Search for: fault-tolerant-control
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    Design of a fault tolerated intelligent cntrol system for a nuclear reactor power control: Using extended Kalman filter

    , Article Journal of Process Control ; Vol. 24, issue. 7 , 2014 , pp. 1076-1084 ; ISSN: 09591524 Hatami, E ; Salarieh, H ; Vosoughi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper an approach based on system identification is used for fault detection in a nuclear reactor. A continuous-time Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is presented, which allows the parameters of the nonlinear system to be estimated. Also a fault tolerant control system is designed for the nuclear reactor during power changes operation. The proposed controller is an adaptive critic-based neuro-fuzzy controller. Performance of the controller in terms of transient response and robustness against failures is very good and considerable  

    Wind energy conversion system based on DFIG with open switch fault tolerant six-legs AC-DC-AC converter

    , Article Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, Cape Town ; February , 2013 , Pages 1656-1661 ; 9781467345699 (ISBN) Shahbazi, M ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Poure, P ; Saadate, S ; The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE); IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IES); IEEE Technology Management Council; IEEE Region 8; IEEE South Africa Section IE/IA/PEL Joint Chapter ; Sharif University of Technology
    Continuity of service of wind energy conversion systems as well as their reliability and performances are some of the major concerns in this power generation area. Six-legs AC/DC/AC converters are normally used in modern wind energy systems like as in the system with a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG). A sudden failure of the converter can lead to the total or partial loss of the control of the phase currents and can cause serious system malfunction or shutdown. Therefore, to prevent the spread of the fault to the other system components and to ensure continuity of service, fault tolerant converter topologies associated to quick and effective fault detection and compensation methods... 

    Fault-tolerant five-leg converter topology with FPGA-Based reconfigurable control

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics ; Volume 60, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 2284-2294 ; 02780046 (ISSN) Shahbazi, M ; Poure, P ; Saadate, S ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fast fault detection and reconfiguration of power converters is necessary in electrical drives to prevent further damage and to make the continuity of service possible. On the other hand, component minimized converters may provide the benefits of higher reliability and less volume and cost. In this paper, a new fault-tolerant converter topology is studied. This converter has five legs before the fault occurrence, and after fault detection the converter continues to function with four legs. A very fast fault detection and reconfiguration scheme is presented and studied. Simulations and experimental tests are performed to evaluate the structure requirements, the digital reconfigurable... 

    Adaptive integrated guidance and fault tolerant control using backstepping and sliding mode

    , Article International Journal of Aerospace Engineering ; Volume 2015 , September , 2015 ; 16875966 (ISSN) Jegarkandi, M. F ; Ashrafifar, A ; Mohsenipour, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hindawi Publishing Corporation  2015
    A new method of integrated guidance and control for homing missiles with actuator fault against manoeuvring targets is proposed. Model of the integrated guidance and control system in the pitch plane with actuator fault and some uncertainty is developed. A control law using combination of adaptive backstepping and sliding mode approaches is designed to achieve interception in the presence of bounded uncertainties and actuator fault. Simulation results show that new approach has better performance than adaptive backstepping and has good performance in the presence of actuator fault  

    Design of a fault tolerated intelligent control system for load following operation in a nuclear power plant

    , Article International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems ; Volume 78 , 2016 , Pages 864-872 ; 01420615 (ISSN) Hatami, E ; Vosoughi, N ; Salarieh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    Fault detection has always an important role in maintaining the system stability and assuring satisfactory and safe operation. In this paper a method based on system identification is used for fault detection on a nuclear reactor. The combination of Extended Kalman Filter and recursive Least Square are used to identify the system parameters. Another goal of this paper is design of a fault tolerant control system for a nuclear reactor during power change operation. The proposed controller is an adaptive neuro-fuzzy controller based on emotional learning. Performance of the controller in term of transient response and robustness against failure is very good and outstanding  

    Fault-Tolerant control of uncertain linear systems in the presence of L∞ disturbances and actuator saturation

    , Article 4th International Conference on Control, Instrumentation, and Automation, 27 January 2016 through 28 January 2016 ; 2016 , Pages 307-312 ; 9781467387040 (ISBN) Khatibi, M ; Haeri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    In this paper the fault-Tolerant control problem for uncertain linear systems in the presence of L, disturbances and actuator saturation is studied. The conflict between enlarging the domain of attraction and attenuating the effect of L, disturbances is tackled by proposing a non-constant state feedback controller. The feedback gains are calculated off-line by using linear matrix inequalities. In addition, the proposed method is capable of tolerating time-varying faults. The suggested approach is implemented on a sample model and the result is compared with other works  

    Robust adaptive fault-tolerant control for leader-follower flocking of uncertain multi-agent systems with actuator failure

