E ; Farmany, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    In this paper, a bottom-up hydrothermal route is reported for the synthesis of oxygen and nitrogen co-decorated carbon quantum dots (CQDs) using ammonium hydrogen citrate (AHC) as a single precursor. DLS data approved the formation of 4.0 nm (average size) CQDs. XRD pattern shows the interlayer spacing (002) of 3.5 Å for CQDs, which is exactly the same as that of crystalline graphite. XPS and FTIR spectra verified the formation of oxygen and nitrogen functional groups on the CQDs surface. Co-decorated carboxyl, hydroxyl and amine groups on the CQDs surfaces make them as promising polyelectrolyte for gene delivery. Toxicity assay showed a survival rate of 70% under different incubation times... 

    Thermochemical properties of some vinyl chloride-induced DNA lesions: Detailed view from NBO & AIM analysis

    , Article Structural Chemistry ; Volume 23, Issue 6 , 2012 , Pages 1987-2001 ; 10400400 (ISSN) Tehrani, Z. A ; Torabifard, H ; Fattahi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Etheno-damaged DNA adducts such as 3,N4- ethenocytosine, N 2,3-ethenoguanine, and 1,N2-ethenoguanine are associated with carcinogenesis and cell death. These inevitable damages are counteracted by glycosylase enzymes, which cleave damaged nucleobases from DNA. Escherichia coli alkyl purine DNA glycosylase is the enzyme responsible for excising damaged etheno adducts from DNA in humans. In an effort to understand the intrinsic properties of these molecules, we examined gasphase acidity values and proton affinities (PA) of multiple sites of these molecules as well as equilibrium tautomerization and base pairing properties by quantum mechanical calculations. We also used calculations to compare... 

    Statistical screening of medium components for recombinant production of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 rhamnolipids by nonpathogenic cell factory pseudomonas putida KT2440

    , Article Molecular Biotechnology ; Vol. 56, issue. 2 , 2014 , p. 175-191 Setoodeh, P ; Jahanmiri, A ; Eslamloueyan, R ; Niazi, A ; Ayatollahi, S. S ; Aram, F ; Mahmoodi, M ; Hortamani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Rhamnolipids (RLs) produced by the opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa are considered as potential candidates for the next generation of surfactants. Large-scale production of RLs depends on progress in strain engineering, medium design, operating strategies, and purification procedures. In this work, the rhlAB genes extracted from a mono-RLs-producing strain of P. aeruginosa (ATCC 9027) were introduced to an appropriate safety host Pseudomonas putida KT2440. The capability of the recombinant strain was evaluated in various media. As a prerequisite for optimal medium design, a set of 32 experiments was performed in two steps for screening a number of macro-nutritional... 

    Silver oxide nanoparticles-decorated tantala nanotubes for enhanced antibacterial activity and osseointegration of Ti6Al4V

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 154 , 2018 , Pages 28-40 ; 02641275 (ISSN) Sarraf, M ; Dabbagh, A ; Abdul Razak, B ; Nasiri Tabrizi, B ; Hosseini, H. R. M ; Saber Samandari, S ; Abu Kasim, N. H ; Yean, L. K ; Sukiman, N. L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    A long-term antibacterial activity of implants without compromising their biocompatibility is highly desirable to minimize the biomaterial-associated infections. Although tantalum oxide nanotubes (Ta2O5 NTs) are promising coating materials for orthodontics and orthopedics applications, their insufficient antibacterial activity retains vulnerability to post-implantation infections. This study aimed to endow antibacterial characteristics to the Ta2O5 NTs-coated Ti6Al4V substrates by decoration of silver oxide nanoparticles (Ag2O NPs). The well-adherent Ta2O5 NTs were grown via anodization of a pure tantalum (Ta) layer coated by physical vapor deposition (PVD) on the Ti6Al4V substrates. The...