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    A fault-tolerant strategy for three-phase dual active bridge converter

    , Article 10th International Power Electronics, Drive Systems and Technologies Conference, PEDSTC 2019, 12 February 2019 through 14 February 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 253-258 ; 9781538692547 (ISBN) Davoodi, A ; Noroozi, N ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Due to several advantages, three-phase Dual Active Bridge (DAB) converter is widely used in numerous applications nowadays. On the other hand, this converter is very vulnerable to Transistor Open-Circuit Fault (TOCF). Therefore, a fault-tolerant (FT) scheme has been proposed in this paper to solve the problem. First, normal and faulty conditions are investigated, and according to the results, a fault-diagnosis (FD) approach is introduced. Using the outcomes of FD unit, a new post-fault strategy is proposed for the converter. The FD method is based on the DC component of transformer phase currents, and the basis of FT technique is shedding the faulty phase. Some benefits of the proposed... 

    Quick diagnosis of short circuit faults in cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverters using FPGA

    , Article Journal of Power Electronics ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 56-66 ; 15982092 (ISSN) Ouni, S ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Rodriguez, J ; Shahbazi, M ; Oraee, H ; Lezana, P ; Schmeisser, A. U ; Sharif University of Technology
    Korean Institute of Power Electronics  2017
    Abstract
    Fast and accurate fault detection is the primary step and one of the most important tasks in fault tolerant converters. In this paper, a fast and simple method is proposed to detect and diagnosis the faulty cell in a cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter under a short circuit fault. In this method, the reference voltage is calculated using switching control pulses and DC-Link voltages. The comparison result of the output voltage and the reference voltage is used in conjunction with active cell pulses to detect the faulty cell. To achieve this goal, the cell which is active when the Fault signal turns to “0” is detected as the faulty cell. Furthermore, consideration of generating the active... 

    Open-circuit switch fault tolerant wind energy conversion system based on six/five-leg reconfigurable converter

    , Article Electric Power Systems Research ; Volume 137 , 2016 , Pages 104-112 ; 03787796 (ISSN) Shahbazi, M ; Saadate, S ; Poure, P ; Zolghadri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    In this paper, an FPGA-controlled fault tolerant back-to-back converter for DFIG-based wind energy conversion application is studied. Before an open-circuit failure in one of the semiconductors, the fault tolerant converter operates as a conventional back-to-back six-leg one. After the fault occurrence in one of the switches, the converter will continue its operation with the remaining five healthy legs. Design, implementation, simulation and experimental verification of a reconfigurable control strategy for the fault tolerant six/five leg converter used in wind energy conversion are discussed. The proposed reconfigurable control strategy allows the uninterrupted operation of the converter... 

    A fast and simple method to detect short circuit fault in cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter

    , Article Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, 17 March 2015 through 19 March 2015 ; Volume 2015-June, Issue June , 2015 , Pages 866-871 Ouni, S ; Rodriguez, J ; Shahbazi, M ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Schmeisser, U ; Oraee, H ; Lezana, P ; Ulloa Schmeisser, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Abstract
    Fault detection is one of the most important tasks in fault tolerant converters. In this paper, a new method is proposed to detect the faulty cell in a cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter. The detection technique is based on comparison of the output voltage with reference voltage made by using switching control pulses and DC-Link voltage. Because of the simplicity of this method, it is possible to use a single field-programmable gate array (FPGA) to implement this method and inverter control. The simulation and experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed fault detection technique  

    Fault tolerant operation of single-ended non-isolated DC-DC converters under open and short-circuit switch faults

    , Article 2013 15th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, EPE 2013 ; 2013 ; ISBN: 9781479901166 Jamshidpour, E ; Shahbazi, M ; Poure, P ; Gholipour, E ; Saadate, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Fault tolerant operation of single-ended non-isolated DC-DC converters used in embedded and safety critical applications is mandatory to guaranty service continuity. This paper proposes a new, fast and efficient FPGA-based open and short-circuit switch fault diagnosis asssociated to fault tolerant converter topology. The results of Hardware-In-the-Loop and experimental tests are presented and discussed  

    FPGA-based fast detection with reduced sensor count for a fault-tolerant three-phase converter

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics ; Volume 9, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 1343-1350 ; 15513203 (ISSN) Mahmoud, M ; Philippe, P ; Shahrokh, S ; Mohammad Reza, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Fast fault detection (FD) and reconfiguration is necessary for fault tolerant power electronic converters in safety critical applications to prevent further damage and to make the continuity of service possible. The aim of this study is to minimize the number of the used additional voltage sensors in a fault tolerant three-phase converter. In this paper, first a practical implementation of a very fast FD scheme with reduced sensor number is discussed. Then, an optimization in this scheme is also presented to decrease the detection time. For FD, special time and voltage criterion are applied to observe the error in the estimated phase-to-phase voltages for a specific period of time. The... 

