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    A Parametric Study of Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil (GRS) Low Height Walls with Concrete Block Facing in FLAC Software

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Selseleh, Amin (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Because of seismic flexibility, aesthetics, economic advantage and rapid construction of reinforced soil walls, application of these walls has raised tremendously since 1970’s. The early reinforced soil retaining walls used metallic srips to reinforce the soil with precast concrete panels as facing, however, since 1990’s using of geosynthetics to reinforce these walls with modular concrete block facing have replaced the old fashion. In this study, a finite difference code was developed in FLAC software. After verification of the numerical modeling procedure, a wall with 3.6m height reinforced by geosynthetics was simulated. In the course of numerical simulations the stage of counstruction,... 

    A Multiscale Moving Boundary Model For Cancer Invasion

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Mirzaei, Navid (Author) ; Fotouhi Firoozabad, Morteza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Cancer invasion of tissue is a key aspect of the growth and spread of cancer and is crucial in the process of metastatic spread i.e. the growth of secondary cancers. Invasion consists in cancer cells secreting various matrix degrading enzymes (MDEs) which destroy the surronding tissue or extracellular matrix (ECM). Through a combination of proliferation and migration, the cancer cells then actively spread locally into the surrounding tissue. Thus processes occuring at the level of individual cells eventually give rise to processes occuring at the tissue level. In this thesis we introduce a new type of multiscale model describing the process of cancer invasion of tissue.Our multiscale model... 

    Modeling and Characterizing Transient Behavior of Distillation Columns with Travelling Wave Theory

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hemmati Alam, Narjes (Author) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Simulation and controlling nonlinear process is one of the challenging problems in academic and industrial research. Saving data for keeping history of process or arising number of calculation for optimization in control design, is forcing to decrease number of equation or order of system. One of the methods to decrease the order of distillation process is using the travelling wave theory. This solution shows god accuracy for simulation the behavior of distillation column. On the other hand finite difference method as a solver for distillation equation takes some time to converge to steady state condition and the numbers of calculation in this method are high. Finite difference method is... 

    Development of a model for Hydro-Mechanical Deep Drawing Process to Analyze the Effects of Assumptions and Parameters

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taghipour, Ehsan (Author) ; Assempour, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    It is the goal of this thesis to develop an analytical model for the hydro-mechanical deep drawing (HDD) process of an axisymmetric sheet metal with the fixed gap method to evaluate the effects of some assumptions such as: proportional loading, plane stress, and constant thickness conditions. The effect of parameters on the HDD process is also studied. The main model is developed with considering the normal stress and part thickness change, non-proportional loading, bending and unbending effects at the top of the cup wall. The interrelationships between geometrical and mechanical variables are obtained in the finite difference form based on the incremental strain theory, thereby being solved... 

    A Two-dimensional Modeling and Numerical Simulation of PEM Fuel Cell

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bayat, Maziyar (Author) ; Taghizadeh Manzari, Mehrdad (Supervisor) ; Roshandel, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, a simple yet efficient two-dimensional model of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is developed using stream function-vorticity formulation. The model accounts for the fluid flow and masstransport processes in cathode gas channel and gas diffuser layer. The governing equations are decoupled and solved usingtwo efficient approaches, Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) and False Transient Method (FTM) in a modified geometry to simulate the fully-developed condition consistently. An in-house code was developed to perform a parametric study of fuel cell performance. The results show the variations of important parameters along the cathode channel such as velocity... 

    Modeling of Liquid-Vapor Two Phase Flow through Nozzle

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Varzideh, Mohammad (Author) ; Nouri Borujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This thesis is about modeling of liquid-vapor two phase flows through nozzle. Liquid-vapor two phase flow is very applicable in industries such as boilers, expansion valves, refrigeration and sudden failures in pipelines. Two models are used for modeling of fluid flow through nozzle, transient and steady state. In Both model the solution field is considered as saturated liquid and vapor and the mass, momentum and energy equations as well as equation of state is used for describing of fluid flow properties. Homogeneous equilibrium model is used and for complete modeling of fluid flow heat transfer and friction force is also considered.
    Numerical solutions are used for solving of the... 

    Design and Implementation of Near Field Excitation System for Spectroscopy of Biological Species

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sasanpour, Pezhman (Author) ; Rashidian, Bizhan (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    The main goal of this project is analysis, design and implementation of scanning near field optical system for detection of biological species. The activities fall in two main category. Theoretical and experimental. In theoretical part, after studying different models describing near field interaction, we have developed software for computationally analysis of nonlinear interaction of light with nanostructures, considering third order nonlinear susceptibility and dispersion behavior of permittivity for metallic nanostructures. The software implements three dimensional finite difference time domain (FDTD) method for analysis of interaction of electromagnetic wave with matter. In developed... 