    , Article ISA Transactions ; Volume 71 , 2017 , Pages 227-234 ; 00190578 (ISSN) Yazdani, S ; Haeri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this work, we study the flocking problem of multi-agent systems with uncertain dynamics subject to actuator failure and external disturbances. By considering some standard assumptions, we propose a robust adaptive fault tolerant protocol for compensating of the actuator bias fault, the partial loss of actuator effectiveness fault, the model uncertainties, and external disturbances. Under the designed protocol, velocity convergence of agents to that of virtual leader is guaranteed while the connectivity preservation of network and collision avoidance among agents are ensured as well. © 2017 ISA  

    Reducing the effects of inaccurate fault estimation in spacecraft stabilization

    , Article Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 453-460 ; 19849648 (ISSN) Moradi, R ; Alikhani, A ; Fathi Jegarkandi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Reference Governor is an important component of Active Fault Tolerant Control. One of the main reasons for using Reference Governor is to adjust/modify the reference trajectories to maintain the stability of the post-fault system, especially when a series of actuator faults occur and the faulty system can not retain the pre-fault performance. Fault estimation error and delay are important properties of Fault Detection and Diagnosis and have destructive effects on the performance of the Active Fault Tolerant Control. It is shown that, if the fault estimation provided by the Fault Detection and Diagnosis (initial “fault estimation”) is assumed to be precise (an ideal assumption), the... 

    Multi-objective optimization in graceful performance degradation and its application in spacecraft attitude fault-tolerant control

    , Article Aerospace Science and Technology ; Volume 69 , 2017 , Pages 465-473 ; 12709638 (ISSN) Moradi, R ; Alikhani, A ; Fathi Jegarkandib, M. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Reducing the burden of the remaining actuators through decreasing the performance gracefully is an important field in active fault tolerant control. According to the literature, two important points have been identified in the works considering graceful performance degradation: 1) using single-objective optimization, 2) assuming an engineering insight into the performance of the faulty system. This paper has two contributions: First, it is shown that in some cases, single-objective optimization may not be able to provide a satisfactory solution for the problem. Second, a new systematic and general method is proposed to remove the need for the engineering insight. The proposed method is based... 

    A unified framework for passive–active fault-tolerant control systems considering actuator saturation and L∞ disturbances

    , Article International Journal of Control ; 2017 , Pages 1-11 ; 00207179 (ISSN) Khatibi, M ; Haeri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents a unified passive–active fault-tolerant control strategy to compensate the loss of actuators’ effectiveness. The proposed approach is capable of handling the system in pre- and post-fault diagnosis intervals by passive and active approaches, respectively. The stability of the designed system is independent of the accuracy of information provided by the fault detection and diagnosis unit, however, a precise estimation could improve the conservation. Actuator saturation and L∞ disturbances effects are considered in the design stage. The trade-off between maximising the domain of attraction and minimising the effects of L∞ disturbances is tackled by developing a non-constant... 

    Fault-tolerant control considering time-varying bounds on faults

    , Article Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control ; Volume 40, Issue 10 , 2018 , Pages 2982-2990 ; 01423312 (ISSN) Khatibi, M ; Haeri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2018
    This paper presents a novel fault-tolerant control strategy to compensate the time-varying loss of actuators’ effectiveness. It considers intermediate situations where the fault is not determined precisely (unlike active approaches) but overall estimations about its rate and final value are available through the previous experiences and/or experiments. Based on the estimations, two upper and lower time-varying bounds on the actuators’ effectiveness are established to be exploited in the procedure of controller design. In a special case, where these bounds are constant, the method will be reduced to the conventional passive approach. Also, actuator saturation and the effects of (Formula... 

    Comparing the performance of reference trajectory management and controller reconfiguration in attitude fault tolerant control

    , Article 2017 Asia Conference on Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, ACMAE 2017, 29 December 2017 through 31 December 2017 ; Volume 151 , 2018 ; 2261236X (ISSN) Moradi, R ; Alikhani, A ; Jegarkandi, M. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    EDP Sciences  2018
    Reference trajectory management is a method to modify reference trajectories for the faulty system. The modified reference trajectories define new maneuvers for the system to retain its pre-fault dynamic performance. Controller reconfiguration is another method to handle faults in the system, for instance by adjusting the controller parameters (coefficients). Both of these two methods have been considered in the literature and are proven to be capable of handling various faults. However, the comparison of these two methods has not been considered sufficiently. In this paper, a controller reconfiguration mechanism and a reference trajectory management are proposed for the spacecraft attitude... 

    Predictive fault-tolerant control of an all-thruster satellite in 6-DOF motion via neural network model updating

    , Article Advances in Space Research ; Volume 61, Issue 6 , March , 2018 , Pages 1588-1599 ; 02731177 (ISSN) Tavakoli, M. M ; Assadian, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    The problem of controlling an all-thruster spacecraft in the coupled translational-rotational motion in presence of actuators fault and/or failure is investigated in this paper. the nonlinear model predictive control approach is used because of its ability to predict the future behavior of the system. The fault/failure of the thrusters changes the mapping between the commanded forces to the thrusters and actual force/torque generated by the thruster system. Thus, the basic six degree-of-freedom kinetic equations are separated from this mapping and a set of neural networks are trained off-line to learn the kinetic equations. Then, two neural networks are attached to these trained networks in... 