    Wind energy conversion system based on DFIG with open switch fault tolerant six-legs AC-DC-AC converter

    , Article Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, Cape Town ; February , 2013 , Pages 1656-1661 ; 9781467345699 (ISBN) Shahbazi, M ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Poure, P ; Saadate, S ; The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE); IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IES); IEEE Technology Management Council; IEEE Region 8; IEEE South Africa Section IE/IA/PEL Joint Chapter ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Continuity of service of wind energy conversion systems as well as their reliability and performances are some of the major concerns in this power generation area. Six-legs AC/DC/AC converters are normally used in modern wind energy systems like as in the system with a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG). A sudden failure of the converter can lead to the total or partial loss of the control of the phase currents and can cause serious system malfunction or shutdown. Therefore, to prevent the spread of the fault to the other system components and to ensure continuity of service, fault tolerant converter topologies associated to quick and effective fault detection and compensation methods... 

    FPGA-based reconfigurable control for fault-tolerant back-to-back converter without redundancy

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics ; Volume 60, Issue 8 , May , 2013 , Pages 3360-3371 ; 02780046 (ISSN) Shahbazi, M ; Poure, P ; Saadate, S ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this paper, an FPGA-based fault-tolerant back-to-back converter without redundancy is studied. Before fault occurrence, the fault-tolerant converter operates like a conventional back-to-back six-leg converter, and after the fault, it becomes a five-leg converter. Design, implementation, and experimental verification of an FPGA-based reconfigurable control strategy for this converter are discussed. This reconfigurable control strategy allows the continuous operation of the converter with minimum affection from a fault in one of the semiconductor switches. A very fast detection scheme is used to detect and locate the fault. Implementation of the fault detection and of the fully digital... 

    Fault-tolerant five-leg converter topology with FPGA-Based reconfigurable control

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics ; Volume 60, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 2284-2294 ; 02780046 (ISSN) Shahbazi, M ; Poure, P ; Saadate, S ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Fast fault detection and reconfiguration of power converters is necessary in electrical drives to prevent further damage and to make the continuity of service possible. On the other hand, component minimized converters may provide the benefits of higher reliability and less volume and cost. In this paper, a new fault-tolerant converter topology is studied. This converter has five legs before the fault occurrence, and after fault detection the converter continues to function with four legs. A very fast fault detection and reconfiguration scheme is presented and studied. Simulations and experimental tests are performed to evaluate the structure requirements, the digital reconfigurable... 

    FPGA-based fault tolerant scheme with reduced extra-sensor number for WECS with DFIG

    , Article Proceedings - ISIE 2011: 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, 27 June 2011 through 30 June 2011 ; 2011 , Pages 1595-1601 ; 9781424493128 (ISBN) Shahbazi, M ; Gaillard, A ; Poure, P ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Fast fault detection and converter reconfiguration is necessary for fault tolerant doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) in wind energy conversion systems (WECS) to prevent further damage and to make possible the continuity of service. Extra sensors are needed in order to detect the faults rapidly. In this paper, a very fast FPGA-based fault detection scheme is presented that minimizes the number of additional voltage sensors. A fault tolerant converter topology for this application is studied. Control and fault detection system are implemented on a single FPGA and Hardware in the Loop experiments are performed to evaluate the proposed detection scheme, the digital controller and the fault... 

    Fault-Tolerant Operation of Three-Phase Dual Active Bridge Converter Against Semiconductor Power Switches Fault

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Davoodi Moghadam, Amirali (Author) ; Zolghadri, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The three-phase Dual Active Bridge DC-DC converter, by virtue of its various advantages, has been widely used in numerous industrial and sensitive applications. However, this converter includes a large number of power switching devices, which are the most fragile components in Power Electronics, and therefore, can pose a threat to appropriateness of the converter for such applications. Accordingly, introducing a fault-tolerant scheme for this converter is necessary, in order to meet the demands of high reliability and service continuity in aforementioned applications. In this thesis, firstly, the converter is studied during normal operation as well as under switch open-circuit fault, and the... 

    Open-Circuit Fault Detection and Localization in Five-Level Active Neutral Point Clamped Converter

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Montazeri Hedesh, Hamid (Author) ; Zolghadri, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Five-Level Active-Neutral-Point -Clamped (5L-ANPC) converter is used for medium-voltage and high-power applications. In many of these applications, availability and robustness against fault are the most important issues. On the other hand, this converter is made of a large number of power semiconductor switches, diodes and capacitors which could increase the failure probability. Thus, fault detection of power circuit elements is necessary for fault tolerant operation of the converter. In this thesis, following an introduction to the topology and operation principles of Five-Level Active Neutral point clamped converter, a novel open-circuit fault detection and localization method is... 

    Fast detection of open-switch faults with reduced sensor count for a fault-tolerant three-phase converter

    , Article 2011 2nd Power Electronics, Drive Systems and Technologies Conference, PEDSTC 2011 ; 2011 , Pages 546-550 ; 9781612844213 (ISBN) Shahbazi, M ; Zolghadri, M ; Poure, P ; Saadate, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Fast fault detection and reconfiguration is necessary in power electronic converters in lots of applications to prevent further damage and to make possible the continuity of service. In this paper a very fast fault detection scheme is presented that minimizes the use of voltage sensors. A fault tolerant topology is studied. Control and fault detection system are implemented on a single FPGA and hardware in the loop experiments are performed to evaluate the detection scheme, the digital controller and the structure