    Numerical Simulation of 2D Panel Flutter in Compressible Flow using Compact Finite-Difference Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vafaei Sefti, Maryam (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the present study, the numerical simulation of the panel flutter in compressible inviscid flow is performed by the compact finite difference method. For this purpose, the 2D compressible Euler equations written in the arbitrary Lagrange-Eulerian form are considered and the resulting system of equations in the generalized curvilinear coordinates is solved by the fourth-order compact finite-difference method. An appropriate nonlinear filter is applied for the shock capturing and for the solution to be stable. The governing equation for the panel is also numerically solved by using the fourth-order compact finite difference method. The time integration in the flow domain is made by the... 

    Numerical Simulation Cavitating Flows Using Compact Finite-difference Scheme

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shokri, Maryam (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the study, the simulation of two-dimensional cavitating flows is performed by applying a high-order accurate numerical method to the preconditioned, homogenous, multiphase Navier-Stokes equations. The baseline differential equations system is comprised of the mixture volume, mixture momentum and constituent volume fraction equations. A coordinate transformation is applied and the resulting system of governing equations in curvilinear coordinates is discretized using a fourth-order compact finite-difference scheme. The high-order accurate numerical scheme employing the suitable linear and nonlinear filters to account for density jumps across the cavity interface is shown to yield an... 

    Numerical Solution of Hypersonic Axisymmetric Flows Including Real Gas Effects Using Compact Finite-Difference Scheme

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodadadi, Polin (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract

    The numerical solution of the parabolized Navier-Stokes (PNS) equations for accurate computation of hypersonic axisymmetric flowfield with real gas effects is obtained by using the fourth-order compact finite-difference method. The PNS equations in the general curvilinear coordinates are solved by using the implicit finite-difference algorithm of Beam and Warming type with a high-order compact accuracy. A shock fitting procedure is utilized in the compact PNS scheme to obtain accurate solutions in the vicinity of the shock. To stabilize the numerical solution, numerical dissipation term and filters are used. The main advantage of the present formulation is that the basic flow variables... 

    Numerical Solution of Two-dimensional Compressible Flow Using Immersed Boundary Method with Compact Finite Difference Scheme

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mashayekh, Erfan (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, the viscous compressible flow is simulated over two-dimensional geometries by using the immersed boundary method and applying a high-order accurate numerical scheme. A fourth-order compact finite-difference scheme is used to accurately discretize the spatial derivative terms of the governing equations and the time integration is performed by the fourth-order Runge–Kutta scheme. To regularize the numerical solution and eliminate spurious modes due to unresolved scales, nonlinearities and inaccuracies in implementing boundary conditions, high-order low-pass compact filters are applied. A uniform Cartesian grid that is not coincident with the body surface is used and the boundary... 

    Numerical Simulation of Incompressible Flows over two Dimensional Geometries by Means of Immersed Boundary Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahmardi, Armin (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Two-dimensional incompressible flow analysis is one the most important applied issues in engineering and applied science field. Numerical solution of governing equations of flow requires exact computational grid generation.In complex geometries, generation of the grid which is coincident to the body is very difficult and time consuming. Immersed boundary method is an appropriate superseded method of body conformal grid generation in flow field numerical solution. In this method a grid which is not coincidentto bodyis generated and flow field properties are modified on points adjacent to the boundary of the object (Ghost Cell Method) to satisfy boundary conditions.
    The purpose of this... 

    Numerical Solution Of One-Dimensional Non-Fourier Bioheat Transfer Through Skin Tissue

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fazel, Zeynab (Author) ; Taghizadeh Manzari, Mehrdad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Innovations in laser, microwaves, and similar technologies have significantly advanced thermal treatments for diseases or even injuries concerning skin tissue. For a thorough understanding in the underlying mechanisms of bioheat transfer behavior of skin,a1D unsteady non-dimensional hyperbolic model of heat transfer through this tissue with metabolic heat generation which is subject to specific boundary conditions, is solved numerically using the finite difference method. A thermal shock is generated at the base of the tissue, which moves forward with a finite speed. A Numerical solution for a simple one-layer skin tissue is obtained. Then, the effects of various parameters, time step,... 

    Development of a Computer Code for Thermo Hydraulics Analysis of Prismatic High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naderi, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor) ; Jafari, Jalil (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    A prismatic high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR), which is a graphite moderated, helium-cooled reactor, is a promising candidate for next generation nuclear power plant in that it enables applications, such as hydrogen production or process heat for petrochemical by supplying heat with core outlet temperatures as high as 1000°C. A Thermal Hydraulic Analysis Code (THAC) for gas-cooled reactors has been developed. THAC implicitly solves heat transfer equation of fuel, graphite block and helium. Three types of fuel pins were considered; solid fuel pin, fuel pins with inside holes and annular fuels with coolant flow from its inside and outside surfaces. THAC predicts axial and radial... 