    Post Fault Vector Control of CHB Driven Induction Motor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fathi, Manochehr (Author) ; Zolghadri, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Multilevel converters are considered recently as one of the industrial solutions for high-power and power quality demanding applications. Casacade H-Bridge (CHB) converter is one of the well known topologies among multilevel converters. CHB converter is characterized by its high modularity allowing its power to be easily increased. Modularity also allows any faulty cell to be isolated, so the load can be fed by the remaining operative cells, which leads to an unbalanced output voltage of the CHB converter. To avoid the unbalanced operation, recently a solution based on modifying the phase and the magnitude of the voltage refereces has been proposed. This thesis presents a method to control... 

    Fault Tolerant Control Considering Actuator Saturation and External Disturbances

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Khatibi, Mahmood (Author) ; Haeri, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    A control system capable of tolerating system malfunctions while maintaining an acceptable level of performance is referred as fault tolerant control system. The constraints on the amplitude of input control signals limit the domain of attraction even for linear models. Ignoring this fact may lead to an unsatisfactory performance and even closed loop instability. Designing the controller such that the domain of attraction is maximized has been an attractive topic for researchers. On the other hand, persistent disturbances always play an essential role in the real word systems. Designing the controller in a way such that the effect of such disturbances is attenuated is another challenging... 

    Fault-Tolerant Control of Flexible Satellite with Magnetic Actuation and Reaction Wheel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hajkarim, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Assadian, Nima (Supervisor)
    The primary goal of this thesis is to develop a Fault Tolerant Control (FTC) system for a flexible satellite in presence of actuators fault and failure. The actuators of the satellite are including three magnetorquers and three reaction wheels on each principal axis. At first, the three-degree-of-freedom rotational motion of a rigid satellite with two flexible solar panels is modeled. The flexible panels are modeled through the assumed mode approach by a finite set of bending modal motion. The ordinary differential equations of their generalized coordinates are found using the Lagrange’s equation. Then, the dynamic model is validated by comparing the simulation results of the model to the NX... 

    Post-Fault Control of Fault-Tolerant Multi Module Converters

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kazemi, Hossein (Author) ; Zolghadri, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, multilevel converters are significantly developed in industrial applications as well as energy transmission systems regarding proper quality of output waveforms and fault tolerant operation ability. Among the different topologies of multilevel converters, modular multilevel converter (MMC) due to its modularity feature it more accepted in high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission systems. Fast fault detection in power electronics converters is necessary to bypass the defected part in order to prevent failure propagation to other Submodules and to provide continues servicing. On this basis, different researches are reported in literature for MMCs fault tolerant operation. In... 

    Fault Tolerant Model Predictive Control of Tethered Satellite System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ramezani, Mahya (Author) ; Asadian, Nima (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, a control method to cope with the fault in the two-satellite two-tether satellite systems has been proposed to avoid failing the mission in the case one tether is torn. A new model for the tethered satellite system with two tethers has been developed to show the effects of tethers’ tension forces in the attitude dynamics. One of the main features of this model is the ability of changing the tethers’ connection points to the co-satellite for attitude control purposes. As a result, tethers’ tension forces are used as control actions to reduce the fuel consumption. The introduced coupled tethered satellite system has been controlled using the model predictive control method.... 

    Fault-tolerant Attitude Control of Sattelite Using Neural Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sepehr, Firoozeh (Author) ; Asadian, Nima (Supervisor)
    This research aims to introduce a new integrated fault tolerant attitude control system of satellites based on the neural networks. First, a linear controller and an optimal controller are designed assuming that no fault occurs in the reaction wheels of the satellite. It is obvious that these controllers are not able to respond properly when a fault occurs. Therefore, artificial neural networks are employed in the fault tolerant controller design. Neural networks are well-known for their adaptiveness and the ability to learn the dynamics of a system. Therefore, they can be used to predict the faulty conditions. In this research two approaches are examined to deal with the faulty conditions.... 

    Actuator Failure-Tolerant Predictive Control of an All-Thruster Satellite in Coupled Translational and Rotational Motion using Neural Networks

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Tavakoli, Mohammad Mahdi (Author) ; Asadian, Nima (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, the problem of failure-tolerant control of the satellite in coupled orbital and rotational motion is investigated. All of the actuators of the satellite are thrusters and only the failure of the actuators is considered. At first, the equations of coupled relative translational-rotational motion of the satellite are derived. Then, the required specifications of the approapriate control method for the problem is explored with the conclution that the controller must be able to predict the behavior or planning the future trajectory of the satellite. In the next step, model predictive control, which has the required specifications, is used to control the coupled...