    Developing a Compact Finite Difference Method for Solving Fluid - Solid Interaction in Incompressible Flow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Parseh, Kaveh (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, fluid-solid interaction (FSI) is simulated computationally by using a high-order accurate numerical method. The two-dimensional incompressible viscous flows are considered in the fluid domain. The primary problem with solutions of the incompressible Navier–Stokes equations is the difficulty of coupling changes in the velocity field with changes in the pressure field while satisfying the continuity equation. Herein, the artificial compressibility method is used to overcome this difficulty. Preconditioning is implemented to reduce the stiffness of the system of equations to increase the convergence rate of the solution. Using preconditioning, physical solutions even at low... 

    Development of a Computer Code for Thermal Hydraulic Design of a High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor Core

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khosravi Mirzaee, Morteza (Author) ; Ghofrani, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor) ; Jafari, Jalil (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    High temperature gas cooled reactors (HTGR) are one of the most promising reactors in the new generation of world commercial reactors. They are divided into two main categories: Prismatic gas cooled reactors and pebble bed gas cooled reactors. These reactors have many advantages, such as inherent safety, high thermodynamic efficiency and the possibility of producing hydrogen. One of the most important challenges in developing these reactors is providing appropriate codes in design and simulating their performance. Two codes have been developed in this thesis. The first, THFAM, is a steady state thermal hydraulic code which helps in analyzing a fuel assembly. The second, named THCM is... 

    Development of Characteristic Boundary Conditions with Artificial Compressibility Method by Compact Finite-Difference Discretization

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Parseh, Kaveh (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the present study, the preconditioned incompressible Navier‐Stokes equations with the artificial compressibility (AC) method formulated in the generalized curvilinear coordinates are numerically solved by using a high‐order compact finite‐difference scheme for accurately and efficiently computing the incompressible flows. A fourth‐order compact finite‐difference scheme is utilized to discretize the spatial derivative terms of the resulting system of equations and the time integration is carried out based on the dual time‐stepping method. The capability of the proposed solution methodology for computing the steady and unsteady incompressible viscous flows in a wide range of Reynolds... 

    Development of Compact Finite-Difference Lattice Boltzmann Method for Solving Two-Phase Flows

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ezzatneshan, Eslam (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the present thesis, a high-order compact finite-difference lattice Boltzmann method (CFDLBM) is proposed and applied for an accurate and efficient numerical simulation of liquid-vapor two-phase flows. At first, the stability of the fourth-order CFDLBM is performed by using the von Neumann stability analysis for the D2Q7 and D2Q9 lattices. The stability analysis indicates that the CFDLBM proposed is stable and thus suitable for the simulation of high Reynolds number flows. The high-order CFDLBM is then developed and applied to accurately compute 2-D and 3-D incompressible flows in the Cartesian coordinates. Herein, the spatial derivatives in the lattice Boltzmann equation are discretized... 

    Development of WENO Finite Difference Lattice Boltzmann Method for Simulation of 2D Incompressible Laminar and Turbulent Flows

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saadat, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the present study, the numerical simulation of incompressible laminar and turbulent flows using a high-order finite difference lattice Boltzmann method is presented. To handle curved geometries with non uniform grids, the incompressible form of lattice Boltzmann equation is transformed into the generalized curvilinear coordinates and the spatial derivatives of the resulting equation are discretized using the fifth-order WENO scheme. The advantage of using the WENO-LBM developed is that it needs less number of grid points and remains stable even at high Reynolds number flows. For the temporal term, the fourth-order explicit Rung-Kutta scheme is adopted for laminar flow calculations and... 

    Development of Compact Finite Difference Boltzmann Method for Simulating Compressible Rarefied Gas Flow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alemi Arani, Ali (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor) ; Fouladi, Nematollah (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this work, a high-order accurate gas kinetic scheme based on the compact finite-difference Boltzmann method (CFDBM) is developed and applied for simulating the compressible rarefied gas flows. Here, the Shakhov model of the Boltzmann equation is considered and the spatial derivative term in the resulting equation is discretized by using the fourth-order compact finite-difference method and the time integration is performed by using the third-order TVD Runge-Kutta method. A filtering procedure with three discontinuity-detecting sensors is applied and examined for the stabilization of the solution method especially for the problems involving the discontinuity regions such as the shock. The...